It depends on the breweries. But most of them have a significant number of fermenters, and they will need to do multiple brews to fill up the fermenters.
For instance, one of the new breweries in my area has to do two brews to fill up a fermenter and they normally do this on subsequent days. Since they're small.
However, a larger brewery near me, literally ...
As you want to build a brewery, I am assuming you are talking about indoors. Space, ventilation, accessibility to water, and, if you're going electric, power are big considerations.
The space is obvious. Brewing equipment takes up some space. Ventilation is important for 2 reasons:
if you're married, and your spouse is not as hardcore a brewer as you ...
I remodeled my garage into a brewing space a few years back and the best thing I did was put in a floor drain and slope the concrete floor 1/8"/ft. down to it. It makes spills and cleanup easy to deal with. Leave yourself plenty of space for shelves and cabinets for storage. If you can work in a sink and under counter water heater, so much the better. I ...
This thread, especially the more recent posts, relates some first-hand experience of people trying to homebrew in Istanbul. Sounds like importing supplies might be a hassle with customs, and there don't seem to be many local options. Maybe the brewers at your local Bosphorus Brewing Co. could offer some advice?
Yes. You typically have several times more fermentation capacity than brew capacity so that the process can run continually if desired.
Some breweries have fermentation capacities exceeding millions of liters, but their brew capacity will be a fraction of that.