Questions tagged [wort]

The liquid extracted from the mashing process during the brewing of beer or whisky. Wort contains the sugars that will be fermented by the brewing yeast to produce alcohol.

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24
votes
2answers
2k views

Partial vs. Full Volume Wort Boil

The starting position for most new extract brewers is to use a partial boil set up. Defined as using a pot smaller than the intended batch size, all the ingredients are boiled in a smaller volume. ...
22
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4answers
11k views

How to Properly Oxygenate Wort

How much oxygen do I need to put into my wort? I've heard that homebrewers need to aerate with an oxygen stone and either aquarium pumps or oxygen. Is this true, or is shaking my carboy enough to ...
18
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12answers
4k views

Is an immersion chiller really necessary?

I have been reading here about immersion, counterflow and plate chillers and they don't seem to chill the wort much faster than my current method; ice. Many people have stated that their chillers ...
16
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5answers
2k views

How do you cool wort?

More specifically, what methods exist to cool your wort after the boil, and what are there respective pros/cons?
15
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3answers
5k views

Using honey in beer

This thread is not actually one single question, but a number of different ones. When calculating sugars used in the wort, how much sugar does honey contain? Is it closer to dry malt extracts, raw ...
11
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8answers
26k views

How to strain wort before primary fermentation

I recently made a big beer (Dogfish Head 90 minute clone) with an OG around 1.11. I had never tried to strain wort before moving to a primary fermenter, but thought it would be a good idea since this ...
10
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4answers
2k views

Process for transfereing from boil kettle to fermenter

At the moment the most frustrating part of my brewday is getting the cold wort into the fermenter. Here is my process. I have a 20 litre saucepan that i use as a kettle that does not have a tap. At ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

Ice the wort for fast cooling

I have seen mostly two suggestions to cool wort. Ice bath and the coil method. My friend and I were thinking about just using ice. Ie pull the ice from the fridge that uses the same water source as ...
9
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2answers
7k views

What is a whirlpool chiller?

What is a Whirlpool Chiller and how does it work? What are the advantages or disadvantages?
9
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3answers
19k views

What does a 0 minute boil time mean?

I have a recipe that calls for an ounce of hops at 0 mins. boil time, any idea what you would do here? Typically, after a my 60 minute partial boil is complete, I take the pot off of the stove ...
9
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2answers
1k views

Steeping Specialty Grains

What is the proper procedure for steeping specialty grains while extract brewing? Temp, time, grain bags or not.
8
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6answers
3k views

Wort aeration on a budget

To aerate my wort I have been using a whisk, but i am worried about contamination. What are other more effective ways to aerate wort without spending too much money?
8
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3answers
7k views

Amount of Water to Boil for Wort

If I'm making a 5 gallon batch of beer, how much water should I use for my wort? Papazian's book says to use 1.5g and add it to 3.5g of room temperature water already in the carboy. I see how this ...
8
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5answers
15k views

Do I truly need a wort chiller?

I am on the fence with this one. Is there any reasons other than "Shorter brew day" or "contamination worries" for using a wort chiller? I brew 2.5 gallon batches of wort in my pot, and either 1. ...
7
votes
2answers
574 views

Help - Wort dropped to 59 degrees (beer temp)

I need help knowing what to do. My breaker tripped on my fermentation chamber and my Wort dropped to 59 degrees (beer temp). This was high gravity ale using Safale us-05 (2 packs, rehydrated ...
7
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2answers
3k views

Kettle volume measurements

Eventually there comes a time where just boiling 6 gallons for 60 minutes and taking it on faith that you have 5 gallons left doesn't cut it anymore. What tools can I use to measure the volume in the ...
7
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4answers
11k views

Cooling wort - just add water?

Is there anything wrong with simply letting the water you add to top off your wort do the chilling to bring it to yeast pitching temperature?
7
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5answers
11k views

Remedy for a Stuck sparge

How do you fix a stuck sparge? Are there any tricks too getting a sparge running again when it slows to a trick or even stops completely? (This is not intended to be a "how to prevent" the stuck ...
7
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2answers
880 views

Preventing a Stuck Sparge

What steps pre-mash can be taken to limit the likelihood of a stuck sparge?
7
votes
8answers
2k views

Chilling wort before pitching yeast

I know it is important to chill wort to <80 before pitching yeast, and that quality of final beer is affected by the speed with which the wort was chilled to this point, and there are various ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

What is cold steeping?

What is cold steeping specialty grains all about? How do I do it? What does 'cold' really mean? How long does it take? Advantages and disadvantages?
7
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5answers
7k views

How soon after mashing do I need to start my boil?

I'd like to get 2 full boils from 1 mash. Can I keep the 2nd runnings overnight for boiling the following day? If so, what is the best way to store it. In general, how long can wort be kept after ...
7
votes
2answers
926 views

Hops Wort Absorption

According to BYO malt absorbs roughly 1.04L of water per kg malt. Knowing this makes calculating things like mash and sparge water quite a bit easier. Is there a rough absorption rate for hops? I've ...
7
votes
1answer
887 views

Can a wort be cooled too much?

When chilling the wort after a boil, if it falls below the yeast's operating temperature, should I wait until the temperature comes back up before adding the yeast? I typically chill my wort with a ...
6
votes
5answers
13k views

What is a grant?

How is it used? What does it do?
6
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6answers
2k views

What if I accidentally boiled for 90 minutes?

So I was making a Two Hearted Clone (an IPA). I boiled 1 oz centennial hops for 60 min, then 1/2 ounce for 15 min, then 1 oz for 10 min, then 1oz for 5 min for a total of 90 minutes. I was supposed ...
6
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3answers
480 views

Stirring the wort...

This is probably an incredibly stupid question, but I thought I would ask anyway. While the wort is cooling down is it recommended to stir it to help the cool down process?
6
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2answers
247 views

Homebrewing: Decoction Mashing

Many beers, especially German, are produced with a method called decoction mash. In that, the rising of mash temperature is achieved each time by talking a portion of the MASH, boiling it, and adding ...
6
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2answers
2k views

What is the Purpose of Adding Malt Sugars Towards the End of the Boiling of the Wort, as Opposed to the Beginning?

I am in the middle of brewing a Phat Tyre Amber Ale from Northern Brewer. After boiling the water and steeping the grain, I took the pot off and added the liquid 6lbs Munich malt syrup and the dry 1lb ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

What happens if a beer gets oxidized?

Everywhere I read it is very cautious about oxidizing your beer. What is the worst case if your beer gets oxidized? It tastes funny?
6
votes
1answer
495 views

What causes wort darkening in the kettle?

What reaction is happening in the wort to cause darkening? Maltose for example doesn't caramelize until 365F. Maillard reactions are another source of non-enzymatic browning, but they require low ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Are Sparge Arms Necessary

Do you really need a sprinkler of some sort to sparge? Does it really improve the lautering process? How fancy does a sparge arm need to be, does it really have to rotate or can it just sprinkle all ...
5
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4answers
2k views

What is a wort chiller?

Should I use a wort chiller, and what are the advantages of doing so?
5
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2answers
3k views

Filtering BIAB wort

I have recently started BIAB, and my wort is very cloudy after the boil. Much "cloud material" ends up in the fermentor, since it takes really long to settle and is easily stirred. It mostly looks ...
5
votes
2answers
260 views

Mash Efficiency and Quality of Wort

I recently achieved a 94% mash efficiency on a batch of Saison and was pretty stoked thinking, wow, 94% is much better than the the 72% I did last time. I must be getting better at this... But then ...
5
votes
1answer
442 views

First Wort Hopping (or FWH)

What is First Wort Hopping (FWH) and how best can it be replicated in extract brewing?
5
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1answer
2k views

Is there a need to stir the kettle at some regular interval while boiling the wort?

I extract brew. After I boil the three gallons of water, I take the kettle off the stove and pour the sugars in, and stir under I'm convinced it has all been dissolved. Placing the kettle back on the ...
5
votes
3answers
605 views

Would/Could you add boiled, rehydrated extract after wort is cooled & topped off to boost OG?

Imagine this scenario. Not that I know anybody who's done this. Let's say it's hypothetical. You're brewing from extract. You cool your wort, transfer it to your fermenter, add your top-off water, ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Cleaner wort out of the Kettle

What are the benefits of completely seperating hot debris, hot break and cold break from the wort? Getting these things out of the wort and putting nothing but clean and clear wort in the fermentor ...
4
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5answers
1k views

How do I chill wort with this faucet?

Just moved into a new apartment and I'm ready to start brewing. Except I have this unique faucet... it's the type that can switch between a solid stream and a spray and also is able to extend via a ...
4
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2answers
191 views

Is it safe to boil my wort outside while it is snowing?

It's snowing where I live. Are there any risks involved with boiling my wort outside, when snow can enter the boiling pot?
4
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5answers
7k views

Should I boil a hopped malt extract prior to fermentation?

I am an absolute beginner; I've merely helped my brother brew once. I purchased a beer brewing kit and want to get started. John Palmer's bible suggests that I should throw out the directions that ...
4
votes
1answer
429 views

Is a counter flow chiller good for cooling wort?

I'm looking into cheaper solutions then using a plate heat exchanger. A cheaper construction available that is basically just a pipe in a pipe with separate connectors. What are the pros and cons ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

When to remove hops and other bittering/aroma agents?

On brew day, when is the appropriate time to remove the hops and other bittering/aroma agents from the wort? Is it at flameout, or is it once the wort has been fully cooled and is ready for the ...
4
votes
3answers
14k views

Adding water to wort to get desired volume

I have always been curious about the practice of making a 3 gallon wort and then topping it off with water to make 5 gallons to ferment. I might be doing it wrong, but I add my cold, filtered water ...
4
votes
4answers
4k views

Wort Chiller Cool Down Times?

What tools or tricks is everyone using to cool their wort down after the boil? How long does it take you to get down below 70 degrees? I am using an older copper wort chiller (hooks up to a garden ...
4
votes
2answers
763 views

Canning unfermented wort for yeast farming?

Canning is often used to preserve foods: the microorganisms inside mason jars are killed by a boiling water bath and sealed when removed. Small amounts of unfermented wort are useful when yeast ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Optimal counterflow wort chiller

I am planning to build a counterflow wort chiller using a hose outside of a copper tube. There are a great variety of lengths and types available commercially and I have read that many commercial ...
4
votes
1answer
178 views

Over oxygenating

Was reading about oxygenating wort, and the book was saying that the best amount of oxygen ppm is 10. It did say that over oxygenating was sometimes bad, but didn't state how much it took before it ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

I forgot to add my extract until the end!

So, I was brewing distracted, which I will never do again, did everything right...except I didn't remember to add the big jug of liquid malt extract to the wort, or hopped water in my case! You would ...