Questions tagged [water]

H2O - dihydrogen oxide, hydrogen hydroxide. Comprises over 90% of most beers. Termed "liquor" when used in the brewing process.

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Calculating boil evaporation loss as a function of pre-boil volume (PBV)?

I had done some cursory digging online and found that at my elevation the boil evaporation loss was about 14% per hour. So to test this out I boiled 3785mL (1 gallon) of water for an hour in my brew ...
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1 answer
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Treating water with brew salts to hit a target profile, by example

I'm fairly new to brewing and for the first half-dozen batches I have just used packets of Burtonizing Water Salts to treat my water picked up at my local homebrew supply store. So far, per that store'...
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Besides sparge water, what other water do all-grain brewers add in (and why)?

I have done a few extract kit beers and now a few partial mashes. I am starting the process of ramping up to all-grain. In many online "brewing calculators", such as this mash water ...
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Options for recirculating water chiller

I'm starting to homebrew and noticed that during the cooling process A LOT of water is used going through the counterflow chiller. I'm on a well, and I'd like to minimize water usage, especially ...
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Same dry and bitter taste with two different IPA brews

So I got a Chinook IPA kit last Xmas from Northern Brewer and made my first ever home brew. I followed instructions except I think I made the mistake of steeping grains in boiling water. Everything ...
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First time brewing a Porter (BIAB) - Need help!

first time poster (long time lurker) on these forums. Hope you'll are doing well. I am 6 months into this hobby and have brewed 3 Pale Ales which have ranged from disastrous to pretty bad :P I now am ...
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Chlorine taste in 3 batches 🤬

I’m new here, but wondering if any of you guys & Girls help! I’ve been brewing for about a year and done over 20 brews of various different beers mainly PA’s and IPA’s using a Grainfather. For ...
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1 answer
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Are there benefits to using mineral water in your mash?

Should you use boiled tap water or mineral water when making spirit?
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Does chlorine kill yeast?

Does chlorine in tap water kill yeast? Does chloramine kill yeast? Specifically Lalvin 71B wine yeast? Is it OK to use filtered tap water (Culligan filter) to re-hydrate yeast?
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Help me debug my Christmas Ale band-aid flavor

Recently I brewed two batches of a copycat Christmas Ale. You can ignore the recipe's water adjustments, since I didn't do them. Before fermenting, the wort smelled and tasted perfect - just the ...
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1 answer
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water for brewing

I used tap water for my first batch and it came out with a little off taste and flavor that I referred to as a bandaid. I looked it up and found it could be the water I am using, are there any good ...
4 votes
2 answers
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Salt additions to the glass

So here's my predicament: I've realized that my city water has low Chloride levels compared to the sulfates (i.e. the sulfate/chloride ratio is higher than ideal). Reading that this might be the case, ...
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Hops Wort Absorption

According to BYO malt absorbs roughly 1.04L of water per kg malt. Knowing this makes calculating things like mash and sparge water quite a bit easier. Is there a rough absorption rate for hops? I've ...
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Adding minerals back into reverse osmosis water?

Everyone knows that reverse osmosis filter strips out the minerals from water, but no one on Google is telling the way to adding them back into the water. I have been drinking reverse osmosis water ...
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What are the effects of adding water after the boil?

During the boil a lot of water is evaporated off. I have a 30L boiler and generally end up with around 22L in the fermentation vessel. After racking off from the fermentation and leaving the trub ...
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Difference of water content for difference in taste

My brother and my father both brewed the same beer at the same time in the same general area. General area being each at their own home, but separated by about 20 miles and they are in different ...
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Diluting beer after 11 hours of fermentation. What to expect?

Ended up with too high gravity wort. Since I was not prepared for this I didn't have enough sterile water to dilute the wort. I ended up pitching the yeast anyway and adding sterile water at 11 hours ...
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1 answer
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Own malted barley use

I malted my own barley for experiment. But I've not used them yet. I mean bought castle malt and munton's Irish Stout LME but haven't used them too yet. First, I want to brew my own malted barley, if ...
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How to dissolve water additions

I’m fairly new to water adjustments. This in only my fourth batch with additions. One thing I notice is the additions don’t seem to dissolve. I added 9g gypsum, 4 g calcium chloride and 1 g epsom salt ...
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What is beer structure as described by john palmer?

In chapter 22 of how to brew by john palmer there is a section called adjusting water for style. further down there is a handy brew cube: Across the bottom there is a vector called "beer structure" ...
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Water- distilled or not?

Is distilled water a necessity? I live in Louisville and we have some of the best water in the world.(hence our amazing whiskey)
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Conserve water used in immersion chilling?

After reading this question about the amount of water used in immersion chilling (and various other wort chilling), I realized just how much water was being used in a standard brew. This seems quite ...
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What effect do water ions have on mash efficiency *other* than adjusting Ph?

I searched the questions and did not find an answer to my particular question. As the title says, my question is: What effect do water ions have on mash efficiency other than adjusting Ph? Put ...
1 vote
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735 views

Which reasonably priced UK bottled waters are lightly, or very lightly, mineralised?

I can't drink the water straight from my kitchen tap because it reeks of chlorine. Left standing it's palatable but, starting brewing again after 30 years or so, it's still not something I'd want to ...
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Does distilled water and/or alcohol cause airlocks not to bubble?

I fermented my first batch of extract in a plastic 'ale pail' using an airlock with the following mixture in it: 50% tap water; and 50% whiskey It never bubbled. Not even once. In 3 days. And while ...
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Boiling Tap Water: Covered or Uncovered?

When I'm preparing my make-up water before making wine or beer, should I boil it with the lid on (to minimize evaporation of the water) or with the lid off (to maximize evaporation of volatile ...
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4 answers
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Brewing with rainwater / tank water

I'm lucky enough to have beautiful New Zealand rainwater to brew with. But, what are the considerations in terms of mineral content? Is rainwater close to distilled water? Having gone through the ...
3 votes
3 answers
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How do I predict vaporisation during the boil?

I am trying to predict the litres/hour vaporised during the boil, so I can adjust the amount of sparging water accordingly. Is there an easy way of doing this a priori by utilising other known ...
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Recommended dose of Campden Tablets to remove chloramine

I'm trying to determine the proper dosage of Campden Tablets to remove chloramine from water. I keep seeing 1 tablet per 20 gallons posted all over brewing forums, but I never see a source for this ...
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Longer boil time for high gravity?

I'm getting ready to brew an all grain 9.5% double IPA. I normally almost always boil for 60 minutes, but some research has indicated that for bigger beers like this, more water from the mash to start ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Do water filters decay at a linear rate for the various chemicals it filters?

I have a reverse osmosis and deionization unit that is able to filter my 450 PPM TDS tap water down to 0 PPM TDS. It has been about three months, and my TDS reader now gives 3 PPM TDS. Do water ...
2 votes
1 answer
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At what PPM does Chlorine become unnaceptable to use as water in brewing?

I have a reverse osmosis and deionization unit that filters my tap water from 450PPM TDS to 0 PPM TDS. I have had it for about 3 months and my TDS reader is now creeping up to 3 PPM. I was ...
5 votes
3 answers
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Does a Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) reading of 0 imply that my water has 0 ppm for the various minerals?

I installed a nice water filtration system with cataylic carbon, reverse osmosis, and deionization. I bought a $15 TDS reader from amazon. My unfiltered tap water has TDS of 398 ppm, and my filtered ...
4 votes
3 answers
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Will my Reverse Osmosis water lose its purity if its not used immediately?

I just installed a reverse osmosis and deionizer water filtration system, and it is extremely slow. I calculate that it will take 3-4 hours to filter out 10 gallons of water. I am planning on filling ...
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Do Some Carbon Filters Remove Chloramines, While Others Don't?

I thought that carbon filtration removed both chlorine and chloramines from water. However, the seller of a reverse osmosis system on Amazon answered a question with this: This system can remove up ...
3 votes
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Do Reverse Osmosis water filtration systems produce water with negligible amounts of minerals, or is an additional deionization component required?

I want to purchase some type of water filtration system to produce water that contains negligible amounts of minerals. Currently I purchase distilled water from Walmart, and I want my water filtration ...
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

pre-boil water the day before?

I live in an area with hard water and I usually treat my water with a campden tablet. It's usually fine but I'd like to try something different. Can I boil my water the night before brew day and leave ...
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What micron level is good for carbon filtering your water?

I went and built a version of this filtration system, but the only filter I could find at Home Depot was a 5 micron. The guy in that thread seems to be using a .5 micron. I have been using water ...
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How can i stop losing so much water during brew

I am brewing with a 25l HLT, 30l Mash tun and 52l boiler. I am boiling 20l to 25l water in the HLT and losing some water during the Mash and Sparge. By the end of the sparge I am getting about 15l ...
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How do I use a simple solution for adding salts for water treatment?

I am thinking of dissolving a 1:1 salt to distilled water solution of a weight/volume that I can measure easier, then adding just the needed amount of the solution to my mash according to my water ...
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My airlock keeps becoming empty on one side, is that normal?

This is my first time brewing and I only started yesterday, so I'm still very much a novice. I have a bubbler airlock on my 33 litre fermenting bucket, like the one in this image: I filled it up to ...
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How do I translate my water supply's "Total Hardness" to Mg and Ca or "Effective Hardness"?

My water supply comes through San Diego's Miramar treatment plant, and here's the data sheet. Here's the relevant part: Units Avg Range Total Hardness ppm 214 ...
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Water For Robust Porter

I've been chatting with my local city water tech. Based on what she sent me, the numbers work out as... pH- 7.5 Ca- 20.1 Mg- 12.6 K- 1 Chloride- 5.4 SO4- 11.5 Hardness (CaCO3)- 103 Alkalinity(CaCO3)- ...
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Was my mash pH okay? Should I be adjusting it?

I am still new to brewing: First attempt with Christmas gifts used a refill kit that turned out to be partial - resulted in stout that tasted fine but is very weak. Second attempt is due to be bottled ...
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Water mineral additions, losses to mash, and evaporation in the kettle. I.e., does water lost to the mash result in a proportionate loss of ions?

Rephrasing my question: I see three separate ways of calculating the final ppm of various minerals in the end product. Say I begin with 9 gallons of DH20. After the mash, I lost 1.5 gallons and end ...
2 votes
2 answers
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Should the Munich Water Profile be used for Bavarian Hefeweizens?

I'm having trouble searching for the correct water profile to be used for a Bavarian hefeweizen. In the book Designing Great Beers by Ray Daniels, Munich -- or more properly, Bavaria -- ... has ...
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How long must water be boiled to remove temporary hardness (bicarbonates)

From Papazian's Joy of Homebrewing: In the US temporary hardness is determined by a measure of bicarbonates [2(HCO3)].The hardness that bicarbonate ions contribute is temporary because it is easily ...
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How much Chloride in PPM is too much for All Grain?

I passed my water through those cheap water filters and sent it to Ward Industries for a water test. It came back with 61 PPM of chloride. In the 3rd edition of the Joy of Homebrewing, Charlie ...
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Water to dilute wort

If I use 3 gals of tap water for the wort. Can I use 2 gl of tap water to make up the 5 I need for fermenting? Lancaster home brewing say any good tasting tap water is OK, but does it need to be ...
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anyone know where good tutorials are for starting to brew lager

I am currently brewing my own beer and its going good. For my next batch I want to make something like a Coors Light or even something that tastes like Fosters or Carlsberg. If anyone could help it ...