Questions tagged [primary-fermentation]

The stage in the brewing process where yeast is pitched into the wort and the bulk of the sugars are converted to alcohol, transforming the wort into beer. Contrasts with secondary fermentation, bottle fermentation (bottle conditioning) and aging.

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543 views

Fermenter head space and airlock hole

Hi folks I'm after a bit of advice as its my first time doing home brew I'm using Wilkos dark velvet stout. As it states on the tin to make 40 pints fill, to 23 litres. Now I have a 23 litre ...
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Should I Replace Blown Out Wort

I had a blow-out and lost about 1/4 of my wort. Can I replace with water or just leave it alone? This blow-out happened on the second day in the carboy. I replaced the airlock.
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556 views

My apple juice is not fermenting

We have done two lots of apple pressing recently. One about 6 weeks ago and another 4 weeks ago. On each occasion we got 5 gallons of juice. So far it has not fermented at all. I used sodium ...
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781 views

Forgot to add fermentable sugar

I started a saison 3 days ago, and the recipe called for 3.5 oz of dextrose in addition to the grains. The batch is a 1 gallon batch and the recipe also called for 1.6 lbs of 2-row and 6.5 oz rye. ...
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288 views

Plastic Bucket - Primary & Dry Hopping

I will be brewing an IPA this weekend and fermenting in a bucket...so much easier to clean afterwards. Once fermentation is complete, I am going to dry hop for 7-10 days in the primary. That ...
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1k views

Advice for filling a carboy

I'm fairly new to brewing, I've done 3 kits so far. Last time I brewed in a 23 litre, glass carboy but I found getting the malt extract into it really difficult. The only way I managed to do it was to ...
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121 views

Is it ok if my transferred wort has some undissolved hops in it?

Today I brewed my first 5 gallon batch. A pumpkin ale! Super stoked, but it was hard to avoid getting some of the undissolved hops in it as I transferred the force chilled wort to the primary ...
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1answer
138 views

Which is a better fermentation method for high gravity beers?

I'm looking to brew a high gravity porter for christmas this year, aiming for OG 1.100. I've browsed several questions on this site relating to high gravity beers and the tendency seems to be towards ...
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25 views

Mead fermentation

How fast can the fermentation take? Can it be completed in 3 or 4 days? I took my sg reading and it was 1.1. I added D47 yeast along with nutrients and enzymes. Didn't seem to start so I took a small ...
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1answer
104 views

Why is it so hard to find a decent fermenter?

Brew n00b here. I've been reading the Palmer book and looking around for gear. I've got a kegerator so not planning on bottling. That kind of makes half the stuff in the "homebrew starter" kits not ...
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47 views

Do I require insulation on my primary FV?

Been reading around for some answers with no luck. I am in the UK and maintaining heat is an issue, all articles I read are y'all Americans trying to keep liquid cool. So I have a flat arround 17/18 ...
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71 views

Strands Like Hair in Fermenting Beer

I am brewing a schwarzbier using US-05 because I don't have a setup to brew a real lager. The OG was 1.047 and I have a current gravity reading of 1.012 after 5 days of decent fermentation at an ...
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141 views

Achieving the Expected SG from a Beer Recipe

I've recently been looking at all-grain brewing and noticed that the recipes tend to have a wide variation in the expected final specific gravity after fermentation. I was wondering how you manage to ...
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2k views

First Brew: Yellow Mold - Transfer to Carboy - Slowing of Fermentation

I brewed a batch of Pale (first solo brew) and after pitching yeast (6 hours), noticed yellow clusters of what I think was mold. I thought I had an infection, so I siphoned off, and collected ...
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105 views

when does the alcoholic fermentation end?

No special instruments / meters available. Is there an approximate way to tell when the alcoholic fermentation has stopped ? I am asking so I know when to add the MLF yeasts in. Viniflora CH16 ...
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712 views

Beer sat for too long in the carboy

I made a chocolate-cherry brown ale with an extra ounce of hops (in 5 gallon carboy) back at the beginning of October. Would it be safe to bottle and skip secondary fermentation? There's also a thin ...
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2k views

Campden and Pectic enzyme

I read a recipe specifying that pectic is to be added 12 hours after the addition of Campden. Until now I've been mixing in all my additives at the same time, and haven't had any problems. My ...
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29 views

home made wine stuck at 6.5%

Does anyone know how to re-start a stuck wine made from top quality strawberry jam. I've already added re-start yeast but no joy. Thanks in advance
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128 views

First brew - What is a good SG for end of first fermentation?

After my primary fermentation, ready to rack to carboi (about a week) my SG is about 1.015... is that anywhere near being good? Seems like that's what it started at. It's a red ale from an extract ...
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146 views

Secondary Fermentation

I've only started brewing Wine a year ago and have been keeping the subtle complexities of making a good wine as simple as possible, only to level up when I feel confident. So, consequently I've only ...
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790 views

High FG in primary fermentation

I am doing a Diabolo beer from this kit First, my OG was 1.070 (vs 1.075 recommended). Now, after 9 days (they recommend 10 days in primary fermentation), the FG is 1.018. The recommend value is 1....
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113 views

Fermentation Temperature

I have a quick question. I've been looking for an answer, but didn't find a clear answer. So, I'm making an IPA. Right now the air temperature in my closet where I keep the carboy is 67-68F. This is ...
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4k views

Wine fermentation without yeast?

Apologies if this is a duplicate - wasn't able to find anything similar. Making a 3gal batch of strawberry wine. Poured sugar-water over fruit and set aside to cool. Been having problems with bugs ...
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1answer
143 views

Why do some Extract Recipies Call for Two Weeks and Others for Four Weeks?

I have ordered around 16 extract batches from Northern Brewer. I've noticed a trend in the time the instructions ask you to wait before bottling: if the OG is greater than 1.050, bottle after four ...
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56 views

Is it fermenting?

I'm in a similar situation to the OP in this thread. I think I under-pitched my yeast. Can you help me figure out if that's the case? Here's the recipe I followed. I didn't measure the OG before I ...
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1answer
1k views

Cider fermentation and carbonation

I'm a novice "homebrewer" about to attempt my first ever brew. I've been reading about a homebrewing process in which yeast is added directly to a juice for a period of time in order to achieve ...
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3answers
146 views

Is it too soon to keg if im storing for a few weeks?

I just dry hopped an IPA i brewed on July 30th. I plan on kegging it next Wednesday, exactly one week from today. The Beer has had a full 10 days of primary fermentation so far and is only going to ...
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1k views

How representative is the taste of cider after primary fermentation?

I'm brewing a Wilko Pear cider kit. The method was to empty the can of juice into the FV and add 1.5kg of brewing sugar and enough water to bring it up to 23L. I started it off just under 3 weeks ago ...
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4k views

Foam on my fermenting beer

My beer iam fermenting which is now 7 days old has started producing a small amount of foam/bubbles on the surface! Everything else is spot on, just wondering if this is normal so near bottling stage? ...
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2k views

force krausen to drop?

will hurt the beer if I swirl my carboy to force the krausen to drop? the krausen has been sitting there for a few weeks now and I want to keg in one week but if the krausen is still there I don't ...
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4answers
303 views

Any drawbacks in forgoing a secondary?

I have a India Pale Ale which is just finishing fermentation in a sealed bucket under airlock, I want to skip the secondary. How long should I wait before carefully racking and bottling? Will the ...
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1answer
1k views

Low gravity reading after one week

My first home brew batch has been in the primary fermentation for one week and the gravity reading has dropped from 1055 to 1008. Is it going down too quickly? 4 kg pale ale malt 0,5 kg crystal malt ...
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3k views

no air lock activity after 3 days

First time brewer,I brewed a ipa extract kit.There is no airlock activity after 3 days.I had an og reading of 1.060, I took another reading today of 1.020.I want to ravk into a secondary should i do ...
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914 views

Dry hopping at the end of fermentation?

First of all I know being impatient is not the way to approach brewing, but I would like to sneak my last batch (as well as the ones I had planned) into a PRO-AM comp in two weeks. I have an session ...
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1answer
295 views

Wine fermentation containers and headspace

I'm starting my first attempt at wine-making, so please pardon the noob question.... I have two 6 gallon buckets with airlocks. But the "Winexpert" kit I've got recommends 8 gal for primary, ...
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1answer
99 views

Staggered sugar source addition: before or after racking?

I am currently set up to use a modified recipe for a sparkling oaked acerglyn with the following adjustments: Reddit user Balathustrius's SNA schedule using Fermaid K, Fermaid O, and DAP Additional ...
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2answers
2k views

What's the average loss of gravity after two days of fermenting?

I was just curious because I took what was supposed to be my OG two days after because my hydrometer came late. The reading seemed very low, 1.030, and I was hoping I lost at least .010 from the ...
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3answers
657 views

Fast Fermentation - Should I be worried?

Just did my first batch using the fast ferment conical fermenter. Brewed an extract kit from Northern Brewer....their Smashing Pumpkin Ale. It's a 1.054 OG brew and I used a dry yeast to ferment. ...
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109 views

Why is the primary stage of fermentation of wine important?

Senior chemistry student, whilst I know the main reason, I would like to know more of the chemistry behind it.
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49 views

Not seeing fermentation on lager's primary fermentation

We're currently trying to get a lager to go through its primary fermentation but after 2 days, we haven't seen any action or changes on the surface of the wort. The wort had a full packet of yeast ...
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3answers
370 views

Temperature control during 1st phase fermentation

I am having some issues keeping the temperature controlled. I live in SE QLD and the daily ambient temperature has been 23 degrees C down to 11C. I've been advised not to let the wort drop below 18C ...
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1answer
64 views

What consequences arise from holding wort at a high temperaure after fermenation is 100% complete?

I just learned recently via this forum that temperature is most important during primary fermentation, which completes in (roughly) 7 days. I have fermwraps on my carboys. What would happen if I set ...
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1answer
2k views

Flowers of Wine (Problem)

Context: I am currently working on a batch of jalapeno-cranberry wine. It's been in primary for five days so far and I am beginning to suspect I have flowers in my wine. I was not too concerned ...
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61 views

Homemade Instant Wine Not Fermenting..Can i add yeast on day 3?

Hello I am making 3 Day instant beetroot wine. I'm making this in India so I don't have an airlock or a hydrometer or any fancy equipment. I made this wine during last New Year and in 3 days I got an ...
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1k views

My first AG brew finished fermenting in a day! Is that right?

I've read elsewhere that this shouldn't be too bad so I guess I'm just after reassurance that something isn't broken... I did my first AG brew on Saturday evening (Black Sheep Ale from the Hop and ...
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1answer
67 views

Is this a stuck fermentation?

Here's what the fermentation has been so far. Day 1: Not much Day 2: 3 bubbles in the airlock every 2 seconds. Good krausen formed. Day 3: 1 bubble per second Day 4: 1 bubble per 2 seconds Should ...
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103 views

Is Fermentation without airlock possible in bottle?

I added sugar and bread yeast to a bottle(plastic bottle) of juice and it's about 3 days that it's fermentation process got started and I can see a lot of bubbles are coming up. Now the bottle is ...
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Lager still smelling like apples after 2 weeks fermenting

Currently got a lager kit brewing but not sure if it is ready to bottle. The kit I have says to leave it for 10 days but I didn't seem ready then and had quite a strong apple smell to it although ...
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913 views

Adding coffee without secondary

There are several questions about adding coffee, but the best results always seem to result from adding the coffee at secondary fermentation. I simply don't have a second vessel so this is not an ...
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471 views

Troubleshooting a stuck fermentation with Ringwood Ale

I'm brewing an IPA using Wyeast 1187 (Ringwood Ale) and it seems stuck. I'm brewing 19L (5G) with an OG of 1.052 and pitched two (smacked) smackpacks of 1187 straight into the primary bucket. I used ...