Questions tagged [primary-fermentation]

The stage in the brewing process where yeast is pitched into the wort and the bulk of the sugars are converted to alcohol, transforming the wort into beer. Contrasts with secondary fermentation, bottle fermentation (bottle conditioning) and aging.

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41
votes
14answers
111k views

Too long in Primary Fermentation?

What's the maximum amount of time for primary fermentation, assuming the beer is going straight to bottles next? Will it over ferment and then fail to carbonate, if left too long in a carboy?
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5answers
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No bubbles in the airlock - should I still bottle the brew?

I'm attempting my first brew using a kit with all the provided ingredients (it's a lager). My brew is still in the big tub and has been there for about 2 weeks now. Initial SG was 1.040 and it's now ...
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2answers
462 views

Two tens to One twenty

I am thinking of brewing a 20 gallon batch in two parts on two different days back to back. Has anyone tried this before? I am dealing with a maximum volume of 15 gallons in my brew pot but, my ...
10
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3answers
5k views

After a beer reaches its final gravity, how long does the conditioning step take?

I have been in the habit of leaving my beers in their primary fermenter for three weeks across the board, which is a significant amount of time longer than their primary fermentation usually takes. My ...
7
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3answers
36k views

Primary fermentation is still bubbling after 2 weeks. What are the consequences?

This is my second batch in a row where I've seen primary go for over two weeks. From my understanding, primary fermentation for an ale shouldn't take more than a couple of days (4-5 at most I believe)...
6
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4answers
524 views

Used buckets as primary fermentation container?

I know the family which owns a local chinese restaurant near me. They have very many buckets which they toss regularly. The other day they gave me a Kari Out co. bucket at one time used for duck sauce,...
6
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3answers
3k views

Krausen During Primary

I'm wondering what other peoples' experiences are with krausen at the start of fermentation. I've had some beers that have bubbled along happily without producing huge amounts of foam, and others ...
6
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2answers
385 views

Is my beer infected? from an amateur. Posted a picture

I used only DME and hops to boil the wort. Added dry yeast directly. I looked up on the internet for similar pictures but couldn't find any. I know every beer ferments differently. So I thought I ...
5
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1answer
997 views

Fermenting in Sealed Keg

I have heard of people fermenting in corny kegs before. I've also heard of people fermenting under pressure. Finally, I've heard of people fermenting in corny kegs under pressure, using a spunding ...
5
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5answers
2k views

Is air at the top of a demijohn harmful?

Sometimes I make a large batch of wine and fill maybe two or three demijohns, sometimes four. I don't know how many demijohns I can fill until I've filled them. That means, sometimes I end up with an ...
5
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3answers
6k views

My cider stopped fermenting until I swished it around in the bucket a bunch, then continued. Is that normal?

My malted cider had been brewing after about a week in my plastic brewing bucket to the point where the little 'hat' thing in my airlock fell onto the 'neck' (no internal pressure). I opened it up ...
4
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4answers
4k views

How can I reduce the ABV?

I have a batch fermenting at the moment. I had expected the OG to be 1.05x but it was 1.06x. I generally have little problem with fermentation and expect the batch to come out at somewhere like 1.0....
4
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1answer
123 views

Do I need the dregs from primary fermentation for carbonation?

I'm currently making my first homebrew - a ginger beer using this kit and recipe. It's finished primary fermentation (hopefully, the cold weather has me concerned), and I've just bottled it for ...
4
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3answers
107 views

Beer attenuates too much too fast

I am brewing with fermentis S-04 and from experience (three years ago) I know that this yeast is slow. This weekend I brewed a small batch and today the attenuation is 83% (according to the yeast's ...
4
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2answers
298 views

Should I do anything with lacing on my cider ferment?

My first cider is in the primary fermenter, it's been 2 days. There was a nice healthy looking head of foam on top for the first two days, but when I checked it today it was gone, and there was some ...
4
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2answers
111 views

Is SG 1.005 OK for cider before first racking

The primary fermentation for cider is going for 9 days and SG wend down from 1.052 to 1.005. Is it normal to have such a low value before first racking? Should I add sugar to rise SG to 1.015 and ...
4
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3answers
3k views

What is the max time it would take yeast to "clean up"?

I have read many post fermentation opinions/practices. Some move it to secondary after a week, some wait 3 days after fermentation is done and then bottle condition; and many leave it sit on the yeast ...
4
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2answers
179 views

Barrel fermenting (white) wine. Questions and assumptions

I am wondering if it is possible to barrel ferment white grapes/wine. I can only find information on the web about red wines. In regards to this process I have some questions and assumptions; I hope ...
4
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2answers
3k views

Fermentation Done After 2 Days?

So this is a weird one. 3 weeks ago I made an Xmas beer. I brewed it, pitched the #2 yeast, and put the carboy in my cold dark room (about 70 F) to ferment. The fermentation and krausen began about ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Racked too soon. How do I fix?

I'm brewing a Kolsh ale, and, I made the mistake of following the recipe that the brew shop provided. It said that I should rack the beer to a secondary fermenter after a week. When I opened the ...
3
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2answers
363 views

Hop material in primary

When making an IPA yesterday, I decided to throw in every last hop leaf and pellet I had laying around. It turned out to be quite a bit. Also, due to a lack of space, I decided to use my kettle as a ...
3
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3answers
3k views

Sulfur Smell from Fermentor

======================== 20 lbs. Forest Honey 12 lbs. Blueberries water to 6 gallons 5 grams of D-47 4 tsp. Fermaid K + DAP ======================== After the initial vigorous fermentation, I ...
3
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4answers
569 views

My beer is at the fermenting stage but it is not vigorously bubbling

I brewed beer for the first time two days ago using Brooklyn Brewshop kit using their Oatmeal Stout recipe. Now I am at stage 4 "Fermentation" but I don't observe a vigorous bubbling, just a bubble ...
3
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4answers
29k views

how long can i leave cider in fermentation bucket after it has stopped bubbling?

We made 50 litres of apple cider last monday night, so about 7 days ago, it has been bubbling away happily and has cleared and scum gathered around edges of bucket, today it seems to have stopped and ...
3
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3answers
4k views

How long can I leave my Ginger Beer (kit) in the primary?

Another fact finding question: How long can I - theoretically - leave my Ginger Beer brew in the primary (a 5 gallon glass carboy) before bottling? The instructions suggest 8 days, hovever it's ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Can I add yeast energizer and sugar to my secondary fermentation?

My OG might be a little lower than expected. I'm not sure if my reading was accurate since I took it a day after fermentation began via the spigot at the bottom of my bucket. Reading was 1.030. In a ...
3
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1answer
53 views

What did I make and how long to ferment?

For reasons I won't go into - I threw together a bunch of ingredients to make something resembling a Barkshak Ginger Mead. I wasn't concerned with color so I used some non-standard ingredients. In the ...
3
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3answers
940 views

Quick advice for dry-hopping and racking to secondary

tomorrow I'll brew an English style IPA with extract. I want to dry-hop in the conditioning phase, so, considering I'm using S04 on a small batch, I'll probably add the hops on Wednesday. It should be ...
3
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1answer
73 views

Is delayed yeast activity normal?

I am working on a small batch, 1 gallon of Pale Ale. It came in a kit and the yeast was not labeled so I am not sure what kind it is. This is only the third batch I have brewed. On my first two ...
3
votes
1answer
228 views

Brewing a 25l batch in a smaller fermenter

Can you brew say 7kg of sugar in say a 10l fermenter as opposed to a more standard 25l fermenter. I mean technically the sugar will still ferment in the smaller vessel or is that not the case will the ...
3
votes
1answer
933 views

Honey/Ginger Brew With Champagne Yeast

I got it in my head last weekend that I needed to homebrew again (it's been more than 10 years!), and so I boiled 4lbs of honey, 2lbs of ginger, 1lb of dark brown sugar and 1.5lbs of raisins (since ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Overly Active Fermentation

I've got an Imperial IPA that I'm worried has something wrong. OG 1.080, 5gal batch, 6.5gal fermentation bucket, Used a healthy starter, Room temp 70f Primary kicked up within five hours or so and ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

How long has everyone's Barleywine taken to start its primary ferment after pitching yeast?

How long has everyone's Barleywine taken to start its primary ferment after pitching yeast? Note: I didn't use a starter but did compensate by pitching two smack packs of Wyeast. I used English Ale ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

Stalled fermentation

I've started brewing an Oktoberfest. It has been in primary for a little less than a week. The first 24 hours was good, super active. After about a day, it got pretty warm here, and the ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Mulberries in the Mead

I seek knowledge in regard Mead, this is my first attempt at making some mulberry mead, the recipe I used was: 19 liter Carboy 6kg Honey 1kg Raisins 2teaspoons of Wyeast Nutrient 1 little pack of ...
2
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2answers
254 views

Lead in primary fermentation

So, my floating thermometer broke while cooling off my wort and I didn't realize it until about an hour after I had pitched the yeast and fermentation had definitely already started. At first I ...
2
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4answers
2k views

Airlock gasket on primary fermenter fell in when reinserting airlock

I was checking the gravity on my fermenting beer and took the top off my bucket to do so. When reattaching the airlock, the black rubber gasket on the bucket fell in. I tried to fish it out with a ...
2
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4answers
466 views

Yeast in 1.080 beer

I pitched 1 pack of Safale 05 in my 1.080 beer. That is all the recipe called for but I am afraid it may be an under-pitch. Is it advisable or possible to pitch more, its been fermenting 2 days at ...
2
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3answers
2k views

My ferment has small black specs in it, is this an infection?

This seems to be very similar to this question about hop seeds but I have not used fresh hops, I used pellet centennial hops purchased vacuum packed and frozen from homebrew shop. Ingredients (1 ...
2
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3answers
413 views

Stuck fermentation vs arrested fermentation

It is my first grape wine home brewing and I have been reading up a lot regarding yeast fermentation. I like my wine bit sweet and I read that either adding alcohol as in port method or adding a ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Special considerations for primary fermentation in a carboy?

I brewed my first batch this weekend (Scottish Ale) and have been keeping an eye on it during primary, largely out of curiosity but also first-timer's paranoia. We added too much water before ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Super fast fermentation?

I pitched Red Star Champagne yeast for a two gallon batch of Banana wine six days ago today when I went to siphon the must into the secondary I saw fermentation had stopped. Trying to figure out what ...
2
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2answers
168 views

Are there any downsides to leaving beer on fruit in the primary?

I'm planning to brew the Winter Wassail from The Homebrewer's Garden. The recipe calls for adding 4 pounds of mashed cranberries and 2 pounds of ground apples at flameout, steeping them for 15-20 ...
2
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2answers
3k views

First batch with Muntons Pilsner kit, will it take longer than instructed?

I'm quite new to homebrewing (in fact, I only finished batch #2 last week) but looking to test out a few new types of drink. I'm planning on starting a batch of Pilsner in a few weeks, for this I ...
2
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4answers
13k views

Is a normal plastic fermenting bucket with a plain lid (no kind of tap) OK to ferment in without the beer becoming contaminated?

It is my understanding that if one is fermenting (primary) with a bucket with a plain lid on it that it is necessary to leave a small gap (i.e. to leave the lid open a bit) Is this an adequate ...
2
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2answers
41 views

Fast secondary fermentation (wine)

I put my wine in secondary at 1.025 and in 1 day it was down the 1.002. Why so fast? Did I do something wrong? Do I just let fermentation play out or do I stop it?
2
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2answers
105 views

Solid sugar to primary

Next weekend I’m planning to brew a tripel and the recipe includes some table sugar. I usually add the sugar a few days in, after high krausen to reduce the stress on the yeast (= no starter required) ...
2
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2answers
120 views

Imperial stout fermentation

So I put my imperial stout (expected ABV 9%) in the fermenter on Wednesday (now Saturday). Pitched safale s-04 onto 10.5 litres of wort at around 22 degrees C. So far there doesn’t seem to be much ...
2
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5answers
596 views

Minimal airlock activity

So I've just finished my 3rd all grain brew yesterday, first time trying a stout. After 24 hours, I'm only getting ~4 bubbles per minute on the airlock. Last night about 8 hours after pitching the ...
2
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1answer
167 views

Pitched dry yeast into 57F wort, underfilled the fermenter with water... have I ruined my batch?

So, I was brewing my Brewer's Best Kolsch LME kit, and I made four errors. First, I skipped rehydrating, yielding to the boxed instructions instead of the packet. Second, I overestimated how cold my ...