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Questions tagged [primary-fermentation]

The stage in the brewing process where yeast is pitched into the wort and the bulk of the sugars are converted to alcohol, transforming the wort into beer. Contrasts with secondary fermentation, bottle fermentation (bottle conditioning) and aging.

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How long has everyone's Barleywine taken to start its primary ferment after pitching yeast?

How long has everyone's Barleywine taken to start its primary ferment after pitching yeast? Note: I didn't use a starter but did compensate by pitching two smack packs of Wyeast. I used English Ale ...
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Mulberries in the Mead

I seek knowledge in regard Mead, this is my first attempt at making some mulberry mead, the recipe I used was: 19 liter Carboy 6kg Honey 1kg Raisins 2teaspoons of Wyeast Nutrient 1 little pack of ...
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Staggered sugar source addition: before or after racking?

I am currently set up to use a modified recipe for a sparkling oaked acerglyn with the following adjustments: Reddit user Balathustrius's SNA schedule using Fermaid K, Fermaid O, and DAP Additional ...
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home made wine stuck at 6.5%

Does anyone know how to re-start a stuck wine made from top quality strawberry jam. I've already added re-start yeast but no joy. Thanks in advance
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Why have I got a low ABV wine problem

This was my first attempt. I followed a recipe for jam wine in CJJ Berry's book. Did exactly what he said. Temperature between 26°C-28°C on the heat strip. Used Lalvin K1-V1116. Start OG 1.090, final ...
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My apple juice is not fermenting

We have done two lots of apple pressing recently. One about 6 weeks ago and another 4 weeks ago. On each occasion we got 5 gallons of juice. So far it has not fermented at all. I used sodium ...
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Beer attenuates too much too fast

I am brewing with fermentis S-04 and from experience (three years ago) I know that this yeast is slow. This weekend I brewed a small batch and today the attenuation is 83% (according to the yeast's ...
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when does the alcoholic fermentation end?

No special instruments / meters available. Is there an approximate way to tell when the alcoholic fermentation has stopped ? I am asking so I know when to add the MLF yeasts in. Viniflora CH16 ...
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Brewing a 25l batch in a smaller fermenter

Can you brew say 7kg of sugar in say a 10l fermenter as opposed to a more standard 25l fermenter. I mean technically the sugar will still ferment in the smaller vessel or is that not the case will the ...
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Beer sat for too long in the carboy

I made a chocolate-cherry brown ale with an extra ounce of hops (in 5 gallon carboy) back at the beginning of October. Would it be safe to bottle and skip secondary fermentation? There's also a thin ...
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369 views

Cider fermentation and carbonation

I'm a novice "homebrewer" about to attempt my first ever brew. I've been reading about a homebrewing process in which yeast is added directly to a juice for a period of time in order to achieve ...
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Stuck fermentation vs arrested fermentation

It is my first grape wine home brewing and I have been reading up a lot regarding yeast fermentation. I like my wine bit sweet and I read that either adding alcohol as in port method or adding a ...
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Imperial stout fermentation

So I put my imperial stout (expected ABV 9%) in the fermenter on Wednesday (now Saturday). Pitched safale s-04 onto 10.5 litres of wort at around 22 degrees C. So far there doesn’t seem to be much ...
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Fermenting in Sealed Keg

I have heard of people fermenting in corny kegs before. I've also heard of people fermenting under pressure. Finally, I've heard of people fermenting in corny kegs under pressure, using a spunding ...
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Is air at the top of a demijohn harmful?

Sometimes I make a large batch of wine and fill maybe two or three demijohns, sometimes four. I don't know how many demijohns I can fill until I've filled them. That means, sometimes I end up with an ...
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What did I make and how long to ferment?

For reasons I won't go into - I threw together a bunch of ingredients to make something resembling a Barkshak Ginger Mead. I wasn't concerned with color so I used some non-standard ingredients. In the ...
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Do I need the dregs from primary fermentation for carbonation?

I'm currently making my first homebrew - a ginger beer using this kit and recipe. It's finished primary fermentation (hopefully, the cold weather has me concerned), and I've just bottled it for ...
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Used buckets as primary fermentation container?

I know the family which owns a local chinese restaurant near me. They have very many buckets which they toss regularly. The other day they gave me a Kari Out co. bucket at one time used for duck sauce,...
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First brew - What is a good SG for end of first fermentation?

After my primary fermentation, ready to rack to carboi (about a week) my SG is about 1.015... is that anywhere near being good? Seems like that's what it started at. It's a red ale from an extract ...
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Quick advice for dry-hopping and racking to secondary

tomorrow I'll brew an English style IPA with extract. I want to dry-hop in the conditioning phase, so, considering I'm using S04 on a small batch, I'll probably add the hops on Wednesday. It should be ...
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Secondary Fermentation

I've only started brewing Wine a year ago and have been keeping the subtle complexities of making a good wine as simple as possible, only to level up when I feel confident. So, consequently I've only ...
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High FG in primary fermentation

I am doing a Diabolo beer from this kit First, my OG was 1.070 (vs 1.075 recommended). Now, after 9 days (they recommend 10 days in primary fermentation), the FG is 1.018. The recommend value is 1....
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What is the max time it would take yeast to “clean up”?

I have read many post fermentation opinions/practices. Some move it to secondary after a week, some wait 3 days after fermentation is done and then bottle condition; and many leave it sit on the yeast ...
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Stalled fermentation

I've started brewing an Oktoberfest. It has been in primary for a little less than a week. The first 24 hours was good, super active. After about a day, it got pretty warm here, and the ...
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What's the average loss of gravity after two days of fermenting?

I was just curious because I took what was supposed to be my OG two days after because my hydrometer came late. The reading seemed very low, 1.030, and I was hoping I lost at least .010 from the ...
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Can I add yeast energizer and sugar to my secondary fermentation?

My OG might be a little lower than expected. I'm not sure if my reading was accurate since I took it a day after fermentation began via the spigot at the bottom of my bucket. Reading was 1.030. In a ...
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Is it ok if my transferred wort has some undissolved hops in it?

Today I brewed my first 5 gallon batch. A pumpkin ale! Super stoked, but it was hard to avoid getting some of the undissolved hops in it as I transferred the force chilled wort to the primary ...
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Is this a stuck fermentation?

Here's what the fermentation has been so far. Day 1: Not much Day 2: 3 bubbles in the airlock every 2 seconds. Good krausen formed. Day 3: 1 bubble per second Day 4: 1 bubble per 2 seconds Should ...
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Is it too soon to keg if im storing for a few weeks?

I just dry hopped an IPA i brewed on July 30th. I plan on kegging it next Wednesday, exactly one week from today. The Beer has had a full 10 days of primary fermentation so far and is only going to ...
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Yeast in 1.080 beer

I pitched 1 pack of Safale 05 in my 1.080 beer. That is all the recipe called for but I am afraid it may be an under-pitch. Is it advisable or possible to pitch more, its been fermenting 2 days at ...
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Sulfur Smell from Fermentor

======================== 20 lbs. Forest Honey 12 lbs. Blueberries water to 6 gallons 5 grams of D-47 4 tsp. Fermaid K + DAP ======================== After the initial vigorous fermentation, I ...
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Minimal airlock activity

So I've just finished my 3rd all grain brew yesterday, first time trying a stout. After 24 hours, I'm only getting ~4 bubbles per minute on the airlock. Last night about 8 hours after pitching the ...
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My beer is at the fermenting stage but it is not vigorously bubbling

I brewed beer for the first time two days ago using Brooklyn Brewshop kit using their Oatmeal Stout recipe. Now I am at stage 4 "Fermentation" but I don't observe a vigorous bubbling, just a bubble ...
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How representative is the taste of cider after primary fermentation?

I'm brewing a Wilko Pear cider kit. The method was to empty the can of juice into the FV and add 1.5kg of brewing sugar and enough water to bring it up to 23L. I started it off just under 3 weeks ago ...
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Is delayed yeast activity normal?

I am working on a small batch, 1 gallon of Pale Ale. It came in a kit and the yeast was not labeled so I am not sure what kind it is. This is only the third batch I have brewed. On my first two ...
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Hop material in primary

When making an IPA yesterday, I decided to throw in every last hop leaf and pellet I had laying around. It turned out to be quite a bit. Also, due to a lack of space, I decided to use my kettle as a ...
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Sitting to long after fermentation [duplicate]

I had brewed one gallon and I let it ferment and then let it sit... I think it has been two months or so after the recommended fermentation of this particular brew. I know it won't continue to ferment ...
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Special considerations for primary fermentation in a carboy?

I brewed my first batch this weekend (Scottish Ale) and have been keeping an eye on it during primary, largely out of curiosity but also first-timer's paranoia. We added too much water before ...
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Lager still smelling like apples after 2 weeks fermenting

Currently got a lager kit brewing but not sure if it is ready to bottle. The kit I have says to leave it for 10 days but I didn't seem ready then and had quite a strong apple smell to it although ...
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Forgot to add fermentable sugar

I started a saison 3 days ago, and the recipe called for 3.5 oz of dextrose in addition to the grains. The batch is a 1 gallon batch and the recipe also called for 1.6 lbs of 2-row and 6.5 oz rye. ...
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Which is a better fermentation method for high gravity beers?

I'm looking to brew a high gravity porter for christmas this year, aiming for OG 1.100. I've browsed several questions on this site relating to high gravity beers and the tendency seems to be towards ...
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Fast Fermentation - Should I be worried?

Just did my first batch using the fast ferment conical fermenter. Brewed an extract kit from Northern Brewer....their Smashing Pumpkin Ale. It's a 1.054 OG brew and I used a dry yeast to ferment. ...
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Achieving the Expected SG from a Beer Recipe

I've recently been looking at all-grain brewing and noticed that the recipes tend to have a wide variation in the expected final specific gravity after fermentation. I was wondering how you manage to ...
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Pitched dry yeast into 57F wort, underfilled the fermenter with water… have I ruined my batch?

So, I was brewing my Brewer's Best Kolsch LME kit, and I made four errors. First, I skipped rehydrating, yielding to the boxed instructions instead of the packet. Second, I overestimated how cold my ...
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Fermentation Temperature

I have a quick question. I've been looking for an answer, but didn't find a clear answer. So, I'm making an IPA. Right now the air temperature in my closet where I keep the carboy is 67-68F. This is ...
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Why is the primary stage of fermentation of wine important?

Senior chemistry student, whilst I know the main reason, I would like to know more of the chemistry behind it.
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Fermentation issue - Airlock overflow [duplicate]

I'm brewing my first batch ever, we did our best but something is going on in the fermentation and I'm not sure what it is. Here is a 30 sec video of the issue: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
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No Activity or Krausen [duplicate]

Something that has never happened to me. Brewed early Sunday and hit 80+% efficiency. I used Wyeast London Ale that was fully bloated when pitched. Over 36 hours later zero activity. No krausen, ...
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Plastic Bucket - Primary & Dry Hopping

I will be brewing an IPA this weekend and fermenting in a bucket...so much easier to clean afterwards. Once fermentation is complete, I am going to dry hop for 7-10 days in the primary. That ...
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Wine fermentation without yeast?

Apologies if this is a duplicate - wasn't able to find anything similar. Making a 3gal batch of strawberry wine. Poured sugar-water over fruit and set aside to cool. Been having problems with bugs ...