Questions tagged [fermentation]

The anaerobic process by which yeast convert sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

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Turbo cider 3 day fermentation, wonder if it's died?

I made a batch of turbo cider last Sunday (2022/10/02) and it slowly started to ferment over the next three days, peaking at about an inch of foam on top. Please see below for photos. However I ...
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1 answer
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Mixed Berry Cherry Mead fermentation issue

So I'm fairly new to homebrewing, I am making my second batch which is a 1.5 gallon batch, Seeing as how my first batch was very sweet but not so much alcoholic I decided to make my next batch with ...
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why does my elderflower wine take so much longer than elderberry wine?

I have similar recipes for elderflower and elderberry wine, using six kilos of sugar to 23 litres of water. Both have the same additives, yeast, acid mix and nutrient - the elderberry is ready to kill ...
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Fermzilla bottom valve open or shut during fermentation?

I am about to set about my first pressure fermented lager, and will be using a Fermzilla V3. This has a large valve at the base of the conical pressure vessel leading into a small jar that can be shut ...
2 votes
2 answers
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A couple of Sugar Questions

I have read a lot of the "normal sugar" vs "brewing sugar" questions, and I think I'm there with an answer but I wanted to just get it verified as I'm new to this. I have a beer ...
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Is beer contaminated?

Been brewing for some years now and never had a batch go bad. But after I bottled my last brew there was a black layer on the side of the brew bucket(see picture). This layer was below the surface ...
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Using Pine with Beer

The only other topic I found on this was here: Using pine in beer - it was asked nearly 10 years ago and didn't have the answers. Does anyone have experience with using pine in their brewing and if so,...
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1 answer
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Fermentation growing too fast for bin

I started fermenting my first batch of turbo cider yesterday (10/07/2022). I'm using this this 5L fermentation bucket but the foam has already creeping up to the lid. It's very hot in England right ...
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1 answer
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Did I totally mess up making mead for my first time?

I read several recipes and talked with people at my local brew shop and thought I had a pretty good idea of how to make my first batch of mead but after I've already got it going I'm now over thinking ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Can I use a spunding valve on demijohn/bottle?

Is there such thing as a spunding valve for a demijohn or swing-top bottle? I want to make elderflower champagne for the second time. Last year it was fermented in plastic bottles, and one of them ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Distilled honey spirit needs an official name

I am relatively new to the world of personal home brewing. I have always gravitated towards mead and my next venture ought to be distilling some. I've read through lots of articles and threads on the ...
2 votes
1 answer
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What to do with blowout Krausen/wort

Surprised I couldn't find an answer to this so I'm posting the question. I brewed my first imperial stout. Fermentation was super happy, krausen went wild and my airlock blew out (from what I'm seeing ...
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1 answer
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Is my yeast dead or stuck or just fine?

I'm concerned my yeast be dead or stalled, and I'm sure some experienced person can give me some feedback. This is my first batch of homemade wine. As my first batch, I wanted to do something very ...
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Air Still and Pure Turbo Yeast

i just got my brand new Air Still Kit . the kit include Pure Turbo Yeast and from what i read the manufacture of Air Still advice to only use this Yeast when distilling with Air Still . the problem is ...
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2 answers
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Cloudiness in cider

Hi this is my first batch of cider from pressed apples. 28 days in, and it’s cloudy, still tastes a bit sweet, 1.020 on hydrometer, put in some pectinase enzymes, and still a bit cloudy. What should ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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If I stop fermentation early does the sugar left in juice still turns into Co2 after bottling

I am trying to understand a little bit about science process between Fermentation (when sugar is turned into alcohol) and Priming (when fermentable sugar is turned into). I have done several batches ...
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1 answer
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Will taking the top off my vessel on day 9 spoil my brew?

I’m on day 9 of my home brew and the top has been taken off for about 5 seconds. Reading up on the CO2 layer that the yeast creates in wort and that exposure to oxygen can spoil your beer, I fear my ...
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ABV question in 5 gallon melomel batch

I started a melomel batch two weeks ago. Below are a list of batch details: 5 gallon batch frozen blueberries (roughly 4-5lbs per gallon) 18.5 lbs of honey (raw, unpasteurized honey from my fathers ...
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1 answer
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New to Cider making

I made about 8 litres of cider 2 weeks ago and put it in a 30 litre fermentation bin which meant that there is a lot of air still in the bin. I have now learnt that is not ideal. Is there anything I ...
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1 answer
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During what stages to add fermentable vs unfermentable sugars?

New to brewing. I'm trying to understand when and where it makes sense to intentionally add sugar. Based on what I've read/researched so far, I can think of three places where it makes sense: As part ...
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1 answer
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Is this Campden safe to use?

Campden was really hard to find in the country I am currently in. Thus a friend arranged it from a lab supplier. As it shows 10ppm max lead on the label, would it be toxic to use? Also could you ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Homemade Instant Wine Not Fermenting..Can i add yeast on day 3?

Hello I am making 3 Day instant beetroot wine. I'm making this in India so I don't have an airlock or a hydrometer or any fancy equipment. I made this wine during last New Year and in 3 days I got an ...
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Hard seltzer turns pink after a few weeks, why?

I've got a bit of an odd situation. I've been brewing some hard seltzers, simple recipe: 4LB Dextrose + Champagne Yeast + Water + Nutrient. However, I've got an odd issue. 2 of 3 hard seltzers have ...
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Weird growth 24h after adding sugar for carbonation, is this normal?

I've finished coldcrashing this cream ale I've been brewing, I took some samples and they tasted great, so I've moved it to an airtight container and added sugar for carbonation. I checked it the next ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Huge headspace and pale ale fermentation time

I just brewed my 3rd biab batch last Saturday and pitched 3 white lab liquid yeast(i was told to do that because the yeast were expired). I was left with 15l and filtered it using a cheese cloth as I ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Cold Crashing beer - how much time?

I've made beer from a kit a number of times before, nothing special, and I've let the beer crash from between 1 to 3 months (temperatures between 13º and 16º), but I'm now wondering: Is there a ...
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How to preserve an open box of dried yeast?

I want to ferment barley to make whisky (it is perfectly legal in my country, I'm not breaking any law!), the steps before distillation are almost the same than brewing beer (no hops in my case). I ...
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Hop mix on the sides of the fermentation bucket - is this safe?

I recently opened my fermentation chamber to do a hydrometer check and noticed the hop bits are stuck to the sides of the bucket and no longer on the wort. Want to ask if this is safe? Or is it a ...
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is my still bubbling beer ready?

I made my beer about 5 days ago I mean it's about 5 days that it's vigorously bubbling. I made it in the bottle under a high pressure. Please take a look at my previous question to see how I'm ...
2 votes
2 answers
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Hangover after drinking Kviek brew?

I recently brewed a batch of pale ale using Kveik yeast (Omega Voss OYL-061). I fermented in primary at 29 degrees for about 14 days before kegging - it was oxygenated well and went absolutely wild in ...
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Is Fermentation without airlock possible in bottle?

I added sugar and bread yeast to a bottle(plastic bottle) of juice and it's about 3 days that it's fermentation process got started and I can see a lot of bubbles are coming up. Now the bottle is ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Should I be worried

I made sugar wash and let it ferment for a week. After that I distilled it but forgot to get rid of the heads. I let it go until it was enough to fill a cup and emptied my pot (I didn’t use all my ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Apple cider clearing up after just a few days

I did an experiment with a couple brands of baker's yeast and I know that my conditions aren't optimal, but as I said, it's an experiment and it will probably taste horrible. But still, my ingredients ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Unconsumed yeast nutrients before bottling

I have a batch of a brown ale (15L) from a kit, where after some weeks, I got 1.016 and the fermentation stopped. To restart the fermentation I added two teaspoons of yeast nutrients. After one day, ...
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Low TR first mash

I am first time distiller, my first mash is seven days in. The mash started out foamy and bubbling now today the foam is gone and no more bubbling. I checked TR but it’s ready 0, I am wondering what ...
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Champagne/Cider Remuage: Why not just place the bottle upside down (90 degrees)?

I'm making hard sparkling apple cider using the Champagne method (re-fermenting on the bottle for carbonation). This year I will try the full method of also removing the yeast lees from the bottle ...
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Kveik yeast instead of US-05?

I found some good SMaSh IPA recipes, mainly using Safale US-05. Unfortunately I live in a small apartment house and the room temperature is approximately 22-23 °C degree (~71-73 °F), so the ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Problem with cider not fermenting

When making cider... We had pressed apples and put juice in a container with a lid (airtight) (forgot about bubbler). Added the yeast after 1 day. Changed the lid on day 2 to one with a bubbler. On ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is my home made cider safe?

I pressed apple cider last year and added nothing.... I just left it in 15 liter jugs covered with cheese cloth and paper towel... it smells like alcoholic cider, tastes pretty good, and is dark rich ...
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Are campden tablets necessary?

I use distilled water in wine making. Is campden necessary when I use distilled water?
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When to rack my bubble-less cider and can I rack it into a bag in a box?

I recently pressed a some garden apples into two buckets of cider. The first bucket has been air sealed in a fermentation bucket with an airlock for 2 weeks. As explained in another thread I have ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Fermentation stopped too early

This is my very first brew. I put a really small amount of beer (4 litres) into the fermenter (I live in a small apartment and I found a recipe for 5 litres - I tried that) on Saturday afternoon. The ...
1 vote
1 answer
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non fermentation

I tried to home brew, boiled apples and used the extracted juices, 8.8 litres placed it in a bucket with a grommit added 5grams of champaign yeast, let it sit for 4 weeks but is still very flat how do ...
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1 answer
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What if I forget to "feed" my wine?

I've been fermenting and "feeding" my wine for about 4 days. I am going somewhere and have to skip a day on "feeding" it. Feeding as in adding sugar and more flavoring. What ...
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3 answers
168 views

Fermenting at a fraction of the fermenter size - is it OK?

I'm currently doing 1.3 gal batches in carboys and I want to scale up to full 5 gal batches - I have a 30L fermenter but don't have the equipment to brew at that batch size (yet!) - I can probably ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Didn’t completely add a stopper CraftABrew

I want to know if this is a blunder. I put some water but I didn’t have the lid that I’m holding on my hand. It’s been 2 weeks like this and I noticed it when I was adding cascade hops at the end of 2 ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Specific Gravity and fermentation of wine

I thought it would be fun to make grape jelly wine. My specific gravity started at 1.104. After day five fermentation appeared to stop at 1.08. I increased the temperature, added lemon juice and yeast ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Batch size affecting my Final Gravity?

So i recently fermented a pale ale but only was able to transfer just under 4 gallons of my planned 5.5 gallons into my fermenter due to transfer issues. My final gravity is shooting past my 1.018 ...
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1 answer
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CraftABrew tubing immersion exposed to air overnight

I’m trying craftabrew home brewing kit(West Coast IPA). There was a lot of yeast activity on Day 1 after putting it in the container. Day 2 I removed the tubing from the steel vessel, cleaned the pile ...
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New to cider making and have some questions

I thought I'd try ferementing a gallon of pure apple juice (in the glass jug, straight from the store). About 11 days ago, I poured out some juice, added a cup of sucrose, shook it, pitched some cider ...
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