A separatory funnel really isn't practical for brewing. You can get very large ones 1g or more, however they work on the same principles that happens in your fermentor. The solution still has to settle.
Conical fermentors have this feature of being able to remove the heavy liquid (trub) before the lighter liquid (beer). From the base or have a racking arm that can be positioned just above the trub to get the beer out first.
If using spidels, carboys or buckets as fermentors. We apply a couple tricks to remove the beer first while leaving the trub undisturbed. Carboys are nice because you can see everything making it easy to have you racking cane above the trub. But all of them benifiet from a long clear hose on the racking device that can be pinched off when you see trub. Slowly tipping the fermentor towards the siphon pick up helps get that last bit of beer without any trub.