# Where does the ABV% "magic number" come from?

In my Brewer's Best Amber Ale extract kit, the formula for calculting ABV% is:

``````(OG - FG) x 131.25
``````

Yet, from this YouTube tutorial, the formula is:

``````(OG - FG) x 105
``````

I'm wondering what these magic numbers (e.g. "131.25", "105") are, why they're different in the two formulations, and how to accurately calculate them for different brews in the future. Any ideas?

131.25 is to calc ABV (Alcohol by Volume)

105 is to calc calculate ABW (Alcohol by Weight)

((OG - FG) * 105) * 1.25 = ABV

So: (OG - FG) * 131.25 = ABV

These formulas are flawed in that they get progressively inaccurate with higher ABV, but are within 0.2% up to around 9%

As to where they come from, they are simply the constants that work for most beers based on the absolute weight of pure water and ethanol.

Edit: just watched that vid you linked. IMO pretty much garbage. For example he says to always read the gravity at the top of the meniscus. This may be the case for some hydrometers but not all and is very carless to be abolute like that as it depends on the surface tension of the solution. Each hydrometer should be tested on distilled water and the bottom of meniscus is your reading then variable surface tension is not a factor.

• Thanks @Evil (+1) - total newbie followup question here: what is the advantage to calculating ABW (I've never heard of it before)? Meaning, are there certain qualitative metrics that are based off ABW, or times when ABW is more important than ABV for measuring quality/efficiency/etc.? Thanks again! Aug 1, 2016 at 13:54
• Picture 1oz of ethanol in mixed with 1 fluid oz of these . Water (1.000 SG, 50%ABV) and Maple syrup (2.000 SG, 33%ABW). The syrup has a higher weight on a scale. So what information is more useful if you want to know how much alcohol you're consuming. Well it's the same amount just a different scale. Aug 1, 2016 at 14:21