11
votes
5answers
2k views

Is it necessary to aerate wort when pitching onto an existing yeast cake?

To my knowledge, aeration provides oxygen so that the yeast can reproduce before fermentation. If you're pitching onto an existing yeast cake, there should theoretically be enough yeast already to ...
11
votes
3answers
7k views

What is Fermcap-S and what does it do?

Lately I've been doing some very large boils -- 7 gallons in a 7.5 gallon kettle. To prevent boilovers, I've been using Fermcap-s. It's great, and I've had no boilover problems, but I have no idea how ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

How do new yeast strains happen?

Rogue and Papazian have their own yeast strains (PacMan and Cry Havoc, respectively). Do you know how they got there? Lots of trial and error? Pitching multiple strains? Let's say I pitch a bunch of ...
11
votes
2answers
440 views

What is attentuation?

What is attentuation? How does it effect beer flavor and quality? How is is calculated and why do I need to know it?
11
votes
4answers
2k views

How many degrees will my carboy heat up as a result of fermentation activity?

Recipe calls for fermentation at 70 degrees, basement is 65. I know that fermentation produces some heat, so I was wondering if just letting yeast do its thing will be enough. Otherwise, do I need ...
11
votes
1answer
853 views

Making a Yeast Starter

It seems that there are varying opinions about the size your starter should be. What is the basic rule-of-thumb for 5 and 10 gallon batches? How much water should be used? How much malt/malt ...
11
votes
1answer
30k views

What is torrified wheat?

What is torrified wheat and in what styles is it used? Are there any restriction or special procedures you need to follow to when using torrified wheat? Can you substitute torrified wheat with ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

Corny keg that won't hold pressure.

I have a corny keg that won't hold pressure unless it's kept at constant pressure at around 10 - 15 psi which apparently is enough to compress the seal against the opening of the keg enough to stop ...
11
votes
4answers
3k views

Alpha acids vs. beta acids in aging?

Can someone explain the difference in hop bitterness between alpha acids in my wort vs. beta acids bittering during aging? And is it predictable enough to plan for in recipe formulation?
11
votes
4answers
9k views

The “correct” step to add cinnamon and vanilla?

I want to experiment a bit by adding spices - I'm thinking cinnamon and vanilla - to my beer, but wonder at which step is considered the best time to add it. Personal experience is very welcome. I ...
11
votes
2answers
947 views

Storage of hops pellets

I was wondering if anyone had suggestions on how to store one's hops pellets after having opened the sealed package (... in case one is not using the whole lot at once of course). Also, if you have ...
11
votes
5answers
7k views

What would cause yeast to fail to flocculate?

I am using WLP002 - English Ale Yeast - in my current batch, a Young's double chocolate clone. According to the manufacturer's product page, this yeast is highly flocculant. The beer remained in the ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

Differences in Crystal Malt darkness

What are the effects of changing the darkness of Crystal Malt? I'm an extract brewer, and many of the recipes I've tried call for steeping some crystal malt, but I'm not always able to find the °L ...
11
votes
4answers
6k views

Mead made from Agave nectar?

The health food store near me has a sale on dark Agave nectar such that 1 kg costs less than their average 1 kg of honey (usually it costs slightly more than honey). I noticed on the nutritional info ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Is a donation jar (for homebrew supplies) legal in the United States?

If a brewer were to keep a donation jar near his kegs (i.e. tip jar), would this be strictly legal in the United States? Sales of homebrew are prohibited, and this website states that requiring a ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

What is a “biscuit”?

When reading about malt and beer flavors, I often come across words like "biscuity" and "biscuitlike". Where I live (Western Canada) "biscuit" is a somewhat ambiguous term, and is not used much. ...
11
votes
4answers
11k views

Didn't hit gravity--how to calculate how much malt extract to add to the fermenter?

Lets say you were aiming for 1.047 but only hit 1.032. In a 5 gallon batch, how much malt extract would you need to add to the fermenter to bring it up to the desired gravity?
11
votes
2answers
981 views

How do I make a Yeast Starter?

I know I should be using a Yeast Starter so that I can make sure I have enough, healthy yeast, but I've never managed to go around to it. How would I start a yeast starter? How long before brewday ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

How do you pitch additional yeast for bottling?

This is a follow on to my other question about when you would need to pitch additional yeast for bottle conditioning. Assuming you know that you need to pitch more yeast before bottling to ensure ...
11
votes
2answers
5k views

What are the primary causes of Acetaldehyde?

I'm a bit confused about this. In my own experience, I'm no longer experiencing acetaldehyde flavours in my beer after improving my aeration methods and at the same time starting to use yeast ...
11
votes
3answers
359 views

Is aeration necessary if you overpitch?

We all know that aeration is necessary for yeast growth. Does it facilitate more than that? If you massively overpitch, on a previous yeast-cake for example, do you need the same amount of dissolved ...
11
votes
1answer
343 views

[WIKI] Characteristics of a Good Cellaring Beer

Every once and a while I come across beers that say they can be kept up to 5 years and become more developed over that time period, while other beers that are of the same style don't indicate this at ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Will Dry Hopping Add Bitterness?

The prevailing wisdom seems to be that dry hopping is for aroma only, and effects on flavor are assumed to be a matter of perception. (i.e. smell affects taste) However, while attempting to "fix" a ...
10
votes
9answers
6k views

I just had my Big Mouth Bubbler carboy shatter, now I'm terrified

I've been using these big mouth bubbler's as my secondary fermentation now for a few months: I was originally using them as primary as well, but being one that makes pretty high gravity beers, I ...
10
votes
6answers
7k views

Is beer bad for dogs?

My dog, Lilly Von Shtupp, loves to drink beer. I only give her an ounce or so once in a blue moon, but I stopped recently because I heard that dogs are sensitive/allergic to hops. Can anyone either ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

Why my homebrewed lager beer bottles explode?

I started home-brewing lager beer last year. I am using ready-kits and the first three times it went quite well. Now, with the latest, I had a very strange problem. A couple of weeks after I bottled ...
10
votes
6answers
5k views

Why is my IPA not hoppy enough?

I am about to start my second attempt at making an IPA. My first did not turn out anything like an IPA. It was much darker than I expected (I may have burnt it a little) and did not really have the ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I brew with nuts? Specifically hazelnuts.

I want to make a beer with some hazelnut flavor to it. Maybe add some cocoa nibs or powder to the wort and make a Nutella-ish beer. My question itself is specific to hazelnuts, but maybe you could ...
10
votes
7answers
4k views

Aluminium boil pots: Heresy or not?

Are aluminium pots acceptable as boil vessels? They're cheap, but I've heard they can produce off-flavors. Any experiences with them?
10
votes
10answers
2k views

How to get clearer and more clarified home-brewed beers?

I'm still pretty new to home-brewing, but I've got a couple of extract kits under my belt so far and I was wondering how I could get more clarified beers. I've used both Irish moss and Whirlfloc ...
10
votes
5answers
5k views

Homemade airlock

I recently moved to a place that doesn't allow brewing equipment to be imported (But it is legal to brew... don't ask me). I've built a lot of my stuff, but I have a question about airlocks. I've come ...
10
votes
7answers
1k views

Are bottle brushes necessary?

I've always bottled my beers (haven't invested in a kegging setup yet), and I've never once used a bottle brush. I simply soak my bottles in OxyClean to clean them, give them a shake, then rinse, ...
10
votes
8answers
18k views

How to clear beer

I am brewing my first homebrew an American cream ale. Was just reading into secondary fermentation. In the directions and books I've read it seems to suggest doing this. But as I search online and ...
10
votes
6answers
2k views

Does suspended yeast contribute to high SG?

I've got a SMaSH beer (Baird Maris Otter and EKG) finishing in primary. It's been fermenting for just over a week. Starting Gravity was 1.046. I mashed at 154F for 60 minutes. Fermented with WY1335 ...
10
votes
5answers
4k views

How to get the carbonation right in bottled beer

I am really struggling to get the carbonation of my beers right. They either seem to turn out too flat or too carbonated. I take care in calculating the correct amount of bottling sugar for the beer ...
10
votes
3answers
999 views

Confused by malts!

great site. I am a total newbie at brewing (used a Mr. Beer kit a few times with success), and recently got a 2 tier homebrewing system for Christmas. I got a prepackaged "American Amber Ale" kit as ...
10
votes
7answers
4k views

Concerns/Considerations for making mead with raw honey?

I may be able to source enough raw honey to make a batch of mead from it. Are there any special concerns that I need to be aware of? If I don't boil it, should I use camden tablets to control any wild ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Fruit for fruit beers

What are the best fruits for brewing fruit beers? Some fruits appear to be classics like cherries raspberries. Some fruits you rarely hear about like kiwi and papya. Which fruits have flavor ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

What material should I make my brew paddle with?

I've been using the cheap plastic spoon that you'll typically find at your local homebrew store. It's pretty terrible when it comes to agitating my mash tun. Heat + Resistance = Bent plastic spoon. ...
10
votes
6answers
13k views

Tap Water: Safe to use without boiling? [duplicate]

I made my first batch of beer over the weekend. I didn't have quite enough bottled water on hand to add to my wort to make 5 gallons, so I used tap water. I sanitized the hose sprayer on my sink by ...
10
votes
5answers
682 views

Dry malting - a crazy idea?

A lot of talk is about dry-hopping in order to bring out the aroma of hops lost during the boiling process. Could a similar approach be used for malt? That is, could the addition of crushed grains to ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Process for transfereing from boil kettle to fermenter

At the moment the most frustrating part of my brewday is getting the cold wort into the fermenter. Here is my process. I have a 20 litre saucepan that i use as a kettle that does not have a tap. At ...
10
votes
6answers
4k views

Can I use a dishwasher that has rinse agent to sanitize my bottles?

My dishwasher has a built in rinse agent dispenser that it claims must be filled for every use, besides I have no clue how to empty it once it is filled. Can I still run my bottles in the dishwasher ...
10
votes
4answers
412 views

What to expect when making mead?

I've been brewing ales for almost two years (extract plus specialty grains), and I want to try my hands at making a mead. What should I expect to be different in the brewing process? Will there be a ...
10
votes
3answers
742 views

Glutten for punishment? How can I make a Gluten-free beer?

A few friends of mine have Celiac Disease. They've all told me that the commercial gluten free beers they've tried have been terrible. Can I brew something at home that's tasty and something they can ...
10
votes
2answers
425 views

Two tens to One twenty

I am thinking of brewing a 20 gallon batch in two parts on two different days back to back. Has anyone tried this before? I am dealing with a maximum volume of 15 gallons in my brew pot but, my ...
10
votes
4answers
293 views

Will a carboy's narrow opening hinder or prevent successful wild fermentation?

I'm considering trying to brew a simple lambic, which requires some open-air time for wild fermentation and souring of the wort prior to pitching yeast. I'm wondering if I could use a carboy as the ...
10
votes
2answers
561 views

Smack Pack and Pitching Time

So I completed my first batch of homebrew this morning, but I forgot one potentially (okay, not potentially, definitely) important aspect of the whole process: the yeast. I didn't forget it, per se, ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the minimum amount of equipment to dabble in All-Grain?

What is the minimum amount of equipment I need to have to brew very simple all-grain recipes? Bonus points for cheap & easy-to-find equipment. I'd like to go all-grain eventually, but for the time ...
10
votes
6answers
12k views

Why is a carboy used for secondary fermentation?

It seems like you could a second bucket for the secondary fermentation. Is there any drawback to not using a carboy for this purpose?

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