18
votes
7answers
1k views

About going all-grain

I have made 7 or 8 extract brews over the past year and am interested in moving up to all-grain. What equipment is needed, and what steps are added to the process.
17
votes
7answers
100k views

What are the various ways to remove chlorine/chloramine from tap water?

OK, I actually know how to remove chlorine, but I'd like to have the pros and cons of each method spelled out. I will post an answer and mark it as a community wiki. Please edit it with your input.
16
votes
6answers
11k views

What are some alternatives to hops?

I have a friend that is allergic to hops and can not drink our beer (or just about any others for that matter). What alternatives do I have if I want to make a beer for him? What could I substitute ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

Can we estimate the temperature rise in the primary due to fermentation?

OK, this is sort of cheating but I really liked this question so I thought I'd ask the question again in a slightly different way and try and answer it. I was wondering if we can actually estimate ...
12
votes
5answers
3k views

How do I keep yeast from a strain that I've bought?

I'd like to stop buying yeast all the time, especially when I use the same strain repeatedly. This is especially a problem when it comes to seasonal strains. I'd like to brew with WLP351 Bavarian ...
22
votes
7answers
2k views

Temperature Control for Fermentation

I am curious how everyone controls the temperature of their primary, especially those that live in the warmer climates. In Florida, where the temperatures can soar and remain in the 90's and above ...
16
votes
6answers
10k views

What's the difference between primary & secondary fermentation?

Over here PJ asked "How do you differentiate primary to secondary if you keep it in the same bucket?"
5
votes
7answers
14k views

Why is my starting gravity low?

In the fall of 2011 I made the leap from extract/partial kits to all-grain kits. I'm enjoying AG, but my SG is continuously below the expected. I have brewed 5 AG kits and 4 have had a low SG. My ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

What's a good breakdown of all the sugars in regards to brewing?

I'm a little confused when it comes to sugars. It seems like there are a lot of different kinds and they come in many different forms. What affects to different sugars have on brewing? Do they ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Any People with Celiacs Tried Clarity Ferm?

There's been a lot of discussion around Clarity Ferm, and it's ability to break down gluten in beer. The manufacturers just say it makes "gluten reduced beer", but Omission and others uses it to make ...
6
votes
3answers
835 views

Cold Crash and Finings

This year my goal is to improve the clarity of my bottle conditioned beer. I intend to do this by: At the end of the fermentation, adding finings (Isinglass) to the brew barrel, followed by; ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I ferment in a corny keg under constant pressure?

I'm thinking about switching from fermenting (primary and secondary) in glass carboys to using Cornelius kegs. Specifically, I'd ferment a 5.5 gallon batch in a 10 gallon keg. My goal is to ferment ...
5
votes
2answers
19k views

How much potassium metabisulfite/Potassium Sorbate to stop fermentation?

I've had a lot of trouble finding a quick and easy answer to this question. Wine makers will add these chemical to wine after fermentation to prevent spoilage, and as an antioxidant. You can also ...
19
votes
7answers
9k views

Can I condition in growlers?

I read up a decent amount on conditioning in growlers before attempting it. I wanted to share my experience and see if others had had similar experiences. The thinking, of course, is to minimize ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

How many degrees will my carboy heat up as a result of fermentation activity?

Recipe calls for fermentation at 70 degrees, basement is 65. I know that fermentation produces some heat, so I was wondering if just letting yeast do its thing will be enough. Otherwise, do I need ...
9
votes
2answers
563 views

Why do extract recipes call for a late addition of the bulk of the extract?

My recipe calls for a pound of DME at the beginning of the boil and 6 pounds at 15 minutes to go. What's the point of that?
8
votes
2answers
6k views

What is fusel alcohol, and does it cause hangovers?

I'd recently heard of fusel alcohol in a reference that it causes headaches/hangovers. First what is fusel alcohol, and what creates it (can I avoid it)? Secondly, is fusel alcohol really the main ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

When to harvest wild hops?

Hi there fellow brewmasters! I have recently moved to all-grain brewing after two years of brewing with hopped extracts. The results are pretty good, and the whole process is a lot of fun, but I am ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How long does StarSan last?

I keep StarSan in a spray bottle for easier sanitizing during brew day. How long does the StarSan last in that bottle? Is it good forever?
7
votes
4answers
8k views

Why is our beer not carbonating?

We've made a few batches of beer and our recent batches have not ended up as carbonated as previous. I think the beer has been stored in a cooler place but I'm wondering if that is the only reason. ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

should hoppy beers be aged?

Do hoppy beers not need to be aged? About how long does it take a hoppy beer to get to its maturation point? Thanks, Chris
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Cherry vinegar (was supposed to be mead)

Last week I started a cherry mead and discovered yesterday that it had turned to vinegar (and not even nice-tasting cherry-flavoured vinegar - it smelled and tasted awful, though the colour was ...
6
votes
6answers
7k views

Can I use wine yeast to ferment beer?

Can I use wine yeast to ferment a beer? What sort of problems might I encounter that are unique to wine yeast trying to ferment malt sugars? What sort of flavor differences might I encounter?
6
votes
2answers
752 views

How long is too long to condition a beer in secondary without having to pitch bottling yeast?

How long is too long to condition a beer in secondary without having to pitch bottling yeast? What factors do I need to consider when deciding whether or not to pitch yeast at bottling?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Will Jalapeno or Habanero peppers adversely effect yeast

I have a recipe in front of me for a Saison of the spicy variety. It calls for the addition of one Jalapeno pepper, seeds included. First off, I do enjoy a fair amount of spice (far more than anyone ...
5
votes
5answers
10k views

How can I put minerals back into distilled or reverse osmosis water?

The tap water where I live is filled with chlorine, flouride, some pretty bad elements such as arsenic, chromium, barium, etc. So I would like to purify my water with either reverse osmosis or ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

in depth cleaning glass bottles

I realise there is a tonne of information about cleaning on the net already, but I am just about to bottle my first batch of glass bottles and wanted to put my process out there to make sure I haven't ...
3
votes
4answers
9k views

How do I set up a Sestos D1S temperature controller?

I am trying to set up an Sestos D1S temperature controller. Initially, just to see if it works at all, I am trying to use it to control the temperature of my kettle. I've wired it all up correctly so ...
2
votes
1answer
776 views

What is the right amount of priming sugar for a bottle with expandable head space?

When bottling in plastic (PET) bottles, it is possible to eliminate oxygen from the bottle by squeezing the bottle. Below is a 3 liter bottle with only one liter of beer in it: I have done this ...
15
votes
5answers
16k views

Why do all my beers taste better after having aged for a couple months?

My impression is that ales are typically best drunk within a couple weeks of brew day. It's my experience that letting them age in the bottles for 2-3 months yields the best beer, both improving body, ...
14
votes
3answers
9k views

How long will bottled beer last?

How long will bottled beer last without refrigeration?
13
votes
1answer
917 views

Original Gravity: Calculate or measure

I've been told that for extract brewing it's best to simply calculate the original gravity instead of measuring it. Is this correct? What are the pros/cons either way? What about with ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

Do I need to sterilize my top-off water?

I just purchased my first kit and am about to brew it (tonight!). The instructions provided indicate that after cooling the wort and tranfering it to the sanitized carboy I need to top it off with ...
11
votes
4answers
3k views

How can I learn the distinctive taste of various hops?

There are some very helpful descriptions I've found of people describing the taste of various hops, but I've found that my personal taste can be quite different. I'd like to be able to isolate the ...
11
votes
12answers
10k views

How to brew all-grain indoors

I've been brewing with extracts and specialty grains for two years now, and I want to step up to all-grain brewing. From what I understand, it's important to get a full boil when brewing all-grain and ...
9
votes
5answers
2k views

No bubbles in the airlock - should I still bottle the brew?

I'm attempting my first brew using a kit with all the provided ingredients (it's a lager). My brew is still in the big tub and has been there for about 2 weeks now. Initial SG was 1.040 and it's now ...
8
votes
8answers
3k views

Are some types of beers easier to brew than others?

I'm just getting started with home brewing. Are some types of beer easier to brew than others? Would you suggest starting with a certain type for my very first brew?
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Is the iodine test for starch conversion pointless?

Looking around the web there seems to be a lot of mention of the use of the iodine (starch) test at the end of your mash. Is it actually useful (i.e. is it reliable)? There have been times when I ...
7
votes
5answers
8k views

Adding potassium metabisulphite (i.e. sulfites) to prevent oxidation?

Winemakers often add potassium metabisulphite to the finished product for two purposes: To prevent further yeast growth (so that they do not eat the remaining sugars) and as a preservative, to prevent ...
7
votes
9answers
2k views

Gosebier- a unique style

Dose anyone have any experience brewing Gosebier? Its a german wheat style of beer that is flavored with some salt (and citrus I believe). I had one at the Golden City Brewery in Denver a couple ...
7
votes
8answers
5k views

Using Plastic Water Jugs as Fermenters

I asked this on Twitter a while back, but I thought I might get some other thoughts on it. I have one of those 5g Poland Spring water jugs. If I get a bung that fits it, is there any reason I couldn't ...
7
votes
7answers
3k views

How should bulk grain be stored?

I love brewing all-grain but I feel that I could cut down on my costs significantly by purchasing some of my grain in bulk, storing it, and using it as needed. I know a lot of people do this but I'm ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Yeast , dead or alive?

G'day , how long after the fermentation has finished does the yeast live ? I am curious because not only is it the cost of the yeast but if you find a particular strain and you like the taste ( ...
6
votes
6answers
7k views

Should dry hopping be done in secondary, when to transfer, and for how long?

After surveying questions related to dry hopping and secondary here on the Exchange, I don't yet have solid answers to the following questions. Should beer be transferred to secondary for the ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Does Irish Moss expire?

I've only bought one bag of Irish Moss in at least 2 years. It's so cheap but is there really any need to replace it?
6
votes
2answers
5k views

No carbonation in the bottles?

Had to recap my bottles to fill the level up so I didn't have any explode on me. Now they have been sitting for 2 1/2 weeks. Opened one up and there is no carbonation.. is there a way to recarbonate ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Should the grain or strike water be added to the mash tun first?

I've always added my grain to my MLT cooler first, then dumped the strike water on top (I don't have a sparge arm). I calculate my strike temps based on the grain temp and initial cooler temp, so I ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

How Should I Place a Digital Thermometer into My Fermentation Chamber and Keep it Airtight?

I have a setup with a raspberry pi and two DS18B20 digital thermometers that measure the temperature of the ambient air and the water in a swamp cooler that I place my fermentation chamber in. I was ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How to compensate for wort internal temperature when using a temp controller?

What's the best method to use a temperature controller during fermentation? If you're using a freezer (or warming apparatus) connected to the controller, how do you compensate for the fact that the ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Why would OG be significantly higher than predicted?

I know there are several questions on the forum about OG being lower than predicted. Please bear with me though. I'm at a loss. I just brewed a straightforward extract wheat beer recipe. The ...

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