Yeasts are micro-organisms used in brewing to produce alcohol during the process of fermentation.

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oxygen and yeast pitching rates

Many online references, such as BYO, mention that oxygen is needed by yeast to reproduce, and that a wort with low dissolved oxygen levels will have longer lag times and less attenuation. This might ...
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Premature fermentation of wine must. What to do?

I recently took delivery of a five gallon pail of white wine juice. Supposedly, the juice had been refrigerated on its trip from California and stored in a cool warehouse here in my home town. ...
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Yeast Starter with Corn Sugar?

Anyone try making a yeast starter with Corn Sugar instead of DME? If so what proportions of corn sugar did you use? I am planning on brewing a high gravity stout, and don't have any DME for the ...
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How quickly do I let the fermentation temperature rise if it starts off too low?

I brewed something like a Black IPA today (hoppy and dark). I ferment in carboys in a chest freezer with an external temperature control. It is frigid today, and the garage where the chest freezer ...
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Is oxidation of yeast starters a concern?

We all know oxidation is bad, and cooling hot wort is particularly susceptible to this off-flavor-producing problem. the question is; does oxidation matter for starters? I use a stirplate to aerate ...
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Why re-pitch light to dark?

It is often said that, when re-pitching yeast, you should generally go from low- to high-gravity, and dark to light beers. When I repitch, I use trub directly. I understand why using a yeast from a ...
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Honey/Ginger Brew With Champagne Yeast

I got it in my head last weekend that I needed to homebrew again (it's been more than 10 years!), and so I boiled 4lbs of honey, 2lbs of ginger, 1lb of dark brown sugar and 1.5lbs of raisins (since ...
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US-05 Fermentation Temperatures / Top Cropping

Brewed a 1.060 OG IPA last night (extract), pitched a packet of US-05 reconstituted with 5 ounces of water. Pitched at 68 degrees, but I wanted a clean fermentation with minimal esters, so I have the ...
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Fermentation hasn't started?

Made a kit on Saturday, 1/2 lb. Caramel 80 specialty grain, 9.15 lbs rye extract. Kit came with the Wyeast American Ale smack pack. When I got the yeast pack out of the fridge, the pack was already ...
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Bottling high Alcohol beer

I have been researching this on some blogs and have seen info on this topic but not an answer to this question. I have brewed a 10.6% Belgian tripel with an FG of 1.02 about 6 weeks ago (secondaryed ...
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If some of the yeast doesn't get into the fermenter does it matter?

I just made my first home brew. I have learned many lessons including that if I move the fermenter to its resting place after I add the yeast some of the yeast gets stuck to the glass, and I can't ...
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Cold and Hot Break

OK I have been brewing for over 2 years, and have cranked out around 40 batches. Trying to really hone in my process and improve the quality of what I make. I am literally reading (and re-reading) ...
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Can I dry my own yeast to make it relatively shelf stable? How?

Obviously, it can be done, as dry yeast works for fermenting beer. I go sometimes a month or two between batches, and carrying over one yeast culture across beers seems a bit of a pain. How is dried ...
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Dry yeast vs wet yeast

I've always thought it to be common knowledge that wet yeast is better than dry yeast for home-brewing. This was confirmed by Sam Calagione at his Authors at Google talk where he suggested that using ...
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Fermentation started, then stopped the next day. Is my yeast dead?

This is my first shot at homebrewing, using Northern Brewer's American Wheat Beer kit which is based on liquid malt extract, Willamette and Cascade hops, and a packet of dry yeast. I brewed and put ...
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Can I compensate for pitching too much yeast?

I just pitched a whole 35mls vial of White Labs WLP001 California Ale Yeast into a 1 gallon batch of brown ale wort. I only intended to pitch half of the vial, but my brain turned off at exactly the ...
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Can you add more yeast into a batch of cider if you think you've killed it?

Ok, so I’m really new to this I started off making cider Since I juiced my own apples, I used the method of pasteurisation that kills off wild yeast by heating the gallon of juice on a stove while ...
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What changes needed to recipe when switching Ale to Lager yeast

I plan on brewing a porter next week that calls for a American Ale yeast. But my basement temperature would be perfect for using a California Lager yeast (aka Anchor Steam yeast). I've seen some ...
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Phosphoric Acid Wash for Yeast

I love recycling yeast, see it as a great way to save money, and if you find a good one, they are great to use over and over again. I was chatting with a guy in my homebrew club who is a distiller ...
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When bottle conditioning, when should I re-yeast, and how much yeast should I add

I have a Chocolate Cherry Stout that is currently in secondary on fresh Cherries. It has been sitting on the cherries for 2 months now. As I prepare to bottle I want to be sure I have enough, healthy ...
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Is my Kolsch still a Kolsch if I used the wrong yeast?

I followed Jamil's Kolsch recipe to the letter but pitched WLP 833 into my carboy thinking it was a Kolsch yeast. I found out that it's actually a different German yeast strain. Will this still be a ...
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Low original and final gravity

My roommate and I brewed our first batch of beer, a Rogue Dead Guy clone (with some substitutions). The brew has finished secondary fermentation and our hydrometer reads 1.007 (temperature-adjusted). ...
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Fermentation stopped but beer seems too sweet - why?

My last beer went through a normal 10-day fermentation process and afterwards there was no activity. I assumed that most of the sugars had been consumed. But after I bottled my beer and let it ...
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How do I estimate the viability of dry yeast?

I've seen plenty of data and apps that help you estimate the viability of a liquid yeast culture. But I haven't seen a lot of data about dry yeast. I like using dry yeast for 1 gallon test batches and ...
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using champagne yeast as a secondary yeast for fermentation?

I haven't quite found a post that answers my question, when brewing a big beer such as a barley wine I have heard talk about using champagne yeast after the initial yeast has done all it can. If my ...
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Commercial brewery house yeast

I know a lot of breweries have a house yeast that they use, and in some cases it's their only yeast. I've also heard that most will only harvest up to six generations, due to weak flocculation and ...
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How to ferment on the last batches yeast cake?

My last batch was a strong ale/winter 1.090 wlp002 english ale yeast brewed on 11/20 (two weeks ago). it has been in the fridge crash cooling for about 72 hours. this will be my first attempt at ...
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Brewed with honey and the yeast is not working?

I did my first beer using honey last night and the beer is not bubbling this morning as it usually does. Is this normal? Should I re-pitch the yeast or not?
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Salvaging flat beer?

I recently brewed a Schneider Aventus clone and the end result was a flat beer. I missed a step in the instructions to add a fresh dose of yeast a few days before bottling so I'm assuming that this is ...
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Possible Stuck Fermentation

I'm attempting to brew a high gravity stout, OG 1088. Its been in the primary for two weeks. I assumed it had completed fermentation since it feremented extremely vigorously, so much so I had to use ...
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Is a cider-like smell a bad sign in a culture of beer yeast?

I started culturing yeast from a La Fin Du Monde bottle about 3 days ago. I have since stepped it up to a 2L container about half full of wort. I have been very careful about sanitizing everything ...
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Didn't reach target FG, pitched more yeast, gravity same after a week. Should I just bottle already?

My batch didn't reach the target FG and I'm trying to decide whether to just bottle or to pitch more yeast (would be 3rd pitch). I have a very similar situation to the one described here: Brewed an ...
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Starter Chill, Decant, Pitch - Why no problem with Temp Shock?

So an often repeated mantra for starters is to (1) make a starter, (2) let it ferment out completely, (3) chill the starter in the fridge for a day or two, then (4) pour/decant off the oxidized "beer" ...
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Yeast on primary fermenting foam [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Day 2 of Primary Fermentation of beer Is this what it should look like day 2? I sprinkled the yeast on top yesterday, and today it looks like it foamed a bit and looks ...
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Proper Way to Store Yeast

What is the proper way and temperature to store yeast?
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Yeast Starter Steps

I want to make a yeast starter for a lager. I even went out and got a 3000 ml Erlenmyer Flask. According to mrmalty.com's calculator I need 506 Billion cells. With the two vials of White Labs yeast ...
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How to clean yeast

I like reusing yeast to save money, and I like having my own "house" yeast. However sooner or later my yeast eventually dies and becomes unusable. I have a feeling that each time I repitch, I'm ...
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What is the proper method of pitching a starter?

What's the proper method of pitching a starter? Do I just pour the whole thing in or do I need to "harvest" a certain portion of it? I just started using starters (.25-.5 Gallons water + 2-4 cups ...
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Is Mixing Yeast OK?

Say I wanted to make an ale which has some of the banana characteristics of a Belgian yeast, but also wanted some of the citrusy flavors of an American ale yeast. Could I achieve this by making a ...
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Making a Yeast Starter

It seems that there are varying opinions about the size your starter should be. What is the basic rule-of-thumb for 5 and 10 gallon batches? How much water should be used? How much malt/malt ...
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Preparing Yeast

I've been reading the How To Brew book, and it (amongst other sites) recommends rehydrating yeast before pitching it. http://www.howtobrew.com/section1/chapter6-5.html Some sites suggest adding a ...
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Reusing yeast at home

Reusing yeast at home is something I'm incredibly interested in, but haven't found the time to learn enough about it just yet. What are the basic steps for harvesting, cultivating, or whatever other ...
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How do you pitch additional yeast for bottling?

This is a follow on to my other question about when you would need to pitch additional yeast for bottle conditioning. Assuming you know that you need to pitch more yeast before bottling to ensure ...
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Reusing Yeast From previous Fermentation

When I finish fermentation I am left with a large amount of extra yeast in the bottom of the carboy. Can I reuse this yeast in any way? Hopefully to avoid buying yeast again every single batch?
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What effect do different types of yeast have when creating a recipe?

What happens when you use different types of yeast? Does it change the flavor? I'm not talking about mixing different types of yeast in the same recipe.
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Soluble yeast estimation before carbonation

Any suggestions on how to estimate the amount of yeast that remains in the brew solution after standard transfer practices without using clarification? I know that some remain because of priming ...
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Day 2 of Primary Fermentation of beer

Is this what my primary fermentation should look like after a day??? It looks like my yeast has been sitting on top of foam..
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How do I know if I should repitch at bottling?

My strongest homebrew batch to date is now in secondary, and I'm looking ahead to bottling. My O.G. was 1.072, and I think there's a reasonable chance that the final alcohol content will be 8% A.B.V. ...
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Are yeast “cold packs” really worth the extra cost?

Okay, so I understand the intent of the cold pack when shipping liquid yeast during very warm climates, but I assume that the useful cooling offered is very minimal compared to the temperature ...
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Should I ferment a new batch directly on the yeast cake generated by the previous batch?

I'm going to re-use the yeast cake from a low-gravity batch to ferment a high-gravity batch. Can I just put the wort directly on it? Does it then need to be agitated? Is it worth the risk of ...