The liquid extracted from the mashing process during the brewing of beer or whisky. Wort contains the sugars that will be fermented by the brewing yeast to produce alcohol.

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What is the Purpose of Adding Malt Sugars Towards the End of the Boiling of the Wort, as Opposed to the Beginning?

I am in the middle of brewing a Phat Tyre Amber Ale from Northern Brewer. After boiling the water and steeping the grain, I took the pot off and added the liquid 6lbs Munich malt syrup and the dry 1lb ...
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Adding water to wort to get desired volume

I have always been curious about the practice of making a 3 gallon wort and then topping it off with water to make 5 gallons to ferment. I might be doing it wrong, but I add my cold, filtered water ...
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Pitched Yeast at 80-85 deg. Problem?

I pitched English Ale yeast (white labs) around 80 deg, not realizing it was that warm. Relative temp in the room is 68, but wort will not cool down below 80....strange! Its been about 24 hours at ...
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811 views

Should I have extra wort for boil when using leaf hops?

The first time that I brewed with whole flower / leaf hops, my more-experienced homebrewing friend said that I should have more wort than usual at the start of the boil, because the dried leaves will ...
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1answer
596 views

Brewing with a concentrated wort

I'm living in a condo with no outdoors space and a mere 12" clearing on my stovetop. One-gallon all-grain batches are easy, but I'm trying to figure out some logistics for going larger... aside from ...
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438 views

Temperature control equipment and Fresh Wort Kits

My first brewing attempt (from a can) has just finished bottle fermenting and it turned out pretty bad (mostly just tasted very weak). I'm not concerned though, I know what mistakes I made along the ...
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274 views

How to chill wort

I have made a few batches of beer from those home brew kits sold at Brew n Grow. When I cook the beer, I only am boiling 2.5 gallons instead of the whole 5, per instructions, and then I add the other ...
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4answers
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How to Properly Oxygenate Wort

How much oxygen do I need to put into my wort? I've heard that homebrewers need to aerate with an oxygen stone and either aquarium pumps or oxygen. Is this true, or is shaking my carboy enough to ...
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Is 2 hours cooling the wort before adding yeast too long

I forgot about the warmer tap water and found my wort was way too hot and even after adding ice and standing the fermenter in ice water it took nearly two hours before is was the right temperature so ...
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Kettle volume measurements

Eventually there comes a time where just boiling 6 gallons for 60 minutes and taking it on faith that you have 5 gallons left doesn't cut it anymore. What tools can I use to measure the volume in the ...
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Ice the wort for fast cooling

I have seen mostly two suggestions to cool wort. Ice bath and the coil method. My friend and I were thinking about just using ice. Ie pull the ice from the fridge that uses the same water source as ...
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2answers
331 views

Can wort layering significantly affect OG reading?

A few days ago I brewed a 5-gallon recipe with the following fermentables: 8 oz Crystal 20 8 oz Crystal 40 One 3.3 lb can Briess Munich LME 2.5 lb Light LME Beer Calculus predicts an OG of 1.046. ...
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2answers
809 views

Potential causes of unreliable pre-boil gravity measurement

I usually take a hydrometer reading immediately after sparge so that I can calculate total points of gravity (i.e. gravity reading * volume), and from there calculate what volume of wort I should ...
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2answers
741 views

When to remove hops and other bittering/aroma agents?

On brew day, when is the appropriate time to remove the hops and other bittering/aroma agents from the wort? Is it at flameout, or is it once the wort has been fully cooled and is ready for the ...
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1answer
535 views

Did I correctly add fruit flavour to my beer?

On a whim, I decided to make a raspberry flavoured IPA. I bought a pre-made wort and some liquid malt extract. Basically, I boiled about 1.5L of water with some raspberries in one of those hop mesh ...
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2answers
203 views

What amount of taste customization can I do with pre-prepared wort (from a kit)?

I really enjoy bitter beers, and would really like to add hops to my next brew. However, I've only done one homebrew so far and it was using a pre-made kit (I used the Edme Bitter wort and malt ...
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1answer
1k views

Partial vs. Full Voume Wort Boil

The starting postion for most new extract brewers is to use a partial boil set up. Defined as using a pot smaller than the intended batch size, all the ingredients are boiled in a smaller volume. ...
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12answers
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Is an immersion chiller really necessary?

I have been reading here about immersion, counterflow and plate chillers and they don't seem to chill the wort much faster than my current method; ice. Many people have stated that their chillers ...
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1answer
326 views

Suggestions for inline heating unit housing for wort circulator?

I built an inline heating element assembly using some 1" copper pipe, a 1" threaded female fitting and some 1/2" fittings. The idea is, wort comes in from the bottom 1/2" fitting, flows over the ...
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Mash Efficiency and Quality of Wort

I recently achieved a 94% mash efficiency on a batch of Saison and was pretty stoked thinking, wow, 94% is much better than the the 72% I did last time. I must be getting better at this... But then ...
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1answer
215 views

5 gallon recipe calls for 3 gallon wort, rest added. Can I use all 5 to make wort?

Relatively new brewer here. I have a recipe that says to boil three gallons of the water in a five gallon pot (to create the wort). And then later to add in the remaining water. I bought an eight ...
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2answers
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New batch of wort in primary for 24hrs now and no “krausen” forming. Trouble?

This is my second batch of wort. My first went so smoothly I decided to start another in the primary after racking the fisrt over to the carboy. It's been sitting in the primary now for 24hrs and ...
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2answers
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Whirfloc shelf life and use

Making a batch and for the first time the recipe calls for a whirfloc tablet. From what I understand the tablet assists with settling the haze produced by proteins. I've read a half tablet to 5 gals. ...
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5k views

What is a whirlpool chiller?

What is a Whirlpool Chiller and how does it work? What are the advantages or disadvantages?
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4answers
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What is a wort chiller?

Should I use a wort chiller, and what are the advantages of doing so?
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Wort aeration on a budget

To aerate my wort I have been using a whisk, but i am worried about contamination. What are other more effective ways to aerate wort without spending too much money?
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How do you cool wort?

More specifically, what methods exist to cool your wort after the boil, and what are there respective pros/cons?
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261 views

Mold on wort pre-pitch

I've got a bit of mold on top of my wort. My situation is a bit different than what others seem to have encountered... I made the wort about 5 days ago and hadn't gotten around to pitching the yeast....
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1answer
257 views

After how long of a boil will LPT1 and other head retention proteins denature?

I've read that certain proteins denatured during the wort boil is responsible for causing great, delicious foam. I don't get me no foam. I'm also doing partial boils using extract. So my question ...
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I forgot to add my extract until the end!

So, I was brewing distracted, which I will never do again, did everything right...except I didn't remember to add the big jug of liquid malt extract to the wort, or hopped water in my case! You would ...
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4answers
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Process for transfereing from boil kettle to fermenter

At the moment the most frustrating part of my brewday is getting the cold wort into the fermenter. Here is my process. I have a 20 litre saucepan that i use as a kettle that does not have a tap. At ...
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1answer
396 views

How to reduce head when aerating wort with an aquarium pump

Last night I embarked on a fun adventure to create a 14-16% ABV beer (Dema Goddess Ale), and it calls for aeration via an air pump that you would typically use in an aquarium. Due to the high ...
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444 views

Can a wort be cooled too much?

When chilling the wort after a boil, if it falls below the yeast's operating temperature, should I wait until the temperature comes back up before adding the yeast? I typically chill my wort with a ...
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1answer
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What does scorched wort taste like?

I just did my first batch on a campchef propane burner http://cascadeclimbers.com/gear/hiking/product/Camp-Chef-Yukon-Stove.html Problem is that in the during the boil it never crossed my mind that ...
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What is cold steeping?

What is cold steeping specialty grains all about? How do I do it? What does 'cold' really mean? How long does it take? Advantages and disadvantages?
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1answer
190 views

Western Australia: 2 weeks in the Wort - is this too long in summer time?

Usually in summer in WA I can bottle my beers within one week of placing the ingredients in the wort (plastic fermenting bucket with airlock). This is due to the average temperature being 25-30 ...
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13answers
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Where do you brew?

This Saturday (1/2/09) will be my very first time brewing and I am considering my options as far as location. I have seen some folks boiling their wort outside on a gas grill and the smiling people ...
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1answer
344 views

What causes wort darkening in the kettle?

What reaction is happening in the wort to cause darkening? Maltose for example doesn't caramelize until 365F. Maillard reactions are another source of non-enzymatic browning, but they require low ...
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2answers
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What happens if a beer gets oxidized?

Everywhere I read it is very cautious about oxidizing your beer. What is the worst case if your beer gets oxidized? It tastes funny?
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2answers
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PPG tables online?

Does anybody know if a table of ppg for various common ingredients can be found online somewhere?
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Optimal counterflow wort chiller

I am planning to build a counterflow wort chiller using a hose outside of a copper tube. There are a great variety of lengths and types available commercially and I have read that many commercial ...
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2answers
108 views

Home-made LME&DME-is it achievable?

Pretty often when you brew an all-grain batch you get a quantity of extra wort with no apparent use. A common practice is to keep some of that wort for a starter for the next batch. Could someone ...
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5answers
828 views

How do I chill wort with this faucet?

Just moved into a new apartment and I'm ready to start brewing. Except I have this unique faucet... it's the type that can switch between a solid stream and a spray and also is able to extend via a ...
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2answers
225 views

Homebrewing: Decoction Mashing

Many beers, especially German, are produced with a method called decoction mash. In that, the rising of mash temperature is achieved each time by talking a portion of the MASH, boiling it, and adding ...
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Remedy for a Stuck sparge

How do you fix a stuck sparge? Are there any tricks too getting a sparge running again when it slows to a trick or even stops completely? (This is not intended to be a "how to prevent" the stuck ...
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1answer
138 views

Would you trust this starter?

I had one WLP001 vial of yeast that was only 14 days past its "best buy" date. I made a starter on a stir plate 2 full days before brewing. I got good growth as estimated by an increase in creamy ...
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3answers
5k views

Using honey in beer

This thread is not actually one single question, but a number of different ones. When calculating sugars used in the wort, how much sugar does honey contain? Is it closer to dry malt extracts, raw ...
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1answer
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Cleaner wort out of the Kettle

What are the benefits of completely seperating hot debris, hot break and cold break from the wort? Getting these things out of the wort and putting nothing but clean and clear wort in the fermentor ...
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Steeping Specialty Grains

What is the proper procedure for steeping specialty grains while extract brewing? Temp, time, grain bags or not.
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Are Sparge Arms Necessary

Do you really need a sprinkler of some sort to sparge? Does it really improve the lautering process? How fancy does a sparge arm need to be, does it really have to rotate or can it just sprinkle all ...