The liquid extracted from the mashing process during the brewing of beer or whisky. Wort contains the sugars that will be fermented by the brewing yeast to produce alcohol.

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Should I boil a hopped malt extract prior to fermentation?

I am an absolute beginner; I've merely helped my brother brew once. I purchased a beer brewing kit and want to get started. John Palmer's bible suggests that I should throw out the directions that ...
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1answer
87 views

Gross layer of foam at the end of fermentation and aging

I experienced few times a gross layer of foam when fermentation finishes. But the beer was fine, no symptoms of contamination neither off-flavors. I never measure the depth of foam but it can have ...
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1answer
74 views

Thermal expansion of wort

Does anybody know an algorithm or a calculator to compute thermal expansion of worts? Most of the time in homebrewing materials, it is said that in volume calculations one should account for 4% ...
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1answer
57 views

Difficulty siphoning through counterflow chiller

Just bought a counterflow chiller... tested it with boiling water and it worked fine. I also siphoned sanitizer through it, no problems there. However when I tried to siphon the wort, it clogged ...
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1answer
156 views

Is this wort infected? (*Picture)

This is my 30th or so batch and I've never seen this before. The best way I can describe it is that it looks like summer in the Arctic and pieces of ice are breaking off the ice caps. Any idea as ...
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1answer
115 views

Is there a need to stir the kettle at some regular interval while boiling the wort?

I extract brew. After I boil the three gallons of water, I take the kettle off the stove and pour the sugars in, and stir under I'm convinced it has all been dissolved. Placing the kettle back on the ...
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1answer
88 views

Over oxygenating

Was reading about oxygenating wort, and the book was saying that the best amount of oxygen ppm is 10. It did say that over oxygenating was sometimes bad, but didn't state how much it took before it ...
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2answers
73 views

After the Ice Bath of the Wort, should I pour the sludge from the kettle into the carboy?

I am just an extract brewer; I buy everything from NB. The instructions say: "Fill primary fermenter with 2 gallons of cold water, then pour in the cooled wort. Leave any thick sludge in the bottom ...
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2answers
115 views

Is it safe to boil my wort outside while it is snowing?

It's snowing where I live. Are there any risks involved with boiling my wort outside, when snow can enter the boiling pot?
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1answer
38 views

FG dropped after wort cooled

Did a brew yesterday, hit the desired SG after the boil time - or so I thought. After cooling the wort, the SG dropped 2 points. What would cause this?
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1answer
36 views

Shelf life of canned and unfermented wort?

I asked in a prior post about canning wort to have it handy for yeast farming. What would the shelf life be of canned, unfermented wort? Any special steps to extend shelf life, perhaps adding hops? ...
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3answers
115 views

Why is my wort dark?

I recently brewed a beer with 70% pilsner malt, 28% light munich malt, and 2% chocolate malt. I used RO water, a 1 hour rest at 156 deg, and fly sparged. I had no means to check PH. Beersmith ...
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2answers
95 views

barley content in whisky from barley grains [closed]

Of the whiskey in a barrel, what % of it is barley? From what I understand, to make wort only 20% of spent grain is left. This leads to a figure of 80% of the grain dissolved in the wort. After ...
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2answers
121 views

Canning unfermented wort for yeast farming?

Canning is often used to preserve foods: the microorganisms inside mason jars are killed by a boiling water bath and sealed when removed. Small amounts of unfermented wort are useful when yeast ...
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3answers
370 views

how well to strain wort after boil

Just wondering how well you folks strain your wort when transferring to primary. I brewed my first batch last night and, aside from forgetting to take an OG reading, everything went well. However, ...
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1answer
70 views

Transporting unfermented wort

I want to brew with some friends in my country house but temperature this time of year there is not ideal to leave the fermentor there so i will have to transport it for about 100 km.I am not sure how ...
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3answers
461 views

Why use Oxygen tanks to aerate wort, what are the benefits?

Do you notice any benefits in flavour or yeast activity over a regular air pump? By not blowing dirty air through your wort, could it keep down infections/contamination? Does pumping regular air ...
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3answers
683 views

Cooling wort - just add water?

Is there anything wrong with simply letting the water you add to top off your wort do the chilling to bring it to yeast pitching temperature?
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4answers
90 views

Stirring Spoon Hop Stained

So... I will just start with sharing that "Hop Stained" has a nice ring to it for an IPA name, but I digress to my question. During my first batch, I am becoming paranoid I did not pay enough ...
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2answers
442 views

Pitched yeast at 40 deg F. Too cold?

I pitched the yeast at 40°F. Was it way too cold and should I re-pitch?
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2answers
121 views

Effect of Long, High, Decling-Temperature Mash on Wort

Due to time constraints, I need to do a two- to 2-1/2 hour unattended mash, and then return to lauter, etc. I plan to do a single batch sparge. I am looking for a slightly-less fermentable wort for ...
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1answer
147 views

Why does stirring the wort lead to swirls and bubbling?

I'm a beginner brewer, but I've noticed that on every batch I've done so far, when the wort is boiling, and I stir the wort, it ends up behaving this way. Can anyone explain why this happens?
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2answers
342 views

What is the Purpose of Adding Malt Sugars Towards the End of the Boiling of the Wort, as Opposed to the Beginning?

I am in the middle of brewing a Phat Tyre Amber Ale from Northern Brewer. After boiling the water and steeping the grain, I took the pot off and added the liquid 6lbs Munich malt syrup and the dry 1lb ...
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3answers
1k views

Adding water to wort to get desired volume

I have always been curious about the practice of making a 3 gallon wort and then topping it off with water to make 5 gallons to ferment. I might be doing it wrong, but I add my cold, filtered water ...
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3answers
2k views

Pitched Yeast at 80-85 deg. Problem?

I pitched English Ale yeast (white labs) around 80 deg, not realizing it was that warm. Relative temp in the room is 68, but wort will not cool down below 80....strange! Its been about 24 hours at ...
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3answers
320 views

Should I have extra wort for boil when using leaf hops?

The first time that I brewed with whole flower / leaf hops, my more-experienced homebrewing friend said that I should have more wort than usual at the start of the boil, because the dried leaves will ...
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1answer
243 views

Brewing with a concentrated wort

I'm living in a condo with no outdoors space and a mere 12" clearing on my stovetop. One-gallon all-grain batches are easy, but I'm trying to figure out some logistics for going larger... aside from ...
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1answer
540 views

Fitering BIAB wort

I have recently started BIAB, and my wort is very cloudy after the boil. Much "cloud material" ends up in the fermentor, since it takes really long to settle and is easily stirred. It mostly looks ...
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6answers
7k views

How to strain wort before primary fermentation

I recently made a big beer (Dogfish Head 90 minute clone) with an OG around 1.11. I had never tried to strain wort before moving to a primary fermenter but thought it would be a good idea since this ...
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3answers
303 views

Temperature control equipment and Fresh Wort Kits

My first brewing attempt (from a can) has just finished bottle fermenting and it turned out pretty bad (mostly just tasted very weak). I'm not concerned though, I know what mistakes I made along the ...
2
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3answers
243 views

How to chill wort

I have made a few batches of beer from those home brew kits sold at Brew n Grow. When I cook the beer, I only am boiling 2.5 gallons instead of the whole 5, per instructions, and then I add the other ...
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1answer
163 views

Electric brewing inside

It's starting to get cold out there but I still want to brew. I started looking into electric brew kettles (i am still new and only using extracts kits). Most of the stuff I read online is about ...
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4answers
4k views

How to Properly Oxygenate Wort

How much oxygen do I need to put into my wort? I've heard that homebrewers need to aerate with an oxygen stone and either aquarium pumps or oxygen. Is this true, or is shaking my carboy enough to ...
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3answers
2k views

Is 2 hours cooling the wort before adding yeast too long

I forgot about the warmer tap water and found my wort was way too hot and even after adding ice and standing the fermenter in ice water it took nearly two hours before is was the right temperature so ...
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2answers
1k views

Kettle volume measurements

Eventually there comes a time where just boiling 6 gallons for 60 minutes and taking it on faith that you have 5 gallons left doesn't cut it anymore. What tools can I use to measure the volume in the ...
4
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3answers
580 views

Ice the wort for fast cooling

I have seen mostly two suggestions to cool wort. Ice bath and the coil method. My friend and I were thinking about just using ice. Ie pull the ice from the fridge that uses the same water source as ...
3
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2answers
243 views

Can wort layering significantly affect OG reading?

A few days ago I brewed a 5-gallon recipe with the following fermentables: 8 oz Crystal 20 8 oz Crystal 40 One 3.3 lb can Briess Munich LME 2.5 lb Light LME Beer Calculus predicts an OG of 1.046. ...
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2answers
556 views

Potential causes of unreliable pre-boil gravity measurement

I usually take a hydrometer reading immediately after sparge so that I can calculate total points of gravity (i.e. gravity reading * volume), and from there calculate what volume of wort I should ...
4
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2answers
319 views

When to remove hops and other bittering/aroma agents?

On brew day, when is the appropriate time to remove the hops and other bittering/aroma agents from the wort? Is it at flameout, or is it once the wort has been fully cooled and is ready for the ...
2
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1answer
337 views

Did I correctly add fruit flavour to my beer?

On a whim, I decided to make a raspberry flavoured IPA. I bought a pre-made wort and some liquid malt extract. Basically, I boiled about 1.5L of water with some raspberries in one of those hop mesh ...
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2answers
147 views

What amount of taste customization can I do with pre-prepared wort (from a kit)?

I really enjoy bitter beers, and would really like to add hops to my next brew. However, I've only done one homebrew so far and it was using a pre-made kit (I used the Edme Bitter wort and malt ...
16
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1answer
1k views

Partial vs. Full Voume Wort Boil

The starting postion for most new extract brewers is to use a partial boil set up. Defined as using a pot smaller than the intended batch size, all the ingredients are boiled in a smaller volume. ...
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12answers
3k views

Is an immersion chiller really necessary?

I have been reading here about immersion, counterflow and plate chillers and they don't seem to chill the wort much faster than my current method; ice. Many people have stated that their chillers ...
2
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1answer
196 views

Suggestions for inline heating unit housing for wort circulator?

I built an inline heating element assembly using some 1" copper pipe, a 1" threaded female fitting and some 1/2" fittings. The idea is, wort comes in from the bottom 1/2" fitting, flows over the ...
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2answers
185 views

Mash Efficiency and Quality of Wort

I recently achieved a 94% mash efficiency on a batch of Saison and was pretty stoked thinking, wow, 94% is much better than the the 72% I did last time. I must be getting better at this... But then ...
5
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7answers
738 views

Chilling wort before pitching yeast

I know it is important to chill wort to <80 before pitching yeast, and that quality of final beer is affected by the speed with which the wort was chilled to this point, and there are various ...
2
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1answer
195 views

5 gallon recipe calls for 3 gallon wort, rest added. Can I use all 5 to make wort?

Relatively new brewer here. I have a recipe that says to boil three gallons of the water in a five gallon pot (to create the wort). And then later to add in the remaining water. I bought an eight ...
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2answers
816 views

New batch of wort in primary for 24hrs now and no “krausen” forming. Trouble?

This is my second batch of wort. My first went so smoothly I decided to start another in the primary after racking the fisrt over to the carboy. It's been sitting in the primary now for 24hrs and ...
3
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2answers
650 views

Whirfloc shelf life and use

Making a batch and for the first time the recipe calls for a whirfloc tablet. From what I understand the tablet assists with settling the haze produced by proteins. I've read a half tablet to 5 gals. ...
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5answers
5k views

Do I truly need a wort chiller?

I am on the fence with this one. Is there any reasons other than "Shorter brew day" or "contamination worries" for using a wort chiller? I brew 2.5 gallon batches of wort in my pot, and either 1. ...