The product of fermented fruit juice, usually from grapes.

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3k views

How to tell if a cider is finished without hydrometer

EDITED I have a cider that I have made following the steps on CraigTube for his Hard Apple Cider. The only difference is that I have used Champagne yeast and the batch is 22L. I know you are all ...
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1answer
64 views

Wine brewing guide

Is there a good guide for how to brew wine from grapes online? I have searched around and have found very bad and inconsistent instructions. A lot of what I found makes me nervous about lack of ...
2
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1answer
270 views

Is one fermenter better than another for brewing beer or cider?

I have the options of a plastic barrel fermenter that has a screw on lid or a plastic pail type fermenter with a snap on lid. I mainly brew beers and ciders but am looking at getting into wine and ...
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1answer
209 views

Reading a 3 scale hydrometer

My dad bought me a hydrometer and then left the country. Now I don't know how to read all measurements. 1st scale: 1-13% (I presume this is the potential alc scale) 2nd scale: 1-26 3rd scale: 1-28 ...
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3answers
206 views

Pomegranate wine colour?

The pictures of pomegranate wine I have seen on the internet seem like very dark red wine. The one I made however looked like a milkish pink. What can account for the difference? How can I control the ...
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1answer
741 views

Can I use a 5 gallon carboy for a 3 gallon batch of wine?

I have a 3 gallon wine kit about ready to go from primary in a plastic bucket to secondary in a carboy. This is a port style, so I think I should be getting more fermentation action once I'm in the ...
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2answers
422 views

Where can I find information about the yeast Saccharomyces Bayanus?

I was able to find plenty of information about the ale yeast S. Cerevisiae and lager yeast S. Pastorianus, however information about the wine making yeast S. Bayanus appears to be more difficult to ...
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3answers
171 views

First time wine maker question

My hibiscus wine recipe says to ferment to dryness before racking to the secondary carboy. It's been almost a month, and the bubbling has died down. Is it time to rack?
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1answer
135 views

Wine Brewing on Lees (Sur lie)

I have recently learned about Light Lees Protocol and was wondering if someone would be able to relate some practical anecdotal experience. Is there a substantial difference in quality if you ...
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1answer
525 views

Flowers of Wine (Problem)

Context: I am currently working on a batch of jalapeno-cranberry wine. It's been in primary for five days so far and I am beginning to suspect I have flowers in my wine. I was not too concerned ...
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2answers
850 views

sediment in wine bottle, how to serve

I made some wine recently, and I screwed up slightly. I degassed the wine the day I was going to bottle. I let it sit a couple hours expecting the sediment to settle after I "blended" the wine, ...
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1answer
98 views

Isinglass and temperature

The wine kit that I am making uses isinglass for fining and recommends storing the wine at 70 degrees during the process. In the past I've used gelatin in my beers to clear and I know that it works ...
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2answers
626 views

What volume of brewer's yeast to use for yeast-nutrient-less dandelion wine?

I'm trying my first, 1-gallon batch of dandelion wine. Some recipes say "1 packet" of brewer's yeast, and mine doesn't even specify an amount. It also specifies to add "yeast nutrient," which my ...
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1answer
108 views

Wine and yeast “clean up”

I have now decided to try my hand at some wine making as SHMBO decided she would also like to enjoy the fruits (haha) of my hobby. In the instructions for the kit I received (White Riesling) I was ...
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1answer
105 views

750 ml sparking water bottle for wine?

I've brewed a half dozen batches of beer, and I am thinking of trying my hand at making some wine for the first time. Most likely a Red. We go through a lot of 750 mL glass water bottles. I would ...
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3answers
2k views

When using a drill whip to degas, how do I ensure I will not aerate the wine/mead?

Some my wine/meads have been a bit bubbly after bottling. I'm thinking the problem is I have not be degassing. If I use a drill whip, how do I ensure I will not bruise or aerate the brew?
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1answer
306 views

Wine max secondary fermentation time

I started my first batch of wine a year ago, and got up to racking into secondary fermentation, but never bottled it, and then forgot about it. Is it a lost batch? Is it even safe to try?
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1answer
561 views

Raisins in basic wine recipe

Would the very small amount of oil that is added to store raisins cause a problem with basic wine recipes? I was going to make a Strawberry + Raisin recipe but noticed that all the available raisins ...
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2answers
968 views

Degassing wine - how to proceed

Long time brewer, first time vintner here. Working through a winexpert Pinot Grigio kit. Primary and secondary fermentation went off without a hitch. Got to the stabilizing, degassing, and ...
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2answers
1k views

How to safely remove mold from corks?

I have a mead that has been sitting bottled in a cool underground closet for about a year, and the corks appear to have some mold growing on the outside. Apparently the closet is a bit more moist ...
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2answers
2k views

Is it possible to cork screw-top wine bottles?

Do normal corks and normal corkers work with them? Is there a greater risk of breaking the neck of the bottle during corking?
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4answers
567 views

Can wine age too long?

So I started a batch of wine at the end of the summer, and I happen to have a bad habit of not following through on projects. Basically, I fermented it, moved it to the 2ndary after about a week, then ...
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1answer
187 views

Premature fermentation of wine must. What to do?

I recently took delivery of a five gallon pail of white wine juice. Supposedly, the juice had been refrigerated on its trip from California and stored in a cool warehouse here in my home town. ...
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3answers
172 views

I find my wines to be too “juicy”

I've been making wine (mostly red) at home for about a year now and find that even though I ferment them dry I still find them to taste too much like fresh fruit. Any thoughts on getting to that aged ...
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2answers
6k views

Making wine from concord grape juice

I'm just about to start my first attempts at wine making. We bought a gallon of organic, concentrated, concord grape juice to use for some other recipes and I have so much left over that I'm going to ...
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1answer
59 views

Chardonnay changed color when sparkkloid was added

When making chardonnay wine, after the primary fermentation and 1st racking, we added sparkloid (as per instructions) and the wine immediately changed color. Why is this?
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85 views

Starting a wine co-op [closed]

I'd like to start a wine co-op for vineyards and winemakers in my local area. There isn't one. The idea would be: - Help each other with growing problems, tips. - Share cost/expense of equipement. ...
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2answers
152 views

What exactly should I measure while brewing?

I want the answers to be geared towards meads/wines if possible. There seems to be so many things to measure. Which are the ones that really matter? I've started spending a lot of time taking all ...
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2answers
164 views

How do you blend your meads/wines?

How does one typically blend their meads & wines? Do I need to worry about layering because of different S.G. levels or ABV levels?
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3answers
642 views

Is a late addition of sugar into wine a month after primary ended detrimental?

I'm currently brewing an apple wine. I started it at 1.080, and when that was finished I added another 1.020. Now it has been sitting on it's yeast cake for about one month, and I'm considering if I ...
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1answer
819 views

My white wine has stopped fermenting, how can I restart it?

My white wine fermented successfully for a few days in a bucket. I've transferred it to a joram and it's stopped. Can I restart it somehow?
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6answers
2k views

How should I mash my grapes?

I'm mashing a small quantity (~3 buckets) of grapes to make wine. I haven't any special equipment, and don't really want to buy any. What should I do to mash the grapes?
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2answers
427 views

Should a wine be encouraged to emit residual CO2 before bottlings?

When making beer or other carbonated beverages, we are encouraged to consider residual CO2 when calculating priming sugar. Does this also mean that non-carbonated beverages should be "encouraged" to ...
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1answer
472 views

primary fermentation of wine

I am mostly a beer brewer, but recently I have begun experimenting with fruit wines. In contrast to beer, the wine recipes I am using all say to do the primary fermentation with only a towel or other ...
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1answer
209 views

Are there any benefits to isenglass, bentonite, etc. besides clarification?

If I don't care how clear my wine (from kits) comes out, am I missing out on any other benefits/side effects by not using any isenglass/bentonite/sparkolloid? I've done a few batches without any ...
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3answers
1k views

What would happen if I used a yeast meant for white wine to brew red wine or vice versa?

I was buying winemaking yeast and wondered - what exactly would happen if I used the stuff meant for red wines for white or the other way around? Would it be bad? Would it work at all? Would it just ...
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2answers
3k views

Will it harm my wine to shake the container?

This is probably a really dumb question, but is it bad to shake or swirl the container my wine is in to encourage the release of CO2? I accidentally found out that jarring the container results in ...
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2answers
1k views

Is it safe to open the lid of a fermentation container to stir the yeast and sugar?

Last night I put a batch of wine going (very simple setup - a plastic bucket with a sealed lid and a cork in the top for a plastic airlock). This morning, I can tell the sugar has settled to the ...
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1answer
1k views

To keep wine sweet when do I add potassium sorbate?

I made 4 gallons watermelon wine and I wanted to leave it a little sweet. So, when the brew was at 1.01 gravity I added 2 tsp of potassium sorbate. I stirred it well. Over the next few days there was ...
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1answer
3k views

Can I keep mead/wine in stainless steel bottles?

So what do you use for bottling? I'm really starting to look into stainless steel bottles. There are companies that make them (with customized artwork, no less) for conference shwag but you could ...
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1answer
907 views

Wine from Tropical Fruit

I am looking for recipes/suggestions for making wine with tropical fruit. I am particularly interested in mango as I have lots of mango trees here (Nicaragua). I would also be interested in papaya, ...
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1answer
349 views

Recommendations for scaling up operations

Right now I brew once month. This gets me to 60-72 gallons of delicious wine or beer per year. But the limit for home brewers in the US is 200 gallons per year per household. To reach that with 5 ...
3
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1answer
706 views

The isinglass in my wine kit is cloudy. Has it gone bad?

I bought a Wine Experts Pinot Grigio wine kit and the packet of isinglass is cloudy and has white bits floating around in it. I suspect it is bad. Has anyone seen that before?
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1answer
144 views

When is pectic enzyme effective?

I made cranberry wine about 10 weeks ago and did not use pectic enzyme. Is it to late to add it or must it be put in at the start?
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3answers
1k views

Can glass carboy be used for both beer and wine making?

This last summer, my Dad showed my brother and I the process for making wine that he learned from his Dad. It was pretty simple and used a 5 or 6 gallon glass carboy. I've made a few batches of beer ...
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2answers
182 views

What are some red wines that mature quickly and are available in kits?

I'm looking for red wine kits that will mature quickly (6-18 months, as opposed to 2-5 years). I like big, complex reds, but I'd like some wine to drink while I'm waiting for them to mature. I prefer ...
6
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1answer
762 views

What kind of wine should I use to top off my wine during clarification?

After secondary fermentation, when I rack, add the stabilizers, and degas, I've been told it's best to top-off with additional wine (commercial or left-over from an old batch) to minimize the surface ...
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6answers
7k views

Can I use wine yeast to ferment beer?

Can I use wine yeast to ferment a beer? What sort of problems might I encounter that are unique to wine yeast trying to ferment malt sugars? What sort of flavor differences might I encounter?
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3answers
233 views

How to store wine in hot city?

I'm planning to store wine bottles for several years, but I live in a hot city and don't have any cellar to use. What other alternatives can I use to store the wine in a good environment?
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2answers
3k views

How long can organic wine be stored without chemicals?

I'm trying to store some homemade organic red wine in bottles. For how long can it be stored without using any chemicals?