H2O - dihydrogen oxide, hydrogen hydroxide. Comprises over 90% of most beers. Termed "liquor" when used in the brewing process.

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22
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7answers
148k views

What are the various ways to remove chlorine/chloramine from tap water?

OK, I actually know how to remove chlorine, but I'd like to have the pros and cons of each method spelled out. I will post an answer and mark it as a community wiki. Please edit it with your input.
15
votes
6answers
6k views

How much water does a wort chiller use?

I am thinking on buying an immersion chiller and from other threads I've thought of using the post-chiller hot water for cleanup, and I've also heard of using the water (after it starts to cool down) ...
11
votes
4answers
331 views

How to improve efficiency of water usage..?

I have just put another beer in the fermentor and I seem to use huge amounts of water during the whole brewing process. I don't have an exact estimate of my water use, but taking into account the ...
10
votes
6answers
14k views

Tap Water: Safe to use without boiling? [duplicate]

I made my first batch of beer over the weekend. I didn't have quite enough bottled water on hand to add to my wort to make 5 gallons, so I used tap water. I sanitized the hose sprayer on my sink by ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

Can I add some water before I bottle?

I'm in the final stages of my very first beer, which is a Belgian wit. Everything has gone great so far, and I will be bottling in just a few days. I have a pretty high alcohol content (around 8.2%, ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

What effects will the type of water have on beer?

For instance, will hard water really change the taste that much?
9
votes
4answers
14k views

Do you filter water, or just use tap water?

Back when I started homebrewing, I used a Pur filter. I've since moved and my kitchen sink won't accept any sort of filter. I've brewed a few batches with just Fairfax County, VA tap water, and not ...
8
votes
2answers
165 views

What styles should encourage me to learn water chemistry

I've been brewing all-grain batches for some time. With my water source, I'm generally getting good results across multiple styles. To date, I haven't done much with water chemistry. Which styles ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

Amount of Water to Boil for Wort

If I'm making a 5 gallon batch of beer, how much water should I use for my wort? Papazian's book says to use 1.5g and add it to 3.5g of room temperature water already in the carboy. I see how this ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

How do I test my water?

Inspired by this question. How do I test my water?
6
votes
9answers
9k views

Types of bottles I can use for beer

Can I use my old water bottles to bottle my beer? Like Dasani or Aquafina type water bottles.
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Can I top off my batch at bottling time with water?

I noticed my batch in the secondary looks short of 5 gallons, can I top it off with water when I bottle?
6
votes
3answers
3k views

What type of water is best to use for different situations

Do you use different types of water for different types of beer? I know the type of water can change your flavors slightly. Will I get wildly different outcomes if I use say, distilled water over ...
5
votes
5answers
12k views

How can I put minerals back into distilled or reverse osmosis water?

The tap water where I live is filled with chlorine, flouride, some pretty bad elements such as arsenic, chromium, barium, etc. So I would like to purify my water with either reverse osmosis or ...
5
votes
2answers
190 views

Could someone provide info. about brewing salts?

I have been reading a lot about home brewing. I'm planning actually to build an electronic 5 gallon brewery. Could anyone provide a short explanation when (mashing, boiling ?!), why and how much to ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How to Burtonize my water

I am participating in the AHA Big Brew day and the beer we'll be making is their English IPA part of this recipe requires modifying my water to be like Burton on the Trent water. Calcium (Ca) - 268 ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

pH Meters and measuring mash pH for the first time

So I've been doing all grain for quite some time now, but I've always "winged it" in regards to my water chemistry. I've been using a mix of Reverse Osmosis and Spring water, which gives good results ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

IPA Water Treatment

I am about to brew a clone recipe of Dogfish Head's 60 minute IPA and I was wondering if I should do some water treatment on it. I've heard of people adding gypsum to their water to achieve a dryer ...
5
votes
1answer
461 views

Best Methods for removing chloramine

I have been looking into this for sometime, and I can't seem to find any definitive answers. So far I'm pretty convinced that I won't find a reasonable home filter that will eliminate chloramine. My ...
5
votes
2answers
188 views

Water quality and its contribution to off-flavors

I have a copy of my city water quality report in hand and, with no particular reason other to than to understand how water quality can affect the taste of beer, would like to know where I can find ...
4
votes
3answers
558 views

How long do you boil liquid to be used in a beer?

I believe this is perhaps only one question, but there are a few different situations, namely to make a water/DME mixture for a starter, how long? to prime with a sugar water mixture, how long? to ...
4
votes
3answers
127 views

Brewing with rainwater / tank water

I'm lucky enough to have beautiful New Zealand rainwater to brew with. But what are the considerations in terms of mineral content? Is rainwater close to distilled water? Having gone through the same ...
4
votes
2answers
80 views

Will my Reverse Osmosis water lose its purity if its not used immediately?

I just installed a reverse osmosis and deionizer water filtration system, and it is extremely slow. I calculate that it will take 3-4 hours to filter out 10 gallons of water. I am planning on filling ...
4
votes
2answers
925 views

Chloramine effects in small quantities

I'm curious what effect (if any) chloramine-treated tap water has when used in small quantities, such as a yeast starter or when boiled with priming sugar to use a priming solution. My municipal water ...
4
votes
2answers
175 views

Storing water after chloramine removal

I have checked my local water authority and my tap water is chloraminated: The average chlorine concentration for this Public Water Supply Zone from January 2013 to December 2013 was 0.07 ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Effects on homebrew from Fluoride in tap water

I live in a city that puts fluoride in the drinking water. I am in the habit of boiling all water before storing it (and allowing it to cool) for brew day. Will fluoride effect the brew in any way? ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What Calcium ppm is required in the mash for alpha-amylase stability and mash efficiency?

I recently moved and my water here is quite soft with a very low pH. As such, I've taken to adding many of my brewing salts in the brew kettle and only using salts in the mash to balance the pH. ...
3
votes
3answers
360 views

tap water with chloramine

I made a homebrew today using tap water, and to my horror I realized I forgot to add the campden tablets to neutralize the chloramine. About 5 years back I made the same stupid mistake, and ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Should I add water to an already fermenting batch?

I just moved my (first) batch to my secondary fermenter. While doing so it became apparent that I did not top off to five gallons like I thought and instead it seems closer to four gallons. I now have ...
3
votes
3answers
180 views

Should I test my water?

A buddy and I have brewed a few batches of beer and they tend to have similar flavors when we're done. Could this be attributed to the water? What are some tests you would recommend doing to ensure ...
3
votes
3answers
74 views

How do I predict vaporisation during the boil?

I am trying to predict the litres/hour vaporised during the boil, so I can adjust the amount of sparging water accordingly. Is there an easy way of doing this a priori by utilising other known ...
3
votes
2answers
830 views

Should I worry about mash PH when brewing with RO water?

I always use RO water to brew. I have never checked mash PH but have become concerned since my brews have come out darker than predicted by BrewSmith. I thought (I read in How to Brew by Palmer) ...
3
votes
3answers
652 views

Any special considerations (besides taste) when brewing with mineral water?

I understand that a good rule of thumb for brewing water is that if it tastes good it's good to use for brewing. Most of these nine springs that i've tried are way too mineraly to my taste but "7 ...
3
votes
2answers
90 views

Do Reverse Osmosis water filtration systems produce water with negligible amounts of minerals, or is an additional deionization component required?

I want to purchase some type of water filtration system to produce water that contains negligible amounts of minerals. Currently I purchase distilled water from Walmart, and I want my water filtration ...
3
votes
1answer
455 views

Adding gypsum after fermentation

I have found resources that both advocate and highly advise against this practice. We recently brewed a IIPA (Bear Flavored's Heady Topper clone) that has 3lbs of hops, plus hop extract in 14 gallons....
3
votes
2answers
697 views

My first Porter. Should I add any calcium chloride chalk to my bottled water before mashing?

Hey brand new here on SE, but have been brewing all grain for about 5 batches now, mostly pale and amber ales. Going to brew my first Porter tonight, following Biermuncher's Black Pearl Porter recipe. ...
3
votes
3answers
959 views

Preparing water for brew day

I'd just like to get some opinions on the most efficient way to prepare the water for my brew day. I'm pretty new to brewing and still using extract with a few specialty grains. I've read it's good ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Bringing mash pH down without changing mineral profile too far

I checked the pH in my mash at the end of my mash yesterday and it was 6.6 (using a calibrated electronic meter). I'm trying to work out how to get that down into a more normal range without adding ...
3
votes
1answer
245 views

How do I translate my water supply's “Total Hardness” to Mg and Ca or “Effective Hardness”?

My water supply comes through San Diego's Miramar treatment plant, and here's the data sheet. Here's the relevant part: Units Avg Range Total Hardness ppm 214 ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How long must water be boiled to remove temporary hardness (bicarbonates)

From Papazian's Joy of Homebrewing: In the US temporary hardness is determined by a measure of bicarbonates [2(HCO3)].The hardness that bicarbonate ions contribute is temporary because it is ...
3
votes
2answers
256 views

Water Volume on Palmer's Spreadsheet

Anyone have any experience with Palmer's Spreadsheet? The way it was described to me and the way I read and understand it now states that for the water volume in Step 4 you just put the amount of ...
3
votes
2answers
39 views

Parts per million

How do you calculate parts per million (or billion) from grams and volume? I ask this in relation to figureing out how to translate water report information into the recommended ranges of certain ...
3
votes
1answer
231 views

Will Bacterial Iron affect my beer?

I recently moved to a house on a well and not too long after discovered our entire area has a bacterial iron problem. We have the standard water softener and it does a fairly good job of cutting down ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Home Brewing with Soft Water

What are the implications, if any, of brewing beer with water treated by a water softener? I've read lots of conflicting information and am looking for something more scientific and definitive.
2
votes
1answer
766 views

My bottles are Conditioning underwater. Why are there bubbles on the caps on day 2 but not day 0 through 1?

On Sunday (day 0) I bottled beer for the first time (with my first batch). I asked my brother how I could determine whether or not I successfully locked the caps onto the bottles to make them air-...
2
votes
2answers
303 views

How much Chloride in PPM is too much for All Grain?

I passed my water through those cheap water filters and sent it to Ward Industries for a water test. It came back with 61 PPM of chloride. In the 3rd edition of the Joy of Homebrewing, Charlie ...
2
votes
3answers
346 views

What is the most important parameter to measure in water

I live in a region where the water is very hard, so I am considering spending a little more on bottled water to have more of a choice. Supposing that one can choose the water to use, but he doesn't ...
2
votes
2answers
249 views

Does a Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) reading of 0 imply that my water has 0 ppm for the various minerals?

I installed a nice water filtration system with cataylic carbon, reverse osmosis, and deionization. I bought a $15 TDS reader from amazon. My unfiltered tap water has TDS of 398 ppm, and my filtered ...
2
votes
3answers
399 views

Using Campden in water

I am using campden in water to remove chlorine and chloramine. I have heard that it may inhibit the yeast. Should I leave it any length of time after use in order to minimise yeast inhibition?
2
votes
1answer
217 views

Salty Starter. From Gypsum?

I'm using gypsum for the first time in an IPA I'm brewing in few days. I made a starter today and thought.... since it's a hopped started, why not add a pinch of gypsum. I used PDME and yeast nutrient ...