H2O - dihydrogen oxide, hydrogen hydroxide. Comprises over 90% of most beers. Termed "liquor" when used in the brewing process.

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How to efficiently use active carbon?

I have recently become interested in building my own home-brew water filtration unit; during my online research on the subject, I came across active carbon (aka activated charcoal). It seems like it ...
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71 views

My airlock keeps becoming empty on one side, is that normal?

This is my first time brewing and I only started yesterday, so I'm still very much a novice. I have a bubbler airlock on my 33 litre fermenting bucket, like the one in this image: I filled it up ...
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604 views

Can carbonate reducing solution lead to off flavours?

I live in an area with very high alkalinity ~ 320 mg / l CaCO3. I am planing on using Carbonate Reducing Solution CRS to bring the alkality down to acceptable levels for pale ales. To lower the ...
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211 views

Water mineral additions, losses to mash, and evaporation in the kettle. I.e., does water lost to the mash result in a proportionate loss of ions?

Rephrasing my question: I see three separate ways of calculating the final ppm of various minerals in the end product. Say I begin with 9 gallons of DH20. After the mash, I lost 1.5 gallons and end ...
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850 views

Will a wheat beer taste watery before carbonation?

I'm not an expert brewer, but I've made 5-6 batches over the past 18 months. Process-wise, I feel like I know what I'm doing, but I am still learning different styles of beer. For summer, I decided ...
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84 views

Was my mash pH okay? Should I be adjusting it?

I am still new to brewing: First attempt with Christmas gifts used a refill kit that turned out to be partial - resulted in stout that tasted fine but is very weak. Second attempt is due to be bottled ...
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270 views

Should the Munich Water Profile be used for Bavarian Hefeweizens?

I'm having trouble searching for the correct water profile to be used for a Bavarian hefeweizen. In the book Designing Great Beers by Ray Daniels, Munich -- or more properly, Bavaria -- ... has ...
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1answer
1k views

Why does my beer have a separate water aftertaste?

I'm new to the world of homebrewing, having completed 2 batches. Both batches have been 'recipe in a box' kind of beers from Brewer's Best. The first was an Imperial Nut Brown Ale, and the second was ...
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3answers
388 views

What water profile should be used for a Maibock?

I have been using Martin Brungard's Bru'n Water spreadsheet to build up my water profiles from distilled water. This has worked very well for the dozen or so ales I've made. This weekend, I'll be ...
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1answer
458 views

Calculating boil volume in partial boil?

I'm an AG brewer but I haven't done an extract batch in years (or an AG one in over a year) and want to do an extract IPA this week. Looking at the various software and calculators, they don't seem to ...
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47 views

anyone know where good tutorials are for starting to brew lager

I am currently brewing my own beer and its going good. For my next batch I want to make something like a Coors Light or even something that tastes like Fosters or Carlsberg. If anyone could help it ...
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83 views

How can I test the PPM of different minerals in my Water?

As a follow up question to this, I'm interesting in testing every batch of tap water for the PPM of various minerals (calcium, magnesium, sodium, chloride, sulfate, etc). Are these test strips ...
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762 views

What's the amount of psi a 5 gallon water bottle can hold?

What's the amount of psi a 5 gallon water bottle can hold? My 5 gallon is filled with beer and a compressor is used to maintain a pressure. I do not want my bottle explodes! I use a 5 gallon of water ...
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1answer
57 views

Would radon in the water supply affect the brew?

I am looking at a place to buy and start a nano-brewery; it has a radon mitigation system. Are there any effects from radon mitigation on the water quality? How will it affect the beer taste and ...
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101 views

Water For Robust Porter

I've been chatting with my local city water tech. Based on what she sent me, the numbers work out as... pH- 7.5 Ca- 20.1 Mg- 12.6 K- 1 Chloride- 5.4 SO4- 11.5 Hardness (CaCO3)- 103 ...
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1answer
84 views

Water to dilute wort

If I use 3 gals of tap water for the wort. Can I use 2 gl of tap water to make up the 5 I need for fermenting? Lancaster home brewing say any good tasting tap water is OK, but does it need to be ...
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1answer
107 views

5 Gallon Metal Can

I'm looking for a 5 gallon metal can (aluminum, galvanized, etc) to store drinking water. Old milk cans will be just fine. Is there a store which sells these kind of things? I live in Irvine.
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Softening Hard Water

I have city water at my house which our Regional Water Authority states has a Hardness of 112.10 mg/l. I would like to get this down by 62 points, but not sure what the best way to do this without ...
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2answers
515 views

Adding Burton Water Salts to Partial Mash

I'm going to attempt an partial mash ESB. I will use distilled water and add burton salts. I know I need to add the salts to my mash water, but I've read if you are doing extract you just add it to ...
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148 views

What bottled water?

I am going to use bottled water so I do not have to worry about the tap one beeing not too clear (Here I can find some at 0.20-0.30 $ a liter). Since bottled water has information on minerals in the ...
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61 views

What are essential minerals to added to water which is filtered through Reverse Osmosis, when to be added whether after or before Ozonisation

sir I want information with reference to the subject cited above What are the essential minerals to be added to water after purification and Reverse osmosis When the minerals to be added -after or ...