H2O - dihydrogen oxide, hydrogen hydroxide. Comprises over 90% of most beers. Termed "liquor" when used in the brewing process.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
34 views

How much Chloride in PPM is too much for All Grain?

I passed my water through those cheap water filters and sent it to Ward Industries for a water test. It came back with 61 PPM of chloride. In the 3rd edition of the Joy of Homebrewing, Charlie ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Water to dilute wort

If I use 3 gals of tap water for the wort. Can I use 2 gl of tap water to make up the 5 I need for fermenting? Lancaster home brewing say any good tasting tap water is OK, but does it need to be ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

anyone know where good tutorials are for starting to brew lager

I am currently brewing my own beer and its going good. For my next batch I want to make something like a Coors Light or even something that tastes like Fosters or Carlsberg. If anyone could help it ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

5 Gallon Metal Can

I'm looking for a 5 gallon metal can (aluminum, galvanized, etc) to store drinking water. Old milk cans will be just fine. Is there a store which sells these kind of things? I live in Irvine.
3
votes
3answers
176 views

Should I add water to an already fermenting batch?

I just moved my (first) batch to my secondary fermenter. While doing so it became apparent that I did not top off to five gallons like I thought and instead it seems closer to four gallons. I now have ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

How can I test the PPM of different minerals in my Water?

As a follow up question to this, I'm interesting in testing every batch of tap water for the PPM of various minerals (calcium, magnesium, sodium, chloride, sulfate, etc). Are these test strips ...
1
vote
3answers
85 views

How do water filters effect the minerals in water?

In the particular section of the city I live in, the tap water has a poor taste. I use a Pur brand water filter which improves the taste significantly (although it is still poor relative to bottled ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Adding gypsum after fermentation

I have found resources that both advocate and highly advise against this practice. We recently brewed a IIPA (Bear Flavored's Heady Topper clone) that has 3lbs of hops, plus hop extract in 14 ...
0
votes
3answers
135 views

Softening Hard Water

I have city water at my house which our Regional Water Authority states has a Hardness of 112.10 mg/l. I would like to get this down by 62 points, but not sure what the best way to do this without ...
-1
votes
1answer
55 views

What are essential minerals to added to water which is filtered through Reverse Osmosis, when to be added whether after or before Ozonisation

sir I want information with reference to the subject cited above What are the essential minerals to be added to water after purification and Reverse osmosis When the minerals to be added -after or ...
4
votes
2answers
139 views

Storing water after chloramine removal

I have checked my local water authority and my tap water is chloraminated: The average chlorine concentration for this Public Water Supply Zone from January 2013 to December 2013 was 0.07 ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

What is the EZ Water Calculator for? [duplicate]

has anyone used the EZ Water calculator? I'm new at this and have been reading a lot but don't quite understand the purpose of such spreadsheet... Could you provide a little more info? Thanks!
4
votes
2answers
115 views

Could someone provide info. about brewing salts?

I have been reading a lot about home brewing. I'm planning actually to build an electronic 5 gallon brewery. Could anyone provide a short explanation when (mashing, boiling ?!), why and how much to ...
4
votes
3answers
304 views

How long do you boil liquid to be used in a beer?

I believe this is perhaps only one question, but there are a few different situations, namely to make a water/DME mixture for a starter, how long? to prime with a sugar water mixture, how long? to ...
3
votes
2answers
381 views

Should I worry about mash PH when brewing with RO water?

I always use RO water to brew. I have never checked mash PH but have become concerned since my brews have come out darker than predicted by BrewSmith. I thought (I read in How to Brew by Palmer) ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Wort Color and pH strips

Does a dark and roasty wort effect the ability to read the color change strips. I am not talking about how dark grains effect pH, I get that. I simply mean the color of stout wort vs. pilsner wort. ...
2
votes
3answers
151 views

Using Campden in water

I am using campden in water to remove chlorine and chloramine. I have heard that it may inhibit the yeast. Should I leave it any length of time after use in order to minimise yeast inhibition?
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Would radon in the water supply affect the brew?

I am looking at a place to buy and start a nano-brewery; it has a radon mitigation system. Are there any effects from radon mitigation on the water quality? How will it affect the beer taste and ...
3
votes
1answer
165 views

Will Bacterial Iron affect my beer?

I recently moved to a house on a well and not too long after discovered our entire area has a bacterial iron problem. We have the standard water softener and it does a fairly good job of cutting down ...
0
votes
2answers
369 views

Adding Burton Water Salts to Partial Mash

I'm going to attempt an partial mash ESB. I will use distilled water and add burton salts. I know I need to add the salts to my mash water, but I've read if you are doing extract you just add it to ...
1
vote
3answers
598 views

Adding boiling water to raise temperature during fermentation

Beer was getting cold so in a desperate attempt to raise the temperature I put near boiling water into the container. So 450ml into 23litres of beer. The beer had only been brewing for 4 days. Will ...
0
votes
1answer
519 views

What's the amount of psi a 5 gallon water bottle can hold?

What's the amount of psi a 5 gallon water bottle can hold? My 5 gallon is filled with beer and a compressor is used to maintain a pressure. I do not want my bottle explodes! I use a 5 gallon of water ...
1
vote
1answer
723 views

Why does my beer have a separate water aftertaste?

I'm new to the world of homebrewing, having completed 2 batches. Both batches have been 'recipe in a box' kind of beers from Brewer's Best. The first was an Imperial Nut Brown Ale, and the second was ...
1
vote
2answers
681 views

Will a wheat beer taste watery before carbonation?

I'm not an expert brewer, but I've made 5-6 batches over the past 18 months. Process-wise, I feel like I know what I'm doing, but I am still learning different styles of beer. For summer, I decided ...
1
vote
1answer
561 views

My bottles are Conditioning underwater. Why are there bubbles on the caps on day 2 but not day 0 through 1?

On Sunday (day 0) I bottled beer for the first time (with my first batch). I asked my brother how I could determine whether or not I successfully locked the caps onto the bottles to make them ...
1
vote
3answers
274 views

What is the most important parameter to measure in water

I live in a region where the water is very hard, so I am considering spending a little more on bottled water to have more of a choice. Supposing that one can choose the water to use, but he doesn't ...
2
votes
2answers
417 views

My first Porter. Should I add any calcium chloride chalk to my bottled water before mashing?

Hey brand new here on SE, but have been brewing all grain for about 5 batches now, mostly pale and amber ales. Going to brew my first Porter tonight, following Biermuncher's Black Pearl Porter recipe. ...
3
votes
3answers
478 views

Preparing water for brew day

I'd just like to get some opinions on the most efficient way to prepare the water for my brew day. I'm pretty new to brewing and still using extract with a few specialty grains. I've read it's good ...
0
votes
1answer
139 views

What bottled water?

I am going to use bottled water so I do not have to worry about the tap one beeing not too clear (Here I can find some at 0.20-0.30 $ a liter). Since bottled water has information on minerals in the ...
3
votes
2answers
213 views

Water Volume on Palmer's Spreadsheet

Anyone have any experience with Palmer's Spreadsheet? The way it was described to me and the way I read and understand it now states that for the water volume in Step 4 you just put the amount of ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Bringing mash pH down without changing mineral profile too far

I checked the pH in my mash at the end of my mash yesterday and it was 6.6 (using a calibrated electronic meter). I'm trying to work out how to get that down into a more normal range without adding ...
1
vote
4answers
498 views

Can carbonate reducing solution lead to off flavours?

I live in an area with very high alkalinity ~ 320 mg / l CaCO3. I am planing on using Carbonate Reducing Solution CRS to bring the alkality down to acceptable levels for pale ales. To lower the ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

Salty Starter. From Gypsum?

I'm using gypsum for the first time in an IPA I'm brewing in few days. I made a starter today and thought.... since it's a hopped started, why not add a pinch of gypsum. I used PDME and yeast nutrient ...
1
vote
3answers
295 views

What water profile should be used for a Maibock?

I have been using Martin Brungard's Bru'n Water spreadsheet to build up my water profiles from distilled water. This has worked very well for the dozen or so ales I've made. This weekend, I'll be ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

5 gallon recipe calls for 3 gallon wort, rest added. Can I use all 5 to make wort?

Relatively new brewer here. I have a recipe that says to boil three gallons of the water in a five gallon pot (to create the wort). And then later to add in the remaining water. I bought an eight ...
3
votes
2answers
301 views

tap water with chloramine

I made a homebrew today using tap water, and to my horror I realized I forgot to add the campden tablets to neutralize the chloramine. About 5 years back I made the same stupid mistake, and ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Home Brewing with Soft Water

What are the implications, if any, of brewing beer with water treated by a water softener? I've read lots of conflicting information and am looking for something more scientific and definitive.
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What Calcium ppm is required in the mash for alpha-amylase stability and mash efficiency?

I recently moved and my water here is quite soft with a very low pH. As such, I've taken to adding many of my brewing salts in the brew kettle and only using salts in the mash to balance the pH. ...
1
vote
1answer
375 views

Calculating boil volume in partial boil?

I'm an AG brewer but I haven't done an extract batch in years (or an AG one in over a year) and want to do an extract IPA this week. Looking at the various software and calculators, they don't seem to ...
5
votes
1answer
357 views

Best Methods for removing chloramine

I have been looking into this for sometime, and I can't seem to find any definitive answers. So far I'm pretty convinced that I won't find a reasonable home filter that will eliminate chloramine. My ...
8
votes
3answers
262 views

How to improve efficiency of water usage..?

I have just put another beer in the fermentor and I seem to use huge amounts of water during the whole brewing process. I don't have an exact estimate of my water use, but taking into account the ...
2
votes
2answers
311 views

Can I rescue a batch that may not have had enough water at its start?

I have a high-gravity belgian ale, which after 3 weeks of fermentation is holding at 1.058--very, very sweet to the taste. Its first few days of fermentation were very active, and I fear I may not ...
3
votes
3answers
382 views

Any special considerations (besides taste) when brewing with mineral water?

I understand that a good rule of thumb for brewing water is that if it tastes good it's good to use for brewing. Most of these nine springs that i've tried are way too mineraly to my taste but "7 ...
5
votes
2answers
181 views

Water quality and its contribution to off-flavors

I have a copy of my city water quality report in hand and, with no particular reason other to than to understand how water quality can affect the taste of beer, would like to know where I can find ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Effects on homebrew from Fluoride in tap water

I live in a city that puts fluoride in the drinking water. I am in the habit of boiling all water before storing it (and allowing it to cool) for brew day. Will fluoride effect the brew in any way? ...
6
votes
9answers
6k views

Types of bottles I can use for beer

Can I use my old water bottles to bottle my beer? Like Dasani or Aquafina type water bottles.
5
votes
5answers
9k views

How can I put minerals back into distilled or reverse osmosis water?

The tap water where I live is filled with chlorine, flouride, some pretty bad elements such as arsenic, chromium, barium, etc. So I would like to purify my water with either reverse osmosis or ...
5
votes
4answers
773 views

Can I top off my batch at bottling time with water?

I noticed my batch in the secondary looks short of 5 gallons, can I top it off with water when I bottle?
5
votes
3answers
1k views

pH Meters and measuring mash pH for the first time

So I've been doing all grain for quite some time now, but I've always "winged it" in regards to my water chemistry. I've been using a mix of Reverse Osmosis and Spring water, which gives good results ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

How to efficiently use active carbon?

I have recently become interested in building my own home-brew water filtration unit; during my online research on the subject, I came across active carbon (aka activated charcoal). It seems like it ...