Refers to both the phase of fermentation after primary fermentation, and a continuation of fermentation in another vessel.

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Oatmeal Stout, steeped grains 45 min, extract recipe: Should leave in Prim longer than usual before move to Sec?

Q1: Wondering if since I steeped recipe 4 lbs of various grains to 45 min vs recipe "recommended" 20 min...should I or do I leave in primary carboy for 2 to 3 weeks vs recipe "recommended" 1 week? or ...
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3k views

What is the minimum time required to have drinkable beer?

From reading What is the secondary fermentation debate? and If/When to move to secondary fermentation it appears that beer can be considered ready to consume (assuming force carbonation or a love of ...
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211 views

Should we primary ferment in carboys prior to transfer into an oak barrel for a solera?

We are about to undergo a 55 gallon brew as a club, to be added to an oak barrel to be a solera. Is autolysis enough of a concern to primary ferment in glass and rack into the barrel? As a ...
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495 views

How to treat Brettanomyces for secondary fermentation?

I'm wanting to add some Brettanomyces lambicus to an old ale after it has been moved to a secondary fermentor (it should be in the 7-8% ABV range at this point, and the primary yeast will be Wyeast ...
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114 views

Saison fermentation stuck around 1.035

We are brewing a Saison-style, all-grain beer. We had a multi-stage, multi-temperature mash process requiring us to get the mash to a set temp then hold it for a period then increase the heat and ...
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56 views

Xmas Brew Ingredients

I'm making an Xmas brew. So far so good with the primary fermentation (this is my 4th beer so no worries there). It's an ale brewed with 2.5 lbs of grains and dry malt extract (only 8 AAU hops). I've ...
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126 views

Effects of sugar before bottling

I've just finished my second batch of beer and am about to bottle it. I'm already happy with both ABV and how it tastes. Carbonation's not a big deal to me and it's already a tiny bit fizzy anyway, so ...
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112 views

Does cider in oak barrel need airlock during secondary fermentation, for the gas to escape?

I have 200 litres of cider which was racked yesterday into 2 x 100 litre oak barrels. Before racking, the cider was still fermenting at a rate of about one bubble (through the airlock) per two ...
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103 views

adding hops during second fermentation

I am just a beginner, only having my first batch currently in primary fermentation. Reading the directions that came with my kit it tells me in one step to do a second fermentation for 2 to 4 weeks. ...
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622 views

Does keg secondary fermentation temperature matter?

I'm considering investing in a keg, fridge, etc. I live in a warm climate and currently do secondary fermentation in the bottles in the heat. I've read that people have chest freezers to store kegs. ...
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340 views

Adding strawberries to half of a batch - too much oxidation in carboy?

I am currently fermenting a blonde ale, and I was thinking of adding strawberries after primary fermentation. However I don't want a full batch of stawberry ale, so I plan to rack only half of the 5 ...
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Is secondary fermentation advisable for Belgium witbier?

I've had my beer (Belgium witbier) in primary fermentation for about a week. I'd like to rack to secondary, then keep it in secondary for 3 weeks. Advisable? I could keep it in primary for another ...
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4k views

Does adding extra sugar to dark ales (e.g. stouts) better their flavour?

I've heard anecdotal accounts of people adding extra sugar (more than the recommended amounts) to their secondary fermentation when brewing dark ales such as stouts and porters. Apparently this can be ...
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2k views

Adding yeast to secondary

Okay, I am making a strong (imperial-ish) red ale. My original gravity was 1.081. I intended to bring it to a final point at most of 1.020, or if I can even lower. I was using 2 packs of WLP004 ...
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3answers
61 views

Bitter still flat after 2 weeks of bottle conditioning

I made a coopers english bitter kit but let it ferment for 3 weeks in the FV and then bottled it. Its been in the bottle 2 weeks at 20 degrees C yet still feels flat. When I poured it there were a lot ...
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138 views

Is it Bottling Time?

My bitter has been fermenting for 9 days now and I think it's time to bottle? Temp is fine and gravity is 1.006 for 3 days running,just in the bottling mark. No activity now, just a small amount of ...
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56 views

did I rack to secondary fermentation too early?

my first home brew, be gentle. golden malt, Rye malt ale started at 1.052, and I just racked it @ 1.022 and dry hopped it per the recipe. did I rack to secondary fermentation too early?
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361 views

Airlock started bubbling after racking into secondary and dryhopping, why?

I racked my IPA into a sanitized carboy onto the hops I'm using for dry hopping, the airlock had been still for about 2 day before the racking. But now its in the secondary the airlock started up ...
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1answer
588 views

using a 6 gallon carboy as a secondary when brewing 5 gallons of beer

I have a 5 gallon glass carboy that I use for a secondary when making 5 gallon batches. I would love to get two batches of beer going at a time and I have a 6 gallon carboy that I've used for wine. ...
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398 views

1 Gallon Secondary

I am attempting to add fruit to my 1 gallon brew: Bavarian Hefewaizen + Raspberries. My research said to use 1 pound of fruit per gallon of beer and to add it after a few days of fermentation. I ...
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2answers
2k views

Murky beer, no bubbles in airlock?

we are fairly new to brewing and are attempting to make a Raspberry Tart Ale (based on a wheat DME). The beer has been in the carboy for 8 days now and is very, very murky and there aren't any bubbles ...
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112 views

How likely to get off flavors from American Ale transferring to secondary?

I transferred my American Ale from primary to secondary after 10/11 days. I guess fermentation is pretty much complete. I might be going away for 3 weeks and so I didnt want the beer sitting in the ...
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49 views

Second Fermentation In Water Bath

The room I use for fermenting is rather cold currently at around 8 degrees C, I had the idea to use a aquarium heater in a box of water to keep the temp around my bottles around 18 degrees, my ...
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196 views

Why is it common practice to rack off primary for secondary re-fermentation?

Why is it recommended to perform a secondary fermentation (an actual "sugars were added to cause a second fermentation" secondary fermentation) in a secondary vessel, as opposed to fermenting the beer ...
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385 views

Unsticking a secondary fermentation

Brewing a Russian Imperial (E+G version of Austin Homebrew Supply's Jester King "Black Metal" clone) stout that seems to have stalled after transferring to secondary. I've corrected the most usual ...
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431 views

Dry hopping at the end of fermentation?

First of all I know being impatient is not the way to approach brewing, but I would like to sneak my last batch (as well as the ones I had planned) into a PRO-AM comp in two weeks. I have an session ...
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1k views

Secondary Fermentation, Yeast still active?

A little background on the brew: For my latest batch, I followed this recipe from hopville. I made a few alterations: I used a different strain of wyeast (London Ale III), I also used oak chips ...
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139 views

Quick fermentaion, what should i do?

I made a batch of cider 6 days ago, and it started fermenting nicely, however now the bubbles in the air lock have slowed to nearly 1/min (according to my recipe means it's fermented) However this is ...
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39 views

Secondary Temperature

I'm considering racking my brew to a secondary FV once fermentation is complete to allow the yeasts to clean up the beer but I'm not sure if I need to maintain the same heat as I did in the primary? ...
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66 views

No pressure in secondary

I have a problem with an ale kit I've brewed and kegged. I have done primary with a s04 yeast and its been in secondary for about 5 days and I've checked it this morning and its not built up pressure. ...
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1answer
312 views

What's the best technique to add chamomile?

I've made a Witbier with tangerine peel and coriander. Though Randy Mosher's Radical Brewing suggests chamomile as a good "secret ingredient" for Witbiers, I didn't have any on hand when brewing, so i ...
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740 views

Can I use a 5 gallon carboy for a 3 gallon batch of wine?

I have a 3 gallon wine kit about ready to go from primary in a plastic bucket to secondary in a carboy. This is a port style, so I think I should be getting more fermentation action once I'm in the ...
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333 views

How can I filter out excess cream (trub) before bottling?

I'm making a cream ale and just moved it into a new carboy for secondary fermentation. While siphoning it over, I noticed that there's a lot of solid creamy substance still in the beer. Maybe I did ...
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155 views

Secondary fermentation not working, is my diagnosis correct?

Three weeks ago I racked and bottled some perry. Before bottling, I filtered it through a kitchen cloth. I added a teaspoon of sugar per bottle. With the exact same approach, I got a rather foamy ...
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851 views

Is secondary fermentation necessary for a double IPA?

And how important is dry hopping for added flavor?
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58 views

Conditioning kegged carbonated beer

Is there any difference in conditioning beer in a force carbonated keg vs a secondary? This is under the assumption that both the keg and secondary hold ales and are sitting at about room ...
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788 views

Cold Crashing in the bottle?

Is it possible or advantageous to cold crash after bottling? I am aftaid if I cold crash for 2-3 weeks before I bottle that all the yeast will settle out and I wont have any to provide carbonation ...
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1k views

Underprimed Pressure Barrel (Didn't add enough sugar at start of secondary fermentation)

Whilst following my first batch of home brew instructions, rather than using a Priming Calculator we added the amount recommended for bottling (1/2 teaspoon per pint). It's been in the pressure barrel ...
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1answer
343 views

Options to improve clarity and reduce sediment in a barrel conditioned lager

My home-brew lager that I start secondary fermentation (in May) still hasn't settled, we have had spells of warm weather, and my beer still isn't clear... it has been further delayed as I had to vent ...
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35 views

Why has Brettanomyces in secondary formed pellicle but no attenuation after 6 weeks?

My first beer with Brettanomyces. I have brewed an Orval-like beer, OG 1.062, primary yeast WLP510 Bastogne Ale, and WLP650 Brettanomyces Bruxellensis as secondary yeast, pitched after 2 weeks in ...
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294 views

Bottling from secondary (keg). Wait two weeks and prime or now?

I'm brewing my 1st kit which my gf got from a local hardware store (ironically there's a home brew store not 5 mins away sigh) but wasn't a cheap one. ...
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186 views

black lager and diacetyl rest

I am doing a black lager and was wanting to do a rest. I read the instructions wrong and placed it in the secondary. Is it too late to do the rest? Is the new added oxygen going to actually make it ...
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267 views

Change the temperature from fermentation to aging?

I used to allow for primary fermentation, then rack the beer out of the primary fermentor and than let it 'age' in secondary for about 2 weeks. At that point I used to move the beer from room temp ...