Refers to both the phase of fermentation after primary fermentation, and a continuation of fermentation in another vessel.

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Does cider in oak barrel need airlock during secondary fermentation, for the gas to escape?

I have 200 litres of cider which was racked yesterday into 2 x 100 litre oak barrels. Before racking, the cider was still fermenting at a rate of about one bubble (through the airlock) per two minutes....
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125 views

Secondary additions to a Barleywine

I'm brewing a Barleywine soon and wanted to add something to the secondary to make it interesting. I was thinking of doing some bourbon soaked oak cubes, but was also thinking some fruit would be ...
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720 views

Do I need to rack to a new vessel for a secondary (fruit) fermentation

Planning on adding 5 lbs of frozen, thawed cranberries to a saison. Can I just dump them (gently) into the primary? I was planning on some sort of tertiary/bright vessel afterward for clearing it up ...
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5answers
3k views

Is secondary fermentation advisable for Belgium witbier?

I've had my beer (Belgium witbier) in primary fermentation for about a week. I'd like to rack to secondary, then keep it in secondary for 3 weeks. Advisable? I could keep it in primary for another ...
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67 views

Watermelon Wheat Beer - Bitter Taste

After a week of primary fermentation, I tried adding about 8 pounds of watermelon puree to my secondary fermenter and took a gravity and taste test 10 days later. The beer still tastes very tart/...
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733 views

Why (if) should I do secondary fermentation? [duplicate]

I like to kees things simple, and I do not like to clean stuff, so adding secondary fermentation is something that bores me... Should I do it instead? What are the advantages and resons of doing it?
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351 views

Airlocks and long term unsupervised fermentation

I would like to start leaving beer and mead in secondary at a location that I may not be able to get to on a regular basis (sometimes not for several weeks) and have a few questions for anyone who ...
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4answers
66 views

Secondary fermentation in a plastic bag - is this safe?

When performing a secondary fermentation, it's recommended to use a glass carboy rather than a plastic bucket, with one of the main reasons being that it reduces head space so that less oxygen is ...
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181 views

Good Way to Stuff Dry Hops into Dry Hop Bag

I'm new to brewing and I recently transferred some brew from secondary that had dry hopping into a corney keg. I think everything went fine, but I really had a hard time stuffing the dry hops into ...
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4k views

Premature Kegging - leave batch in keg or rack to carboy?

I kegged a batch of hefeweizen on Sunday morning and force carbonated. My all-grain recipe was a combination of several that I found online, but largely an original creation. The plan was to leave the ...
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2answers
747 views

Hard lemonade secondary fermentation

I successfully fermented a must of lemonade, dextrose and honey with EC 1118. It is good but very dry. I racked it into a secondary and added more lemonade concentrate for sweetness. My problem is I ...
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3answers
105 views

Bourbon soaked oak cubes

I have made a ten tidy clone using the 1st runnings method. Which left me with 3 gallons after boil. I transferred from the primary to secondary and I am currently ready to add the bourbon soaked ...
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452 views

When should I secondary this beer

I have an Oktoberfest beer in Primary right now based on a kit from my LHBS. It's an average ABV ~5.5 and is fermented on California Lager Yeast and I'm controlling fermentation at ~62F. Will this ...
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46 views

How much free (ie, fermentable) suger is contained in canned fruit puree and how does this affect gravity?

Going to add one can (49oz) of Vintners Harvest Peach Puree to secondary and curious if/how much this will raise gravity. The nutritional label states the can contains 190 grams of sugar, but not ...
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84 views

Oatmeal Stout, steeped grains 45 min, extract recipe: Should leave in Prim longer than usual before move to Sec?

Q1: Wondering if since I steeped recipe 4 lbs of various grains to 45 min vs recipe "recommended" 20 min...should I or do I leave in primary carboy for 2 to 3 weeks vs recipe "recommended" 1 week? or ...
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1answer
221 views

Why is it common practice to rack off primary for secondary re-fermentation?

Why is it recommended to perform a secondary fermentation (an actual "sugars were added to cause a second fermentation" secondary fermentation) in a secondary vessel, as opposed to fermenting the beer ...
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2answers
230 views

Should we primary ferment in carboys prior to transfer into an oak barrel for a solera?

We are about to undergo a 55 gallon brew as a club, to be added to an oak barrel to be a solera. Is autolysis enough of a concern to primary ferment in glass and rack into the barrel? As a ...
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2answers
527 views

How to treat Brettanomyces for secondary fermentation?

I'm wanting to add some Brettanomyces lambicus to an old ale after it has been moved to a secondary fermentor (it should be in the 7-8% ABV range at this point, and the primary yeast will be Wyeast ...
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4answers
111 views

Carboy versus 2nd Bucket

What are the benefits in using a carboy for a secondary, rather than just using another 5 gallon bucket? I'm just curious because carboys are a pain in the behind to clean properly, and other than ...
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2answers
275 views

Saison fermentation stuck around 1.035

We are brewing a Saison-style, all-grain beer. We had a multi-stage, multi-temperature mash process requiring us to get the mash to a set temp then hold it for a period then increase the heat and ...
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1answer
82 views

Xmas Brew Ingredients

I'm making an Xmas brew. So far so good with the primary fermentation (this is my 4th beer so no worries there). It's an ale brewed with 2.5 lbs of grains and dry malt extract (only 8 AAU hops). I've ...
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1answer
137 views

Effects of sugar before bottling

I've just finished my second batch of beer and am about to bottle it. I'm already happy with both ABV and how it tastes. Carbonation's not a big deal to me and it's already a tiny bit fizzy anyway, so ...
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1answer
22 views

Can I rack to and clear my wine in a lidded plastic bucket without a stopper?

I'm making a Chardonnay wine kit for the first time ever, so bear with me here. The instructions say to rack the wine from the primary fermenter (which they suggested be a food safe HDPE plastic ...
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1answer
63 views

Color change in Secondary

Brewing a Pale Ale, the golden color in the Primary went into the Secondary and in 24 hours it turned completely black. I keep the carboys covered from light and stored at 68 to 72 degrees. The ...
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2answers
63 views

Effect of adding bacteria when racking to secondary

I recently brewed a Flanders red ale and it is nearing the end of primary fermentation. I'm planning to rack it to a carboy and leave it for up to about a year. While doing research on the style, I ...
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129 views

adding hops during second fermentation

I am just a beginner, only having my first batch currently in primary fermentation. Reading the directions that came with my kit it tells me in one step to do a second fermentation for 2 to 4 weeks. ...
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705 views

Does keg secondary fermentation temperature matter?

I'm considering investing in a keg, fridge, etc. I live in a warm climate and currently do secondary fermentation in the bottles in the heat. I've read that people have chest freezers to store kegs. ...
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2answers
365 views

Adding strawberries to half of a batch - too much oxidation in carboy?

I am currently fermenting a blonde ale, and I was thinking of adding strawberries after primary fermentation. However I don't want a full batch of stawberry ale, so I plan to rack only half of the 5 ...
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3answers
155 views

Experimenting with primary-only and primary-secondary fermentation

We have a batch of beer that has been in primary for about a week and we are getting ready to rack to a secondary fermenter. We want to experiment with the difference between doing primary only and ...
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4answers
274 views

Bitter still flat after 2 weeks of bottle conditioning

I made a coopers english bitter kit but let it ferment for 3 weeks in the FV and then bottled it. Its been in the bottle 2 weeks at 20 degrees C yet still feels flat. When I poured it there were a lot ...
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2answers
5k views

Does adding extra sugar to dark ales (e.g. stouts) better their flavour?

I've heard anecdotal accounts of people adding extra sugar (more than the recommended amounts) to their secondary fermentation when brewing dark ales such as stouts and porters. Apparently this can be ...
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4k views

Adding yeast to secondary

Okay, I am making a strong (imperial-ish) red ale. My original gravity was 1.081. I intended to bring it to a final point at most of 1.020, or if I can even lower. I was using 2 packs of WLP004 (...
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166 views

Is it Bottling Time?

My bitter has been fermenting for 9 days now and I think it's time to bottle? Temp is fine and gravity is 1.006 for 3 days running,just in the bottling mark. No activity now, just a small amount of ...
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103 views

did I rack to secondary fermentation too early?

my first home brew, be gentle. golden malt, Rye malt ale started at 1.052, and I just racked it @ 1.022 and dry hopped it per the recipe. did I rack to secondary fermentation too early?
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600 views

Airlock started bubbling after racking into secondary and dryhopping, why?

I racked my IPA into a sanitized carboy onto the hops I'm using for dry hopping, the airlock had been still for about 2 day before the racking. But now its in the secondary the airlock started up ...
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1answer
761 views

using a 6 gallon carboy as a secondary when brewing 5 gallons of beer

I have a 5 gallon glass carboy that I use for a secondary when making 5 gallon batches. I would love to get two batches of beer going at a time and I have a 6 gallon carboy that I've used for wine. ...
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584 views

1 Gallon Secondary

I am attempting to add fruit to my 1 gallon brew: Bavarian Hefewaizen + Raspberries. My research said to use 1 pound of fruit per gallon of beer and to add it after a few days of fermentation. I ...
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2answers
2k views

Murky beer, no bubbles in airlock?

we are fairly new to brewing and are attempting to make a Raspberry Tart Ale (based on a wheat DME). The beer has been in the carboy for 8 days now and is very, very murky and there aren't any bubbles ...
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117 views

How likely to get off flavors from American Ale transferring to secondary?

I transferred my American Ale from primary to secondary after 10/11 days. I guess fermentation is pretty much complete. I might be going away for 3 weeks and so I didnt want the beer sitting in the ...
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54 views

Vigorous secondary fermentation after fruit addition

I've racked my beer to a secondary fermentor and added about two liters of watermelon juice. I placed the airlock on as I always do during secondary fermentation but the fruit sugar is causing a ...
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1answer
184 views

Is it Better to leave beer in secondary longer or bottle?

first question asked in homebrew.stackexchange. I've got a pumpkin ale that I've just moved from primary to secondary (after 7 weeks). The original plan was to have it 7/7/7 (7 weeks in primary, 7 ...
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75 views

Second Fermentation In Water Bath

The room I use for fermenting is rather cold currently at around 8 degrees C, I had the idea to use a aquarium heater in a box of water to keep the temp around my bottles around 18 degrees, my ...
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662 views

Unsticking a secondary fermentation

Brewing a Russian Imperial (E+G version of Austin Homebrew Supply's Jester King "Black Metal" clone) stout that seems to have stalled after transferring to secondary. I've corrected the most usual ...
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604 views

Dry hopping at the end of fermentation?

First of all I know being impatient is not the way to approach brewing, but I would like to sneak my last batch (as well as the ones I had planned) into a PRO-AM comp in two weeks. I have an session ...
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2answers
1k views

Secondary Fermentation, Yeast still active?

A little background on the brew: For my latest batch, I followed this recipe from hopville. I made a few alterations: I used a different strain of wyeast (London Ale III), I also used oak chips ...
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145 views

Quick fermentaion, what should i do?

I made a batch of cider 6 days ago, and it started fermenting nicely, however now the bubbles in the air lock have slowed to nearly 1/min (according to my recipe means it's fermented) However this is ...
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51 views

Secondary Temperature

I'm considering racking my brew to a secondary FV once fermentation is complete to allow the yeasts to clean up the beer but I'm not sure if I need to maintain the same heat as I did in the primary? ...
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68 views

No pressure in secondary

I have a problem with an ale kit I've brewed and kegged. I have done primary with a s04 yeast and its been in secondary for about 5 days and I've checked it this morning and its not built up pressure. ...
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735 views

What's the best technique to add chamomile?

I've made a Witbier with tangerine peel and coriander. Though Randy Mosher's Radical Brewing suggests chamomile as a good "secret ingredient" for Witbiers, I didn't have any on hand when brewing, so i ...
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978 views

Can I use a 5 gallon carboy for a 3 gallon batch of wine?

I have a 3 gallon wine kit about ready to go from primary in a plastic bucket to secondary in a carboy. This is a port style, so I think I should be getting more fermentation action once I'm in the ...