Refers to both the phase of fermentation after primary fermentation, and a continuation of fermentation in another vessel.

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1 liter of hard Apple cider left

So after activity had died down in the airlock, I've transferred into the secondary carboy and I've got just about 1 liter left over. Any suggestions? I have a couple of plastic bottles, but I'm ...
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59 views

Stuck second fermentation - suphites to blame?

I'm making a sparkling elderflower wine. It's in a 25l plastic bucket with a trap. The first fermentation went well. I racked it, added sulphites (Campden tabs), added fining, left for a couple of ...
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48 views

Yeast not settling or infection?

Having trouble understanding what I'm looking at here (see pic): http://imgur.com/1OH9TQj Made an Amber ale with LME and used Wyeast 1332 Northwest Ale. Racked to secondary after 2 weeks to get ...
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40 views

Carboy size 3 or 5 gallon? please

I've got a 15 litre, 3.9 gallon batch of hard cider (I juiced the apples myself and lost the will to live after 20kg). Should I get a 3 gallon or 5 gallon carboy? I read that when moving the cider ...
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1answer
23 views

Effect of adding bacteria when racking to secondary

I recently brewed a Flanders red ale and it is nearing the end of primary fermentation. I'm planning to rack it to a carboy and leave it for up to about a year. While doing research on the style, I ...
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32 views

How much free (ie, fermentable) suger is contained in canned fruit puree and how does this affect gravity?

Going to add one can (49oz) of Vintners Harvest Peach Puree to secondary and curious if/how much this will raise gravity. The nutritional label states the can contains 190 grams of sugar, but not ...
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69 views

Putting a stopper in a fermenter if you leave it for a long time

On another question about leaving brew longer in a second or primary fermenter for a long time, many state they have done this with little to no negative affects as long as you keep your breather full ...
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52 views

I can't differentiate between OCD or the smell of vinegar, and need some guidance

Here's my brief story: Bought a Mr. Beer kit and didn't have a clue what I was doing, and out of impatience would squeeze the fermentor to smell the brew, resulting in an infection. I now have cheap, ...
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93 views

Bourbon soaked oak cubes

I have made a ten tidy clone using the 1st runnings method. Which left me with 3 gallons after boil. I transferred from the primary to secondary and I am currently ready to add the bourbon soaked ...
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52k views

If/When to move to secondary fermentation

Digression from What's the point of secondary fermentation? What are the good rules of thumb for determining a. whether to use secondary fermentation at all and b. when to move from primary to ...
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139 views

Experimenting with primary-only and primary-secondary fermentation

We have a batch of beer that has been in primary for about a week and we are getting ready to rack to a secondary fermenter. We want to experiment with the difference between doing primary only and ...
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2answers
51 views

Watermelon Wheat Beer - Bitter Taste

After a week of primary fermentation, I tried adding about 8 pounds of watermelon puree to my secondary fermenter and took a gravity and taste test 10 days later. The beer still tastes very ...
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103 views

CO2 for duvel clone - Strong Golden Ale

What is the CO2 level for a Strong Golden Ale? Each calculator have a different value: 3.3 - source 2.5-3.2 - source 1.9-2.4 - source 1.9 -2.4 source It is correct if I use 160.36g of sucrose ...
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79 views

If a beer recipe calls for secondary fermentation, should I do it even though there are drawbacks?

I just finished brewing my 3rd batch of beer (after taking 2 years off) and I started looking up the debate about secondary fermentation. I found this article which I think was explained very well by ...
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48 views

Vigorous secondary fermentation after fruit addition

I've racked my beer to a secondary fermentor and added about two liters of watermelon juice. I placed the airlock on as I always do during secondary fermentation but the fruit sugar is causing a ...
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Is there a good way to estimate/calculate volume lost in fermentation(s)?

Last night I bottled a batch and realized that I lost a significant volume from the boil size. In the primary, I filled my 6 gallon carboy, and after the trub lost in primary and secondary, I bottled ...
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42 views

Hops to put in a golden ale to give a big hit of hops

Im looking to make a golden ale from a kit but I want it to have a massive hoppy hit when you take a sip, any ideas on what type to add and dates before bottling?
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How to clear beer

I am brewing my first homebrew an American cream ale. Was just reading into secondary fermentation. In the directions and books I've read it seems to suggest doing this. But as I search online and ...
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60 views

Clarity for the sake of impatience

I've been in the winemaking industry for over a decade, but this is only my second homebrew, and only the first that I have fermented at home. You would think I'd be more patient working with a ...
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1answer
149 views

Is it Better to leave beer in secondary longer or bottle?

first question asked in homebrew.stackexchange. I've got a pumpkin ale that I've just moved from primary to secondary (after 7 weeks). The original plan was to have it 7/7/7 (7 weeks in primary, 7 ...
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4answers
104 views

Carboy versus 2nd Bucket

What are the benefits in using a carboy for a secondary, rather than just using another 5 gallon bucket? I'm just curious because carboys are a pain in the behind to clean properly, and other than ...
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4answers
223 views

Bitter still flat after 2 weeks of bottle conditioning

I made a coopers english bitter kit but let it ferment for 3 weeks in the FV and then bottled it. Its been in the bottle 2 weeks at 20 degrees C yet still feels flat. When I poured it there were a lot ...
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75 views

Why has Brettanomyces in secondary formed pellicle but no attenuation after 6 weeks?

My first beer with Brettanomyces. I have brewed an Orval-like beer, OG 1.062, primary yeast WLP510 Bastogne Ale, and WLP650 Brettanomyces Bruxellensis as secondary yeast, pitched after 2 weeks in ...
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2k views

Is secondary fermentation advisable for Belgium witbier?

I've had my beer (Belgium witbier) in primary fermentation for about a week. I'd like to rack to secondary, then keep it in secondary for 3 weeks. Advisable? I could keep it in primary for another ...
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9k views

How to Dry Hop when Forgoing Secondary Fermentation?

I've decided to stop doing secondary-fermentations on the recommendation of users on this stackexchange. A Dead Ringer IPA from Northern Brewer suggests 1-2 weeks primary, and 2-4 weeks secondary, ...
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71 views

Second Fermentation In Water Bath

The room I use for fermenting is rather cold currently at around 8 degrees C, I had the idea to use a aquarium heater in a box of water to keep the temp around my bottles around 18 degrees, my ...
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150 views

Is it Bottling Time?

My bitter has been fermenting for 9 days now and I think it's time to bottle? Temp is fine and gravity is 1.006 for 3 days running,just in the bottling mark. No activity now, just a small amount of ...
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136 views

How many pounds of frozen strawberries in a Strawberry blonde?

I'm brewing a 5 gallon all-grain strawberry blonde ale. I'd like to leave it for two weeks in primary, then rack on top of frozen strawberries in secondary. Would anyone have an estimate of how many ...
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5answers
297 views

Airlocks and long term unsupervised fermentation

I would like to start leaving beer and mead in secondary at a location that I may not be able to get to on a regular basis (sometimes not for several weeks) and have a few questions for anyone who ...
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97 views

did I rack to secondary fermentation too early?

my first home brew, be gentle. golden malt, Rye malt ale started at 1.052, and I just racked it @ 1.022 and dry hopped it per the recipe. did I rack to secondary fermentation too early?
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257 views

Does cider in oak barrel need airlock during secondary fermentation, for the gas to escape?

I have 200 litres of cider which was racked yesterday into 2 x 100 litre oak barrels. Before racking, the cider was still fermenting at a rate of about one bubble (through the airlock) per two ...
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2answers
204 views

Saison fermentation stuck around 1.035

We are brewing a Saison-style, all-grain beer. We had a multi-stage, multi-temperature mash process requiring us to get the mash to a set temp then hold it for a period then increase the heat and ...
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Secondary Fermenter Temperature — Colder?

My American Pale Ale has been fermenting away nicely for the past few days and I'm certain I'll be racking to secondary within a few days (after SG gets stable). I'm curious: I've been keeping my ...
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77 views

Xmas Brew Ingredients

I'm making an Xmas brew. So far so good with the primary fermentation (this is my 4th beer so no worries there). It's an ale brewed with 2.5 lbs of grains and dry malt extract (only 8 AAU hops). I've ...
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Anyone ever had their secondary fermentation bubble for 3 weeks?

So first fermentation went smoothly, solid bubbling from the airlock for about 5 days total racked into second fermenter and dry hopped on the seventh day. First day nothing. Second day it started ...
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5k views

Does adding extra sugar to dark ales (e.g. stouts) better their flavour?

I've heard anecdotal accounts of people adding extra sugar (more than the recommended amounts) to their secondary fermentation when brewing dark ales such as stouts and porters. Apparently this can be ...
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45 views

Secondary Temperature

I'm considering racking my brew to a secondary FV once fermentation is complete to allow the yeasts to clean up the beer but I'm not sure if I need to maintain the same heat as I did in the primary? ...
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1answer
67 views

No pressure in secondary

I have a problem with an ale kit I've brewed and kegged. I have done primary with a s04 yeast and its been in secondary for about 5 days and I've checked it this morning and its not built up pressure. ...
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2k views

Should I add water to an already fermenting batch?

I just moved my (first) batch to my secondary fermenter. While doing so it became apparent that I did not top off to five gallons like I thought and instead it seems closer to four gallons. I now have ...
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514 views

How can I filter out excess cream (trub) before bottling?

I'm making a cream ale and just moved it into a new carboy for secondary fermentation. While siphoning it over, I noticed that there's a lot of solid creamy substance still in the beer. Maybe I did ...
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1answer
448 views

When should I secondary this beer

I have an Oktoberfest beer in Primary right now based on a kit from my LHBS. It's an average ABV ~5.5 and is fermented on California Lager Yeast and I'm controlling fermentation at ~62F. Will this ...
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2answers
309 views

Belgian golden strong

I'm working in my first high gravity beer. Its been in primary for two weeks in the yeast cake. Looking for pointers on when to secondary.. How close to f.g. should I be before I transfer for the rest ...
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1answer
80 views

Oatmeal Stout, steeped grains 45 min, extract recipe: Should leave in Prim longer than usual before move to Sec?

Q1: Wondering if since I steeped recipe 4 lbs of various grains to 45 min vs recipe "recommended" 20 min...should I or do I leave in primary carboy for 2 to 3 weeks vs recipe "recommended" 1 week? or ...
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518 views

Airlock started bubbling after racking into secondary and dryhopping, why?

I racked my IPA into a sanitized carboy onto the hops I'm using for dry hopping, the airlock had been still for about 2 day before the racking. But now its in the secondary the airlock started up ...
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2answers
1k views

Underprimed Pressure Barrel (Didn't add enough sugar at start of secondary fermentation)

Whilst following my first batch of home brew instructions, rather than using a Priming Calculator we added the amount recommended for bottling (1/2 teaspoon per pint). It's been in the pressure barrel ...
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2answers
83 views

Conditioning kegged carbonated beer

Is there any difference in conditioning beer in a force carbonated keg vs a secondary? This is under the assumption that both the keg and secondary hold ales and are sitting at about room ...
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393 views

Bottling from secondary (keg). Wait two weeks and prime or now?

I'm brewing my 1st kit which my gf got from a local hardware store (ironically there's a home brew store not 5 mins away sigh) but wasn't a cheap one. ...
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185 views

Secondary fermentation not working, is my diagnosis correct?

Three weeks ago I racked and bottled some perry. Before bottling, I filtered it through a kitchen cloth. I added a teaspoon of sugar per bottle. With the exact same approach, I got a rather foamy ...
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1answer
124 views

adding hops during second fermentation

I am just a beginner, only having my first batch currently in primary fermentation. Reading the directions that came with my kit it tells me in one step to do a second fermentation for 2 to 4 weeks. ...
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12k views

Why is a carboy used for secondary fermentation?

It seems like you could a second bucket for the secondary fermentation. Is there any drawback to not using a carboy for this purpose?