The stage in the brewing process where yeast is pitched into the wort and the bulk of the sugars are converted to alcohol, transforming the wort into beer. Contrasts with secondary fermentation, bottle fermentation (bottle conditioning) and aging.

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Yeast in 1.080 beer

I pitched 1 pack of Safale 05 in my 1.080 beer. That is all the recipe called for but I am afraid it may be an under-pitch. Is it advisable or possible to pitch more, its been fermenting 2 days at ...
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1answer
863 views

First Brew: Yellow Mold - Transfer to Carboy - Slowing of Fermentation

I brewed a batch of Pale (first solo brew) and after pitching yeast (6 hours), noticed yellow clusters of what I think was mold. I thought I had an infection, so I siphoned off, and collected ...
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4answers
134 views

My beer is at the fermenting stage but it is not vigorously bubbling

I brewed beer for the first time two days ago using Brooklyn Brewshop kit using their Oatmeal Stout recipe. Now I am at stage 4 "Fermentation" but I don't observe a vigorous bubbling, just a bubble ...
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4answers
1k views

How can I reduce the ABV?

I have a batch fermenting at the moment. I had expected the OG to be 1.05x but it was 1.06x. I generally have little problem with fermentation and expect the batch to come out at somewhere like 1.0....
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63 views

Sulfur Smell from Fermentor

======================== 20 lbs. Forest Honey 12 lbs. Blueberries water to 6 gallons 5 grams of D-47 4 tsp. Fermaid K + DAP ======================== After the initial vigorous fermentation, I ...
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55 views

Minimal airlock activity

So I've just finished my 3rd all grain brew yesterday, first time trying a stout. After 24 hours, I'm only getting ~4 bubbles per minute on the airlock. Last night about 8 hours after pitching the ...
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3answers
889 views

My ferment has small black specs in it, is this an infection?

This seems to be very similar to this question about hop seeds but I have not used fresh hops, I used pellet centennial hops purchased vacuum packed and frozen from homebrew shop. Ingredients (1 ...
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3answers
13k views

Primary fermentation is still bubbling after 2 weeks. What are the consequences?

This is my second batch in a row where I've seen primary go for over two weeks. From my understanding, primary fermentation for an ale shouldn't take more than a couple of days (4-5 at most I believe)...
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83 views

How representative is the taste of cider after primary fermentation?

I'm brewing a Wilko Pear cider kit. The method was to empty the can of juice into the FV and add 1.5kg of brewing sugar and enough water to bring it up to 23L. I started it off just under 3 weeks ago ...
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2answers
110 views

Campden and Pectic enzyme

I read a recipe specifying that pectic is to be added 12 hours after the addition of Campden. Until now I've been mixing in all my additives at the same time, and haven't had any problems. My ...
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2k views

After a beer reaches its final gravity, how long does the conditioning step take?

I have been in the habit of leaving my beers in their primary fermenter for three weeks across the board, which is a significant amount of time longer than their primary fermentation usually takes. My ...
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1answer
42 views

Is delayed yeast activity normal?

I am working on a small batch, 1 gallon of Pale Ale. It came in a kit and the yeast was not labeled so I am not sure what kind it is. This is only the third batch I have brewed. On my first two ...
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2answers
150 views

Hop material in primary

When making an IPA yesterday, I decided to throw in every last hop leaf and pellet I had laying around. It turned out to be quite a bit. Also, due to a lack of space, I decided to use my kettle as a ...
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1answer
46 views

Sitting to long after fermentation [duplicate]

I had brewed one gallon and I let it ferment and then let it sit... I think it has been two months or so after the recommended fermentation of this particular brew. I know it won't continue to ferment ...
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0answers
13 views

Fermentation is causing foam to come out of plastic bucket [duplicate]

I'm brewing an Imperial Stout and I noticed that after brewing, I forgot to put water in the airlock (although I had put the lid on the plastic bucket and put the airlock in place). Thankfully, it had ...
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1answer
70 views

Special considerations for primary fermentation in a carboy?

I brewed my first batch this weekend (Scottish Ale) and have been keeping an eye on it during primary, largely out of curiosity but also first-timer's paranoia. We added too much water before ...
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1answer
84 views

Lager still smelling like apples after 2 weeks fermenting

Currently got a lager kit brewing but not sure if it is ready to bottle. The kit I have says to leave it for 10 days but I didn't seem ready then and had quite a strong apple smell to it although ...
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3answers
53 views

Achieving the Expected SG from a Beer Recipe

I've recently been looking at all-grain brewing and noticed that the recipes tend to have a wide variation in the expected final specific gravity after fermentation. I was wondering how you manage to ...
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208 views

Fast Fermentation - Should I be worried?

Just did my first batch using the fast ferment conical fermenter. Brewed an extract kit from Northern Brewer....their Smashing Pumpkin Ale. It's a 1.054 OG brew and I used a dry yeast to ferment. ...
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1answer
163 views

Forgot to add fermentable sugar

I started a saison 3 days ago, and the recipe called for 3.5 oz of dextrose in addition to the grains. The batch is a 1 gallon batch and the recipe also called for 1.6 lbs of 2-row and 6.5 oz rye. ...
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1answer
95 views

Which is a better fermentation method for high gravity beers?

I'm looking to brew a high gravity porter for christmas this year, aiming for OG 1.100. I've browsed several questions on this site relating to high gravity beers and the tendency seems to be towards ...
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0answers
14 views

Apple cider: Bubbling has stopped during fermentation [duplicate]

If the bubbling has stopped during fermentation does it mean that the fermentation is over? It's been 7 days, and if it needs to keep fermenting, how long is recommended?
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73 views

Why is the primary stage of fermentation of wine important?

Senior chemistry student, whilst I know the main reason, I would like to know more of the chemistry behind it.
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1answer
87 views

Pitched dry yeast into 57F wort, underfilled the fermenter with water… have I ruined my batch?

So, I was brewing my Brewer's Best Kolsch LME kit, and I made four errors. First, I skipped rehydrating, yielding to the boxed instructions instead of the packet. Second, I overestimated how cold my ...
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1answer
85 views

Fermentation Temperature

I have a quick question. I've been looking for an answer, but didn't find a clear answer. So, I'm making an IPA. Right now the air temperature in my closet where I keep the carboy is 67-68F. This is ...
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2k views

How long can I leave my Ginger Beer (kit) in the primary?

Another fact finding question: How long can I - theoretically - leave my Ginger Beer brew in the primary (a 5 gallon glass carboy) before bottling? The instructions suggest 8 days, hovever it's ...
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60 views

Fermentation issue - Airlock overflow [duplicate]

I'm brewing my first batch ever, we did our best but something is going on in the fermentation and I'm not sure what it is. Here is a 30 sec video of the issue: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
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No Activity or Krausen [duplicate]

Something that has never happened to me. Brewed early Sunday and hit 80+% efficiency. I used Wyeast London Ale that was fully bloated when pitched. Over 36 hours later zero activity. No krausen, ...
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1answer
127 views

Plastic Bucket - Primary & Dry Hopping

I will be brewing an IPA this weekend and fermenting in a bucket...so much easier to clean afterwards. Once fermentation is complete, I am going to dry hop for 7-10 days in the primary. That ...
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1answer
476 views

Wine fermentation without yeast?

Apologies if this is a duplicate - wasn't able to find anything similar. Making a 3gal batch of strawberry wine. Poured sugar-water over fruit and set aside to cool. Been having problems with bugs ...
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2answers
733 views

Foam on my fermenting beer

My beer iam fermenting which is now 7 days old has started producing a small amount of foam/bubbles on the surface! Everything else is spot on, just wondering if this is normal so near bottling stage? ...
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1answer
368 views

Troubleshooting a stuck fermentation with Ringwood Ale

I'm brewing an IPA using Wyeast 1187 (Ringwood Ale) and it seems stuck. I'm brewing 19L (5G) with an OG of 1.052 and pitched two (smacked) smackpacks of 1187 straight into the primary bucket. I used ...
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2answers
227 views

Fermenter head space and airlock hole

Hi folks I'm after a bit of advice as its my first time doing home brew I'm using Wilkos dark velvet stout. As it states on the tin to make 40 pints fill, to 23 litres. Now I have a 23 litre ...
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42 views

Not seeing fermentation on lager's primary fermentation

We're currently trying to get a lager to go through its primary fermentation but after 2 days, we haven't seen any action or changes on the surface of the wort. The wort had a full packet of yeast ...
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3answers
336 views

Temperature control during 1st phase fermentation

I am having some issues keeping the temperature controlled. I live in SE QLD and the daily ambient temperature has been 23 degrees C down to 11C. I've been advised not to let the wort drop below 18C ...
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2answers
763 views

Fermentation Done After 2 Days?

So this is a weird one. 3 weeks ago I made an Xmas beer. I brewed it, pitched the #2 yeast, and put the carboy in my cold dark room (about 70 F) to ferment. The fermentation and krausen began about ...
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2answers
328 views

Super fast fermentation?

I pitched Red Star Champagne yeast for a two gallon batch of Banana wine six days ago today when I went to siphon the must into the secondary I saw fermentation had stopped. Trying to figure out what ...
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2answers
83 views

Are there any downsides to leaving beer on fruit in the primary?

I'm planning to brew the Winter Wassail from The Homebrewer's Garden. The recipe calls for adding 4 pounds of mashed cranberries and 2 pounds of ground apples at flameout, steeping them for 15-20 ...
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2answers
606 views

My first AG brew finished fermenting in a day! Is that right?

I've read elsewhere that this shouldn't be too bad so I guess I'm just after reassurance that something isn't broken... I did my first AG brew on Saturday evening (Black Sheep Ale from the Hop and ...
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3answers
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how long can i leave cider in fermentation bucket after it has stopped bubbling?

We made 50 litres of apple cider last monday night, so about 7 days ago, it has been bubbling away happily and has cleared and scum gathered around edges of bucket, today it seems to have stopped and ...
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1answer
654 views

force krausen to drop?

will hurt the beer if I swirl my carboy to force the krausen to drop? the krausen has been sitting there for a few weeks now and I want to keg in one week but if the krausen is still there I don't ...
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1answer
59 views

What consequences arise from holding wort at a high temperaure after fermenation is 100% complete?

I just learned recently via this forum that temperature is most important during primary fermentation, which completes in (roughly) 7 days. I have fermwraps on my carboys. What would happen if I set ...
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2answers
433 views

Two tens to One twenty

I am thinking of brewing a 20 gallon batch in two parts on two different days back to back. Has anyone tried this before? I am dealing with a maximum volume of 15 gallons in my brew pot but, my ...
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3answers
680 views

Racked too soon. How do I fix?

I'm brewing a Kolsh ale, and, I made the mistake of following the recipe that the brew shop provided. It said that I should rack the beer to a secondary fermenter after a week. When I opened the ...
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4answers
230 views

Any drawbacks in forgoing a secondary?

I have a India Pale Ale which is just finishing fermentation in a sealed bucket under airlock, I want to skip the secondary. How long should I wait before carefully racking and bottling? Will the ...
4
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2answers
186 views

Should I do anything with lacing on my cider ferment?

My first cider is in the primary fermenter, it's been 2 days. There was a nice healthy looking head of foam on top for the first two days, but when I checked it today it was gone, and there was some ...
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1answer
127 views

Why do some Extract Recipies Call for Two Weeks and Others for Four Weeks?

I have ordered around 16 extract batches from Northern Brewer. I've noticed a trend in the time the instructions ask you to wait before bottling: if the OG is greater than 1.050, bottle after four ...
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2answers
609 views

Advice for filling a carboy

I'm fairly new to brewing, I've done 3 kits so far. Last time I brewed in a 23 litre, glass carboy but I found getting the malt extract into it really difficult. The only way I managed to do it was to ...
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1answer
789 views

Flowers of Wine (Problem)

Context: I am currently working on a batch of jalapeno-cranberry wine. It's been in primary for five days so far and I am beginning to suspect I have flowers in my wine. I was not too concerned ...
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2answers
2k views

First batch with Muntons Pilsner kit, will it take longer than instructed?

I'm quite new to homebrewing (in fact, I only finished batch #2 last week) but looking to test out a few new types of drink. I'm planning on starting a batch of Pilsner in a few weeks, for this I ...