The stage in the brewing process where yeast is pitched into the wort and the bulk of the sugars are converted to alcohol, transforming the wort into beer. Contrasts with secondary fermentation, bottle fermentation (bottle conditioning) and aging.

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Temperature control during 1st phase fermentation

I am having some issues keeping the temperature controlled. I live in SE QLD and the daily ambient temperature has been 23 degrees C down to 11C. I've been advised not to let the wort drop below 18C ...
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275 views

After a beer reaches it's final gravity, how long does the conditioning step take?

I have been in the habit of leaving my beers in their primary fermenter for three weeks across the board, which is a significant amount of time longer than their primary fermentation usually takes. My ...
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46 views

What consequences arise from holding wort at a high temperaure after fermenation is 100% complete?

I just learned recently via this forum that temperature is most important during primary fermentation, which completes in (roughly) 7 days. I have fermwraps on my carboys. What would happen if I set ...
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406 views

Two tens to One twenty

I am thinking of brewing a 20 gallon batch in two parts on two different days back to back. Has anyone tried this before? I am dealing with a maximum volume of 15 gallons in my brew pot but, my ...
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103 views

Any drawbacks in forgoing a secondary?

I have a India Pale Ale which is just finishing fermentation in a sealed bucket under airlock, I want to skip the secondary. How long should I wait before carefully racking and bottling? Will the ...
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155 views

My first AG brew finished fermenting in a day! Is that right?

I've read elsewhere that this shouldn't be too bad so I guess I'm just after reassurance that something isn't broken... I did my first AG brew on Saturday evening (Black Sheep Ale from the Hop and ...
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107 views

Should I do anything with lacing on my cider ferment?

My first cider is in the primary fermenter, it's been 2 days. There was a nice healthy looking head of foam on top for the first two days, but when I checked it today it was gone, and there was some ...
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243 views

Racked too soon. How do I fix?

I'm brewing a Kolsh ale, and, I made the mistake of following the recipe that the brew shop provided. It said that I should rack the beer to a secondary fermenter after a week. When I opened the ...
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372 views

How can I reduce the ABV?

I have a batch fermenting at the moment. I had expected the OG to be 1.05x but it was 1.06x. I generally have little problem with fermentation and expect the batch to come out at somewhere like ...
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99 views

Why do some Extract Recipies Call for Two Weeks and Others for Four Weeks?

I have ordered around 16 extract batches from Northern Brewer. I've noticed a trend in the time the instructions ask you to wait before bottling: if the OG is greater than 1.050, bottle after four ...
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287 views

Advice for filling a carboy

I'm fairly new to brewing, I've done 3 kits so far. Last time I brewed in a 23 litre, glass carboy but I found getting the malt extract into it really difficult. The only way I managed to do it was to ...
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396 views

My ferment has small black specs in it, is this an infection?

This seems to be very similar to this question about hop seeds but I have not used fresh hops, I used pellet centennial hops purchased vacuum packed and frozen from homebrew shop. Ingredients (1 ...
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357 views

Flowers of Wine (Problem)

Context: I am currently working on a batch of jalapeno-cranberry wine. It's been in primary for five days so far and I am beginning to suspect I have flowers in my wine. I was not too concerned ...
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854 views

First batch with Muntons Pilsner kit, will it take longer than instructed?

I'm quite new to homebrewing (in fact, I only finished batch #2 last week) but looking to test out a few new types of drink. I'm planning on starting a batch of Pilsner in a few weeks, for this I ...
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3answers
758 views

How long can I leave my Ginger Beer (kit) in the primary?

Another fact finding question: How long can I - theoretically - leave my Ginger Beer brew in the primary (a 5 gallon glass carboy) before bottling? The instructions suggest 8 days, hovever it's ...
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356 views

Low gravity reading after one week

My first home brew batch has been in the primary fermentation for one week and the gravity reading has dropped from 1055 to 1008. Is it going down too quickly? 4 kg pale ale malt 0,5 kg crystal malt ...
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2answers
829 views

no air lock activity after 3 days

First time brewer,I brewed a ipa extract kit.There is no airlock activity after 3 days.I had an og reading of 1.060, I took another reading today of 1.020.I want to ravk into a secondary should i do ...
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442 views

First Brew: Yellow Mold - Transfer to Carboy - Slowing of Fermentation

I brewed a batch of Pale (first solo brew) and after pitching yeast (6 hours), noticed yellow clusters of what I think was mold. I thought I had an infection, so I siphoned off, and collected ...
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265 views

Adding coffee without secondary

There are several questions about adding coffee, but the best results always seem to result from adding the coffee at secondary fermentation. I simply don't have a second vessel so this is not an ...
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5k views

Primary fermentation is still bubbling after 2 weeks. What are the consequences?

This is my second batch in a row where I've seen primary go for over two weeks. From my understanding, primary fermentation for an ale shouldn't take more than a couple of days (4-5 at most I ...
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2answers
180 views

Lead in primary fermentation

So, my floating thermometer broke while cooling off my wort and I didn't realize it until about an hour after I had pitched the yeast and fermentation had definitely already started. At first I ...
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236 views

Troubleshooting a stuck fermentation with Ringwood Ale

I'm brewing an IPA using Wyeast 1187 (Ringwood Ale) and it seems stuck. I'm brewing 19L (5G) with an OG of 1.052 and pitched two (smacked) smackpacks of 1187 straight into the primary bucket. I used ...
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324 views

Dry hopping at the end of fermentation?

First of all I know being impatient is not the way to approach brewing, but I would like to sneak my last batch (as well as the ones I had planned) into a PRO-AM comp in two weeks. I have an session ...
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Is a normal plastic fermenting bucket with a plain lid (no kind of tap) OK to ferment in without the beer becoming contaminated?

It is my understanding that if one is fermenting (primary) with a bucket with a plain lid on it that it is necessary to leave a small gap (i.e. to leave the lid open a bit) Is this an adequate ...
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My cider stopped fermenting until I swished it around in the bucket a bunch, then continued. Is that normal?

My malted cider had been brewing after about a week in my plastic brewing bucket to the point where the little 'hat' thing in my airlock fell onto the 'neck' (no internal pressure). I opened it up ...
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482 views

Honey/Ginger Brew With Champagne Yeast

I got it in my head last weekend that I needed to homebrew again (it's been more than 10 years!), and so I boiled 4lbs of honey, 2lbs of ginger, 1lb of dark brown sugar and 1.5lbs of raisins (since ...
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461 views

Overly Active Fermentation

I've got an Imperial IPA that I'm worried has something wrong. OG 1.080, 5gal batch, 6.5gal fermentation bucket, Used a healthy starter, Room temp 70f Primary kicked up within five hours or so and ...
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997 views

Airlock gasket on primary fermenter fell in when reinserting airlock

I was checking the gravity on my fermenting beer and took the top off my bucket to do so. When reattaching the airlock, the black rubber gasket on the bucket fell in. I tried to fish it out with a ...
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No bubbles in the airlock - should I still bottle the brew?

I'm attempting my first brew using a kit with all the provided ingredients (it's a lager). My brew is still in the big tub and has been there for about 2 weeks now. Initial SG was 1.040 and it's now ...
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Krausen During Primary

I'm wondering what other peoples' experiences are with krausen at the start of fermentation. I've had some beers that have bubbled along happily without producing huge amounts of foam, and others ...