A mixture of grain and water, used to convert complex carbohydrates in grain into sugars that yeast can convert into alcohol.

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17
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12answers
18k views

What can I do with my spent grain after mashing?

After brewing a batch of beer, I always end up with ~14 lbs of spent grain that I usually just toss in a pile in the corner of the yard. Are there better things to do with it (i.e. cooking, baking, ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the point of mashing out?

I know it stops the enzymes from breaking down any more sugar, but is there any other point to it? Will I notice any difference in the final product if I just got straight to sparging? Also, if my ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

All my all-grain batches produce a bitter/astringent, dark, almost burnt off flavor that ruins every batch, from light pilsner to dark belgians

I'm scratching my head trying to figure this one out. Here's the story: I started brewing extracts, and they all came out great. I wanted to get into all-grain so a last year I ordered myself the ...
10
votes
5answers
3k views

Can I skip the mash out replacing it by sparging?

I'm a new homebrewer and have a newbie question: can I skip the mash out time just replacing it by sparging since the water temperature is the same? What kind of things can happen doing this? Thanks! ...
8
votes
3answers
319 views

Need help accenting the “clove” character of my Hefe's

So I enjoy the heck outa making Hefeweizens. Its a great style and very wonderful when fresh. However, my Hefe's never seem to hit that "clove" note properly, they always lean much more towards the ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Oatmeal stout: Steeping or mash?

Ladies and Gentlemen of Homebrewing, I was cruising my Google+ account, and I am stalking (I mean following/stalking) Wil Wheaton, and I noticed he is a homebrewer! Tonight he posted a question. I ...
7
votes
5answers
922 views

Over attenuated all grain beers

I'm having a problem with all my beers regardless of style getting over attenuated. I've been raising my mash temps up to 4° above each beers style (up to 158° or so) to compensate with no luck. I've ...
7
votes
3answers
318 views

Small Space & Apartment Brewing: Mashing

Given the limited space of an apartment, how do you mash in cramped quarters? Do not consider budget to be a factor. This is the second question in a series of discussions about small-space brewing. ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

What is a protein rest?

I am new to all grain brewing and mashing, however I am about to brew a Belgian Witbier (Northern Brewer all grain kit) and I have a question about the mash schedule. I have only done a single step ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Is the iodine test for starch conversion pointless?

Looking around the web there seems to be a lot of mention of the use of the iodine (starch) test at the end of your mash. Is it actually useful (i.e. is it reliable)? There have been times when I ...
6
votes
2answers
211 views

Homebrewing: Decoction Mashing

Many beers, especially German, are produced with a method called decoction mash. In that, the rising of mash temperature is achieved each time by talking a portion of the MASH, boiling it, and adding ...
6
votes
2answers
300 views

What does a good crush look like, and does it matter if grains are overcrushed if batch sparging?

I am looking for some advice on what a good crush looks like, and whether it matters on my system. The opinions and pics online are all over the place on this. Background: I am buying small-batch ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

What makes my mash tun smell like vomit?

If I leave my mash tun unattended for a few days after brewing it smells like a dead animal covered in vomit. What is the name of the bacteria/fungus/other that excretes this smell?
6
votes
3answers
571 views

When formulating an AG recipe, how do you determine mash thickness?

I just did my first AG brew today. It went very well! My question comes with the mash. I know normally, you determine your mash thickness with 1.25-1.5 quarts per pound of grain. If I were to use, ...
6
votes
2answers
537 views

Are residual starches bad for the beer?

I was reading another question here and it appears that the consensus is that the iodine test isn't all that useful if your recipe is good. But, while reading through everything, I had a thought: if ...
6
votes
1answer
174 views

What is conversion?

While answering another question, about mash temperature, the question about conversion and how long it takes came up. So what is conversion? I think we all know its the process of enzymes converting ...
6
votes
3answers
465 views

Does a smaller false-bottom affect efficiency?

Last night I picked up a 10-gallon cooler mash tun. It was supposed to come with a 12" false bottom, but the LHBS was out of those. Instead they offered me a 10" false bottom, saying that it would ...
6
votes
2answers
189 views

Needs to be mashed

I recently had a debate with a brewing buddy of mine about malts that "need to be mashed". For instance victory malt is listed in Palmers "How to Brew" as being in the needs to be mashed column. I ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I raise my mash pH with something other than chalk or baking soda?

I recently moved to Rhode Island and my mash efficiency has suffered. The main part of my process that has changed is the water. The pH as measured by colorpHast strips (and two other off brands) ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Mash Efficiency vs Brewhouse Efficiency

I'm trying to understand the difference between Mash Efficiency and Brewhouse Efficiency. Is Brewhouse Efficiency essentially the efficiency of Mashing AND Lautering, whereas Mash efficiency would be ...
5
votes
3answers
911 views

How do you insulate a cooler based mash tun?

I have a Coleman 70 Quart Xtreme cooler that I've modified for my mash tun. I seem to be losing a lot of heat out the top. Are there any good ways to insulate it to help prevent heat loss?
5
votes
3answers
869 views

How do I do a decoction mash?

I've brewed a number of all grain beers and have been reading a bit about decoction mashing. However the explanations I've read have been a bit complicated. How do I do a decoction mash?
5
votes
2answers
123 views

Recirculating mash through screen

Is it possible to continously recirculate a mash through a Bazooka-style screen, or is that just asking for a stuck mash due to the relatively small surface area?
5
votes
3answers
611 views

Does flaked rye need conversion?

I'm looking to make a rye pale ale. Do I need to provide enough base grains to convert the starches in flaked rye or is it capable of self conversion? If it needs conversion, would 6 lbs of 6-row work ...
5
votes
2answers
178 views

Mash Efficiency and Quality of Wort

I recently achieved a 94% mash efficiency on a batch of Saison and was pretty stoked thinking, wow, 94% is much better than the the 72% I did last time. I must be getting better at this... But then ...
5
votes
6answers
1k views

Can you mash bananas?

I've been thinking about making a wheat-beer with bananas and a little bit of chocolate malt. My question is can you mash bananas in the mash-tun to convert the sugars/starches and get more banana ...
5
votes
1answer
467 views

Does mash thickness make a difference in any calculations?

I am looking to do my first partial mash and I have been seeing instructions for using a mash thickness anywhere from 1 to 1.5 quarts of water per pound (per 450g). What does the thickness of a mash ...
5
votes
2answers
329 views

How do I do a sour mash?

I might want to do a sour mash, if it's easy. How's it done?
5
votes
4answers
2k views

How soon after mashing do I need to start my boil?

I'd like to get 2 full boils from 1 mash. Can I keep the 2nd runnings overnight for boiling the following day? If so, what is the best way to store it. In general, how long can wort be kept after ...
5
votes
2answers
958 views

How do I adjust mash temperature and thickness to add body to a beer?

My most successful brew to date has been Northern Brewer's Scottish 80/- extract kit. It was a dead ringer for Belhaven, but lacked Belhaven's body and mouthfeel, maybe due to the fermentability of ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Should the grain or strike water be added to the mash tun first?

I've always added my grain to my MLT cooler first, then dumped the strike water on top (I don't have a sparge arm). I calculate my strike temps based on the grain temp and initial cooler temp, so I ...
4
votes
2answers
225 views

Effect of decreasing mash temp?

Let's say I mash in at 65 C and over an hour it drops to 60 C - will this have a detrimental effect on my brew?
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the effects of a watery mash?

What are the effects of having too much water in your mash? If it's too "soupy" or watery or whatnot.
4
votes
1answer
459 views

What's the maximum mash time?

In this question, Basic Brewing Radio was quoted as saying longer mashes (up to 90 minutes) were "better". It seems as if there are practical limitations with maintaining temperature, as well as just ...
4
votes
2answers
522 views

Undershooting OG in all-grain brewing

My last few all-grain batches have been under the expected OG at least as far as the recipe is concerned. The beers still taste good and all, but I'd like to get my efficiency up. For example, my ...
4
votes
2answers
885 views

Is this a stuck fermentation or did I screw up the mash?

So, a little under a week ago, I brewed a goodly sized stout (1.069 OG) and when I mashed it I ended up missing my mash temp by about 4 degrees. (I was aiming for 158 and ended up with about 162-163.) ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Calculating Amout and Temperature of Water For Mashing

how do you calculate the correct amount and temperature of water and to offset the amount and temperature of the grains? Perhaps there is a formula or rule of thumb that I am missing.
4
votes
2answers
443 views

Preventing a Stuck Sparge

What steps pre-mash can be taken to limit the likelihood of a stuck sparge?
4
votes
2answers
109 views

Does a protein rest even do anything?

I have been looking at brewing several recipes that call for a multi-step mash that includes a protein rest. I saw a Mr Wizard article in BYO that sort of defends protein rests. Just like the ...
4
votes
4answers
319 views

What does sour mash do for a sour beer?

I've only recently been introduced to the glory of sour beers, and I love them. As a club, we're going to be brewing a sour beer to be aged in oak for years to come, so I was curious to see some ...
4
votes
2answers
563 views

Using flakes in a mash

Do you just mix them with the grains or cook them first to get them gelatinized? What are the pros and cons of each method? What portion of the fermentables can be in flake form?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What Calcium ppm is required in the mash for alpha-amylase stability and mash efficiency?

I recently moved and my water here is quite soft with a very low pH. As such, I've taken to adding many of my brewing salts in the brew kettle and only using salts in the mash to balance the pH. ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Cara Pils Dextrine

Want to use Cara Pils-Dextrine in my next brew to add body and aid in head retention. I have not made the jump to all grain yet, and I am doing a partial mash. Will steeping/mini-mashing Cara Pils ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Determining the right gravity after mash in all grain brewing

Say I am brewing a beer that is supposed to have an OG of 1.050. I'm doing all-grain brewing and at the end of my mash & sparge, if I took the gravity at that point, what should I expect? I ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Pro Mash Tun design

I was wondering if anyone had a link to a graphic of what the typical profesional mash tun is like. Specifically I was wondering if the majority of professional scaled mash tuns draw from underneath ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

Cereal Mashing for Adjuncts

What is the step-by-step process for cereal mashing adjuncts? Please include temps and grain to volume ratios.
4
votes
1answer
199 views

Anyone have experience doing a decoction with a pressure cooker?

How were the results compared to a traditional decoction? Any tricks to know about? Edit: For some context, see here.
3
votes
3answers
153 views

Extract vs Mash

Is taking the extra time to make a mash worth it? I've only dealt with extracts so far, but will definitely experiment with a mash (at least for learning purposes). I've heard various people saying ...
3
votes
6answers
4k views

Converting your fermentation bucket into a mash tun

Most people use coolers for mash tuns, but living in an apartment myself I can tell that having the least possible equipment is a priority. I know some people use their secondary fermenters as mash ...
3
votes
2answers
494 views

Potential causes of unreliable pre-boil gravity measurement

I usually take a hydrometer reading immediately after sparge so that I can calculate total points of gravity (i.e. gravity reading * volume), and from there calculate what volume of wort I should ...