A mixture of water and crushed grains (usually malted) in which enzymes convert complex carbohydrates into simpler sugars that can be utilized by yeast during fermentation.

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-1
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2answers
424 views

barley content in whisky from barley grains [closed]

Of the whiskey in a barrel, what % of it is barley? From what I understand, to make wort only 20% of spent grain is left. This leads to a figure of 80% of the grain dissolved in the wort. After ...
1
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1answer
164 views

Temperature rests for hefeweizen

I have an AG recipe for hefeweizen that I want to try. It is 5 gallons, 9.5 lbs of grain, and I only have a 5 gallon picnic cooler tun. It calls for 3 temp rests and a mash out step. My question ...
4
votes
2answers
956 views

Does a protein rest even do anything?

I have been looking at brewing several recipes that call for a multi-step mash that includes a protein rest. I saw a Mr Wizard article in BYO that sort of defends protein rests. Just like the ...
1
vote
2answers
586 views

What can I do with the pressed grapes (mash) after getting the juice out?

What can I do with the pressed grapes after getting the juice for making wine? It smells so good. It seems a shame to just throw it all away.
1
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2answers
527 views

Most Feasible method to add Grains of Coffee in Porter Style

I have seen someone added coffee in a stout beer, I want to use it in batch of my beer (18 liters), to do so I have two ideas: To combine grains of coffee with mash. Make an espresso and add it to ...
1
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2answers
311 views

Late Mash Additions for Color

I was looking for color in a recipe without any of the roastiness from dark crystal malt I would get from using it as steeped specialty grains. When I asked the manager at the LHBS about cold ...
1
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2answers
249 views

Effect of Long, High, Decling-Temperature Mash on Wort

Due to time constraints, I need to do a two- to 2-1/2 hour unattended mash, and then return to lauter, etc. I plan to do a single batch sparge. I am looking for a slightly-less fermentable wort for ...
2
votes
1answer
402 views

Can boiling the entire mash achieve results similar to decoction?

With an automated mash setup, it could be fairly easy to bring the mash to a boil and cool it. I'm wondering if this could be used to replicate the results of a decoction. If mash thickness is ...
6
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2answers
840 views

What does a good crush look like, and does it matter if grains are overcrushed if batch sparging?

I am looking for some advice on what a good crush looks like, and whether it matters on my system. The opinions and pics online are all over the place on this. Background: I am buying small-batch ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

What happens when mash temperature is too low?

So yesterday we brew our second beer. As expected, some errors occured during the process, which is alright, we're learning! :) So the main problem is that we were only able to keep the mash ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

I forgot to calculate for temperature loss during mash in? How will this affect my beer?

Mash in temperature was supposed to be 152 degrees. I forgot to adjust for temperature loss add simply mixed my grains with 152 degree water. I never calculated the final temperature. I did the same ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Poor efficiency during first all grain brew, need an fail safe for next brew

For my first all grain brew I bought an octoberfest all grain kit from morebeer. Before brewing with it, however, I decided to try a very cheap smash recipe. I ended up with a very low efficiency ...
8
votes
3answers
382 views

Small Space & Apartment Brewing: Mashing

Given the limited space of an apartment, how do you mash in cramped quarters? Do not consider budget to be a factor. This is the second question in a series of discussions about small-space brewing. ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

When to adjust ph with mash infusions

I normally do a single mash so I only take one ph reading and adjust the ph with some lactic acid to get within my target range. now I want to do a brew with step mashing where I need to add hot water ...
1
vote
1answer
297 views

Mashing raw spelt/dinkel

I just got a hold of some organic raw spelt that I would like to use in a wit instead of flaked wheat. Do I need to gelatinize the spelt? How do I do that? Should the grain be milled at some point? ...
3
votes
3answers
6k views

Can you mash for too long?

I'm looking at brewing an all-grain barley wine in the near future, and I'm aiming for a high ABV (13%-14% ABV). From what I've heard in discussions elsewhere, by single-infusion mashing at a lower ...
1
vote
3answers
245 views

How to make more beer than I can boil?

I will soon need to buy some more equipment, but I want to think it a little bit what I really need to buy and in the meantime I will try some workaround. I was thinking of brewing mash/extract ...
2
votes
1answer
474 views

Missed my target gravity and volume by a mile

So, I know there were lots of things I could have done to repair the situation had I been prepared (lesson learned, I'll be having DME on hand from here on out), but I'm a little more interested in ...
2
votes
3answers
801 views

Mash-produced unfermentable sugars do add sweetness and aroma?

I read in some sources that mash conditions can influence the production of dextrins, that are not fermentable, have no taste (is that correct?) and add body to the beer. But somewhere else I read ...
2
votes
1answer
317 views

What is the quickest way to heat mash / sparge water?

Using a propane burner, is one of the following methods quicker / more efficient than the other? If so why? a) Heat 2.82 gallons of water from 70 degrees to boiling and then add 1.12 gallons of 70 ...
0
votes
3answers
202 views

Mash process vs specialty grains

Everybody can buy a certain number of specilaty grains and combine them, but in a way it seems to me this way I will do something that someone else can do just replicating my grain choice. On the ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Is tin safe on the mash?

A friend is building a manifold and the copper connections he bought have a bit of tin (Sn) on it, supposedly to make the solder easier. He is not going to solder them so the tin will remain in ...
2
votes
1answer
404 views

Calculating Infusion Temperature After Protein Rest

I'm using this infusion calculator to determine how much and what the water temperature should be when adding water to my mash tun. A recipe I'm following calls for a protein rest at 122 degrees F for ...
3
votes
1answer
738 views

Can beta amylase eat sugars after alpha amylase?

A bit of background -- I brewed a pumpkin ale recently. The mash temp was maintained fairly high (well above 150F) for at least a full hour. The sparge was a disastrous 3-4 hour experience (despite ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Pro Mash Tun design

I was wondering if anyone had a link to a graphic of what the typical profesional mash tun is like. Specifically I was wondering if the majority of professional scaled mash tuns draw from underneath ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

Mash Efficiency vs Brewhouse Efficiency

I'm trying to understand the difference between Mash Efficiency and Brewhouse Efficiency. Is Brewhouse Efficiency essentially the efficiency of Mashing AND Lautering, whereas Mash efficiency would be ...
3
votes
1answer
637 views

How does efficiency change when adding grains that are normally steeped to a mash?

Imagine this scenario: you have a an extract recipe that contains a pound of steeped caramel malt. According to http://www.promash.com/FAQ/faq_diff.html the average efficiency of steeped malts is ...
2
votes
1answer
605 views

can pH strips go bad? / 5.2 stabilizer

So I just recently started paying attention to mash pH. Took a reading of a cali common I brewed about 10 days ago during the mash, and based on the strips reading (after adding the stabilizer), I ...
5
votes
2answers
163 views

Recirculating mash through screen

Is it possible to continously recirculate a mash through a Bazooka-style screen, or is that just asking for a stuck mash due to the relatively small surface area?
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Bringing mash pH down without changing mineral profile too far

I checked the pH in my mash at the end of my mash yesterday and it was 6.6 (using a calibrated electronic meter). I'm trying to work out how to get that down into a more normal range without adding ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Over attenuated all grain beers

I'm having a problem with all my beers regardless of style getting over attenuated. I've been raising my mash temps up to 4° above each beers style (up to 158° or so) to compensate with no luck. I've ...
3
votes
2answers
804 views

Potential causes of unreliable pre-boil gravity measurement

I usually take a hydrometer reading immediately after sparge so that I can calculate total points of gravity (i.e. gravity reading * volume), and from there calculate what volume of wort I should ...
3
votes
3answers
166 views

Extract vs Mash

Is taking the extra time to make a mash worth it? I've only dealt with extracts so far, but will definitely experiment with a mash (at least for learning purposes). I've heard various people saying ...
4
votes
2answers
288 views

Effect of decreasing mash temp?

Let's say I mash in at 65 C and over an hour it drops to 60 C - will this have a detrimental effect on my brew?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is this a stuck fermentation or did I screw up the mash?

So, a little under a week ago, I brewed a goodly sized stout (1.069 OG) and when I mashed it I ended up missing my mash temp by about 4 degrees. (I was aiming for 158 and ended up with about 162-163.) ...
8
votes
2answers
10k views

What is a protein rest?

I am new to all grain brewing and mashing, however I am about to brew a Belgian Witbier (Northern Brewer all grain kit) and I have a question about the mash schedule. I have only done a single step ...
2
votes
1answer
316 views

Suggestions for inline heating unit housing for wort circulator?

I built an inline heating element assembly using some 1" copper pipe, a 1" threaded female fitting and some 1/2" fittings. The idea is, wort comes in from the bottom 1/2" fitting, flows over the ...
2
votes
2answers
293 views

Lower temp Mash-out

While I was making an AG batch this weekend I had a 154 degree mash for 60 min but my mash-out temp only got up to 162 instead of 170. What sort of effect will this low mash-out temp have on the beer? ...
2
votes
1answer
314 views

Mash rests and water to grist ratio

I am planning brewing a recipe I found of a porter that I am really excited about. The original recipe says that you should do a rest at temperature below final mash temperature for a bit. After some ...
5
votes
2answers
224 views

Mash Efficiency and Quality of Wort

I recently achieved a 94% mash efficiency on a batch of Saison and was pretty stoked thinking, wow, 94% is much better than the the 72% I did last time. I must be getting better at this... But then ...
2
votes
1answer
320 views

Double decoction mash profile for full bodied beer

I'm planning to brew a Single Malt and Single Hop (SMaSH) beer using Canada Malting's Superior Pilsner and Czech saaz hops. I'd like the resulting beer to be full bodied, like Pilsner Urquell, but I'm ...
1
vote
2answers
5k views

Importance of Mash and Sparge Water Volumes using Batch Sparge

I'm new to all grain brewing and one of the things I haven't been able to find much information on is the importance of water volumes for the mash and sparge steps. There are a lot of calculators ...
5
votes
6answers
2k views

Can you mash bananas?

I've been thinking about making a wheat-beer with bananas and a little bit of chocolate malt. My question is can you mash bananas in the mash-tun to convert the sugars/starches and get more banana ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Mash tun shape - does it matter?

Or mash tun aspect ratio, if you like. Tall and skinny, or short and wide? I know a deeper grain bed (tall and skinny) will be better for lautering purposes, but will a flatter grain bed (short and ...
3
votes
1answer
287 views

What is considered to be a reasonable temperature rate change in a HERMS or RIMS system?

When brewers speak of their mashing techniques using mash temperature controlling technology, they sometimes make claims as to how fast they can get their mash from temperature 'A' to temperature 'B', ...
3
votes
1answer
239 views

What are the effects of transferring a mash before lautering?

In my latest batch I ended up with a stuck mash due to me mis-assembling the false bottom. To solve this, I transferred the mash to a bucket, fixed the false bottom, put the mash back in the MLT and ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How do you insulate a cooler based mash tun?

I have a Coleman 70 Quart Xtreme cooler that I've modified for my mash tun. I seem to be losing a lot of heat out the top. Are there any good ways to insulate it to help prevent heat loss?
4
votes
1answer
811 views

What's the maximum mash time?

In this question, Basic Brewing Radio was quoted as saying longer mashes (up to 90 minutes) were "better". It seems as if there are practical limitations with maintaining temperature, as well as just ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Are residual starches bad for the beer?

I was reading another question here and it appears that the consensus is that the iodine test isn't all that useful if your recipe is good. But, while reading through everything, I had a thought: if ...
3
votes
2answers
390 views

Should I include my specialty grains in a mini-mash?

I'm planning to use up all my leftovers from recent batches, augmented with minimal newly-purchased ingredients, to make an oatmeal stout. I know I need to mash the oats, so I picked up a pound of ...