The items included in the recipe to make the beer/wine

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17
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8answers
27k views

What are the benefits of using brewing sugar over types of sugar?

In many kits I've used, the instructions recommend using brewing sugar. Of course it's okay to use other sources of sugar, but I was wondering whether there are any benefits of using brewing sugar ...
12
votes
3answers
4k views

Using honey in beer

This thread is not actually one single question, but a number of different ones. When calculating sugars used in the wort, how much sugar does honey contain? Is it closer to dry malt extracts, raw ...
11
votes
1answer
4k views

Why is it bad to pitch too much yeast?

What are the effects of over-pitching? Where is the line for, say, a 1.050 beer? There is also a question for to under-pitching.
11
votes
1answer
333 views

[WIKI] Characteristics of a Good Cellaring Beer

Every once and a while I come across beers that say they can be kept up to 5 years and become more developed over that time period, while other beers that are of the same style don't indicate this at ...
10
votes
3answers
894 views

Confused by malts!

great site. I am a total newbie at brewing (used a Mr. Beer kit a few times with success), and recently got a 2 tier homebrewing system for Christmas. I got a prepackaged "American Amber Ale" kit as ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Whirlfloc versus irish moss - pros and cons?

What are the pros and cons of using irish moss versus whirlfloc tablets for clarifying beer?
9
votes
4answers
4k views

What causes a stout's creamy head?

Stouts, especially beers like Guiness (its cousin Kilkenny as well), have a head that's really creamy. Being a stout lover myself, I always envied this head, but I have no idea how one can achieve it. ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

How do you calculate a beer's nutrition facts?

How can I figure out a beer's nutrition facts when I've homebrewed? It's not a sum of the ingredients any more, is it? --EDIT-- So when I say "beer's nutrition facts" I means values like calories, ...
9
votes
4answers
796 views

Fruit for fruit beers

What are the best fruits for brewing fruit beers? Some fruits appear to be classics like cherries raspberries. Some fruits you rarely hear about like kiwi and papya. Which fruits have flavor ...
9
votes
4answers
9k views

What malt should I use to get a red beer?

So, I want to make a red beer, what is the best malt to get this color?
9
votes
2answers
553 views

Why do extract recipes call for a late addition of the bulk of the extract?

My recipe calls for a pound of DME at the beginning of the boil and 6 pounds at 15 minutes to go. What's the point of that?
9
votes
1answer
20k views

What is torrified wheat?

What is torrified wheat and in what styles is it used? Are there any restriction or special procedures you need to follow to when using torrified wheat? Can you substitute torrified wheat with ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Using Multiple Strains of Yeast in the Same Batch?

I've been thinking about this recently, so I figured I'd ask it here. Is there any reason you couldn't use two strains of yeast in the same batch of beer? For a particularly high gravity amber ale, ...
9
votes
1answer
321 views

Adding Oak Flavor/character to beer

Short of buying an oak barrel, what forms of oak are available to the homebrewer for getting oak into yuor beer? Are they available with different levels of toast? Are some forms easier to sanitize ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Munich and Vienna Malt

How do these two malts differ? I can find sources at times with slightly different colors and I know there must be flavor differences. I was wondering if anyone could shed light on how the two are ...
8
votes
3answers
354 views

Hops: Buy vs. Grow

Is it worth it to grow my own hops or should I just buy them somewhere?
8
votes
3answers
599 views

Suggestions for cheap recipes

I would like to create a recipe (or recipes) that is fairly cheap and will serve as a session beer that I can drink when I just want a beer in the evening, and I'm not particularly choosy about what ...
8
votes
5answers
3k views

Why would a recipe use both Light LME and Light DME?

I just brewed a clone of Belhaven Scottish Ale using the extract recipe from the book, Clone Brews. The recipe calls for both light LME and light DME. Why would it use both? It does specify brands ...
8
votes
2answers
442 views

At what point can a beer be called organic?

A lot of the homebrew I make is made with organic ingredients - organic grain and hops. However, I have never come across organic yeast (!?) or irish moss. Can I rightly call this beer organic, or ...
7
votes
5answers
661 views

How do you make your own recipe?

I guess most people brew from kits, or from the many available recipes on the net. But for those few recipe formulators, how do you go about building a recipe? And, given the inexactness of brewing, ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is it bad to pitch too little yeast?

What are the effects of underpitching your beer? We have an answer for over pitching, I think we need the complete set.
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Using commercial (breakfast) cereals in a mash

This question looks similar to Using flakes in a mash, but is not actually the same. I was thinking, if someone runs out of maize flakes, and definitely wants to use some for his mash, what happens if ...
7
votes
3answers
65 views

How do i determine the quality of ingredients?

I'm new to home brewing and want to make sure I'm using quality ingredients. I've been to a few stores, but have trouble knowing if what they offer is good quality or not. What tips / techniques can i ...
7
votes
2answers
121 views

Green wood in beer

I was wondering if I can make some post-christmas beer out of the christmas tree (Norway Spruce). So my question is, does wood have to be dried in order to use it for flavoring or can I use green ...
7
votes
1answer
481 views

Can I make urwagwa?

Urwagwa is a popular beer in Rwanda made from bananas, and I'd like to brew some myself. The recipes and methods I've read online have some very traditional methods (e.g. Bury the bananas for a ...
7
votes
1answer
273 views

Victory v. Biscuit malt

Are there flavor differences between these two malts? How can each be described? I have used them both but often in complicated recipes, and never side by side for comparison. How is each produced?
7
votes
2answers
675 views

Carastan substitute?

I recently brewed a recipe that called for Carastan malt. My LHBS didn't carry it, so I just used 40 L Crystal. In the finished beer, I'm missing the toffee and toastiness found in the original. Does ...
6
votes
2answers
441 views

What's the shelf life on crushed specialty grains?

What's the shelf life on crushed specialty grains?
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How should I design my new home brewing space?

I am moving into a new house, and the garage in the back garden is just screaming out to be converted into a home brewery. I realise planning a brewing space depends on a lot of specifics (space ...
6
votes
2answers
334 views

What elements are common to Shiner Bock and Real Ale's Fireman's #4?

Shiner Bock and Fireman's #4 both have this weird aftertaste that I can't stand. Any idea what they both have in common so I can avoid it? EDIT: It's almost a slimy taste (I know slimy is not a ...
6
votes
2answers
193 views

Needs to be mashed

I recently had a debate with a brewing buddy of mine about malts that "need to be mashed". For instance victory malt is listed in Palmers "How to Brew" as being in the needs to be mashed column. I ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Buying bulk hops online

I'm often tempted to buy my commonly used hop pellets online in bulk and storing them in my freezer. A lot of the cheap bulk hops are from the previous year. Assuming they are vacuum packed and ...
5
votes
1answer
985 views

When should I add orange peels to my homebrew?

I've been planning to experiment with orange peels for a while now, but I don't know when to add them, when should I throw them in? Last 15 minutes with the aroma hops? At flame-out? After primary? I ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

What is Extract Twang?

This term pops up from time to time and it often cited as a reason to go to all grain. But maybe its because I don't really know what it tastes like. Do you believe in extract twang? How do you get ...
5
votes
3answers
421 views

Do you use a default/standard base malt? What are the advantages?

Does anyone use a standard base malt to build your recipes from? What are the advantages? A couple of obvious advantages would be having the ability to buy large bags of the base malt (and ensuring ...
5
votes
3answers
697 views

Dry vs. Liquid Extract

Dry and liquid extract each have their advantages and draw-backs. What are the perceived ups and downs for using one or the other?
5
votes
1answer
377 views

What is different between American Oak and French Oak?

What other "nationalities" of Oak are used in brewing?
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Flavor extracts - add to secondary or add during bottling?

What are the pros and cons of adding flavor extracts (fruit, chocolate, what have you) at bottling time versus adding them to the secondary? Does it make a difference? Is there a trade-off between ...
5
votes
2answers
601 views

Using nuts for beer aroma

I'm planning to brew an scottish heavy ale, and I wanted to give it a little different aroma using hazelnuts (other stuff too, but I want hazelnuts to be the main aroma). How do you suggest i use ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Chile Pepper Ale

I've brewed a simple base ale recipe. It's fermenting happily. I want to add Chile Peppers to the beer to make a spiced ale. I'm not looking for something with a lot of heat, but I do want some ...
5
votes
1answer
232 views

Estimating Alpha Acids of Home Grown Hops

For the homebrewer that grows and harvests his/her own hops; how best can one approximate the alpha acids in the hops they have? Is it worth it or should brewers stick to using home grown hops for ...
4
votes
3answers
944 views

Chilli Alcohol Recipe

Is it possible to ferment chilli-peppers and produce a liquor with a alcohol content and also a hotness?
4
votes
3answers
960 views

How to avoid a boozy flavor in high-gravity beers

Many of the high-gravity commercial beers I taste end up coming off as boozy. What kinds of ingredients or processes will limit this flavor? I want to brew a big beer, perhaps in the 1.100 ...
4
votes
4answers
96 views

Espresso Shot (size)

I'm trying to make sense of a Stout recipe and one of the ingredient is: 1.00 Coffee Espresso Shot Now, according to Wiki, one espresso shot is 25ml. Would this be the right amount for a 23L ...
4
votes
3answers
318 views

Looking to make an Ancient Egyptian brew, but what about bittering and flavoring?

I've done some research on wines and beers of Ancient Egypt and I've decided I want to try and brew a beer based on the ingredients that would have been available at the time. I don't want to make a ...
4
votes
2answers
173 views

Rauchbier smoke source

What is the difference between using a nice smoked malt vs. maybe using some liquid smoke for making Rauchbier? Can you detect the difference in complexity? Is smoked fruit woods (apple, cherry) ...
4
votes
2answers
69 views

Malted wheat rather than torrified wheat

I've used malted wheat instead of torrified wheat by mistake in making an ale How ill this effect the final product? Cheers
4
votes
3answers
424 views

Complete Ingredient List/Database?

I'm looking for an extensive database of grains, hops, yeasts, and other additives. Preferably with information like potential, SRM, alpha, flocculation, etc. I've found BeerSmith's lists, but the ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Adding chili peppers to beer - when?

I'm making a chili beer tonight. Is there any sort of extraction that needs to happen, or is just adding the chili (I'm gonna puree it) enough? I'm thinking of adding a habanero (or a half of one) ...
3
votes
6answers
2k views

Which sweeteners are good

I need something to sweeten my alcoholic ginger beer. Im currently at the last fermentation stage before bottling. I was thinking of using Honey as the primer since not all of it will ferment in the ...