The factor of alpha acids extracted from hops during boiling compared to the theoretical maximum. Typical utilization is 0.2-0.3. All things being equal, a lower gravity wort and longer boil times contribute to greater utilization.

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389 views

Extract late with a full boil?

If you can do a full wort boil with extracts is it still beneficial to be adding extract late to avoid color changes and the like? What would happen to hop utilization with extract late in a full ...
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1answer
621 views

Does wort gravity affect hop utilization?

My understanding is that wort gravity does not affect hop utilization. Instead, a larger boil volume will increase hop utilization, while a higher amount of break material will lower hop utilization. ...
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793 views

Brewing at Altitude

How does high altitude affect brewing chemistry? Up here in Denver (5280') or even higher in the mountains (some towns in Colorado are 9000' and higher), water does different things. In Denver, water ...