The anaerobic process by which yeast convert sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

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Blending beer DURING fermentation, in the hopes to get beer back in balance with hops

I brewed an IPA intended to blow my hop socks off and missed my target OG by 20 points. DETAILS: Built this recipe in BeerSmith with an intended OG of 1.070 and IBU projected at 156. I pitched a 1000 ...
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3answers
107 views

At what point in fermentation does temperature no longer influence flavour?

I often read about ramping up the temperature to increase yeast activity and attenuation towards the end of fermentation. I used to have some really funky tasting brews before I started strict ...
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1answer
41 views

Fermentation Temperature

I have a quick question. I've been looking for an answer, but didn't find a clear answer. So, I'm making an IPA. Right now the air temperature in my closet where I keep the carboy is 67-68F. This is ...
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2answers
70 views

What's wrong with my gravity?

I recently brewed an Imperial Red. It clocked in at around 1.072 on original gravity reading. My malt bill looked something like this: 12 lbs 5.0 oz Pale Malt (2 Row) US (2.0 SRM) 11 lbs Marris ...
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6answers
6k views

Can I use wine yeast to ferment beer?

Can I use wine yeast to ferment a beer? What sort of problems might I encounter that are unique to wine yeast trying to ferment malt sugars? What sort of flavor differences might I encounter?
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8 views

Why is the primary stage of fermentation of wine important?

Senior chemistry student, whilst I know the main reason, I would like to know more of the chemistry behind it.
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1answer
46 views

How will this beer turn out?

I brewed my first all grain beer on Sunday; everything went well barring one leaky tap and a slight blockage on the tap in my kettle due to a poor hop filter. It is supposed be an IPA style beer using ...
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2answers
658 views

Safely adding enzymes (e.g. Beano) to lower final gravity

I've heard a lot of mixed stories about people adding additional enzymes (Beano, GasX, etc) to their beers to drop the final gravity down very (sometimes undesirably) low. I've also hear mixed ideas ...
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1answer
25 views

Do I need to use finings again after restarting the fermentation?

I recently made a batch of red wine but because the wine was too sweet I restarted the fermentation as I was advised. Of course I will need to de-gas the wine again, do I also need to use finings ...
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41 views

Soapy aftertaste in wine, fermentation temperature?

I generally find my homebrew wine (just from a regular kit) has a soapy kind of aftertaste. I'm wondering if this might be down to fermentation temperature or something, I'm taking as many precautions ...
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44 views

A side by side comparison of open vessel vs closed vessel natural temp rise during fermentation

Would an unjacketed open fermentor, ferment cooler than an unjacketed closed system, given everything else equal. The idea being the ease of releasing strain and pressure on the yeast in an open ...
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5answers
190 views

Fermenting, carbonating and dispensing using the same (corny) keg?

I Brew In a Bag and do no-chill, space and time are limited. I just bought some kegging equipment and while looking at the Pico Brew project I noticed that one option in using their equipment is to ...
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55 views

DIY Fermentation Chamber. Dual Zone Question

I am building a fermentation chamber and I was wondering if there is a way to have two zones but only use one cooler? My thinking is have two of everything except the cooler. So there would be ...
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3answers
3k views

filling the airlock

I'm brewing my first batch ever, and got a little worried that it wasn't bubbling after 24 hours as the instructions said it should. I've read a lot on here that says not to worry about a bubbling ...
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3answers
786 views

Is it possible to do pressurized fermentation in a mini keg?

I have been keen on moving from bottles to use kegs in my amateur home brews. But because of lack of space and because I just like the size and mobility of the smaller kegs I'd like to try to use ...
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5answers
89 views

can I top off at 5.25 gallons instead of 5?

I have been brewing extract kits and was wondering if it'd be al right to top off at 5.25 gallons? Directions say 5 but I have never kegged a full 5 gallons, was hoping the extra quarter would get me ...
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8answers
43k views

If/When to move to secondary fermentation

Digression from What's the point of secondary fermentation? What are the good rules of thumb for determining a. whether to use secondary fermentation at all and b. when to move from primary to ...
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3answers
82 views

Can I add hops and sugar to fermenting beer?

just would like to know if its possible to brew a beer over multiple weeks.I was thinking of brewing my next beer by adding a different hop every week for 3-4 weeks.And at each time adding more sugar ...
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2answers
5k views

Making wine from concord grape juice

I'm just about to start my first attempts at wine making. We bought a gallon of organic, concentrated, concord grape juice to use for some other recipes and I have so much left over that I'm going to ...
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2answers
70 views

What would happen if you took raw grape juice and covered but did not refrigerate?

I'm curious about something that maybe someone can answer from personal experience. If I took red or concord grapes, crushed them, filtered the juice, covered it and stored it at an average ...
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1answer
80 views

I don't know what I've got or if it's drinkable?

for several months now I have been squeezing my ripened citrus and storing it in an air tight bottle in the fridge. I drink or add it to something from time to time and continually add juice to it. ...
0
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1answer
68 views

Fermentis S04 vs.S05

I am trying dried yeast for the first time. I did up 100 litres of English IPA yesterday and I pitched 2xS04 into 50 litres and 2xSO5 into 50 litres. Anybody want to hazard a guess at the ...
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4answers
1k views

Is secondary fermentation advisable for Belgium witbier?

I've had my beer (Belgium witbier) in primary fermentation for about a week. I'd like to rack to secondary, then keep it in secondary for 3 weeks. Advisable? I could keep it in primary for another ...
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3answers
198 views

What are all the factors that contribute to short fermentation time?

I've got an event coming up and I've got one beer that I'm going to bring, but I'm thinking about brewing another. If I do that, I need to turn it around in about two weeks. Which is probably too ...
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3answers
35 views

Fermentation issue - Airlock overflow [duplicate]

I'm brewing my first batch ever, we did our best but something is going on in the fermentation and I'm not sure what it is. Here is a 30 sec video of the issue: ...
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1answer
52 views

Optimum Fermentation Temperature

I am planning on brewing a wheat beer with Danstar Munich Wheat Beer Dry Yeast. I didn't realize until I had already made the purchase that the optimum temperature for fermentation was 55-65. I don't ...
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0answers
25 views

No Activity or Krausen [duplicate]

Something that has never happened to me. Brewed early Sunday and hit 80+% efficiency. I used Wyeast London Ale that was fully bloated when pitched. Over 36 hours later zero activity. No krausen, ...
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1answer
84 views

Estimating the ABV in finshed product

Is this a viable method?: In theory you can calculate an estimated ABV by using the formula 17*X%*YL. This means that 17 gr sugar produces 1% alc. in 1 liter mash. So if you know at what alc.% your ...
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5answers
255 views

Can I leave my hydrometer in the carboy to tell when fermentation is complete?

I was wondering if anyone leaves a glass hydrometer in their carboy during primary fermentation so that you don't have to take samples. I figured it would be an easy way to tell that the SG has ...
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0answers
41 views

Ginger Bug Smell?

I've made a new ginger bug from some pretty old ginger. The ginger has been sitting on my counter long enough for some of it to actually sprout new shoots, but it smells fine and doesn't show any ...
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2answers
47 views

How do we get this Imperial Wit to finish?

We brewed an imperial wit that wound up 1.070 OG. I used a 1.5L starter with Wyeast 3944, but I likely still underpitched. After a week fermenting at 68F/20C, gravity is still 1.035 and it's pretty ...
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1answer
58 views

does the fermenting process always produce enough gas to bubble the airlock?

does the fermenting process always produce enough gas to bubble the airlock? this batch has not bubbled (over 24 hrs)and the last batch I brewed did not bubble much at all but turned out alright.
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1answer
223 views

When brewing water Kefir my wire bail stopper blew off

I am trying to salvage my one fermenting bottle and wondered if anyone knows how to get the dern top/bail stopper back on the bottle. When I went to open my water kefir it shot liquid everywhere and ...
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3answers
235 views

how long can I stay in an open primary fermentation?

I would like to go from the primary fermentation to the bottles with an open fermentation. Can I top off with water to get the full 5 gallons? Also would you primary an open fermentation for more ...
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2answers
47 views

Stalled Fermentation? Or too much body from high temp mash?

So I brewed a straight forward English style IPA with the following: O.G. 1.060 F.G. 1.015 (estimated from Beersmith) Current F.G. 1.020 10g Gypsum 11 lbs Maris Otter 1.5 lbs Crystal 30 1 oz ...
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6answers
13k views

How does lemon juice ferment into hard lemonade?

I'm interested in making a hard lemonade after my cider is done, but I'm having a tough time figuring out how the recipes I've found actually work, and what's the best way to ferment lemon juice. ...
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2answers
110 views

Return samples from a fermtech wine/beer thief to a carboy

I just purchased this wine/beer thief so that I can take more regular samples over the course of fermentation. I plan to float my hydrometer directly in the tube of the thief, which requires me to ...
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3answers
198 views

Fermentation - Lost cause?

I believe my first homebrew is a lost cause. I'm at 3 weeks, and each week I've done a gravity reading and a taste. The flavor has gotten increasingly sour(astringent) with each week. It's almost ...
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2answers
79 views

Cider went too dry and too flat

I've been making a cider (for the first time)... it's been in primary for a week, and went to secondary for another three weeks. I used crisp apple cider from Trader Joe's as the base. OG was about ...
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2answers
173 views

What might kill a ginger bug - fact and fiction?

I've been attempting to use a ginger bug to make non-alcoholic ginger beer, but I manage to kill the bug each time, either while it is cultivating or after I add it to the ginger syrup. Overview of ...
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10 views

Continue fermentation in Primary Fermentaor [duplicate]

Was wondering if I could keep my pilsner lager in my primary fermenter instead of transferring it during secondary fermentation???? Please Help 🙋
5
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1answer
607 views

Stupidly added priming sugar in initial fermentation step

I started my first brew this weekend with a kit, Stupidly, I misread the instructions and added the bag of priming sugar (which was supposed to be added immediately prior to barrelling) at the start ...
2
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8answers
141 views

Rubber bung keeps getting out

I'm using rubber bungs (with airlock) for my 5l glass carboys, I just got the carboys so it's my first time fermenting in them. I have a problem that rubber bung keep getting out because of the CO2 ...
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5answers
13k views

What to do with a stuck fermentation after 2 days with my first beer kit?

I am trying my first beer kit after trying wine once before. I picked up a "Summit Avenue EPA" clone of Summit EPA from Midwest Supplies. On Monday I did the 60 minute boil, cooled everthing to ...
3
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2answers
458 views

My first beer brewing smells like Cider!

My beer has started smell like cider on second day. Temperature is fine and hydrometer readings normal.it looks ok too. Nothing suspicious other than it now has no head. Today is now the 6th day in ...
0
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1answer
66 views

How much does hop flavor fade during fermentation?

In the end of my first batch, i thought i had put too many hop because it was 'oily' and the flavor was incredibly strong. But now in the second fermenting day the hops seems to be very distant, ...
2
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1answer
68 views

Fermentation Times in Extract vs. AG Brewing

I've noticed that for certain recipe kits that come in both all grain or extract forms, that the directions for the length of fermentation (both primary and secondary) are generally longer for the ...
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2answers
82 views

Home brewing in kegs

As there is no secondary fermentation when brewing in kegs as you use CO2 gas, how do you calculate the added amount of sugar in the brewing process to achieve the same end result. Sue
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118 views

14 hours after pitching, little to no activity. Is it ruined?

This is my first homebrew, so I'm totally in the dark as to what to expect. However, I was told by my LHS that I should see a lot of fermentation activity after around 4-12 hours. The brew itself is ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Putting Yeast in a Tea Bag

When making apple cider, beer or white wine, in order to more easily clear up the liquid, can we put our yeast in a tea bag or a piece of cloth so that the alcohol would be produced inside of it and ...