The anaerobic process by which yeast convert sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

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Airlock started bubbling after racking into secondary and dryhopping, why?

I racked my IPA into a sanitized carboy onto the hops I'm using for dry hopping, the airlock had been still for about 2 day before the racking. But now its in the secondary the airlock started up ...
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85 views

spring water fermentation stoped

I used both homebrew kits before and had no problems... But used tap water and granulated sugar. Coopers lager, wilcos home wine kit ... Both worked before. Both brews 25℃ and stored at ...
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126 views

Why do some Extract Recipies Call for Two Weeks and Others for Four Weeks?

I have ordered around 16 extract batches from Northern Brewer. I've noticed a trend in the time the instructions ask you to wait before bottling: if the OG is greater than 1.050, bottle after four ...
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127 views

What does the brew master mean by chilling around 30° F?

I'm going to make Frambozen / Raspberry Brown Ale I was reading these instructions from the New Belgium Brewing brew master. He wrote Ferment down to 1.014 FG, holding temperatures barely ...
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464 views

1 Gallon Secondary

I am attempting to add fruit to my 1 gallon brew: Bavarian Hefewaizen + Raspberries. My research said to use 1 pound of fruit per gallon of beer and to add it after a few days of fermentation. I ...
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5k views

So I don't know if my primary is done

I started primary 5 days ago. On the second day it had a healthy yeast cake on top. Day three it began to fall and yesterday, so day 4, it went all the way down. The temp is at 70 degrees and is an ...
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110 views

Making 5-7 l of beer in a 30l bucket

I would like to make a small quantity of beer, using something like this http://hbd.org/uchima/tech/extract.html What are the downsides of using a bucket much bigger than the amount of beer?
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351 views

When To Dry Hop?

I'm working with a recipe for a black ale (Cascadian Dark Ale) and it's telling me to dry hop 0.25 oz Warrior hops and 0.5 oz Cascade hops right after transferring to the carboy. I had read that the ...
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31 views

Worried about extent of inflation of Wyeast 4766 package

My friend and I were trying to ferment some raspberries using the WYEAST 4766 Cider yeast. Now it's 1 day after we activated the package and it is still only partially inflated. Should we buy a new ...
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28 views

wine left to ferment

I have been given some more wine stuff to add to my collection. In the goodies there are 2 fermenting bottles with wine in it.(strawberry wine) they have been in the bottles just over 4 years . I was ...
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156 views

Return samples from a fermtech wine/beer thief to a carboy

I just purchased this wine/beer thief so that I can take more regular samples over the course of fermentation. I plan to float my hydrometer directly in the tube of the thief, which requires me to ...
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134 views

Aerating no chill corny keg fermentors that don't seal

I'm very interested in ferment in corny-kegs after reading some questions about that here on this stackexchange. I will try it next batch, but there is a question about aeration/no chilling method: ...
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847 views

Hops - Do they stay in the wort for the primary fermentation or not?

I have two sets of instructions for putting the wort into the primary fermentation bucket. One says to just dump the entire contents of the wort into the bucket. The second says to stir like crazy ...
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65 views

Freezer stopped working while fermenting

So I just finished 2 - 5 gallon batches yesterday and I go to check on them today and my freezer stopped cooling. I can hear water running inside the walls but it doesn't get cool. It's about 75 F ...
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124 views

Yeast overdose?

So I'm new to the home-brewing scene, and I was a bit too excited to get started with my apple cider. I misread the instructions, and instead of using half a teaspoon for a 2lt bottle of juice.. I ...
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118 views

Should I use lemonade or soda pop when making a summer shandy? [duplicate]

So I am making a wheat beer and am adding lemons and oranges into the second stage of fermenting. I have heard through the beer vine that shandy's are lemonade and beer. Can I just add the lemonade or ...
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217 views

14 days in the primary to long? [duplicate]

Hi I am doing an ipa and was wondering if 14 days in the primary is to long before racking to a secondary for dry hopping. I see others saying 7 days in the primary then 14 days in the secondary.
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2k views

Can I increase secondary fermentation temperature after a week?

My ale batch (US-05) was fermented at 68ºF for 11 days, when I removed the sediment and moved it to a Secondary Fermentation with a much lower temperature (41ºF) for a week now. Since yeast has to be ...
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191 views

Is fermentation 'done' even without there being cake?

This one has me questioning what I thought I knew. Brewed a "mocha stout" 4 days ago: Steeped: - .5lb chocolate malt - .375lb roasted barley For boil, added: - 6lb DME (dark) - 1lb lactose At ...
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311 views

My “Cider” has the consistency of puree - what to do?

3 weeks ago, I set up a batch of apple to make hard cider. I chopped the apples in a kitchen machine and added yeast. The yeast I put into a smaller batch of the mashed apples before, after ading some ...
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137 views

Regulating Temperature in Closet

I'm just starting to brew and I was wondering if my closet would be cool enough to properly ferment. During the winter my house is usually in the mid 60's. Should I still do something else to regulate ...
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5k views

Pitched Yeast at 80-85 deg. Problem?

I pitched English Ale yeast (white labs) around 80 deg, not realizing it was that warm. Relative temp in the room is 68, but wort will not cool down below 80....strange! Its been about 24 hours at ...
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546 views

Low gravity reading after one week

My first home brew batch has been in the primary fermentation for one week and the gravity reading has dropped from 1055 to 1008. Is it going down too quickly? 4 kg pale ale malt 0,5 kg crystal malt ...
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129 views

What activity to expect when fermenting a lager?

I have a lager in primary fermentation, with the temp in the fridge around 10C. The fridge smells of fermentation and the bubbler is not level, but I have not seen a single bubble escape from the ...
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896 views

Cider molding and wont go away but not getting worse?

I have three ciders going, two "spiced" ciders and one regular/standard whatever the straight apple squeezed cider ("Ryan's" brand if anyone is familiar) is called. This is my first attempt at cider, ...
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712 views

What causes fermentation to slow down under normal conditions?

I've got a honey wheat ale in the fermentor, 8 days on it. Wyeast 1010, 1.5L starter. OG 1.054. Temp controlled chest freezer at 65F. Fermentation appeared to start well, the blowoff hose was ...
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473 views

Dry hopping at the end of fermentation?

First of all I know being impatient is not the way to approach brewing, but I would like to sneak my last batch (as well as the ones I had planned) into a PRO-AM comp in two weeks. I have an session ...
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1k views

Secondary Fermentation, Yeast still active?

A little background on the brew: For my latest batch, I followed this recipe from hopville. I made a few alterations: I used a different strain of wyeast (London Ale III), I also used oak chips ...
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141 views

Quick fermentaion, what should i do?

I made a batch of cider 6 days ago, and it started fermenting nicely, however now the bubbles in the air lock have slowed to nearly 1/min (according to my recipe means it's fermented) However this is ...
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445 views

Yeast on primary fermenting foam [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Day 2 of Primary Fermentation of beer Is this what it should look like day 2? I sprinkled the yeast on top yesterday, and today it looks like it foamed a bit and looks ...
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407 views

End of Fermentation?

I emailed this to the Mr. Beer beermaster, but I figured I'd ask here as well. For my Doppelbock 7.0, this Sunday will make it 3 weeks in the keg for fermentation. The previous beer I made was a pale ...
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28 views

Must won't ferment, too sour?

I prepared a must for a mead last weekend (recipe below) and after a whole week there has been no fermentation activity. I took a pH reading and it came in at 4.4 - is it likely that the must is ...
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57 views

Why is the primary stage of fermentation of wine important?

Senior chemistry student, whilst I know the main reason, I would like to know more of the chemistry behind it.
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99 views

A side by side comparison of open vessel vs closed vessel natural temp rise during fermentation

Would an unjacketed open fermentor, ferment cooler than an unjacketed closed system, given everything else equal. The idea being the ease of releasing strain and pressure on the yeast in an open ...
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90 views

Estimating the ABV in finshed product

Is this a viable method?: In theory you can calculate an estimated ABV by using the formula 17*X%*YL. This means that 17 gr sugar produces 1% alc. in 1 liter mash. So if you know at what alc.% your ...
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39 views

Do I need to use finings again after restarting the fermentation?

I recently made a batch of red wine but because the wine was too sweet I restarted the fermentation as I was advised. Of course I will need to de-gas the wine again, do I also need to use finings ...
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160 views

What can have caused my mead to have the taste of yeast?

I brew my first mead one month ago. I've put 1 dose of honey for about 3.5 of water. Ended up with a 2 liters of must in a pet bottle. I've put 10 grams of yeast (the entire sachet). Since i started, ...
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98 views

What grains have been fermented? [closed]

As i'm about to bottle my first batch. After all the googling and reading I've done, what grains have been fermented into beer?
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85 views

Tannins and yeast

On this page it is claimed that wine yeast needs some tannins to work, and that this can be a cause of stuck ferments in, say, flower wines. I have never heard of this, and cannot seem to find a good ...
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377 views

What might kill a ginger bug - fact and fiction?

I've been attempting to use a ginger bug to make non-alcoholic ginger beer, but I manage to kill the bug each time, either while it is cultivating or after I add it to the ginger syrup. Overview of ...
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54 views

Home made huckleberry wine

We are making a home made batch of huckleberry wine for halloween. We filled a Cleaned milk jug 3 quarters of the way with water, then we drained the juice, put it in the milk jug, and added a small ...
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221 views

Making Hard Cider in a Dorm

So I am attempting to make my own hard cider. At my school, there is a farmers market every Thursday and at this market they sell flash pasteurized cider; the process is stopped partway through so it ...
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3answers
311 views

Temperature control during 1st phase fermentation

I am having some issues keeping the temperature controlled. I live in SE QLD and the daily ambient temperature has been 23 degrees C down to 11C. I've been advised not to let the wort drop below 18C ...
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280 views

Accurate Temp with Johnson A419 & Freezer

I recently purchased a 5 sq ft chest freezer and A419 Johnson temp control for fermenting my beer. I hooked everything up with a Setpoint temp of 63 degrees and a Differential of 1 degree to test it ...
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302 views

Creating the perfect ginger bug?

Can anyone suggest the best recipe for making a ginger bug? I understand that it is just ginger root and unrefined sugar, but is it better to use organic ginger (if so why?), what is the best sugar ...
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2answers
181 views

I added sugar and bottled the beer…aged and no carbonation [closed]

We made the beer, it fermented fine, then waited to bottle (maybe too long afterwards) added sugar and bottled. After waiting for the required time opened a bottle only to find it flat. Can we add ...
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126 views

How to store leftover fermenting wine for reuse later?

I've got a decent amount of leftover wine (ginger) after racking from my primary to a couple of demijohns. I want to use this for the topping up when I eventually rerack in a few months' time but I'm ...
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338 views

Test for Acetobacter in Cider

I started my first cider yesterday. I am concerned that, because I haven't pasteurised I am running the risk of getting 12 litres of vinegar. Is there I anything I can do, now fermentation has ...
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2k views

How do I ferment homemade brewed tea - a black tea

Does anyone have an idea of how to brew a homemade tea? The idea is to take tea leaves and boil the water to get the tea base . What do Ido from here???
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116 views

Federweisser bottling

Can you bottle Federweisser at the point where you want to drink it and have it not keep fermenting? I have heard that the bottles may explode if you just bottle it normally.