The anaerobic process by which yeast convert sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

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SG and OG quite different to values indicated on can label

very quick question: making a kit brew (Coopers Real Ale), which says a typical OG is 1.046 and FG is 1.006. Unfortunately, my OG was 1.038, and my current reading (after about 17 days) is 1.013, and ...
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451 views

What are the quickest styles from grain to glass

I know typically, hefeweizens and wits are best drunk while 'young', but what are the styles that are most conducive to a quick turnaround? I also know alcohol content is a factor. Have people had ...
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665 views

When to conduct diacetyl rest?

I have my first lager fermenting at 50 degrees (pitched Saturday 8/18 at 11pm, tonight will be pitch + 5 days). Airlock activity started Monday AM, been going consistently since. The problem I am ...
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70 views

Stalled Yeast Stirred

I stirred what I thought was a stalled yeast and I think I stirred too hard. What are the down falls of introducing oxygen after the fermentation?
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116 views

Gross layer of foam at the end of fermentation and aging

I experienced few times a gross layer of foam when fermentation finishes. But the beer was fine, no symptoms of contamination neither off-flavors. I never measure the depth of foam but it can have ...
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149 views

Will this fermenter explode?

Brewed a Munich Helles yesterday and fermented it with an ale yeast. OG was 1.040 and it's in my fermentation fridge at 68f. Today when I checked it the lid was domed but the airlock wasn't ...
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1k views

Adding yeast to secondary

Okay, I am making a strong (imperial-ish) red ale. My original gravity was 1.081. I intended to bring it to a final point at most of 1.020, or if I can even lower. I was using 2 packs of WLP004 ...
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757 views

Lager: No fermentation, what are my choices?

Last weekend 2 of my friends and me tried brewing a lager (doppelbock) for the first time. Brewing went well, but not the yeast! We are now 4 days later, and no sign of activity. Gravity taken: did ...
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137 views

105 Day Fermentation?

I am half dozen or so batches into my homebrewing "career" (Saison du Buff, Jasmine IPA and Midas Touch among my highlights) I found a recipe for a darker saison. I made some modifications (chocolate ...
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2k views

Expert opinions on brewing beer from bread (If an expert were to use this method)

I found this link the other day on how to make beer from stale bread. It seems like it is legitimately working, but at the same time, it doesn't seem very clear on it's alcohol adjustments. My goal is ...
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367 views

Sloe wine: going very slowly

Having started enough sloe gin this year to last a decade, I decided to use the rest of the fruit to brew some sloe wine. I'm new to brewing, and this might seem like an odd choice, but I have high ...
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91 views

International flight kill my yeast?

I live in Vietnam and there's a dearth of good beer. So I cobbled together some supplies and tried my first homebrew yesterday. I had the guidance of an expert so I feel it went really well, but my ...
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59 views

low-tech honey mead failing to ferment

I've made a number of batches of low-tech hard cider by mixing champagne yeast with Martinelli's apple juice in the bottle, and then inserting an airlock. Fermentation is visible within hours, and one ...
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203 views

Airlock started bubbling after racking into secondary and dryhopping, why?

I racked my IPA into a sanitized carboy onto the hops I'm using for dry hopping, the airlock had been still for about 2 day before the racking. But now its in the secondary the airlock started up ...
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2k views

filling the airlock

I'm brewing my first batch ever, and got a little worried that it wasn't bubbling after 24 hours as the instructions said it should. I've read a lot on here that says not to worry about a bubbling ...
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81 views

spring water fermentation stoped

I used both homebrew kits before and had no problems... But used tap water and granulated sugar. Coopers lager, wilcos home wine kit ... Both worked before. Both brews 25℃ and stored at ...
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113 views

Why do some Extract Recipies Call for Two Weeks and Others for Four Weeks?

I have ordered around 16 extract batches from Northern Brewer. I've noticed a trend in the time the instructions ask you to wait before bottling: if the OG is greater than 1.050, bottle after four ...
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1answer
124 views

What does the brew master mean by chilling around 30° F?

I'm going to make Frambozen / Raspberry Brown Ale I was reading these instructions from the New Belgium Brewing brew master. He wrote Ferment down to 1.014 FG, holding temperatures barely ...
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1answer
297 views

1 Gallon Secondary

I am attempting to add fruit to my 1 gallon brew: Bavarian Hefewaizen + Raspberries. My research said to use 1 pound of fruit per gallon of beer and to add it after a few days of fermentation. I ...
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3k views

So I don't know if my primary is done

I started primary 5 days ago. On the second day it had a healthy yeast cake on top. Day three it began to fall and yesterday, so day 4, it went all the way down. The temp is at 70 degrees and is an ...
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1answer
102 views

Making 5-7 l of beer in a 30l bucket

I would like to make a small quantity of beer, using something like this http://hbd.org/uchima/tech/extract.html What are the downsides of using a bucket much bigger than the amount of beer?
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299 views

When To Dry Hop?

I'm working with a recipe for a black ale (Cascadian Dark Ale) and it's telling me to dry hop 0.25 oz Warrior hops and 0.5 oz Cascade hops right after transferring to the carboy. I had read that the ...
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479 views

Day 2 of Primary Fermentation of beer

Is this what my primary fermentation should look like after a day??? It looks like my yeast has been sitting on top of foam..
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21 views

Do I need an anti-microbial additive in my plum brandy mash?

Basically I pitted and smashed 10 lbs. of very ripe plums; heated the pulp, skins and juice to like 120°F and added 3 gals. of distilled water and 5 lbs. of sugar. Waited for it to cool below 90°F ...
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175 views

Hops - Do they stay in the wort for the primary fermentation or not?

I have two sets of instructions for putting the wort into the primary fermentation bucket. One says to just dump the entire contents of the wort into the bucket. The second says to stir like crazy ...
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59 views

Freezer stopped working while fermenting

So I just finished 2 - 5 gallon batches yesterday and I go to check on them today and my freezer stopped cooling. I can hear water running inside the walls but it doesn't get cool. It's about 75 F ...
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107 views

Yeast overdose?

So I'm new to the home-brewing scene, and I was a bit too excited to get started with my apple cider. I misread the instructions, and instead of using half a teaspoon for a 2lt bottle of juice.. I ...
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1answer
105 views

Should I use lemonade or soda pop when making a summer shandy? [duplicate]

So I am making a wheat beer and am adding lemons and oranges into the second stage of fermenting. I have heard through the beer vine that shandy's are lemonade and beer. Can I just add the lemonade or ...
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1k views

Can I increase secondary fermentation temperature after a week?

My ale batch (US-05) was fermented at 68ºF for 11 days, when I removed the sediment and moved it to a Secondary Fermentation with a much lower temperature (41ºF) for a week now. Since yeast has to be ...
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152 views

Is fermentation 'done' even without there being cake?

This one has me questioning what I thought I knew. Brewed a "mocha stout" 4 days ago: Steeped: - .5lb chocolate malt - .375lb roasted barley For boil, added: - 6lb DME (dark) - 1lb lactose At ...
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117 views

Regulating Temperature in Closet

I'm just starting to brew and I was wondering if my closet would be cool enough to properly ferment. During the winter my house is usually in the mid 60's. Should I still do something else to regulate ...
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3k views

Pitched Yeast at 80-85 deg. Problem?

I pitched English Ale yeast (white labs) around 80 deg, not realizing it was that warm. Relative temp in the room is 68, but wort will not cool down below 80....strange! Its been about 24 hours at ...
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442 views

Low gravity reading after one week

My first home brew batch has been in the primary fermentation for one week and the gravity reading has dropped from 1055 to 1008. Is it going down too quickly? 4 kg pale ale malt 0,5 kg crystal malt ...
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118 views

What activity to expect when fermenting a lager?

I have a lager in primary fermentation, with the temp in the fridge around 10C. The fridge smells of fermentation and the bubbler is not level, but I have not seen a single bubble escape from the ...
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1answer
577 views

What causes fermentation to slow down under normal conditions?

I've got a honey wheat ale in the fermentor, 8 days on it. Wyeast 1010, 1.5L starter. OG 1.054. Temp controlled chest freezer at 65F. Fermentation appeared to start well, the blowoff hose was ...
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379 views

Dry hopping at the end of fermentation?

First of all I know being impatient is not the way to approach brewing, but I would like to sneak my last batch (as well as the ones I had planned) into a PRO-AM comp in two weeks. I have an session ...
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909 views

Secondary Fermentation, Yeast still active?

A little background on the brew: For my latest batch, I followed this recipe from hopville. I made a few alterations: I used a different strain of wyeast (London Ale III), I also used oak chips ...
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137 views

Quick fermentaion, what should i do?

I made a batch of cider 6 days ago, and it started fermenting nicely, however now the bubbles in the air lock have slowed to nearly 1/min (according to my recipe means it's fermented) However this is ...
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410 views

Yeast on primary fermenting foam [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Day 2 of Primary Fermentation of beer Is this what it should look like day 2? I sprinkled the yeast on top yesterday, and today it looks like it foamed a bit and looks ...
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1answer
373 views

End of Fermentation?

I emailed this to the Mr. Beer beermaster, but I figured I'd ask here as well. For my Doppelbock 7.0, this Sunday will make it 3 weeks in the keg for fermentation. The previous beer I made was a pale ...
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1answer
43 views

Home made huckleberry wine

We are making a home made batch of huckleberry wine for halloween. We filled a Cleaned milk jug 3 quarters of the way with water, then we drained the juice, put it in the milk jug, and added a small ...
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1answer
134 views

Making Hard Cider in a Dorm

So I am attempting to make my own hard cider. At my school, there is a farmers market every Thursday and at this market they sell flash pasteurized cider; the process is stopped partway through so it ...
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3answers
273 views

Temperature control during 1st phase fermentation

I am having some issues keeping the temperature controlled. I live in SE QLD and the daily ambient temperature has been 23 degrees C down to 11C. I've been advised not to let the wort drop below 18C ...
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173 views

Accurate Temp with Johnson A419 & Freezer

I recently purchased a 5 sq ft chest freezer and A419 Johnson temp control for fermenting my beer. I hooked everything up with a Setpoint temp of 63 degrees and a Differential of 1 degree to test it ...
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1answer
160 views

Creating the perfect ginger bug?

Can anyone suggest the best recipe for making a ginger bug? I understand that it is just ginger root and unrefined sugar, but is it better to use organic ginger (if so why?), what is the best sugar ...
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2answers
167 views

I added sugar and bottled the beer…aged and no carbonation [closed]

We made the beer, it fermented fine, then waited to bottle (maybe too long afterwards) added sugar and bottled. After waiting for the required time opened a bottle only to find it flat. Can we add ...
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1answer
99 views

How to store leftover fermenting wine for reuse later?

I've got a decent amount of leftover wine (ginger) after racking from my primary to a couple of demijohns. I want to use this for the topping up when I eventually rerack in a few months' time but I'm ...
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256 views

Test for Acetobacter in Cider

I started my first cider yesterday. I am concerned that, because I haven't pasteurised I am running the risk of getting 12 litres of vinegar. Is there I anything I can do, now fermentation has ...
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1answer
106 views

Federweisser bottling

Can you bottle Federweisser at the point where you want to drink it and have it not keep fermenting? I have heard that the bottles may explode if you just bottle it normally.
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128 views

Wine Brewing on Lees (Sur lie)

I have recently learned about Light Lees Protocol and was wondering if someone would be able to relate some practical anecdotal experience. Is there a substantial difference in quality if you ...