The anaerobic process by which yeast convert sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

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Yeast not settling or infection?

Having trouble understanding what I'm looking at here (see pic): http://imgur.com/1OH9TQj Made an Amber ale with LME and used Wyeast 1332 Northwest Ale. Racked to secondary after 2 weeks to get ...
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1answer
55 views

Primary Fermentation Only Cuased Bubbles for 2 Days [duplicate]

I think the area I fermented in was too warm for my Brewers Best Weizenbier. About 75 degrees instead of the recommended 68-72. Bubbles were flowing though my airlock for a couple of days, but then ...
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1answer
101 views

Best way to estimate remaining fermentable sugars?

This question is kind of for the chemists here, but I'm open to any ideas. In this question Denny Conn, who is far more experienced than me, asserted that a beer is likely finished fermenting, ...
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1answer
197 views

Yeast nutrients

I've seen several beer, mead, and wine recipes that call for yeast nutrients. I'm even now following a mead recipe that calls for staggered nutrients. But my question is, what exactly are yeast ...
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3answers
134 views

Bottle conditioning mistake

So after two weeks of primary and secondary fermentation, I racked my beer and put it in the fridge by mistake. It has been in there for about 5 days. It's my first brew. I took them out and put them ...
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2answers
591 views

So I want to make a summer shandy, can I just put fruit in the second fermentation stage instead of juice?

So I was told I can add lemonade or orange juice to my wheat beer to make a summer shandy, can I just put fruit in the second fermentation stage instead?
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7k views

Primary Fermentation Plastic Bucket Lid

I just started homebrewing and a couple of friends told me my airlock on my plastic bucket primary should be bubbling. After 3 days of primary fementing with dry yeast, I've seen nothing, but, you ...
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1answer
342 views

Souring a Belgian Strong Dark Ale

I brewed something last fall with friends, and the recipe was somewhat off-the-cuff. I wasn't super happy with the results. We were aiming for a Belgian Tripel, but weren't careful in selecting our ...
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1answer
718 views

How long to ferment for?

I made a coopers IPA can 2 days ago and it's currently fermenting away (bubbles every few seconds) and is at around 21-24 deg c (69-75 deg f) which is what it says as the label. The can says to ...
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4answers
764 views

Fermenter Headspace; Suitable (and cheap!) Containers for Split Batches

After Denny's article in the spring issue of Zymurgy, I'm anxious to experiment and split batches for experimentation with yeast pitching rates, strains, fermentation temps, and adjuncts. I had ...
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2answers
1k views

Possible failed ferment: re-boil or campden + re-pitch?

On Saturday I brewed my 89th batch, an all-grain Irish Red Ale, SG 1.049. Pitched Wyeast 1084 from an "Activator" smack pack dated May 2012 that I'd struck around eight hours earlier, then aerated ...
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4answers
8k views

Is a normal plastic fermenting bucket with a plain lid (no kind of tap) OK to ferment in without the beer becoming contaminated?

It is my understanding that if one is fermenting (primary) with a bucket with a plain lid on it that it is necessary to leave a small gap (i.e. to leave the lid open a bit) Is this an adequate ...
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222 views

Fermentation Process

Good Evening Folks, Well...my first batch seemed to go pretty well. Within 24 hours it was bubbling pretty good. Now 72 hours later, the bubbling has become very slow I'm talking one bubble every ...
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1answer
524 views

Day 2 of Primary Fermentation of beer

Is this what my primary fermentation should look like after a day??? It looks like my yeast has been sitting on top of foam..
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1answer
27 views

Will accidentally shaking the mead lower the alcohol percentage?

I shook the mead during fermentation and I'm concerned that i may have hurt the yeast, causing it to produce less alcohol. Could this happen, or am i over thinking it?
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1answer
50 views

Belgian yeast used to brew a stout

I accidentally pitched wyeast 1762 instead if yeast 1056 to brew a stout. Is my beer ruined? Before I pitch the right into the mix and really make a mess of things can anyone with more knowledge guide ...
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1answer
40 views

continous fermenting

I am brewing milestones black pearl and have added 500g of malt extract. the wort started at an sg of 1060. It has been quite an impressive fermentation that is still continuing after 3 weeks but the ...
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2answers
265 views

DIY Fermentation Chamber. Dual Zone Question

I am building a fermentation chamber and I was wondering if there is a way to have two zones but only use one cooler? My thinking is have two of everything except the cooler. So there would be ...
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1answer
84 views

Fermentation Times in Extract vs. AG Brewing

I've noticed that for certain recipe kits that come in both all grain or extract forms, that the directions for the length of fermentation (both primary and secondary) are generally longer for the ...
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88 views

Home brewing in kegs

As there is no secondary fermentation when brewing in kegs as you use CO2 gas, how do you calculate the added amount of sugar in the brewing process to achieve the same end result. Sue
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4k views

Does temperature during bottle conditioning effect the flavour?

I made a Weis beer and my primary fermentation temp was 19C. After 2 weeks I mixed priming sugar into my beer and bottled it. I then conditioned the bottles for a week at 21C. I know when in primary ...
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3answers
966 views

Fermentation - only very small bubbles after 36 hours

This is my first batch so I'm wondering if I am worrying over nothing or if I need to take action. I brewed an all extract IPA kit from Williams Brewing. I feel I was very careful with sanitation ...
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3answers
860 views

How to proceed when step-feeding a mead

I am in the process of planning my next mead batch, and I wondered if it would be a good idea to step-feed this one since I am planning a high ABV (18%). How would I do this best? My recipe looks ...
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1answer
759 views

Why are there flakes in my beer after 5 days?

I am currently brewing my first batch of beer and I have been checking on the temperature every day. Up until now the top of the beer looked normal and was fermenting as I expect. Today however, I ...
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2answers
772 views

Which fermentation temperature should I favor?

I am doing a dual brew this weekend. First up will be my Engine 97 Steam Beer (aka California Common - see recipe here: http://www.lootcorp.com/recipes/engine-97-steam-beer.html - credit for original ...
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2answers
475 views

Fermentation Issues???

Fermentation Help I have need some thoughts on what I should do with this batch of beer. I am brewing a clone kit which is called Belgium Wit. The directions were a little off based on the equipment ...
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1answer
64 views

Temperature when hydrating dry yeast

Some Lalvin yeast I bought is not doing anything in my wort. When I told people on an online forum I'd hydrated it with 40 degrees C water, they told me this was far too hot. But this is exactly what ...
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1answer
51 views

Do I need an anti-microbial additive in my plum brandy mash?

Basically I pitted and smashed 10 lbs. of very ripe plums; heated the pulp, skins and juice to like 120°F and added 3 gals. of distilled water and 5 lbs. of sugar. Waited for it to cool below 90°F ...
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1answer
148 views

When will fermentation end? ( wine )

I made 10 litres of red wine ( pasteurized grape juice from the supermarket ), added 2kg sugar, used yeast bought from my local homebrew shop. Fermentation started after a day, and for the first two ...
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2answers
244 views

Violent fermentation | One day after brewing | Liter spillage from the top

I am an amateur brewer just cooked my third batch ever three days ago. This time with a couple of friends (which also bought the ingredients from a place I haven't before), so this time I used a ...
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1answer
258 views

What would have caused my wort to darken in the fermenter?

Experimenting with a recipe for a Scottish ale, from extract. On brew day, my color was just a little lighter than I anticipated. The color darkened slightly during a very active fermentation. (It ...
2
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1answer
148 views

Spigot broke on primary fermentation bucket

After 6 days in primary I went to move bucket and the spigot broke. Managed to keep it in place while attaching a hose and transferring the wort. There was a ring around the top of the bucket where ...
2
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1answer
497 views

How quickly do I let the fermentation temperature rise if it starts off too low?

I brewed something like a Black IPA today (hoppy and dark). I ferment in carboys in a chest freezer with an external temperature control. It is frigid today, and the garage where the chest freezer ...
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2answers
849 views

Check if fermentation has occurred.

I brewed an ESB from extract just before the weekend and then got called away this weekend and wasn't able to make any observations for the next 3 days. I checked after 12 hours and didn't see any ...
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3answers
1k views

Wyeast 3944 Slow to Work

I wanted to see if anyone else had this experience - I'm on my second batch of a Wit bier with this yeast and have noticed that in both scenarios - after two weeks the Krausen has not fallen. The ...
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2answers
151 views

Blending beer DURING fermentation, in the hopes to get beer back in balance with hops

I brewed an IPA intended to blow my hop socks off and missed my target OG by 20 points. DETAILS: Built this recipe in BeerSmith with an intended OG of 1.070 and IBU projected at 156. I pitched a 1000 ...
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2answers
174 views

Ginger Bug Smell?

I've made a new ginger bug from some pretty old ginger. The ginger has been sitting on my counter long enough for some of it to actually sprout new shoots, but it smells fine and doesn't show any ...
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1answer
229 views

When brewing water Kefir my wire bail stopper blew off

I am trying to salvage my one fermenting bottle and wondered if anyone knows how to get the dern top/bail stopper back on the bottle. When I went to open my water kefir it shot liquid everywhere and ...
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1answer
115 views

Wine and yeast “clean up”

I have now decided to try my hand at some wine making as SHMBO decided she would also like to enjoy the fruits (haha) of my hobby. In the instructions for the kit I received (White Riesling) I was ...
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2answers
208 views

Initial Fermentation Temp?

A couple of days ago I brewed some Big Ben Pale Ale from Midwest Supplies. After the boil I poured the wort in to the fermenter atop some cold water already in the fermenter. I checked the temp ...
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2answers
456 views

Is there any danger in fermenting outside?

Not having any cooling mechanism for my fermenter(s), this time of year I can get more favorable temperatures outside than inside. I'm specifically talking about ciders in glass containers, but I'm ...
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2answers
174 views

Does no visible fermentation mean I have a bad batch?

I have a 1-gallon kit from the Brooklyn Brew Shop (don't laugh; I'm a total n00b). I have a batch of the Chestnut Brown fermenting -- but there is no visible fermentation at all. While I had the ...
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2answers
260 views

What would happen if you took raw grape juice and covered but did not refrigerate?

I'm curious about something that maybe someone can answer from personal experience. If I took red or concord grapes, crushed them, filtered the juice, covered it and stored it at an average ...
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133 views

Why bother with airlock when I can just leave the tube going to the bleach water in place?

Making my first batch! Using a Brooklyn Brew Shop kit, and did the active part last night. I've got the jug in a cool/dark place and it it bubbling away, sending CO2 through the tube in the top of ...
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4answers
5k views

Measuring yeast activity by collecting CO2

I've been thinking about ways to measure the progress of the primary fermentation, looking for an alternative to taking samples and measuring the gravity. I was wondering if anyone has tried to ...
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4answers
2k views

Is secondary fermentation advisable for Belgium witbier?

I've had my beer (Belgium witbier) in primary fermentation for about a week. I'd like to rack to secondary, then keep it in secondary for 3 weeks. Advisable? I could keep it in primary for another ...
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1k views

Am I bottling too quick?

Leaving aside the risk the fermentation is not completed and possible bottle bombing. I have made some amber or brown ales, about 1.040 1.050 OG. After a week I bottle it and start drinking after ...
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178 views

14 hours after pitching, little to no activity. Is it ruined?

This is my first homebrew, so I'm totally in the dark as to what to expect. However, I was told by my LHS that I should see a lot of fermentation activity after around 4-12 hours. The brew itself is ...
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1answer
50 views

what is the F.G

The O.G. of my beer is 1.062 this is my recipe coopers stout tin 1.7kg stout enhancer 1.kg (looks like soft brown sugar and other sugars?) Glucose 500grams Honey 250 grams can anyone predict the F.G. ...
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513 views

Do I need to double the yeast when splitting the batch into two fermenters?

I am brewing 5 gallon batches. I end up with 5.5 gallons after the boil so I split the batch evenly into two(2) Corney kegs fitted with an air lock on each gas in. I ferment in the two kegs and then ...