The anaerobic process by which yeast convert sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

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Non fermenting cider

I extracted the juice and moved it to a container for two days(as per instructions)mixed the yeast with the sugar water and left for two days,then mixed together,but there was no fermentation,why ...
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4answers
739 views

Longest time in carboy?

I've been extraordinarily lazy lately and have kept 2 of my beers sitting around for some time. What is the longest you've kept your beer on primary and still had good results? I'm hearing arguments ...
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1answer
98 views

Why does my fermented beet kvass taste bad?

I took 4 medium beets, chopped them up in a medium dice, put the beets in a 1-gallon Pickl-It jar. I added 1 ½ tablespoon unrefined sea salt, added filtered water to ½ inch below lid, and closed with ...
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2answers
260 views

Mr Beer Fermentor Leaking

Found an old Mr Beer kit that had never been used. The malt and yeast that came with the kit had expired, so I bought replacements. I followed the directions in the booklet, and put the fermenter in a ...
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2answers
229 views

Foam Overflow - Residue on Carboy walls

I recently brewed up a Caribou Slobber from Northern Brewing. I had a foam over, I sanitized a new stopper, air lock and resealed the carboy. Now I have no bubbles in my airlock, and all of the ...
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1answer
228 views

Dropped the temperature as it was getting out of control, did I shock my yeast?

Making an IPA with an OG of 1.069, we pitched at 70°F with good ol' Safale US-05, just dry out of the packet as I've always done with US-05 with good success (I tend to trust it a little too much ...
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2answers
4k views

Why did fermentation take so long to start?

I boiled and pitched a low-gravity (~1.033) Scottish Ale this past Sunday. The wort was cooled via immersion to under 75° F and then aerated via a whisk-on-drill contraption before pitching the ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the oily film on the top of my kit beer

I made a creme ale 10 days ago and I racked to the secondary after 4 days fermenting( don't ask ) . I tasted it yesterday and it taste very bitter with little to no flavor. When I transferred it to ...
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2answers
3k views

Premature Kegging - leave batch in keg or rack to carboy?

I kegged a batch of hefeweizen on Sunday morning and force carbonated. My all-grain recipe was a combination of several that I found online, but largely an original creation. The plan was to leave the ...
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1answer
322 views

Is there a simple rule of thumb for OG and fermentation time?

I just brewed my 5th batch, but for the first time didn't use a kit, but an online recipe. So now, I have no idea of how long to keep it in the fermenter before bottling. From what I understand, a ...
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2answers
1k views

homemade wine problem

My question is in my primary fermenter. If the airlock is not bubbling does that mean its not fermenting. I have two on the go one is bubbling and the other one is. What should I do?
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3answers
96 views

Bottle conditioning mistake

So after two weeks of primary and secondary fermentation, I racked my beer and put it in the fridge by mistake. It has been in there for about 5 days. It's my first brew. I took them out and put them ...
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2answers
253 views

So I want to make a summer shandy, can I just put fruit in the second fermentation stage instead of juice?

So I was told I can add lemonade or orange juice to my wheat beer to make a summer shandy, can I just put fruit in the second fermentation stage instead?
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4answers
4k views

Primary Fermentation Plastic Bucket Lid

I just started homebrewing and a couple of friends told me my airlock on my plastic bucket primary should be bubbling. After 3 days of primary fementing with dry yeast, I've seen nothing, but, you ...
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3answers
2k views

Adding water to wort to get desired volume

I have always been curious about the practice of making a 3 gallon wort and then topping it off with water to make 5 gallons to ferment. I might be doing it wrong, but I add my cold, filtered water ...
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1answer
536 views

How long to ferment for?

I made a coopers IPA can 2 days ago and it's currently fermenting away (bubbles every few seconds) and is at around 21-24 deg c (69-75 deg f) which is what it says as the label. The can says to ...
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4answers
527 views

Fermenter Headspace; Suitable (and cheap!) Containers for Split Batches

After Denny's article in the spring issue of Zymurgy, I'm anxious to experiment and split batches for experimentation with yeast pitching rates, strains, fermentation temps, and adjuncts. I had ...
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2answers
826 views

Possible failed ferment: re-boil or campden + re-pitch?

On Saturday I brewed my 89th batch, an all-grain Irish Red Ale, SG 1.049. Pitched Wyeast 1084 from an "Activator" smack pack dated May 2012 that I'd struck around eight hours earlier, then aerated ...
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4answers
5k views

Is a normal plastic fermenting bucket with a plain lid (no kind of tap) OK to ferment in without the beer becoming contaminated?

It is my understanding that if one is fermenting (primary) with a bucket with a plain lid on it that it is necessary to leave a small gap (i.e. to leave the lid open a bit) Is this an adequate ...
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2answers
212 views

Fermentation Process

Good Evening Folks, Well...my first batch seemed to go pretty well. Within 24 hours it was bubbling pretty good. Now 72 hours later, the bubbling has become very slow I'm talking one bubble every ...
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2answers
882 views

How to Properly Increase the Temperature of a Batch after Primary Fermentation

I've read tidbits how that after the first 3 days of fermentation, you would ideally raise the temperature of the carboy for the remainder of the brew. How, exactly, does one do this? Say the Wyeast ...
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1answer
165 views

Will blending a highly attenuating yeast with a highly alcohol tolerant yeast cleanly lower the final gravity in a very high gravity ale?

I've brewed some ridiculous beers in the past, my highest original gravity resulting in over a final 18% ABV using WLP099 yeast. That particular beer turned out well for how inexperienced I was when ...
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1answer
204 views

Souring a Belgian Strong Dark Ale

I brewed something last fall with friends, and the recipe was somewhat off-the-cuff. I wasn't super happy with the results. We were aiming for a Belgian Tripel, but weren't careful in selecting our ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the minimum time required to have drinkable beer?

From reading What is the secondary fermentation debate? and If/When to move to secondary fermentation it appears that beer can be considered ready to consume (assuming force carbonation or a love of ...
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4answers
2k views

When is fermentation done

So, I'm totally new to homebrewing. About to start my first brew, and it's a complete kit with instructions. Supposedly, it can't go wrong. BUT, it says that fermentation is over in 16 days. I assume ...
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3answers
581 views

How to proceed when step-feeding a mead

I am in the process of planning my next mead batch, and I wondered if it would be a good idea to step-feed this one since I am planning a high ABV (18%). How would I do this best? My recipe looks ...
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1answer
532 views

Why are there flakes in my beer after 5 days?

I am currently brewing my first batch of beer and I have been checking on the temperature every day. Up until now the top of the beer looked normal and was fermenting as I expect. Today however, I ...
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2answers
739 views

Which fermentation temperature should I favor?

I am doing a dual brew this weekend. First up will be my Engine 97 Steam Beer (aka California Common - see recipe here: http://www.lootcorp.com/recipes/engine-97-steam-beer.html - credit for original ...
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2answers
434 views

Fermentation Issues???

Fermentation Help I have need some thoughts on what I should do with this batch of beer. I am brewing a clone kit which is called Belgium Wit. The directions were a little off based on the equipment ...
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1answer
45 views

When will fermentation end? ( wine )

I made 10 litres of red wine ( pasteurized grape juice from the supermarket ), added 2kg sugar, used yeast bought from my local homebrew shop. Fermentation started after a day, and for the first two ...
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2answers
150 views

Violent fermentation | One day after brewing | Liter spillage from the top

I am an amateur brewer just cooked my third batch ever three days ago. This time with a couple of friends (which also bought the ingredients from a place I haven't before), so this time I used a ...
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1answer
148 views

What would have caused my wort to darken in the fermenter?

Experimenting with a recipe for a Scottish ale, from extract. On brew day, my color was just a little lighter than I anticipated. The color darkened slightly during a very active fermentation. (It ...
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3answers
615 views

Fermentation - only very small bubbles after 36 hours

This is my first batch so I'm wondering if I am worrying over nothing or if I need to take action. I brewed an all extract IPA kit from Williams Brewing. I feel I was very careful with sanitation ...
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1answer
130 views

Spigot broke on primary fermentation bucket

After 6 days in primary I went to move bucket and the spigot broke. Managed to keep it in place while attaching a hose and transferring the wort. There was a ring around the top of the bucket where ...
2
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1answer
340 views

How quickly do I let the fermentation temperature rise if it starts off too low?

I brewed something like a Black IPA today (hoppy and dark). I ferment in carboys in a chest freezer with an external temperature control. It is frigid today, and the garage where the chest freezer ...
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2answers
653 views

Check if fermentation has occurred.

I brewed an ESB from extract just before the weekend and then got called away this weekend and wasn't able to make any observations for the next 3 days. I checked after 12 hours and didn't see any ...
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3answers
897 views

Wyeast 3944 Slow to Work

I wanted to see if anyone else had this experience - I'm on my second batch of a Wit bier with this yeast and have noticed that in both scenarios - after two weeks the Krausen has not fallen. The ...
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2answers
148 views

Initial Fermentation Temp?

A couple of days ago I brewed some Big Ben Pale Ale from Midwest Supplies. After the boil I poured the wort in to the fermenter atop some cold water already in the fermenter. I checked the temp ...
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2answers
263 views

Is there any danger in fermenting outside?

Not having any cooling mechanism for my fermenter(s), this time of year I can get more favorable temperatures outside than inside. I'm specifically talking about ciders in glass containers, but I'm ...
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2answers
168 views

Does no visible fermentation mean I have a bad batch?

I have a 1-gallon kit from the Brooklyn Brew Shop (don't laugh; I'm a total n00b). I have a batch of the Chestnut Brown fermenting -- but there is no visible fermentation at all. While I had the ...
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4answers
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Measuring yeast activity by collecting CO2

I've been thinking about ways to measure the progress of the primary fermentation, looking for an alternative to taking samples and measuring the gravity. I was wondering if anyone has tried to ...
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2answers
655 views

Am I bottling too quick?

Leaving aside the risk the fermentation is not completed and possible bottle bombing. I have made some amber or brown ales, about 1.040 1.050 OG. After a week I bottle it and start drinking after ...
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Secondary Fermentation

I've had my beer (Belgium witbier) in primary fermentation for about a week. I'd like to rack to secondary, then keep it in secondary for 3 weeks. Advisable? I could keep it in primary for another ...
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1answer
46 views

what is the F.G

The O.G. of my beer is 1.062 this is my recipe coopers stout tin 1.7kg stout enhancer 1.kg (looks like soft brown sugar and other sugars?) Glucose 500grams Honey 250 grams can anyone predict the F.G. ...
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3answers
338 views

Do I need to double the yeast when splitting the batch into two fermenters?

I am brewing 5 gallon batches. I end up with 5.5 gallons after the boil so I split the batch evenly into two(2) Corney kegs fitted with an air lock on each gas in. I ferment in the two kegs and then ...
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4answers
117 views

Homebrew sitting on top of washing machine - agitation

My fermentation bucket is on top of my washing machine, when it spins it vibrates the brew. I've been careful to clamp it to the back of the washing machine with a bungee otherwise it might shake ...
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159 views

Losing liquid during brewing

I'm homebrewing using a Northern Brewer starter kit, but I seem to be losing quite a lot of beer. I'm starting with 5 gallons in my primary fermeter, but by the time I bottle I end up with roughly 3.9 ...
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3answers
2k views

Stopping fermentation and then bottling

I've tried making a few beers that I think have TOO much alcohol. I'd like to stop the fermentation before all of the sugars have fermented, and I'm wondering what the best way is to do that. I've ...
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2answers
69 views

Super fast fermentation?

I pitched Red Star Champagne yeast for a two gallon batch of Banana wine six days ago today when I went to siphon the must into the secondary I saw fermentation had stopped. Trying to figure out what ...
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1answer
149 views

Saison fermentation. White residue and thin film. Infected?

I'm ferementing a saison with Wyeast 3724, and after the initial ferment, it died down, I then bought it into a warmer room and chucked some blankets over it (I'm also using an aquarium heater, but ...