The anaerobic process by which yeast convert sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

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Fermentation started, then stopped the next day. Is my yeast dead?

This is my first shot at homebrewing, using Northern Brewer's American Wheat Beer kit which is based on liquid malt extract, Willamette and Cascade hops, and a packet of dry yeast. I brewed and put ...
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2answers
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Expert opinions on brewing beer from bread (If an expert were to use this method)

I found this link the other day on how to make beer from stale bread. It seems like it is legitimately working, but at the same time, it doesn't seem very clear on it's alcohol adjustments. My goal is ...
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2answers
394 views

What should I expect from re-mashing malt extract?

I've heard Jamil Z. from the brewing network recommend re-mashing malt extract with a handful of two/six row to improve ferment-ability. Since the extract producer is attempting to please a larger ...
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2answers
316 views

Brewed with honey and the yeast is not working?

I did my first beer using honey last night and the beer is not bubbling this morning as it usually does. Is this normal? Should I re-pitch the yeast or not?
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4answers
558 views

Are the terms “dry”, “low FG” and “drinkable” synonymous?

Hopefully this doesn't fall under "opinion" but I believe this will help alleviate some questions on mashing/fermentation techniques. I guess you could break this question into parts. Also the term ...
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1answer
173 views

When is it okay to bottle?

I've brewed literally dozens of Beer House brewkits, but I'm waiting on a Winterfest Ale kit that just won't seem to completely stop secondary fermentation...every other time I made these kits, ...
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4answers
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using champagne yeast as a secondary yeast for fermentation?

I haven't quite found a post that answers my question, when brewing a big beer such as a barley wine I have heard talk about using champagne yeast after the initial yeast has done all it can. If my ...
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2answers
333 views

What is the proper method for blending beers?

In regards to this question I've been inspired to take my flat beer and blend it with a new beer. My main question is when is the best time to combine the two beers? Should it be done at the start of ...
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2answers
573 views

How to ferment on the last batches yeast cake?

My last batch was a strong ale/winter 1.090 wlp002 english ale yeast brewed on 11/20 (two weeks ago). it has been in the fridge crash cooling for about 72 hours. this will be my first attempt at ...
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5answers
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after fermentation (carboy) if I put it in the fridge what do with the air-lock?

listening to an interview with John Palmer he suggests putting the fermentation vessel in the fridge (after fermentation is complete) to drop out some left over trub and yeast. I figured I would give ...
2
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1answer
313 views

Is there a simple rule of thumb for OG and fermentation time?

I just brewed my 5th batch, but for the first time didn't use a kit, but an online recipe. So now, I have no idea of how long to keep it in the fermenter before bottling. From what I understand, a ...
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4answers
661 views

What should I put in my swamp cooler water to retard growth of nasty things?

For the last 2 batches of beer I've used a swamp cooler to cool off the plastic bucket fermenter. The cooling worked well, but on both batches, there was a bit of mold growing on the outside and/or ...
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3answers
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checking gravity during and after fermentation?

How could I pull out a little from my carboy to take gravity readings during fermentation? I tried to use a auto-siphon but it was a mess.
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2answers
2k views

Help! I added too much sugar for batch's recipe.

This is my first time brewing and my son didn't do anything to help matters. I was mixing my wort and was putting in the sugar. My recipe called for 1kg which is roughly 2.2 pounds, well lets just say ...
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2answers
3k views

Can we estimate the temperature rise in the primary due to fermentation?

OK, this is sort of cheating but I really liked this question so I thought I'd ask the question again in a slightly different way and try and answer it. I was wondering if we can actually estimate ...
4
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4answers
662 views

I might have pitched at too low a temperature

I brewed my first extract batch in awhile yesterday (5.5 gal Great Lakes Christmas Ale clone), and I feel I may have cooled it too much. I got 2.5 gallons of the concentrated wort down to about ...
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4answers
1k views

How many degrees will my carboy heat up as a result of fermentation activity?

Recipe calls for fermentation at 70 degrees, basement is 65. I know that fermentation produces some heat, so I was wondering if just letting yeast do its thing will be enough. Otherwise, do I need ...
4
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3answers
640 views

Secondary Fermentation - Gravity too high to bottle but it's not going anywhere

I have an Oatmeal Stout in the secondary fermenter (carboy) and it's been there for about a week. I checked the hydrometer reading this morning and it's at 1.020. The og was about 1.052, and when I ...
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1answer
5k views

Making wine from concord grape juice

I'm just about to start my first attempts at wine making. We bought a gallon of organic, concentrated, concord grape juice to use for some other recipes and I have so much left over that I'm going to ...
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8answers
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What's a good small-batch fermentation vessel?

After getting started with a few kits, I'd like to start experimenting a little bit. I'd like to start off with 1-gallon batches on anything I'm not sure about, though. I have a growler that I'm ...
9
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2answers
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DIY Thermoelectric Cooler (TEC / Peltier) Fermentation Chamber

From a thermodynamics perspective, I realize that a TEC-based fermentation chamber is not the most efficient type of cooler due to very inefficient heat transfer, but, alas, I want to build one as I ...
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2answers
191 views

What can I do to ensure my high OG wort ferments well?

An Belgian Tripel recipe has caught my eye, but it looks like an imperial style. OG is estimated at 1.100+, and final abv is close to 11.5%. I'm planning on a Wyeast Belgian Ardennes yeast. My plan ...
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1answer
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Effects on homebrew from Fluoride in tap water

I live in a city that puts fluoride in the drinking water. I am in the habit of boiling all water before storing it (and allowing it to cool) for brew day. Will fluoride effect the brew in any way? ...
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2answers
397 views

Yeast on primary fermenting foam [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Day 2 of Primary Fermentation of beer Is this what it should look like day 2? I sprinkled the yeast on top yesterday, and today it looks like it foamed a bit and looks ...
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1answer
471 views

Day 2 of Primary Fermentation of beer

Is this what my primary fermentation should look like after a day??? It looks like my yeast has been sitting on top of foam..
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3answers
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Effects of pectin

I often see recipes (usually for fruit mead or beer) warning against boiling fruit for fear that it will release pectin. I know that this is important for making jam, and bad for home brewing. What I ...
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2answers
334 views

what could be going on? 1065 to 1010 in 3 days and a half

This is just my first batch so I'm a complete newbie. I'm brewing a dry euro brown ale (grain + multiextract) and the temperature is between 57-67 f, but my bucket doesn't have a thermometer but I ...
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1answer
847 views

Cherry vinegar (was supposed to be mead)

Last week I started a cherry mead and discovered yesterday that it had turned to vinegar (and not even nice-tasting cherry-flavoured vinegar - it smelled and tasted awful, though the colour was ...
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4answers
5k views

Non fermenting cider

I extracted the juice and moved it to a container for two days(as per instructions)mixed the yeast with the sugar water and left for two days,then mixed together,but there was no fermentation,why ...
3
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1answer
309 views

Controlling exothermic heat from primary fermentation with A/C cooling duct

In terms of brewing with Ale yeasts, I understand that fermenter temps can increase up to 10 degrees, or more, than the ambient room temperature. As a "cheap" method for keeping the temperature of the ...
6
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1answer
421 views

primary fermentation of wine

I am mostly a beer brewer, but recently I have begun experimenting with fruit wines. In contrast to beer, the wine recipes I am using all say to do the primary fermentation with only a towel or other ...
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3answers
302 views

Priming Sugar Affect on Fermentation

I screwed up took a batch that had only been fermenting for 3 days and started to bottle it before I realized it was the wrong one. [link] During this screw up I ended up added the priming sugar then ...
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2answers
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How do I decide if the beer is ready? Is my fermentation complete?

This is my first time brewing and I've followed the instructions from a kit. It says to leave the beer in the key for two weeks and its ready when it stops being cloudy. Its now been a little over ...
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3answers
211 views

Referment after Adding Priming Sugar

So I accidentally grabbed the wrong fermenting carboy today, this one started fermenting 3 days ago, but already has a gravity of 1.010 (it got a little warm up to 78F). Before we noticed it was the ...
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2answers
501 views

Barleywine fermentation is slow. How can I speed it up?

My barley wine has been brewing for two weeks it should have be 1108 after 4-6 days its currently still fermenting at 1025.Its been at a constant temp of 22 degrees. However when yeast was added it ...
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2answers
769 views

Strong Sulfur from WLP 351 - how to clear it up quickly?

Does anyone have any tips for helping a beer clear out sulfur faster? - I made a straight Hefe (half wheat, half 2-Row) and use White Labs seasonal "Bavarian Hefe" yeast, WLP351. The beer was made ...
6
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3answers
835 views

Pitched unnecessary 2nd round of yeast - what will be the effects?

First off, a bit of background: This is my 3rd batch of homebrew so I am new to this. I'm using the following: Morgan's Golden Saaz Pilsner can of goo, Fermentis Saflager s-23 yeast and a brew ...
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6answers
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Should I worry about blow-off?

I brewed a batch of IPA yesterday and when I checked on it today it had started to blow-off. There is so much pressure in the primary that it has spilled up through the airlock and is constantly ...
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3answers
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How much distillers yeast do I use in a 5 gallon batch of beer?

The recipe I'm working on calls for the use of distillers yeast half way through my primary fermentation (among other things like plenty of sugar, aeration, etc...). Problem is, it doesn't really ...
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2answers
597 views

Check if fermentation has occurred.

I brewed an ESB from extract just before the weekend and then got called away this weekend and wasn't able to make any observations for the next 3 days. I checked after 12 hours and didn't see any ...
3
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1answer
756 views

Fermentation Activity in the first few days

I know a variant of this question has been asked a million times, but can someone let me know if this behavior is "normal" for a brew? I'm using Northern Brewer's Caribou Slobber Brown kit. I brewed ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Best practices when adding sugars during the fermentation process

I'm looking to take on a challenge of brewing an ale that is going to range between 14%-16% ABV, and among the many different steps, the most interesting is the inclusion of Demerara sugar and cane ...
5
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1answer
283 views

Ramping temperatures during fermentation

What is the appropriate way to ramp temper when say brewing a Belgian beer? Would I expect to have off flavors from the higher temps? What's the best range for ramping? Do I actively manage the temp ...
6
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1answer
296 views

Steps in Secondary Fermentation

I just picked up my Better Bottle Carboy... and will be racking to it in a few days. I have a few questions to ask since I did not use a secondary during my first few batches: 1) Do I add yeast at ...
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2answers
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Fruit beer: should I allow it to ferment out completely?

I have a wheat beer in secondary that has been on 5 lbs of strawberries for 6 days. The flavor is phenomenal right now, just perfect. The strawberries continue to ferment actively, and I want to ...
5
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2answers
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Bubbling suddenly stopped - is this a problem?

This is my second home brew. I chose "Coopers Mexican Cerveza" with "Muntons Beer Enhancer". It's only day 4 out of 7 weeks but on the second day, the whole bin warmed slightly and there was a lot ...
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4answers
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Brewed beer turnaround time

As homebrewers why do we take longer to ferment our beer than what seems like the time-line at the commercial/pro level. Everytime I take a brewery tour or a listen to a podcast that interviews a pro ...
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2answers
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Diacetyl Rest for Wyeast 2206 Bavarian Lager

The Wyeast website seems to strongly suggest a diacetyl as fermentation completes with their Bavarian Lager strain, 2206. I prefer to chill my wort to below fermentation temps prior to pitching the ...
3
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4answers
791 views

Will rapid ambient temperature drop kill yeast or just slow them down

I have just put on my first all grain homebrew (a porter) here in Melbourne, Australia. After a day or so it was bubbling away quite nicely. A couple of days ago the weather decided to change ...
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4answers
707 views

Longest time in carboy?

I've been extraordinarily lazy lately and have kept 2 of my beers sitting around for some time. What is the longest you've kept your beer on primary and still had good results? I'm hearing arguments ...