The anaerobic process by which yeast convert sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

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1answer
595 views

How does electrical conductivity of a fermenting liquid change over time?

Has anyone ever measured how the conductivity of fermenting liquids changes over time? I have a hypothesis that it does change over time, and that as the fermentation rates and stages change, so ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Why isn't my gravity increasing? Has fermentation stopped?

About ten days ago I transferred my homebrew (I'm new at this so for now I'm buying the kits) from the primary to the secondary. when I transferred it the gravity was reading 1.025 and it was bubbling ...
8
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4answers
318 views

Ideas for rescuing an under-pitched and under-hopped batch

A few batches ago, I had a "learning experience". I now have some pretty good ideas of where I went wrong (mainly, not having any idea how to design a recipe), but I'm wondering what I can do with a ...
5
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1answer
236 views

Berliner Weisse questions

I have a Berliner Weisse (1.035 O.G.) that has been fermenting on WLP630 (berliner weisse lacto blend) for about 5 days now. This is my first attempt at both a sour style beer and a starting gravity ...
5
votes
1answer
179 views

Flanders Red from Brewing Classic Styles

I am interested in brewing the Flanders red that is found in Brewing Classic Styles. Jamil mentions using the Wyeast 3763 or WLP655 and leaving it sit for a year until the pellicle forms then falls ...
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2answers
2k views

Premature Kegging - leave batch in keg or rack to carboy?

I kegged a batch of hefeweizen on Sunday morning and force carbonated. My all-grain recipe was a combination of several that I found online, but largely an original creation. The plan was to leave the ...
4
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2answers
980 views

Is this a stuck fermentation or did I screw up the mash?

So, a little under a week ago, I brewed a goodly sized stout (1.069 OG) and when I mashed it I ended up missing my mash temp by about 4 degrees. (I was aiming for 158 and ended up with about 162-163.) ...
0
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1answer
433 views

Slight fizz in beer after 6 days in the fermenter - game over?

I put a batch on last Sunday, started off with a crazy high reading on the hydrometer (around 1080 when I was expecting 1040ish according to the kit) - though I suspect that was because I drew a ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Yeast for very high gravity (1.138) stout

I'm planning to brew a very high gravity stout. I'm expecting an OG between about 1.118 and 1.138 depending on how much my efficiency suffers. I've done this before with decent results, but I think I ...
2
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1answer
482 views

Why are there flakes in my beer after 5 days?

I am currently brewing my first batch of beer and I have been checking on the temperature every day. Up until now the top of the beer looked normal and was fermenting as I expect. Today however, I ...
5
votes
1answer
447 views

Raising fermentation temperature

I recently upgraded my system to include temperature control, and I had fermenting a brown ale at 67 degrees for about 6 days. Took a gravity reading last night, and it was at 1.014 (down from ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Is it okay to move the beer while its fermenting?

I just started my very first batch of beer, so I am a big noobie. Earlier today I checked the temperature of the keg and it seemed a little high (74F) so I decided to try moving it somewhere else. ...
1
vote
2answers
324 views

Dry hopping at the end of fermentation?

First of all I know being impatient is not the way to approach brewing, but I would like to sneak my last batch (as well as the ones I had planned) into a PRO-AM comp in two weeks. I have an session ...
4
votes
2answers
388 views

2 Temperature Control Questions - difference in ambient temp; moisture control in chest freezer

I use a chest freezer with a Brewpad heating element stuck to the inside wall (for warmer fermentations/bottle conditioning), and a single-stage Johnson controller. Since getting this, I haven't used ...
6
votes
1answer
823 views

Honey Post-Fermentation

Mosher has a recipe for a honey ginger IPA in Radical Brewing, where you add 2 lbs of honey and candied ginger to a secondary. Wouldn't this cause bottle bombs or be cloyingly sweet? I have an ...
2
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4answers
4k views

Is a normal plastic fermenting bucket with a plain lid (no kind of tap) OK to ferment in without the beer becoming contaminated?

It is my understanding that if one is fermenting (primary) with a bucket with a plain lid on it that it is necessary to leave a small gap (i.e. to leave the lid open a bit) Is this an adequate ...
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votes
5answers
6k views

How much effect does light have on fermenting beer?

If I keep my fermenting beer in my living room, should I cover it with blankets or otherwise keep it out of the light? I've seen topics on brewing referencing this, but most just settle for "why take ...
9
votes
4answers
8k views

How does lemon juice ferment into hard lemonade?

I'm interested in making a hard lemonade after my cider is done, but I'm having a tough time figuring out how the recipes I've found actually work, and what's the best way to ferment lemon juice. ...
4
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3answers
2k views

My cider stopped fermenting until I swished it around in the bucket a bunch, then continued. Is that normal?

My malted cider had been brewing after about a week in my plastic brewing bucket to the point where the little 'hat' thing in my airlock fell onto the 'neck' (no internal pressure). I opened it up ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Can a Beer Ferment Too Quickly?

My beer seems to be fermenting more quickly than predicted by the kit. The last beer I made was ready (with the correct final gravity) in just under a week rather than the 2 weeks predicted by the ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

Fermentation Process

Good Evening Folks, Well...my first batch seemed to go pretty well. Within 24 hours it was bubbling pretty good. Now 72 hours later, the bubbling has become very slow I'm talking one bubble every ...
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5answers
2k views

Is there a good way to estimate/calculate volume lost in fermentation(s)?

Last night I bottled a batch and realized that I lost a significant volume from the boil size. In the primary, I filled my 6 gallon carboy, and after the trub lost in primary and secondary, I bottled ...
3
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2answers
448 views

Diacetyl Rest on Cream Ale

Have a cream ale (OG ~1.059) that has been fermenting at the low end of US-05's range (57-59 degrees) for just about two weeks. Didn't test gravity, but still saw a decent krausen ring and airlock ...
4
votes
1answer
361 views

contamination? what's this?

I brewed a hoppy red ale on Tuesday and pitched some washed wyeast 1084 into it that evening. I had an og of 1.070 and went ahead and put a blowoff tube on the fermenting bucket in case I had a huge ...
3
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1answer
479 views

Fermenting in 5 gallon PET bottles

Rather than buying buckets or carboys, I would like to use 5 gallon PET water bottles that I can get free from work (I verified they are PET with the "1" on the bottom). However all my extract recipes ...
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2answers
805 views

Secondary Fermentation, Yeast still active?

A little background on the brew: For my latest batch, I followed this recipe from hopville. I made a few alterations: I used a different strain of wyeast (London Ale III), I also used oak chips ...
2
votes
1answer
290 views

How quickly do I let the fermentation temperature rise if it starts off too low?

I brewed something like a Black IPA today (hoppy and dark). I ferment in carboys in a chest freezer with an external temperature control. It is frigid today, and the garage where the chest freezer ...
2
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2answers
8k views

No Bubbles and No Foam after 3 Days

First time brewer here. I'm concerned my batch is not progressing as it should. Here's a quick run down of what I've done... I put my batch (which had a SG of 1.044) in the primary fermenter on ...
1
vote
1answer
777 views

WLP 566 Saison Long Fermentation

I brewed up a saison/BGSA 13 days ago, OG of 1.088. Don't have the grain bill/fermentables handy, but there was a good bit of sugar/highly fermentable adjuncts. Pitched a 32oz starter with this ...
1
vote
1answer
479 views

Fermentation hasn't started?

Made a kit on Saturday, 1/2 lb. Caramel 80 specialty grain, 9.15 lbs rye extract. Kit came with the Wyeast American Ale smack pack. When I got the yeast pack out of the fridge, the pack was already ...
6
votes
1answer
552 views

Nothing visible happening in fermenter after three and a half days - what should I do?

My first brew has been in the primary fermenter for three and a half days (brewed Saturday night, it's now Wednesday morning). It's in a plastic bucket fermenter with an airlock. There are no bubbles ...
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3answers
135 views

Quick fermentaion, what should i do?

I made a batch of cider 6 days ago, and it started fermenting nicely, however now the bubbles in the air lock have slowed to nearly 1/min (according to my recipe means it's fermented) However this is ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

First batch. Tons of bubbling first day and half, little to none now

I can update this later with my specific notes/ingredients, but for now, just the basics...5 gallon brew of an irish stout. The morning after I put it in the fermenting bucket, I woke up to a mess. ...
5
votes
2answers
990 views

Aquarium water heaters for Fermentation chamber

Looking for suggestions on brands of aquarium heaters to use in a fermentation chamber I've built. My set-up is a 60 qt Igloo cooler with a custom foam insulation top cut to allow for a 5 to 6.5 ...
5
votes
2answers
342 views

Why would aeration cause diacetyl

My BJCP Course states that (too) late aeration can cause diacetyl. My understanding is that diacetyl is produced by yeast during the first phase of fermentation. How could too much oxygen in a ...
1
vote
2answers
431 views

Stuck Ferm? Celebration Ale Clone Gravity at 1.021

Celebration Ale Clone (extract kit) White Labs California Ale Yeast (liquid vial, no starter, I know next time I'll make a starter) Pitched at 68 degrees and good activity 18 hours later, got up to 71 ...
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vote
4answers
1k views

Secondary Fermentation

I've had my beer (Belgium witbier) in primary fermentation for about a week. I'd like to rack to secondary, then keep it in secondary for 3 weeks. Advisable? I could keep it in primary for another ...
0
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2answers
6k views

Fermentation started, then stopped the next day. Is my yeast dead?

This is my first shot at homebrewing, using Northern Brewer's American Wheat Beer kit which is based on liquid malt extract, Willamette and Cascade hops, and a packet of dry yeast. I brewed and put ...
1
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2answers
2k views

Expert opinions on brewing beer from bread (If an expert were to use this method)

I found this link the other day on how to make beer from stale bread. It seems like it is legitimately working, but at the same time, it doesn't seem very clear on it's alcohol adjustments. My goal is ...
5
votes
2answers
374 views

What should I expect from re-mashing malt extract?

I've heard Jamil Z. from the brewing network recommend re-mashing malt extract with a handful of two/six row to improve ferment-ability. Since the extract producer is attempting to please a larger ...
2
votes
2answers
312 views

Brewed with honey and the yeast is not working?

I did my first beer using honey last night and the beer is not bubbling this morning as it usually does. Is this normal? Should I re-pitch the yeast or not?
7
votes
4answers
534 views

Are the terms “dry”, “low FG” and “drinkable” synonymous?

Hopefully this doesn't fall under "opinion" but I believe this will help alleviate some questions on mashing/fermentation techniques. I guess you could break this question into parts. Also the term ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

When is it okay to bottle?

I've brewed literally dozens of Beer House brewkits, but I'm waiting on a Winterfest Ale kit that just won't seem to completely stop secondary fermentation...every other time I made these kits, ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

using champagne yeast as a secondary yeast for fermentation?

I haven't quite found a post that answers my question, when brewing a big beer such as a barley wine I have heard talk about using champagne yeast after the initial yeast has done all it can. If my ...
4
votes
2answers
315 views

What is the proper method for blending beers?

In regards to this question I've been inspired to take my flat beer and blend it with a new beer. My main question is when is the best time to combine the two beers? Should it be done at the start of ...
7
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2answers
551 views

How to ferment on the last batches yeast cake?

My last batch was a strong ale/winter 1.090 wlp002 english ale yeast brewed on 11/20 (two weeks ago). it has been in the fridge crash cooling for about 72 hours. this will be my first attempt at ...
3
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5answers
950 views

after fermentation (carboy) if I put it in the fridge what do with the air-lock?

listening to an interview with John Palmer he suggests putting the fermentation vessel in the fridge (after fermentation is complete) to drop out some left over trub and yeast. I figured I would give ...
2
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1answer
289 views

Is there a simple rule of thumb for OG and fermentation time?

I just brewed my 5th batch, but for the first time didn't use a kit, but an online recipe. So now, I have no idea of how long to keep it in the fermenter before bottling. From what I understand, a ...
4
votes
4answers
609 views

What should I put in my swamp cooler water to retard growth of nasty things?

For the last 2 batches of beer I've used a swamp cooler to cool off the plastic bucket fermenter. The cooling worked well, but on both batches, there was a bit of mold growing on the outside and/or ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

checking gravity during and after fermentation?

How could I pull out a little from my carboy to take gravity readings during fermentation? I tried to use a auto-siphon but it was a mess.