The anaerobic process by which yeast convert sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

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Fermenting Soda

Years ago I attempted to ferment Mountain Dew (about a decade ago so my recount of the details may be a bit off). My goal was to have a drink with similar carbonation, similar flavor, and reasonable ...
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Spigots: What's the consensus

I like to use an ale pail with a spigot for my secondary. It makes it super easy to test the gravity before actually bottling/kegging/etc. However, that sort of installation in plastic can open the ...
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Can Olive Oil REPLACE oxygenating wort

Apparently, New Belgium is doing this. Also, for a typical five gallon homebrew batch, it is said that if you DIPPED A PIN in olive oil, shook it off, it would still contain hundreds of times the ...
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Ideal fermentation temperature

I'm just finishing up a DIY fermentation chamber made from a chest freezer, reptile tank heater, and a temperature controller. Now I just need to figure out what temperature to set! Most yeast ...
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Fermentation locations

Where is the ideal place to ferment my beer? Possible locations for me are: Extra room inside Garage Back porch Of those three places, which would be the best overall place?
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At what temperature should a lager be fermented?

When fermenting a lager, what temperature should it be held at for best results?
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Is it okay to move the beer while its fermenting?

I just started my very first batch of beer, so I am a big noobie. Earlier today I checked the temperature of the keg and it seemed a little high (74F) so I decided to try moving it somewhere else. ...
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what could be going on? 1065 to 1010 in 3 days and a half

This is just my first batch so I'm a complete newbie. I'm brewing a dry euro brown ale (grain + multiextract) and the temperature is between 57-67 f, but my bucket doesn't have a thermometer but I ...
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How are 10-gallon batches commonly fermented?

Currently I brew 5-gallon all-grain batches using my propane burner and 7.5-gallon brew pot. I've been considering buying a bigger pot and building a bigger MLT to do 10-gallon batches, but I'm not ...
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How do I predict final gravity?

I've been taking the original gravity and multiplying the apparent attenuation of the yeast. For instance: 1.040 OG x 75% apparent attenuation = 1.010 expected FG But I never seem to get there. My ...
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How long can I let my fermentation go in the original bucket?

I'm brewing a Belgian Tripel. I don't typically use a secondary fermentation. The Tripel however, is my biggest beer so far, and requires much more time. Should I transfer to a secondary? All I have ...
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921 views

Honey Post-Fermentation

Mosher has a recipe for a honey ginger IPA in Radical Brewing, where you add 2 lbs of honey and candied ginger to a secondary. Wouldn't this cause bottle bombs or be cloyingly sweet? I have an ...
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Nothing visible happening in fermenter after three and a half days - what should I do?

My first brew has been in the primary fermenter for three and a half days (brewed Saturday night, it's now Wednesday morning). It's in a plastic bucket fermenter with an airlock. There are no bubbles ...
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using champagne yeast as a secondary yeast for fermentation?

I haven't quite found a post that answers my question, when brewing a big beer such as a barley wine I have heard talk about using champagne yeast after the initial yeast has done all it can. If my ...
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871 views

Pitched unnecessary 2nd round of yeast - what will be the effects?

First off, a bit of background: This is my 3rd batch of homebrew so I am new to this. I'm using the following: Morgan's Golden Saaz Pilsner can of goo, Fermentis Saflager s-23 yeast and a brew ...
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Should secondary fermentation be the same temperature that primary was?

Or is it okay for the secondary fermentation to be colder than primary?
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Is my yeast dead?

I'm in the middle of bottling my stout right now. The OG was 1.070, and the gravity almost a month ago (11/24) was 1.024. I added 3/4 cup priming sugar in about 3 cups of water, and bottled about 20 ...
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Effects of pectin

I often see recipes (usually for fruit mead or beer) warning against boiling fruit for fear that it will release pectin. I know that this is important for making jam, and bad for home brewing. What I ...
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Brett: Primary or Secondary

What are the differences between fermenting a beer solely with Brettanomyces (or some blend of sour yeast) versus adding it to the secondary after primary fermentation with a non-sour yeast?
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Cherry vinegar (was supposed to be mead)

Last week I started a cherry mead and discovered yesterday that it had turned to vinegar (and not even nice-tasting cherry-flavoured vinegar - it smelled and tasted awful, though the colour was ...
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Strong Sulfur from WLP 351 - how to clear it up quickly?

Does anyone have any tips for helping a beer clear out sulfur faster? - I made a straight Hefe (half wheat, half 2-Row) and use White Labs seasonal "Bavarian Hefe" yeast, WLP351. The beer was made ...
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Brewing with veggies

This may be more of a wiki than a specific question, but has anyone ever tried brewing with vegetables? If so, what is your experience? I'm considering mostly root vegetables. carrots, beets, ...
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How do you tell if your fermentation is stuck?

How long do you wait before taking corrective action if your fermentation doesn't start? Are there any other good ways to tell if it's just taking a while to get going?
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Is this a bottle bomb waiting to happen?

Planning a strong & sweet Belgian style ale, I expected OG to be as high as 1.096. Because of my extremely amateur setup, I used two pots instead of one big one for the boil (between them both I ...
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432 views

primary fermentation of wine

I am mostly a beer brewer, but recently I have begun experimenting with fruit wines. In contrast to beer, the wine recipes I am using all say to do the primary fermentation with only a towel or other ...
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Steps in Secondary Fermentation

I just picked up my Better Bottle Carboy... and will be racking to it in a few days. I have a few questions to ask since I did not use a secondary during my first few batches: 1) Do I add yeast at ...
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How much effect does light have on fermenting beer?

If I keep my fermenting beer in my living room, should I cover it with blankets or otherwise keep it out of the light? I've seen topics on brewing referencing this, but most just settle for "why take ...
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First batch. Tons of bubbling first day and half, little to none now

I can update this later with my specific notes/ingredients, but for now, just the basics...5 gallon brew of an irish stout. The morning after I put it in the fermenting bucket, I woke up to a mess. ...
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Wheat Ale “stuck” at 1.025?

I am trying to brew a stronger wheat ale, and after 9 days in primary, I seem to be stuck at 1.025. My OG was 1.070 and I pitched a smack pack of Wyeast Bavarian Wheat at about 70F. I had a very ...
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How much distillers yeast do I use in a 5 gallon batch of beer?

The recipe I'm working on calls for the use of distillers yeast half way through my primary fermentation (among other things like plenty of sugar, aeration, etc...). Problem is, it doesn't really ...
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What do I do about beer coming out my airlock?

Brewed a Northern Brown extract kit on Saturday, hit the target OG. Pitched yeast a little cold (63F), but activity was in full swing by yesterday morning. Woke up this morning (Monday) to find that ...
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366 views

Why would aeration cause diacetyl

My BJCP Course states that (too) late aeration can cause diacetyl. My understanding is that diacetyl is produced by yeast during the first phase of fermentation. How could too much oxygen in a ...
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Bubbling suddenly stopped - is this a problem?

This is my second home brew. I chose "Coopers Mexican Cerveza" with "Muntons Beer Enhancer". It's only day 4 out of 7 weeks but on the second day, the whole bin warmed slightly and there was a lot ...
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Can I use wine yeast to ferment beer?

Can I use wine yeast to ferment a beer? What sort of problems might I encounter that are unique to wine yeast trying to ferment malt sugars? What sort of flavor differences might I encounter?
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Time It Takes Brett C to Ferment

So I have this idea where I want to thread a citra-laden Belgian IPA with a pineapple beer fermented with Brett C and Brett C only. Does anyone have any experience using Brett C and can speak to how ...
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How can I restart fermentation on a stuck strong dark belgian ale?

What can we do to restart fermentation that got stuck over the winter? Our club brewed about 7 gallons of this recipe in November. Primary went well, but then the weather got cold and the yeast went ...
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Diacetyl Rest for Wyeast 2206 Bavarian Lager

The Wyeast website seems to strongly suggest a diacetyl as fermentation completes with their Bavarian Lager strain, 2206. I prefer to chill my wort to below fermentation temps prior to pitching the ...
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Is it possible to make a lager without secondary fermentation?

I've already made some batches of all-grain ales, and now I want to try my first lager, the only problem is that I have 2 fermentation buckets but only 1 fits on my refrigerator. So my question is: is ...
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Can a beer be carbonated during primary or secondary fermentation?

Is it always necessary to carbonate your beer with sugar or tablets or is it possible to get the right amount of carbonation with the primary and secondary fermentation?
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Why is a quiet environment recommended?

I'm brewing beer from a recipe kit, and the instructions say to put the fermenting bucket into a dark, quiet and warm place. I do understand dark (because of UV) and warm (optimal temperature for the ...
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Substituting brown sugar for corn sugar

An apfelwein recipe I've made in the past calls for 2 lbs of corn sugar for primary fermentation. The next go-round when I make a batch, I'm thinking of substituting some brown sugar (not a lot, ...
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Reusing Yeast From previous Fermentation

When I finish fermentation I am left with a large amount of extra yeast in the bottom of the carboy. Can I reuse this yeast in any way? Hopefully to avoid buying yeast again every single batch?
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Will Jalapeno or Habanero peppers adversely effect yeast

I have a recipe in front of me for a Saison of the spicy variety. It calls for the addition of one Jalapeno pepper, seeds included. First off, I do enjoy a fair amount of spice (far more than anyone ...
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Possible to intensify/increase the amount of yeast flavor?

I will soon be making a hefe and will be using wyeast's 3068. In recent hefes I have made, I have always desired much more intensity in the flavors provided by the yeast strain. The only method i am ...
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Does wood affect final gravity readings?

For beer aged either in oak barrels or on oak chips/cubes, does the contact with the oak noticeably affect final gravity, and if so, what is the direct cause?
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First Fermentation And Worried Something Is Wrong

I am doing my first fermentation using a Belgian Ale kit. I started this Monday evening and have it in a location that is running between 64 and 66*f consistent. On the first night, the cap of the ...
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1answer
187 views

Flanders Red from Brewing Classic Styles

I am interested in brewing the Flanders red that is found in Brewing Classic Styles. Jamil mentions using the Wyeast 3763 or WLP655 and leaving it sit for a year until the pellicle forms then falls ...
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Raising fermentation temperature

I recently upgraded my system to include temperature control, and I had fermenting a brown ale at 67 degrees for about 6 days. Took a gravity reading last night, and it was at 1.014 (down from ...
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Berliner Weisse questions

I have a Berliner Weisse (1.035 O.G.) that has been fermenting on WLP630 (berliner weisse lacto blend) for about 5 days now. This is my first attempt at both a sour style beer and a starting gravity ...
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What should I expect from re-mashing malt extract?

I've heard Jamil Z. from the brewing network recommend re-mashing malt extract with a handful of two/six row to improve ferment-ability. Since the extract producer is attempting to please a larger ...