The anaerobic process by which yeast convert sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

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Ginger Bug Smell?

I've made a new ginger bug from some pretty old ginger. The ginger has been sitting on my counter long enough for some of it to actually sprout new shoots, but it smells fine and doesn't show any ...
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does the fermenting process always produce enough gas to bubble the airlock?

does the fermenting process always produce enough gas to bubble the airlock? this batch has not bubbled (over 24 hrs)and the last batch I brewed did not bubble much at all but turned out alright.
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61 views

Estimating the ABV in finshed product

Is this a viable method?: In theory you can calculate an estimated ABV by using the formula 17*X%*YL. This means that 17 gr sugar produces 1% alc. in 1 liter mash. So if you know at what alc.% your ...
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43 views

How do we get this Imperial Wit to finish?

We brewed an imperial wit that wound up 1.070 OG. I used a 1.5L starter with Wyeast 3944, but I likely still underpitched. After a week fermenting at 68F/20C, gravity is still 1.035 and it's pretty ...
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38 views

Stalled Fermentation? Or too much body from high temp mash?

So I brewed a straight forward English style IPA with the following: O.G. 1.060 F.G. 1.015 (estimated from Beersmith) Current F.G. 1.020 10g Gypsum 11 lbs Maris Otter 1.5 lbs Crystal 30 1 oz ...
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196 views

Can I leave my hydrometer in the carboy to tell when fermentation is complete?

I was wondering if anyone leaves a glass hydrometer in their carboy during primary fermentation so that you don't have to take samples. I figured it would be an easy way to tell that the SG has ...
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88 views

Return samples from a fermtech wine/beer thief to a carboy

I just purchased this wine/beer thief so that I can take more regular samples over the course of fermentation. I plan to float my hydrometer directly in the tube of the thief, which requires me to ...
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19 views

Do I need to use finings again after restarting the fermentation?

I recently made a batch of red wine but because the wine was too sweet I restarted the fermentation as I was advised. Of course I will need to de-gas the wine again, do I also need to use finings ...
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59 views

Cider went too dry and too flat

I've been making a cider (for the first time)... it's been in primary for a week, and went to secondary for another three weeks. I used crisp apple cider from Trader Joe's as the base. OG was about ...
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10 views

Continue fermentation in Primary Fermentaor [duplicate]

Was wondering if I could keep my pilsner lager in my primary fermenter instead of transferring it during secondary fermentation???? Please Help 🙋
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596 views

Stupidly added priming sugar in initial fermentation step

I started my first brew this weekend with a kit, Stupidly, I misread the instructions and added the bag of priming sugar (which was supposed to be added immediately prior to barrelling) at the start ...
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423 views

My first beer brewing smells like Cider!

My beer has started smell like cider on second day. Temperature is fine and hydrometer readings normal.it looks ok too. Nothing suspicious other than it now has no head. Today is now the 6th day in ...
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60 views

How much does hop flavor fade during fermentation?

In the end of my first batch, i thought i had put too many hop because it was 'oily' and the flavor was incredibly strong. But now in the second fermenting day the hops seems to be very distant, ...
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1answer
63 views

Fermentation Times in Extract vs. AG Brewing

I've noticed that for certain recipe kits that come in both all grain or extract forms, that the directions for the length of fermentation (both primary and secondary) are generally longer for the ...
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1answer
82 views

Putting Yeast in a Tea Bag

When making apple cider, beer or white wine, in order to more easily clear up the liquid, can we put our yeast in a tea bag or a piece of cloth so that the alcohol would be produced inside of it and ...
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105 views

14 hours after pitching, little to no activity. Is it ruined?

This is my first homebrew, so I'm totally in the dark as to what to expect. However, I was told by my LHS that I should see a lot of fermentation activity after around 4-12 hours. The brew itself is ...
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81 views

Home brewing in kegs

As there is no secondary fermentation when brewing in kegs as you use CO2 gas, how do you calculate the added amount of sugar in the brewing process to achieve the same end result. Sue
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89 views

First time making beer

I'm living somewhere possessing and trading alcoholic beverages is illegal and that is why I'm making my own. I can find some russian beers here which according to what is sated on the can, they ...
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1answer
55 views

What can have caused my mead to have the taste of yeast?

I brew my first mead one month ago. I've put 1 dose of honey for about 3.5 of water. Ended up with a 2 liters of must in a pet bottle. I've put 10 grams of yeast (the entire sachet). Since i started, ...
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48 views

White lab Saison yeasts and diacetyl, ever had a “buttery” problem?

I just pitched my first Saison, using WLP 565 24 hours ago. Bubbling nicely. I'm worried about diacetyl, am I paranoid? Aroma section of the beer judging style guide says "no diacetyl" in the aroma ...
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4answers
176 views

Should I be worried about my bottles exploding?

Alright, so this is my first batch where I came up with the recipe instead of using a recipe kit, and something seems to have gone wrong. Here are my brewing notes so you can see exactly what I did: ...
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1answer
68 views

Yeast nutrients

I've seen several beer, mead, and wine recipes that call for yeast nutrients. I'm even now following a mead recipe that calls for staggered nutrients. But my question is, what exactly are yeast ...
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1answer
84 views

What grains have been fermented? [closed]

As i'm about to bottle my first batch. After all the googling and reading I've done, what grains have been fermented into beer?
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1answer
94 views

Airlock not bubbling

So I made my first ever homebrew ale yesterday, transferred it to my fermentation bin and pitched the yeast. After 24 hours at the recommended temperature there is a nice thick layer of krausen on ...
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2answers
336 views

Am I fermenting homebrew kit at too low a temperature

Total newbie here so sorry for the very basic question. I started doing a the Coopers Lager kit last night (using the standard Coopers Homebrew start kit set up). It said in the instructions to add ...
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1answer
52 views

Tannins and yeast

On this page it is claimed that wine yeast needs some tannins to work, and that this can be a cause of stuck ferments in, say, flower wines. I have never heard of this, and cannot seem to find a good ...
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55 views

Fermentation not over?Cold crash or not?

I am fermenting an ESB at 20C for 8 days. Target FG was 1.017 according to my recipe. FG on 6th day was 1.013 ,7th and 8th day is 1.012 .I am not conserned about this difference as that i still have ...
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129 views

Rubber bung keeps getting out

I'm using rubber bungs (with airlock) for my 5l glass carboys, I just got the carboys so it's my first time fermenting in them. I have a problem that rubber bung keep getting out because of the CO2 ...
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3answers
139 views

Fermenting, carbonating and dispensing using the same (corny) keg?

I Brew In a Bag and do no-chill, space and time are limited. I just bought some kegging equipment and while looking at the Pico Brew project I noticed that one option in using their equipment is to ...
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138 views

What might kill a ginger bug - fact and fiction?

I've been attempting to use a ginger bug to make non-alcoholic ginger beer, but I manage to kill the bug each time, either while it is cultivating or after I add it to the ginger syrup. Overview of ...
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196 views

Fermentation - Lost cause?

I believe my first homebrew is a lost cause. I'm at 3 weeks, and each week I've done a gravity reading and a taste. The flavor has gotten increasingly sour(astringent) with each week. It's almost ...
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192 views

20% sugar, water and yeast brew smells awful quickly, how to fix?

I've got one complete, and one brewing batch of this "Alcotec Vodka Type Spirit" ...
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94 views

Spunding CO2 from 3 keg fermentors

I'm starting to ferment in kegs, and want to naturally carbonate my beers by using a spunding valve. My batches yield 3 kegs, and I'm already using a 4º keg to aerate them after no chill and after the ...
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96 views

Aerating no chill corny keg fermentors that don't seal

I'm very interested in ferment in corny-kegs after reading some questions about that here on this stackexchange. I will try it next batch, but there is a question about aeration/no chilling method: ...
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43 views

How does the fermentation schedule look when adding flavor elements?

Is there a guide for when & how to add specific ingredients to the fermentation process? For example, if I want honey, lemon, ginger, banana, raspberry, etc. - when's the best time to add that ...
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210 views

how long can I stay in an open primary fermentation?

I would like to go from the primary fermentation to the bottles with an open fermentation. Can I top off with water to get the full 5 gallons? Also would you primary an open fermentation for more ...
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1answer
37 views

Do I need an anti-microbial additive in my plum brandy mash?

Basically I pitted and smashed 10 lbs. of very ripe plums; heated the pulp, skins and juice to like 120°F and added 3 gals. of distilled water and 5 lbs. of sugar. Waited for it to cool below 90°F ...
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2answers
146 views

What happens if beer ferments below the optimum temperature?

I am currently brewing an Irish Red Ale. I went away for a few days, and when I got back I discovered the heater had broken at some unknown time. As a result, the ambient temperature dropped to about ...
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277 views

Fermentation Done After 2 Days?

So this is a weird one. 3 weeks ago I made an Xmas beer. I brewed it, pitched the #2 yeast, and put the carboy in my cold dark room (about 70 F) to ferment. The fermentation and krausen began about ...
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Super fast fermentation?

I pitched Red Star Champagne yeast for a two gallon batch of Banana wine six days ago today when I went to siphon the must into the secondary I saw fermentation had stopped. Trying to figure out what ...
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147 views

Homebrew sitting on top of washing machine - agitation

My fermentation bucket is on top of my washing machine, when it spins it vibrates the brew. I've been careful to clamp it to the back of the washing machine with a bungee otherwise it might shake ...
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3answers
112 views

Bottle conditioning mistake

So after two weeks of primary and secondary fermentation, I racked my beer and put it in the fridge by mistake. It has been in there for about 5 days. It's my first brew. I took them out and put them ...
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1answer
68 views

When will fermentation end? ( wine )

I made 10 litres of red wine ( pasteurized grape juice from the supermarket ), added 2kg sugar, used yeast bought from my local homebrew shop. Fermentation started after a day, and for the first two ...
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3answers
642 views

Is it possible to do pressurized fermentation in a mini keg?

I have been keen on moving from bottles to use kegs in my amateur home brews. But because of lack of space and because I just like the size and mobility of the smaller kegs I'd like to try to use ...
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1answer
49 views

what is the F.G

The O.G. of my beer is 1.062 this is my recipe coopers stout tin 1.7kg stout enhancer 1.kg (looks like soft brown sugar and other sugars?) Glucose 500grams Honey 250 grams can anyone predict the F.G. ...
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1answer
189 views

Slow Fermentation in cider

Two weeks ago I started 2 gallons of hard cider from windfalls - washed and bruises cut out. I pasteurized my own apple juice, kept it below boil. No preservatives. Everything was santitized with ...
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1answer
106 views

International flight kill my yeast?

I live in Vietnam and there's a dearth of good beer. So I cobbled together some supplies and tried my first homebrew yesterday. I had the guidance of an expert so I feel it went really well, but my ...
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2answers
147 views

What is the best way to stop fermentation?

I am thinking about brewing ginger beer for a bar I work at. This means it would be in a keg on a tap. I would like to ferment the ginger beer instead of pumping in CO2 but am unsure how to go about ...
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50 views

Home made huckleberry wine

We are making a home made batch of huckleberry wine for halloween. We filled a Cleaned milk jug 3 quarters of the way with water, then we drained the juice, put it in the milk jug, and added a small ...
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1answer
179 views

Making Hard Cider in a Dorm

So I am attempting to make my own hard cider. At my school, there is a farmers market every Thursday and at this market they sell flash pasteurized cider; the process is stopped partway through so it ...