Extraction or mash efficiency - the percentage of actual sugars extracted from the grain compared to the theoretical maximum.

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7answers
17k views

Why is my starting gravity low?

In the fall of 2011 I made the leap from extract/partial kits to all-grain kits. I'm enjoying AG, but my SG is continuously below the expected. I have brewed 5 AG kits and 4 have had a low SG. My ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

How to increase gravity / decrease amount of water in my wort, and extract the same amount of sugars?

I have this problem: I'm regularly achieving 90% efficiency with my mash and sparge, and I like this effect. But I usually end up with about 30 ~ 35 liters when I aim for 20 ~ 22 liters. Boil to ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What Calcium ppm is required in the mash for alpha-amylase stability and mash efficiency?

I recently moved and my water here is quite soft with a very low pH. As such, I've taken to adding many of my brewing salts in the brew kettle and only using salts in the mash to balance the pH. ...
6
votes
4answers
5k views

How can I raise my mash pH with something other than chalk or baking soda?

I recently moved to Rhode Island and my mash efficiency has suffered. The main part of my process that has changed is the water. The pH as measured by colorpHast strips (and two other off brands) ...
3
votes
1answer
624 views

How does efficiency change when adding grains that are normally steeped to a mash?

Imagine this scenario: you have a an extract recipe that contains a pound of steeped caramel malt. According to http://www.promash.com/FAQ/faq_diff.html the average efficiency of steeped malts is ...
1
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1answer
49 views

What to do when american wheat ale turned out to have too high extract?

I used to have a problem - too much water due to extracting every last bit of sugar. That gave me 90% to 95% efficiency, but also it was a lot of work to boil it down to manageable and usable amounts ...