Carbonation refers to dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) in beer, wine or soda. The container holding the liquid is held under pressure like in a keg or bottle. When the pressure is reduced, the carbon dioxide is released from the beverage as small bubbles.

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Can I add more yeast during primary fermentation?

I've got a brew that's been on primary fermentation for 10 days and still haven't seen any activity in the airlock (again). Gravity has dropped from 1.040 to 1.014, but I'd still like to raise the ...
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How Long Will a Keg Hold Carbonation if Disconnected from the CO2 Tank?

How long will a keg hold carbonation if it is disconnected from the CO2 tank? Does the type of keg matter?
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Does bottling conditioning change the nature of the carbonation?

There's a common opinion that bottle conditioning yields carbonation that is qualitatively different from what's produced by force carbonation. Typically, it is claimed that bottle conditioning ...
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Storing bottle conditioned beers and carbonation

I store all my beer at 55 degF. Do I need to worry about the beers that are bottle conditioned not being carbonated, or not being at the proper carbonation level? Should they already be carbonated ...
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183 views

How can I prime by taking the gravity of the priming fluid?

I have this great mulberry syrup I found. I want to prime with it, and I forget how to figure this out with an unknown sugar source. I see that John Palmer's "How to Brew" references measuring the ...
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no carbonation and a few bottle-bombs

I bottled about a month and a half ago. Every bottle I tried has had no carbonation. But I just opened up a bottle and it was over carbonated, and it almost exploded out of the bottle. I had this ...
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Relation of CO2/alcohol/yeasts in Ginger Beer

The article making_ginger_beer mentions using bread yeast so you get more carbonation and less alcohol. Isn't carbonation a by-product of the process that makes alcohol? Wouldn't that mean more ...
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Brettanomyces and Bottle Conditioning

When working with brettanomyces "Brett" should I adjust the amount of priming sugar I use? Does brett have any affect on quantity or quality (fineness of bubbles etc.) of carbonation in the bottle? ...
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Priming calculation after cold crashing for a week

So beer temperature affects residual co2 in beer for priming, the lower the temp the more residual. I've got a Ryepa that I plan on carbing to 2.4 vols of CO2. Its been in a 55 degree closet for 4-5 ...
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Salvaging flat beer?

I recently brewed a Schneider Aventus clone and the end result was a flat beer. I missed a step in the instructions to add a fresh dose of yeast a few days before bottling so I'm assuming that this is ...
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Carbonating Kegs In Quantity

Does anyone have any suggestions for how to build a rig to carbonate multiple corny kegs at one time? I currently have a high pressure CO2 line in my beer fridge so that I can carbonate one that is ...
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Why less priming sugar in a mini keg?

I am used to bottling my beer and do bottle conditioning. However, I just bought a few 5l mini kegs for the next batch which is currently fermenting. From what I have read from different sources, you ...
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Keeping beer from entering CO2 line while Carbing Keg?

So I am getting ready to carbonate my first keg! But I am worried about beer entering the CO2 line if I use the 'rock on my lap like a baby' method :) I am worried because I tried to carbonate a ...
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Transfer flat bottled beer into a keg

Quick rundown. I was in a rush to bottle an IPA and I forgot to add my priming sugar. I remembered after already bottling about three beers and went ahead and got my priming solution going and added ...
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What causes “rush” carbonation when adding sugar?

I've just been playing with some treatments for an undercarbonated batch in bottles. The beer is slightly carbonated, it bubbles up a little when poured, just builds no head & dissipates ...
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Nitrogen Widgets in canned beer [closed]

How do those N2 widgets work in cans of beers like guineas, tetleys and Old Speckled Hen? Is the N2 in the widget and released when the can opens, or is the N2 in the beer and the widget helps mix and ...
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Carbonate beer in a plastic keg

I am using a 5Gal plastic keg with a brass valve at the top that takes co2 syphon bulbs. The beer has been in there for about a week and i have used 2 bulbs on it so far, but still has no carbonation ...
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How can one keg be overcarbonated on a 4-line setup when all the other beers pour just fine?

A while ago I purchased a 4-line kegerator, I have one CO2 tank that carbonates 4 kegs of beer at around 11 psi. When I bring a new uncarbonated keg online, I just add it to an empty gas line and let ...
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Measuring Dissolved C02

I forcecarb every batch over 2 gallons. I do this primarily because I have no way of measuring the amount of CO2 already present when I calculate my priming sugar. Is there a way to estimate disolved ...
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How do I get larger bubbles in my finished beer?

I keg and force carbonate, and my beer has really fine bubbles. Is there something that I can do (turn up the pressure, maybe) that will give me larger, coarser bubbles in the finished beer? Thanks!
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What is the advantage of krausening?

Krausening seems to be a fair bit of work to the homebrewer with very little return. So, what advantages does krausening bring, other than not having to add any additional sugar to the beer for ...
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Williams Warn Personal Brewery

I just saw this on Wired.com and wondered what the rest of you thought of it. http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2011/04/the-personal-brewery-is-an-all-in-one-beer-factory/ Some interesting things - ...
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How much yeast to add back after extended lagering?

If after an extended lagering period there is fear of not having enough healthy yeast available for carbonation, how much yeast should be added back? What is the easiest form to use, dry or liquid?
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How can I get more consistent carbonation in bottles?

Some of my bottles usually turn out over carbonated, and some turn out under carbonated. Is there a good technique to get consistent carbonation? I imagine it is a function of both evenly distributed ...
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How to keep sugar from fermentation and carbonization?

We want to made sweet low ABV cider. How to do that? I understand that yeasts are dying somewhere between 10 and 15% ABV but we want our cider to be between 2 and 5% ABV. We can interrupt ...
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How to properly keep a warm kegged beer (short term)

This is a combination keg/carbonation/beer storage question. I have only fridge/freezer room for either a carboy or my (currently 1) keg. I have about half of the corny keg left of a light cream ...
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Aside from CO2 and N2, are any other gases used to “carbonate” beer?

Obviously, most beers are carbonated with carbon dioxide, while some stouts/porters are "carbonated" with nitrogen. I was curious if there has been any notable experimentation with other gasses to "...
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Variable carbonation

I've just begun sampling my first batch, and I noticed that my carbonation level can vary from bottle to bottle. Most are just about perfect, but a few have certainly been over-carbonated, practically ...
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Bubble, Bubble, Toil = Trouble? Brewing's Carbon Footprint

There's a lot of talk these days about individual carbon footprints, CO2 in the air, and global warming. Knowing that our little friends the yeasts exist basically to turn sugars into CO2 and alcohol,...
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Per-bottle priming tablets?

The "Why is our beer not carbonating?" question mentions "sugar tablets". I am aware of a product called "prime tabs", but as far as I can tell that product is not longer being produced. I have used ...
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Why is some of my beer flat (half of the bottles in one of 2 batches done together)?

I brewed and subsequently bottled 2 batches of beer together, following much the same process for cleaning/sanitizing and brewing throughout. When bottling, I bulk primed both batches with a sugar ...
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Kegged Beer Not Staying Carbonated

This summer I kegged a pale ale for the first time. For about the first week or so the carbonation level on the beer was great but then the beer started to get flat (still tasted good, just no bubbles)...
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Lagering (Secondary to Bottling to Lagering)

So I recently bottled a pilsner recipe after a drop from 1.061 to 1.011 specific gravity (over 6% ABV potential), and my recipe instructions called for 7-10 days at room temperature (since they've ...
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Why does the temperature of bottle conditioning determine the amount of priming sugar?

When using CO2 calculators or the nomograph on Palmer's site we see that depending on the temperature of your beer, you use a different amount of priming sugar in order to get the same effective ...
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How long can something be left on the lees before needing to add more yeast if intending to bottle condition?

I have a mead that I plan on bottle conditioning. With beer, due to the short turn-around time, you can usually just rack onto some priming sugar and bottle, and the remaining yeast will eat the sugar....
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Keg not carbonating.

5 gal keg ball lock. In a keezer at 35 deg. 30psi for three days then set it down to 13-14 psi for two days I have an 8ft line. Beer is dispensing great taste awesome but there is little to no ...
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Flat beer after priming in a pressure barrel

Completed my first fermentation of home-brew bitter which finished at 2.5% alcohol after 2 weeks. Transferred the beer to a pressure barrel and added a level teaspoon of sugar per pint to start ...
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164 views

Ginger Beer Not Carbonated

I have made ginger beer from my own "ginger bug" but did not get much carbonation. I think I put it in the refrigerator too soon, so I took one bottle out, let it sit for 2 days and VIOLA, carbonation ...
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carbonating using a soda stream

Has anybody tried carbonating a couple of bottles a little early in the priming period - you know, just because guests are coming by and that batch is a little young in the bottle? I've heard it can ...
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New to Kegging - Help

Just moved to a new house and finally have room for a chest freezer so I can switch from bottling to kegging. I have a johnson digital temp controller to regulate the freezer so I can keep constant ...
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(Should) my keg floweth over?

So, I kegged my first time (straight from a 3.5wk primary vs 2wk, which I recommend). I tried a little bit of the "force carb", i.e. set to 25-30psi and agitate the keg until I didn't hear any more ...
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Should barleywine be carbonated?

I've was introduced to barleywine this past weekend, and I was interested. So I start googling, and find that Northern Brewer has a kit that comes with carbonation. The barleywine I had was ...
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Can I ferment further once the beer is carbonated?

I have an imperial stout in a corny keg, and I'm just not happy with how sweet it is. It's already been carbonated. Can I let it go flat, rack it to a carboy, and throw in some high-gravity or ...
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Spunding CO2 from 3 keg fermentors

I'm starting to ferment in kegs, and want to naturally carbonate my beers by using a spunding valve. My batches yield 3 kegs, and I'm already using a 4º keg to aerate them after no chill and after the ...
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Large bottles didn't carbonate, but little ones did

Does anyone have an idea if larger bottles (half liter) are harder to carbonate than smaller ones (1/3 liter)? I think the problem is that I had a Belgian ale (6.5%) is a secondary and when bottling, ...
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Fizzy with no head?

My recent brew (#2) is well carbonated, but has little head to it when poured (and what's there dissipates quickly). Is it over carbonated? Too much priming sugar? Also, I am used to seeing a strong ...
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Can you add more yeast into a batch of cider if you think you've killed it?

Ok, so I’m really new to this I started off making cider Since I juiced my own apples, I used the method of pasteurisation that kills off wild yeast by heating the gallon of juice on a stove while ...
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How does the carbonation method affect shelf life?

I've been reading some forums on probrewer.com, and there seems to be a consensus that bottle conditioned beer lasts longer than force carbonated beer. Why would that be?
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How long to chill bottles before carbonation is equilibrated?

When bottle conditioning, it seems (though I haven't done anything scientific enough to know for sure) that I get varying amounts of carbonation depending on how long I refrigerate the beer before ...
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Letting the gas out of a keg

I'm new to this homebrewing, made a mistake and wondering the consequences of my actions. I have just completed the first week of fermentation and now have moved over to a plastic keg supplied with ...