Carbonation refers to dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) in beer, wine or soda. The container holding the liquid is held under pressure like in a keg or bottle. When the pressure is reduced, the carbon dioxide is released from the beverage as small bubbles.

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Relation of CO2/alcohol/yeasts in Ginger Beer

The article making_ginger_beer mentions using bread yeast so you get more carbonation and less alcohol. Isn't carbonation a by-product of the process that makes alcohol? Wouldn't that mean more ...
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Brettanomyces and Bottle Conditioning

When working with brettanomyces "Brett" should I adjust the amount of priming sugar I use? Does brett have any affect on quantity or quality (fineness of bubbles etc.) of carbonation in the bottle? ...
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Priming calculation after cold crashing for a week

So beer temperature affects residual co2 in beer for priming, the lower the temp the more residual. I've got a Ryepa that I plan on carbing to 2.4 vols of CO2. Its been in a 55 degree closet for 4-5 ...
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Salvaging flat beer?

I recently brewed a Schneider Aventus clone and the end result was a flat beer. I missed a step in the instructions to add a fresh dose of yeast a few days before bottling so I'm assuming that this is ...
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What factors affect carbonation bubble size?

I haven't paid much attention to carbonation up until recently, because my method hasn't changed in the three years I've brewed, and it's perfectly acceptable to me. My friend says that every ...
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Beer not carbonating

I'm having issues with my Belgian Tripel not carbonating. There is a small amount of sediment in the bottles, and I get a hiss when they're opened, but that's about it. It's gotten cold in Virginia ...
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510 views

Transfer flat bottled beer into a keg

Quick rundown. I was in a rush to bottle an IPA and I forgot to add my priming sugar. I remembered after already bottling about three beers and went ahead and got my priming solution going and added ...
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551 views

What is the advantage of krausening?

Krausening seems to be a fair bit of work to the homebrewer with very little return. So, what advantages does krausening bring, other than not having to add any additional sugar to the beer for ...
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564 views

What causes “rush” carbonation when adding sugar?

I've just been playing with some treatments for an undercarbonated batch in bottles. The beer is slightly carbonated, it bubbles up a little when poured, just builds no head & dissipates ...
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750 views

Nitrogen Widgets in canned beer [closed]

How do those N2 widgets work in cans of beers like guineas, tetleys and Old Speckled Hen? Is the N2 in the widget and released when the can opens, or is the N2 in the beer and the widget helps mix and ...
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Storing bottle conditioned beers and carbonation.

I store all my beer at 55 degrees. Do I need to worry about the beers that are bottle conditioned not being carbonated, or not being at the proper carbonation level? Should they already be carbonated ...
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Carbonate beer in a plastic keg

I am using a 5Gal plastic keg with a brass valve at the top that takes co2 syphon bulbs. The beer has been in there for about a week and i have used 2 bulbs on it so far, but still has no carbonation ...
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Keeping beer from entering CO2 line while Carbing Keg?

So I am getting ready to carbonate my first keg! But I am worried about beer entering the CO2 line if I use the 'rock on my lap like a baby' method :) I am worried because I tried to carbonate a ...
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Measuring Dissolved C02

I forcecarb every batch over 2 gallons. I do this primarily because I have no way of measuring the amount of CO2 already present when I calculate my priming sugar. Is there a way to estimate disolved ...
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How do I get larger bubbles in my finished beer?

I keg and force carbonate, and my beer has really fine bubbles. Is there something that I can do (turn up the pressure, maybe) that will give me larger, coarser bubbles in the finished beer? Thanks!
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Williams Warn Personal Brewery

I just saw this on Wired.com and wondered what the rest of you thought of it. http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2011/04/the-personal-brewery-is-an-all-in-one-beer-factory/ Some interesting things - ...
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222 views

How much yeast to add back after extended lagering?

If after an extended lagering period there is fear of not having enough healthy yeast available for carbonation, how much yeast should be added back? What is the easiest form to use, dry or liquid?
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How to keep sugar from fermentation and carbonization?

We want to made sweet low ABV cider. How to do that? I understand that yeasts are dying somewhere between 10 and 15% ABV but we want our cider to be between 2 and 5% ABV. We can interrupt ...
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742 views

Do I need to completely fill my keg?

I'd like to make some smaller batches in order to test recipes, but without the hassle of bottling multiple different beers. The whole process of sanitizing and cleaning bottles takes too long if I'm ...
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How to properly keep a warm kegged beer (short term)

This is a combination keg/carbonation/beer storage question. I have only fridge/freezer room for either a carboy or my (currently 1) keg. I have about half of the corny keg left of a light cream ...
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Variable carbonation

I've just begun sampling my first batch, and I noticed that my carbonation level can vary from bottle to bottle. Most are just about perfect, but a few have certainly been over-carbonated, practically ...
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Bubble, Bubble, Toil = Trouble? Brewing's Carbon Footprint

There's a lot of talk these days about individual carbon footprints, CO2 in the air, and global warming. Knowing that our little friends the yeasts exist basically to turn sugars into CO2 and ...
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Per-bottle priming tablets?

The "Why is our beer not carbonating?" question mentions "sugar tablets". I am aware of a product called "prime tabs", but as far as I can tell that product is not longer being produced. I have used ...
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Why is some of my beer flat (half of the bottles in one of 2 batches done together)?

I brewed and subsequently bottled 2 batches of beer together, following much the same process for cleaning/sanitizing and brewing throughout. When bottling, I bulk primed both batches with a sugar ...
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Lagering (Secondary to Bottling to Lagering)

So I recently bottled a pilsner recipe after a drop from 1.061 to 1.011 specific gravity (over 6% ABV potential), and my recipe instructions called for 7-10 days at room temperature (since they've ...
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696 views

Why does the temperature of bottle conditioning determine the amount of priming sugar?

When using CO2 calculators or the nomograph on Palmer's site we see that depending on the temperature of your beer, you use a different amount of priming sugar in order to get the same effective ...
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Carbonating Kegs In Quantity

Does anyone have any suggestions for how to build a rig to carbonate multiple corny kegs at one time? I currently have a high pressure CO2 line in my beer fridge so that I can carbonate one that is ...
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Keg not carbonating.

5 gal keg ball lock. In a keezer at 35 deg. 30psi for three days then set it down to 13-14 psi for two days I have an 8ft line. Beer is dispensing great taste awesome but there is little to no ...
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528 views

Kegged Beer Not Staying Carbonated

This summer I kegged a pale ale for the first time. For about the first week or so the carbonation level on the beer was great but then the beer started to get flat (still tasted good, just no ...
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Flat beer after priming in a pressure barrel

Completed my first fermentation of home-brew bitter which finished at 2.5% alcohol after 2 weeks. Transferred the beer to a pressure barrel and added a level teaspoon of sugar per pint to start ...
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(Should) my keg floweth over?

So, I kegged my first time (straight from a 3.5wk primary vs 2wk, which I recommend). I tried a little bit of the "force carb", i.e. set to 25-30psi and agitate the keg until I didn't hear any more ...
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794 views

Should barleywine be carbonated?

I've was introduced to barleywine this past weekend, and I was interested. So I start googling, and find that Northern Brewer has a kit that comes with carbonation. The barleywine I had was ...
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381 views

Can I ferment further once the beer is carbonated?

I have an imperial stout in a corny keg, and I'm just not happy with how sweet it is. It's already been carbonated. Can I let it go flat, rack it to a carboy, and throw in some high-gravity or ...
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200 views

Fizzy with no head?

My recent brew (#2) is well carbonated, but has little head to it when poured (and what's there dissipates quickly). Is it over carbonated? Too much priming sugar? Also, I am used to seeing a strong ...
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396 views

How does the carbonation method affect shelf life?

I've been reading some forums on probrewer.com, and there seems to be a consensus that bottle conditioned beer lasts longer than force carbonated beer. Why would that be?
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How can one keg be overcarbonated on a 4-line setup when all the other beers pour just fine?

A while ago I purchased a 4-line kegerator, I have one CO2 tank that carbonates 4 kegs of beer at around 11 psi. When I bring a new uncarbonated keg online, I just add it to an empty gas line and let ...
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Letting the gas out of a keg

I'm new to this homebrewing, made a mistake and wondering the consequences of my actions. I have just completed the first week of fermentation and now have moved over to a plastic keg supplied with ...
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293 views

force carbonating a scotch heavy ale

I am brewing a scotch ale currently and haven't been able to determine how many volumes of co2 that it should have? also, what pressure should I put the beer under to carbonate to that many volumes. ...
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I bought a small 1 liter CO2 gas tank for carbonating drinks, where could I start to find a regulator valve for this tank?

I need to modify this tank with a valve/pressure controler so I can use it to carbonate drinks. Images of the tank included. I would order online but i have no specification to get data from. What ...
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1 Litre bottles losing carbonation after opening

I use 1L bottles with flip tops, the beer carbonates fine but after drinking half of it and putting it away for a few days (1L is too much to drink for me) it loses carbonation completely. Is this ...
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Best way to make sparkling cider that approximates store bought ones?

I'm looking for a way to create my own sparkling apple cider that's like the kind bought from the supermarket like Martinelli's sparkling cider as a cheaper alternative. I tried mixing apple cider and ...
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1answer
816 views

Carbonated in carboy from primary fermentation?

I recently brewed a batch and let it set in the carboy for 2 weeks. When it was transfered to the bottling bucket we noticed that it was a little carbonated already, which seemed odd. We ignored it ...
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Hard lemonade secondary fermentation

I successfully fermented a must of lemonade, dextrose and honey with EC 1118. It is good but very dry. I racked it into a secondary and added more lemonade concentrate for sweetness. My problem is I ...
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Should I see bubbles in an opened bottle when carbonating by bottle conditioning?

I have been bottle carbonating for the last 10 days. The temperature has been fairly consistent, between 17 - 20. I can see a little sediment, which suggests fermentation, but I can't see any bubbles, ...
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Carbonating using table sugar

I have an IPA that is ready to bottle. I don't have any carbonation drops, so I'm considering using table sugar. Apparently 250grams for the 60 bottles of beer in the tub is about right (equivalent ...
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161 views

carbonating using a soda stream

Has anybody tried carbonating a couple of bottles a little early in the priming period - you know, just because guests are coming by and that batch is a little young in the bottle? I've heard it can ...
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High Altitude Nitro

I recently relocated to Denver and found some excellent advice in this question but I was wondering since drj mentioned that since carbonation is an issue how that will affect my nitro setup and ...
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bottles not fermented after 3 weeks of conditioning. Good or bad?

It's been three weeks, and my impatience has had me crack one bottle on days 7, 14, and now 20. There's no carbonation in these bottles, and it doesn't appear to be getting any better over the weeks. ...
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New to Kegging - Help

Just moved to a new house and finally have room for a chest freezer so I can switch from bottling to kegging. I have a johnson digital temp controller to regulate the freezer so I can keep constant ...
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a few questions about using carbonation stones

Just got a carbonation stone because I want to carbonate a keg quickly and have a few questions. Do you need any special tubing to attach the stone to the gas-in dip tube? The stone I have has a ...