Carbonation refers to dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) in beer, wine or soda. The container holding the liquid is held under pressure like in a keg or bottle. When the pressure is reduced, the carbon dioxide is released from the beverage as small bubbles.

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Bottling a Lager

I brewed my first lager (a doppelbock) about a month ago and I'm thinking about bottling it in about a week. I followed some advice from my LHBS on the proper schedule for a lager that I now question ...
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Relation of CO2/alcohol/yeasts in Ginger Beer

The article making_ginger_beer mentions using bread yeast so you get more carbonation and less alcohol. Isn't carbonation a by-product of the process that makes alcohol? Wouldn't that mean more ...
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Recipe says don't add priming sugar, will it lead to flat beer?

I am total novice so please excuse me for possibly stupid question. I bought a "beer kit" (malt + hop) that had recipes for 20 and 12 liters. I decided to go for 12 liters, because I don't have a lot ...
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Carbonating using table sugar

I have an IPA that is ready to bottle. I don't have any carbonation drops, so I'm considering using table sugar. Apparently 250grams for the 60 bottles of beer in the tub is about right (equivalent ...
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Transfer flat bottled beer into a keg

Quick rundown. I was in a rush to bottle an IPA and I forgot to add my priming sugar. I remembered after already bottling about three beers and went ahead and got my priming solution going and added ...
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New to Kegging - Help

Just moved to a new house and finally have room for a chest freezer so I can switch from bottling to kegging. I have a johnson digital temp controller to regulate the freezer so I can keep constant ...
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Flat beer after priming in a pressure barrel

Completed my first fermentation of home-brew bitter which finished at 2.5% alcohol after 2 weeks. Transferred the beer to a pressure barrel and added a level teaspoon of sugar per pint to start ...
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Storing full kegs at room temperature

So I have a related question here, but my questions are the following: I only have one (and only have room for one) dedicated chest freezer/fridge for brewing. I have one beer (Marzen) kegged and ...
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Batch not carbonated/off flavor a week after bottling

What does a home brew taste like if it is contaminated? I just bought a home brew kit about a month ago that came with a recipe for an Irish Red Ale. My beer has been bottled now for a week and upon ...
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Why did beer get into my gas lines from my corny keg?

I think I know the answer to this, but I'd like to see an answer listing more conclusively the different reasons why this happens. Some causes I've seen listed: High pressure plus shaking can cause ...
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How to keep sugar from fermentation and carbonization?

We want to made sweet low ABV cider. How to do that? I understand that yeasts are dying somewhere between 10 and 15% ABV but we want our cider to be between 2 and 5% ABV. We can interrupt ...
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a few questions about using carbonation stones

Just got a carbonation stone because I want to carbonate a keg quickly and have a few questions. Do you need any special tubing to attach the stone to the gas-in dip tube? The stone I have has a ...
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Carbonated in carboy from primary fermentation?

I recently brewed a batch and let it set in the carboy for 2 weeks. When it was transfered to the bottling bucket we noticed that it was a little carbonated already, which seemed odd. We ignored it ...
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Why is the pressure slowly decreasing when force carbonating a corny keg?

I just set up a new kegerator with a corny and 5 lb CO2 tank. I turned the tank on and at first I had a leak I could hear/feel, but I tightened everything and sprayed with starsan and don't see any ...
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Does carbonation method impact beer flavor?

Does the method chosen to carbonate your beer impact taste? For example, forced Co2 vs bottle vs natural, etc.
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How can I seal off the liquid line on a sankey keg to allow force carbonation?

I want to carbonate several sankey kegs, but the keg couplers have the liquid line open, so if I apply CO2 to them, the beer will come out if I don't have a serving line connected, I only have 2 ...
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Does a given pressure and temperature determine the number of volumes of CO2?

I have seen "force carbonation tables" used by folks who use keg systems. They apply the tables to getting CO2 forced into a beer, and have an ending number of CO2 volumes in mind, then set the ...
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Why does the temperature of bottle conditioning determine the amount of priming sugar?

When using CO2 calculators or the nomograph on Palmer's site we see that depending on the temperature of your beer, you use a different amount of priming sugar in order to get the same effective ...
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How Long Will a Keg Hold Carbonation if Disconnected from the CO2 Tank?

How long will a keg hold carbonation if it is disconnected from the CO2 tank? Does the type of keg matter?
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How to properly keep a warm kegged beer (short term)

This is a combination keg/carbonation/beer storage question. I have only fridge/freezer room for either a carboy or my (currently 1) keg. I have about half of the corny keg left of a light cream ...
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Any need to stop yeast before kegging?

I'm brewing to keg for the first time, finally. I am planning to force carbonate and was wondering: Are there was any steps I need to take to stop any active yeast before putting it in the keg and ...
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Hard lemonade secondary fermentation

I successfully fermented a must of lemonade, dextrose and honey with EC 1118. It is good but very dry. I racked it into a secondary and added more lemonade concentrate for sweetness. My problem is I ...
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Brettanomyces and Bottle Conditioning

When working with brettanomyces "Brett" should I adjust the amount of priming sugar I use? Does brett have any affect on quantity or quality (fineness of bubbles etc.) of carbonation in the bottle? ...
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(Should) my keg floweth over?

So, I kegged my first time (straight from a 3.5wk primary vs 2wk, which I recommend). I tried a little bit of the "force carb", i.e. set to 25-30psi and agitate the keg until I didn't hear any more ...
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How do I carbonate without yeast or a keg?

I am brewing a batch of Hard Lemonade. The gravity started at 1.090 in mid September 2011. I pitched Lalvin EC-1118 as the yeast. It is now down to 1.029 and tastes good and is sweet. If I bottle and ...
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Other Causes of Over Carbonation In the Bottle

I just opened a new bottle of beer after letting it bottle ferment and I ended up with more beer on the counter than in my glass. It seems to be over carbonated and exploded everywhere. After ...
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Priming calculation after cold crashing for a week

So beer temperature affects residual co2 in beer for priming, the lower the temp the more residual. I've got a Ryepa that I plan on carbing to 2.4 vols of CO2. Its been in a 55 degree closet for 4-5 ...
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Bottle carbonation - too much priming sugar?

I posted a question here before about what I decided was an 'extract twang' flavor. I tried a bottle from batch #2 yesterday, and I noticed the same thing. Here's where it gets interesting. My brew ...
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Keg/CO2 question as I think about moving to kegging

This is probably a foolish one, but... So you can force carbonate with a keg (or sugar carbonate, but of course why would you), and then serve from the keg with the CO2 to help dispense. But, if ...
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Recarbonate bottled keg beer

Backstory: Ok, this is a bit weird. A friend had access to a couple of kegs of Lagunitas IPA, but only for a couple of hours until the kegs had to be returned (empty was OK with the owners). So he ...
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Batch carbonate then bottle

My problem stems from the fact that I do not have a place to store a keg to carbonate at serving temperature. I would like to either condition in the bottle or force carbonate and then bottle (then ...
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Can i use carbonation tablets in cider?

When making cider, can you carbonate it using tablets? and should this be in the demijohn or in the bottles?
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Batch carbonation vs bottle carbonation

I was reading online some suggestions to carbonate the batch of beer before bottling, and would like to get some details on quantities and method. I do love my home brewed beer, but I don't like the ...
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Temperature Swings While Bottle Conditioning/Carbonating

I brewed a GLBC Christmas Ale Clone in November, trying (futilely) to have it ready for Xmas Eve. Had it in bottles two weeks before, but to no avail. As this beer finished up around 9.3%abv, the ...
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May be too much carbonation on the way

Bottled up a fig-gose a week ago, and figured I would try one last night just for kicks. Big hiss and and about a 1 inch head. Plenty of carbonation now, but it is still 'young' carbonation (big, ...
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Can you add more yeast into a batch of cider if you think you've killed it?

Ok, so I’m really new to this I started off making cider Since I juiced my own apples, I used the method of pasteurisation that kills off wild yeast by heating the gallon of juice on a stove while ...
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Variable carbonation

I've just begun sampling my first batch, and I noticed that my carbonation level can vary from bottle to bottle. Most are just about perfect, but a few have certainly been over-carbonated, practically ...
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Measuring Dissolved C02

I forcecarb every batch over 2 gallons. I do this primarily because I have no way of measuring the amount of CO2 already present when I calculate my priming sugar. Is there a way to estimate disolved ...
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Salvaging flat beer?

I recently brewed a Schneider Aventus clone and the end result was a flat beer. I missed a step in the instructions to add a fresh dose of yeast a few days before bottling so I'm assuming that this is ...
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How long do I need to carbonate a keg?

I've recently inherited a keg system from a friend moving interstate and have just dropped my first batch into the keg. I found this chart from a link here that shows CO2 units by pressure & ...
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How long will carbonation “hold” in a growler?

I purchased a commercially filled growler today, and it doesn't appear to have the plastic "growler" lid that I usually get when getting one filled at a taproom or beer store. It has a thin metal ...
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How do I get larger bubbles in my finished beer?

I keg and force carbonate, and my beer has really fine bubbles. Is there something that I can do (turn up the pressure, maybe) that will give me larger, coarser bubbles in the finished beer? Thanks!
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Bottle-priming post secondary fining? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Cold Crash and Finings As mentioned in this question, I'm anticipating some trouble with a low-flocculating yeast, and one of the suggestions was to use gelatin for ...
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Should a wine be encouraged to emit residual CO2 before bottlings?

When making beer or other carbonated beverages, we are encouraged to consider residual CO2 when calculating priming sugar. Does this also mean that non-carbonated beverages should be "encouraged" to ...
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Using a carbonation stone to force carbonate in corny kegs

Can anyone tell me how to properly use a carbonation stone to carbonate beer in a corny keg? Particulary how to attach the stone and if it is removed after full carbonation or left in place until the ...
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Is there a way to use my kegging system to carbonate beer for bottling without a beer gun?

The only solutions I've found are expensive, and involved a pricey piece of equipment called a beer gun. Is there a way to carbonate my beer before bottling so I can ensure a good carbonation?
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How to get the carbonation right in bottled beer

I am really struggling to get the carbonation of my beers right. They either seem to turn out too flat or too carbonated. I take care in calculating the correct amount of bottling sugar for the beer ...
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Beer not carbonating

The IPA I made has been sitting in bottles for 2 weeks around 73-75F and is not carbonating. One thing I did prior to bottling was I cold crashed the secondary for about 1 day to get some floating ...
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How to troubleshoot flat beer?

Since I started brewing in January, every single batch (6 so far) has come out flat. I've had a couple come good after a few months in the back of the garage but for the most part, it's all flat. At ...
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Can I use fructose as a priming sugar and how much should I use?

OK, so I was in the health food shop (again) and couldn't find any corn sugar. However, on a whim I bought some fructose. I am thinking of using it for priming the English ale I have pencilled in to ...