Carbonation refers to dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) in beer, wine or soda. The container holding the liquid is held under pressure like in a keg or bottle. When the pressure is reduced, the carbon dioxide is released from the beverage as small bubbles.

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What vessels to use to carbonate hard cider?

I'm currently fermening my first batch of apple wine, with the plan to make sparkling cider. My idea is to make sure that the first fermentation has stopped, rack the cider, put it into bottles and ...
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Is dry hopping a carbonated beer effective?

Would it be effective to dry hop a beer that has been kegged and carbonated? More specifically, can I open the keg and drop in some dry hops for a week even after I have carbonated the beer? If it's ...
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What is the right amount of priming sugar for a bottle with expandable head space?

When bottling in plastic (PET) bottles, it is possible to eliminate oxygen from the bottle by squeezing the bottle. Below is a 3 liter bottle with only one liter of beer in it: I have done this ...
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Used large bottle caps now have uncarbonated beer

Just noticed that i used the large bottle caps on my coffee stout and of course all the beer is not carbonated (tastes fine just not carbonated). I wanted to make the move to kegging after i went all ...
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Should you adjust residual sweetness to account for carbonation level in a beer?

I have a kegged batch of beer (Munich lager) that was quite sweet prior to fully carbonating. After carbonating there's a significant bitterness - not a hop bitterness (there is little in this batch), ...
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Fizzy with no head?

My recent brew (#2) is well carbonated, but has little head to it when poured (and what's there dissipates quickly). Is it over carbonated? Too much priming sugar? Also, I am used to seeing a strong ...
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Flat beer. Not enough priming sugar?

I'm new to this blog and brewing. Recently i put down my first Coopers Real Ale. All went well, great flavor but flat to very slight carbonation in bottles. 1.5 tsp in 1250ml and .5 tsp in 750ml ...
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no carbonation and a few bottle-bombs

I bottled about a month and a half ago. Every bottle I tried has had no carbonation. But I just opened up a bottle and it was over carbonated, and it almost exploded out of the bottle. I had this ...
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bottles not fermented after 3 weeks of conditioning. Good or bad?

It's been three weeks, and my impatience has had me crack one bottle on days 7, 14, and now 20. There's no carbonation in these bottles, and it doesn't appear to be getting any better over the weeks. ...
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I bought a small 1 liter CO2 gas tank for carbonating drinks, where could I start to find a regulator valve for this tank?

I need to modify this tank with a valve/pressure controler so I can use it to carbonate drinks. Images of the tank included. I would order online but i have no specification to get data from. What ...
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Can a beer be carbonated during primary or secondary fermentation?

Is it always necessary to carbonate your beer with sugar or tablets or is it possible to get the right amount of carbonation with the primary and secondary fermentation?
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Can one use gelatin while force carbing, or will CO2 keep gelatin suspended

New to world of finings. I figured i'd see if I could get a faster turnaround. Right now I'm kegging, then conditioning/force carbing at the same time at 40F. Can I cold crash, then on the next day ...
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What's the best/safest way to handle likely bottle bombs?

I'm using 16oz amber e-z cap bottles (swing tops). I've read that they'll self-vent before exploding, but I've heard other accounts of them actually exploding. I'm storing them like this and it's ...
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Keeping beer from entering CO2 line while Carbing Keg?

So I am getting ready to carbonate my first keg! But I am worried about beer entering the CO2 line if I use the 'rock on my lap like a baby' method :) I am worried because I tried to carbonate a ...
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How do I calculate how much sugar to add, for carbonation

I have a brew, that I will need to bottle soon. But, how do I calculate, how much sugar to add, before bottling? I'll be adding table-sugar, but I am very worried about exploding bottles. Are there ...
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137 views

Aging full kegs out of fridge - carbonate now or later?

I just bought my first two kegs, and don't yet have a fridge set up for them. Even when I do get my fridge set up I plan to have more kegs than will fit at once. When I fill them is it better to ...
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221 views

Carbonating cider

I'm carbonating my cider in 1 gallon glass carboys and my solid rubber bungs popped off a few times so I tied them down with cable ties. Can anyone tell me if this is ok and the carboy can take the ...
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291 views

Keeping pressure in secondary keg

I recently started brewing again as I was bought some new kit: 5 gallon fermenting bucket 5 gallon plastic keg with tap This is the first time I've brewed without bottling. I've just got my wort ...
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Well carbonated, but no head

I've tried looking for duplicates to this question, but can't quite find a single question that covers it, so here goes (pls let me know if I've missed one) Last night I tasted the first bottle of my ...
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Bottling a Lager

I brewed my first lager (a doppelbock) about a month ago and I'm thinking about bottling it in about a week. I followed some advice from my LHBS on the proper schedule for a lager that I now question ...
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Relation of CO2/alcohol/yeasts in Ginger Beer

The article making_ginger_beer mentions using bread yeast so you get more carbonation and less alcohol. Isn't carbonation a by-product of the process that makes alcohol? Wouldn't that mean more ...
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Recipe says don't add priming sugar, will it lead to flat beer?

I am total novice so please excuse me for possibly stupid question. I bought a "beer kit" (malt + hop) that had recipes for 20 and 12 liters. I decided to go for 12 liters, because I don't have a lot ...
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Carbonating using table sugar

I have an IPA that is ready to bottle. I don't have any carbonation drops, so I'm considering using table sugar. Apparently 250grams for the 60 bottles of beer in the tub is about right (equivalent ...
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Transfer flat bottled beer into a keg

Quick rundown. I was in a rush to bottle an IPA and I forgot to add my priming sugar. I remembered after already bottling about three beers and went ahead and got my priming solution going and added ...
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New to Kegging - Help

Just moved to a new house and finally have room for a chest freezer so I can switch from bottling to kegging. I have a johnson digital temp controller to regulate the freezer so I can keep constant ...
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Flat beer after priming in a pressure barrel

Completed my first fermentation of home-brew bitter which finished at 2.5% alcohol after 2 weeks. Transferred the beer to a pressure barrel and added a level teaspoon of sugar per pint to start ...
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Storing full kegs at room temperature

So I have a related question here, but my questions are the following: I only have one (and only have room for one) dedicated chest freezer/fridge for brewing. I have one beer (Marzen) kegged and ...
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Batch not carbonated/off flavor a week after bottling

What does a home brew taste like if it is contaminated? I just bought a home brew kit about a month ago that came with a recipe for an Irish Red Ale. My beer has been bottled now for a week and upon ...
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Why did beer get into my gas lines from my corny keg?

I think I know the answer to this, but I'd like to see an answer listing more conclusively the different reasons why this happens. Some causes I've seen listed: High pressure plus shaking can cause ...
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How to keep sugar from fermentation and carbonization?

We want to made sweet low ABV cider. How to do that? I understand that yeasts are dying somewhere between 10 and 15% ABV but we want our cider to be between 2 and 5% ABV. We can interrupt ...
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a few questions about using carbonation stones

Just got a carbonation stone because I want to carbonate a keg quickly and have a few questions. Do you need any special tubing to attach the stone to the gas-in dip tube? The stone I have has a ...
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930 views

Carbonated in carboy from primary fermentation?

I recently brewed a batch and let it set in the carboy for 2 weeks. When it was transfered to the bottling bucket we noticed that it was a little carbonated already, which seemed odd. We ignored it ...
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Why is the pressure slowly decreasing when force carbonating a corny keg?

I just set up a new kegerator with a corny and 5 lb CO2 tank. I turned the tank on and at first I had a leak I could hear/feel, but I tightened everything and sprayed with starsan and don't see any ...
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Does carbonation method impact beer flavor?

Does the method chosen to carbonate your beer impact taste? For example, forced Co2 vs bottle vs natural, etc.
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How can I seal off the liquid line on a sankey keg to allow force carbonation?

I want to carbonate several sankey kegs, but the keg couplers have the liquid line open, so if I apply CO2 to them, the beer will come out if I don't have a serving line connected, I only have 2 ...
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Does a given pressure and temperature determine the number of volumes of CO2?

I have seen "force carbonation tables" used by folks who use keg systems. They apply the tables to getting CO2 forced into a beer, and have an ending number of CO2 volumes in mind, then set the ...
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Why does the temperature of bottle conditioning determine the amount of priming sugar?

When using CO2 calculators or the nomograph on Palmer's site we see that depending on the temperature of your beer, you use a different amount of priming sugar in order to get the same effective ...
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How Long Will a Keg Hold Carbonation if Disconnected from the CO2 Tank?

How long will a keg hold carbonation if it is disconnected from the CO2 tank? Does the type of keg matter?
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How to properly keep a warm kegged beer (short term)

This is a combination keg/carbonation/beer storage question. I have only fridge/freezer room for either a carboy or my (currently 1) keg. I have about half of the corny keg left of a light cream ...
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Any need to stop yeast before kegging?

I'm brewing to keg for the first time, finally. I am planning to force carbonate and was wondering: Are there was any steps I need to take to stop any active yeast before putting it in the keg and ...
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Hard lemonade secondary fermentation

I successfully fermented a must of lemonade, dextrose and honey with EC 1118. It is good but very dry. I racked it into a secondary and added more lemonade concentrate for sweetness. My problem is I ...
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Brettanomyces and Bottle Conditioning

When working with brettanomyces "Brett" should I adjust the amount of priming sugar I use? Does brett have any affect on quantity or quality (fineness of bubbles etc.) of carbonation in the bottle? ...
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(Should) my keg floweth over?

So, I kegged my first time (straight from a 3.5wk primary vs 2wk, which I recommend). I tried a little bit of the "force carb", i.e. set to 25-30psi and agitate the keg until I didn't hear any more ...
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How do I carbonate without yeast or a keg?

I am brewing a batch of Hard Lemonade. The gravity started at 1.090 in mid September 2011. I pitched Lalvin EC-1118 as the yeast. It is now down to 1.029 and tastes good and is sweet. If I bottle and ...
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Other Causes of Over Carbonation In the Bottle

I just opened a new bottle of beer after letting it bottle ferment and I ended up with more beer on the counter than in my glass. It seems to be over carbonated and exploded everywhere. After ...
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Priming calculation after cold crashing for a week

So beer temperature affects residual co2 in beer for priming, the lower the temp the more residual. I've got a Ryepa that I plan on carbing to 2.4 vols of CO2. Its been in a 55 degree closet for 4-5 ...
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Bottle carbonation - too much priming sugar?

I posted a question here before about what I decided was an 'extract twang' flavor. I tried a bottle from batch #2 yesterday, and I noticed the same thing. Here's where it gets interesting. My brew ...
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Keg/CO2 question as I think about moving to kegging

This is probably a foolish one, but... So you can force carbonate with a keg (or sugar carbonate, but of course why would you), and then serve from the keg with the CO2 to help dispense. But, if ...
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Recarbonate bottled keg beer

Backstory: Ok, this is a bit weird. A friend had access to a couple of kegs of Lagunitas IPA, but only for a couple of hours until the kegs had to be returned (empty was OK with the owners). So he ...
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Batch carbonate then bottle

My problem stems from the fact that I do not have a place to store a keg to carbonate at serving temperature. I would like to either condition in the bottle or force carbonate and then bottle (then ...