Carbonation refers to dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) in beer, wine or soda. The container holding the liquid is held under pressure like in a keg or bottle. When the pressure is reduced, the carbon dioxide is released from the beverage as small bubbles.

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Does a given pressure and temperature determine the number of volumes of CO2?

I have seen "force carbonation tables" used by folks who use keg systems. They apply the tables to getting CO2 forced into a beer, and have an ending number of CO2 volumes in mind, then set the ...
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Why does the temperature of bottle conditioning determine the amount of priming sugar?

When using CO2 calculators or the nomograph on Palmer's site we see that depending on the temperature of your beer, you use a different amount of priming sugar in order to get the same effective ...
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How Long Will a Keg Hold Carbonation if Disconnected from the CO2 Tank?

How long will a keg hold carbonation if it is disconnected from the CO2 tank? Does the type of keg matter?
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How to properly keep a warm kegged beer (short term)

This is a combination keg/carbonation/beer storage question. I have only fridge/freezer room for either a carboy or my (currently 1) keg. I have about half of the corny keg left of a light cream ...
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402 views

Any need to stop yeast before kegging?

I'm brewing to keg for the first time, finally. I am planning to force carbonate and was wondering: Are there was any steps I need to take to stop any active yeast before putting it in the keg and ...
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Hard lemonade secondary fermentation

I successfully fermented a must of lemonade, dextrose and honey with EC 1118. It is good but very dry. I racked it into a secondary and added more lemonade concentrate for sweetness. My problem is I ...
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843 views

Brettanomyces and Bottle Conditioning

When working with brettanomyces "Brett" should I adjust the amount of priming sugar I use? Does brett have any affect on quantity or quality (fineness of bubbles etc.) of carbonation in the bottle? ...
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(Should) my keg floweth over?

So, I kegged my first time (straight from a 3.5wk primary vs 2wk, which I recommend). I tried a little bit of the "force carb", i.e. set to 25-30psi and agitate the keg until I didn't hear any more ...
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How do I carbonate without yeast or a keg?

I am brewing a batch of Hard Lemonade. The gravity started at 1.090 in mid September 2011. I pitched Lalvin EC-1118 as the yeast. It is now down to 1.029 and tastes good and is sweet. If I bottle and ...
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Other Causes of Over Carbonation In the Bottle

I just opened a new bottle of beer after letting it bottle ferment and I ended up with more beer on the counter than in my glass. It seems to be over carbonated and exploded everywhere. After ...
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Priming calculation after cold crashing for a week

So beer temperature affects residual co2 in beer for priming, the lower the temp the more residual. I've got a Ryepa that I plan on carbing to 2.4 vols of CO2. Its been in a 55 degree closet for 4-5 ...
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1answer
431 views

Bottle carbonation - too much priming sugar?

I posted a question here before about what I decided was an 'extract twang' flavor. I tried a bottle from batch #2 yesterday, and I noticed the same thing. Here's where it gets interesting. My brew ...
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496 views

Keg/CO2 question as I think about moving to kegging

This is probably a foolish one, but... So you can force carbonate with a keg (or sugar carbonate, but of course why would you), and then serve from the keg with the CO2 to help dispense. But, if ...
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1answer
629 views

Recarbonate bottled keg beer

Backstory: Ok, this is a bit weird. A friend had access to a couple of kegs of Lagunitas IPA, but only for a couple of hours until the kegs had to be returned (empty was OK with the owners). So he ...
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1answer
782 views

Batch carbonate then bottle

My problem stems from the fact that I do not have a place to store a keg to carbonate at serving temperature. I would like to either condition in the bottle or force carbonate and then bottle (then ...
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Can i use carbonation tablets in cider?

When making cider, can you carbonate it using tablets? and should this be in the demijohn or in the bottles?
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Batch carbonation vs bottle carbonation

I was reading online some suggestions to carbonate the batch of beer before bottling, and would like to get some details on quantities and method. I do love my home brewed beer, but I don't like the ...
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1answer
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Temperature Swings While Bottle Conditioning/Carbonating

I brewed a GLBC Christmas Ale Clone in November, trying (futilely) to have it ready for Xmas Eve. Had it in bottles two weeks before, but to no avail. As this beer finished up around 9.3%abv, the ...
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1answer
274 views

May be too much carbonation on the way

Bottled up a fig-gose a week ago, and figured I would try one last night just for kicks. Big hiss and and about a 1 inch head. Plenty of carbonation now, but it is still 'young' carbonation (big, ...
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1answer
227 views

Can you add more yeast into a batch of cider if you think you've killed it?

Ok, so I’m really new to this I started off making cider Since I juiced my own apples, I used the method of pasteurisation that kills off wild yeast by heating the gallon of juice on a stove while ...
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4answers
201 views

Variable carbonation

I've just begun sampling my first batch, and I noticed that my carbonation level can vary from bottle to bottle. Most are just about perfect, but a few have certainly been over-carbonated, practically ...
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2answers
242 views

Measuring Dissolved C02

I forcecarb every batch over 2 gallons. I do this primarily because I have no way of measuring the amount of CO2 already present when I calculate my priming sugar. Is there a way to estimate disolved ...
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Salvaging flat beer?

I recently brewed a Schneider Aventus clone and the end result was a flat beer. I missed a step in the instructions to add a fresh dose of yeast a few days before bottling so I'm assuming that this is ...
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How long do I need to carbonate a keg?

I've recently inherited a keg system from a friend moving interstate and have just dropped my first batch into the keg. I found this chart from a link here that shows CO2 units by pressure & ...
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4answers
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How long will carbonation “hold” in a growler?

I purchased a commercially filled growler today, and it doesn't appear to have the plastic "growler" lid that I usually get when getting one filled at a taproom or beer store. It has a thin metal ...
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712 views

How do I get larger bubbles in my finished beer?

I keg and force carbonate, and my beer has really fine bubbles. Is there something that I can do (turn up the pressure, maybe) that will give me larger, coarser bubbles in the finished beer? Thanks!
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Bottle-priming post secondary fining? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Cold Crash and Finings As mentioned in this question, I'm anticipating some trouble with a low-flocculating yeast, and one of the suggestions was to use gelatin for ...
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356 views

Should a wine be encouraged to emit residual CO2 before bottlings?

When making beer or other carbonated beverages, we are encouraged to consider residual CO2 when calculating priming sugar. Does this also mean that non-carbonated beverages should be "encouraged" to ...
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Using a carbonation stone to force carbonate in corny kegs

Can anyone tell me how to properly use a carbonation stone to carbonate beer in a corny keg? Particulary how to attach the stone and if it is removed after full carbonation or left in place until the ...
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Is there a way to use my kegging system to carbonate beer for bottling without a beer gun?

The only solutions I've found are expensive, and involved a pricey piece of equipment called a beer gun. Is there a way to carbonate my beer before bottling so I can ensure a good carbonation?
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How to get the carbonation right in bottled beer

I am really struggling to get the carbonation of my beers right. They either seem to turn out too flat or too carbonated. I take care in calculating the correct amount of bottling sugar for the beer ...
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2answers
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Beer not carbonating

The IPA I made has been sitting in bottles for 2 weeks around 73-75F and is not carbonating. One thing I did prior to bottling was I cold crashed the secondary for about 1 day to get some floating ...
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How to troubleshoot flat beer?

Since I started brewing in January, every single batch (6 so far) has come out flat. I've had a couple come good after a few months in the back of the garage but for the most part, it's all flat. At ...
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636 views

Can I use fructose as a priming sugar and how much should I use?

OK, so I was in the health food shop (again) and couldn't find any corn sugar. However, on a whim I bought some fructose. I am thinking of using it for priming the English ale I have pencilled in to ...
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Three-finger head but tastes flat?

I recently brewed a Belgian Wit extract kit. Bottle conditioned with 5 oz of priming sugar. I'm pretty happy with the taste. With a medium speed pour into a Pilsner glass, the beer develops a ...
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What is the advantage of krausening?

Krausening seems to be a fair bit of work to the homebrewer with very little return. So, what advantages does krausening bring, other than not having to add any additional sugar to the beer for ...
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What causes “rush” carbonation when adding sugar?

I've just been playing with some treatments for an undercarbonated batch in bottles. The beer is slightly carbonated, it bubbles up a little when poured, just builds no head & dissipates ...
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Williams Warn Personal Brewery

I just saw this on Wired.com and wondered what the rest of you thought of it. http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2011/04/the-personal-brewery-is-an-all-in-one-beer-factory/ Some interesting things - ...
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How full can I fill my bottles?

My first few batches of beer have come out quite undercarbonated. I believe because I've been quite cautious about how far I fill my bottles up. This comment backs up my theory. How can I determine ...
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No carbonation in the bottles?

Had to recap my bottles to fill the level up so I didn't have any explode on me. Now they have been sitting for 2 1/2 weeks. Opened one up and there is no carbonation.. is there a way to recarbonate ...
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will i end up with flat beer? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: recapping my bottles? Will it ruin the outcome of my beer? I was wondering if my beer will end up flat no carbonation because i ended up recapping the whole batch. I ...
6
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1answer
319 views

Does irish moss affect the amount of yeast left at bottling?

I made a brown ale kit and used irish moss in it for the first time. After putting it in I realized that I had misunderstood my LHBS and added 1 tablespoon instead of one teaspoon. I left in primary ...
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Dry Hop Filtering and bottling

This is my first attempt at dry hopping. I added hop pellets directly into the secondary fermenter. They have been in for 1 week and many have settled to the bottom, however there is quite a bit ...
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Bottles didn't carbonate, anything I can do?

Brewed an Oatmeal Stout and it has been in bottles for about 4 weeks now and still the bottles haven't carbonated. Tried the first bottle after 2 weeks and it was very flat. Now I just opened one ...
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4answers
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Can I add more yeast during primary fermentation?

I've got a brew that's been on primary fermentation for 10 days and still haven't seen any activity in the airlock (again). Gravity has dropped from 1.040 to 1.014, but I'd still like to raise the ...
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What factors affect carbonation bubble size?

I haven't paid much attention to carbonation up until recently, because my method hasn't changed in the three years I've brewed, and it's perfectly acceptable to me. My friend says that every ...
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How to use a Hambleton Bard s30 cylinder?

I've recently purchased a second hand (hence no instructions) pressure barrel keg that has an s30 adaptor that fits a Hambleton Bard cylinder (which I have also bought). How do I actually use this ...
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Letting the gas out of a keg

I'm new to this homebrewing, made a mistake and wondering the consequences of my actions. I have just completed the first week of fermentation and now have moved over to a plastic keg supplied with ...
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Can I add some water before I bottle?

I'm in the final stages of my very first beer, which is a Belgian wit. Everything has gone great so far, and I will be bottling in just a few days. I have a pretty high alcohol content (around 8.2%, ...
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Why is some of my beer flat (half of the bottles in one of 2 batches done together)?

I brewed and subsequently bottled 2 batches of beer together, following much the same process for cleaning/sanitizing and brewing throughout. When bottling, I bulk primed both batches with a sugar ...