Carbonation refers to dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) in beer, wine or soda. The container holding the liquid is held under pressure like in a keg or bottle. When the pressure is reduced, the carbon dioxide is released from the beverage as small bubbles.

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Temperature at which to carbonate brew? [duplicate]

I am very new to home brewing and have spent hours trawling the web to find answers to questions, however, this is the one question im struggling for an answer to, so any help would be much ...
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Co2 volume vs weight [duplicate]

I'm looking into getting started with kegging my brews. From what I've read, one hooks up the CO2 at a certain pressure to obtain a certain volume of carbonation. However, in filling the tanks, the ...
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124 views

Is it a bad idea to agitate beer a few days after bottling?

I just bottled a porter which had been in the fermenter for almost a month. I allowed myself a taste un-carbonated, and while I don't want to count my chickens before they've hatched, I'm very excited ...
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47 views

Large bottles ddn't carbonate, but little ones did

Does anyone have an idea if larger bottles (half liter) are harder to carbonate than smaller ones (1/3 liter)? I think the problem is that I had a Belgian ale (6.5%) is a secondary and when bottling, ...
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112 views

First Batch Bottle Exploded

I'm in the bottling phase with my first batch of beer. Came home last night and one of the bottles had exploded. The beer spent 7 days in the primary fermenter and hit the target gravity per the ...
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3answers
55 views

What sugar for a sparkling iced tea?

I want to produce an extreme low alcohol (<0.5%) sparkling iced tea, but carbonated with yeast / bottle conditioning. I obviously can't make the tea sweet before carbonation for fear of over ...
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1answer
31 views

Is it possible to use manifolds to transfer gas from one keg to another?

I have a standard manifold much like this one A while back I thought of equalizing the pressure in two of my kegs by opening their check valves on the manifold. To test whether this would work I ...
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37 views

Turning off co2 tank necessary when regulator psi set to 0?

I am in the habit of turning off my co2 tank even when I have closed the check valve on my regulator and set the psi for the regulator to 0. Is this necessary for safety reasons? Going even further ...
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76 views

Why don't we force carbonate at a higher PSI

A lot of the force carbonation guides that I have seen say to set the psi to 20 and leave it for 4-7 days. Why don't we just set it to 40 (or higher) and wait 2-3.5 days?
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75 views

How Long do I have to wait

I am a pumpkin spice porter; I am going straight to a keg. After I add my priming sugar will the CO2 carbonate my beer so i can drink it immediatly
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171 views

carbonating using a soda stream

Has anybody tried carbonating a couple of bottles a little early in the priming period - you know, just because guests are coming by and that batch is a little young in the bottle? I've heard it can ...
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6answers
815 views

Flat beer with table sugar?

I brewed this Ale Oktoberfest beer and I thought everything went perfectly, but the bottles are flat (have tried 4 of them) Some details: 2 weeks in the primary 1 week in secondary (5 gal carboy) ...
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168 views

Why is less bottling sugar required when naturally carbonating in a keg versus bottles?

When I look at various carbonation tools, I noticed that the amount of bottling sugar was MUCH reduced when naturally carbonating in a keg: It would seem to me that a certain amount of sugar would ...
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66 views

Keg not carbonating.

5 gal keg ball lock. In a keezer at 35 deg. 30psi for three days then set it down to 13-14 psi for two days I have an 8ft line. Beer is dispensing great taste awesome but there is little to no ...
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1answer
39 views

High Altitude Nitro

I recently relocated to Denver and found some excellent advice in this question but I was wondering since drj mentioned that since carbonation is an issue how that will affect my nitro setup and ...
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101 views

Capper indents bottle cap. Is this ok?

I have a standard, hand held bottle capper and when I am using it I am getting indentations in the cap. The larger problem is that I am having issues with inconsistent carbonation and want to ...
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5answers
156 views

1 Litre bottles losing carbonation after opening

I use 1L bottles with flip tops, the beer carbonates fine but after drinking half of it and putting it away for a few days (1L is too much to drink for me) it loses carbonation completely. Is this ...
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1answer
66 views

Carbonation and altitude

Can altitude have an effect on carbonation? I was at the in laws last week and discovered all of the homebrews I brought (about 6) were foaming over when opened. However, all those from the same ...
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197 views

Can I force carbonate a half-full keg of homemade cola?

I make some small batches of home-made cola, tonic water, and ginger ale - usually making a batch of syrup, then mixing up a corny keg full and force-carbonating it over a few days. Normally I bottle ...
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200 views

How can one keg be overcarbonated on a 4-line setup when all the other beers pour just fine?

A while ago I purchased a 4-line kegerator, I have one CO2 tank that carbonates 4 kegs of beer at around 11 psi. When I bring a new uncarbonated keg online, I just add it to an empty gas line and let ...
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78 views

Half my batch (while carbonating) got put in the fridge by mistake

They were put in the fridge at day 11 or 12. I'm afraid to take them out (to resume carbonation) because of skunking. Is this valid? I've read the other questions about carbonation/temperature, etc, ...
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152 views

Aside from CO2 and N2, are any other gases used to “carbonate” beer?

Obviously, most beers are carbonated with carbon dioxide, while some stouts/porters are "carbonated" with nitrogen. I was curious if there has been any notable experimentation with other gasses to ...
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78 views

Capping fermentor for carbonation

I'm just doing some reading, and it mentioned capping the fermenter to carbonate the beer by trapping the remaining co2. Has anyone given it a go? What were the results?
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114 views

Does oxygen introduced during bottling get consumed by the yeast during carbing / conditioning?

I was just thinking about oxidization at bottling time... If you (accidentally) introduced oxygen into your beer when bottling, wouldn't this be used by the yeast the same way it is when you ...
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87 views

How can I prime by taking the gravity of the priming fluid?

I have this great mulberry syrup I found. I want to prime with it, and I forget how to figure this out with an unknown sugar source. I see that John Palmer's "How to Brew" references measuring the ...
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208 views

Should I see bubbles in an opened bottle when carbonating by bottle conditioning?

I have been bottle carbonating for the last 10 days. The temperature has been fairly consistent, between 17 - 20. I can see a little sediment, which suggests fermentation, but I can't see any bubbles, ...
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56 views

How do I know what value I want for Volumes of CO2

I've bottled about 15-20 batches, but I am ready to keg for the first time. I see the table that has been rep[roduced on quite a few websites, and it has 3 examples with a range for the Volumes of CO2 ...
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65 views

What is the property of the carbonation of champagne that makes you feel light-headed?

After drinking an equivalent amount of Champagne and regular wine - I feel significantly more light-headed after drinking the Champagne. The only difference appears to be the carbonation. What is ...
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217 views

Testing Bottling Carbonation

So, I bottled 6 days ago. I'm a little impatient, and want to see how my carbonation is going. What can I expect if I pop one open today? I haven't noticed any difference in the beer in the bottle, ...
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3answers
3k views

Why does my beer have carbonation but no foam head?

I recently made a Belgium Ale, which was slow to start fermenting, but once it got going it finished fine. It cleared in a secondary and was bottled using 5oz of corn sugar for the 5 gallon batch. ...
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97 views

Yeast too stressed for bottling?

I brewed a pumpkin ale and added extra fermentables. After primary and secondary was done, I went to bottle. While bottling I tried some and noticed the alcohol level was quite high. After two ...
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2answers
110 views

Not carbonating — how to determine if cause is yeast or temperature?

I've had a beer stall during carbonation, and I'm trying to determine what's the more likely cause -- temperature being too low, or kicked yeast struggling in a high-gravity beer. The beer itself is ...
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560 views

Kegged Beer Not Staying Carbonated

This summer I kegged a pale ale for the first time. For about the first week or so the carbonation level on the beer was great but then the beer started to get flat (still tasted good, just no ...
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283 views

My Regulator will not fit my CO2 tank

I live in South Korea and had to buy a 20lbs CO2 becuase they would not service my american 5lbs tank. Unfortunately, my current CO2 regulator will not fit on the korean tank. I assume it is becuase ...
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354 views

properly carbonating my Irish stout

I have just kegged my stout. The fridge currently isn't on, should be powered tomorrow. I've put the co2 up to 25psi to start. The tank it's still connected and open. What next? What temp should I ...
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171 views

Do hops reduce the carbonation in beer

Does dry hopping reduce the amount of carbonation that a beer has compared to the same beer that isn't dry hopped? I have a larger that I have made before that seems to have less carbonation that it ...
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3answers
356 views

Lagering (Secondary to Bottling to Lagering)

So I recently bottled a pilsner recipe after a drop from 1.061 to 1.011 specific gravity (over 6% ABV potential), and my recipe instructions called for 7-10 days at room temperature (since they've ...
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3answers
426 views

What vessels to use to carbonate hard cider?

I'm currently fermening my first batch of apple wine, with the plan to make sparkling cider. My idea is to make sure that the first fermentation has stopped, rack the cider, put it into bottles and ...
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3answers
734 views

Is dry hopping a carbonated beer effective?

Would it be effective to dry hop a beer that has been kegged and carbonated? More specifically, can I open the keg and drop in some dry hops for a week even after I have carbonated the beer? If it's ...
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579 views

What is the right amount of priming sugar for a bottle with expandable head space?

When bottling in plastic (PET) bottles, it is possible to eliminate oxygen from the bottle by squeezing the bottle. Below is a 3 liter bottle with only one liter of beer in it: I have done this ...
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128 views

Used large bottle caps now have uncarbonated beer

Just noticed that i used the large bottle caps on my coffee stout and of course all the beer is not carbonated (tastes fine just not carbonated). I wanted to make the move to kegging after i went all ...
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144 views

Should you adjust residual sweetness to account for carbonation level in a beer?

I have a kegged batch of beer (Munich lager) that was quite sweet prior to fully carbonating. After carbonating there's a significant bitterness - not a hop bitterness (there is little in this batch), ...
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1answer
204 views

Fizzy with no head?

My recent brew (#2) is well carbonated, but has little head to it when poured (and what's there dissipates quickly). Is it over carbonated? Too much priming sugar? Also, I am used to seeing a strong ...
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1answer
2k views

Flat beer. Not enough priming sugar?

I'm new to this blog and brewing. Recently i put down my first Coopers Real Ale. All went well, great flavor but flat to very slight carbonation in bottles. 1.5 tsp in 1250ml and .5 tsp in 750ml ...
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1answer
156 views

no carbonation and a few bottle-bombs

I bottled about a month and a half ago. Every bottle I tried has had no carbonation. But I just opened up a bottle and it was over carbonated, and it almost exploded out of the bottle. I had this ...
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1answer
809 views

bottles not fermented after 3 weeks of conditioning. Good or bad?

It's been three weeks, and my impatience has had me crack one bottle on days 7, 14, and now 20. There's no carbonation in these bottles, and it doesn't appear to be getting any better over the weeks. ...
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2answers
172 views

I bought a small 1 liter CO2 gas tank for carbonating drinks, where could I start to find a regulator valve for this tank?

I need to modify this tank with a valve/pressure controler so I can use it to carbonate drinks. Images of the tank included. I would order online but i have no specification to get data from. What ...
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5answers
1k views

Can a beer be carbonated during primary or secondary fermentation?

Is it always necessary to carbonate your beer with sugar or tablets or is it possible to get the right amount of carbonation with the primary and secondary fermentation?
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318 views

Can one use gelatin while force carbing, or will CO2 keep gelatin suspended

New to world of finings. I figured i'd see if I could get a faster turnaround. Right now I'm kegging, then conditioning/force carbing at the same time at 40F. Can I cold crash, then on the next day ...
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3answers
2k views

What's the best/safest way to handle likely bottle bombs?

I'm using 16oz amber e-z cap bottles (swing tops). I've read that they'll self-vent before exploding, but I've heard other accounts of them actually exploding. I'm storing them like this and it's ...