Carbonation refers to dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) in beer, wine or soda. The container holding the liquid is held under pressure like in a keg or bottle. When the pressure is reduced, the carbon dioxide is released from the beverage as small bubbles.

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Capping fermentor for carbonation

I'm just doing some reading, and it mentioned capping the fermenter to carbonate the beer by trapping the remaining co2. Has anyone given it a go? What were the results?
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Does oxygen introduced during bottling get consumed by the yeast during carbing / conditioning?

I was just thinking about oxidization at bottling time... If you (accidentally) introduced oxygen into your beer when bottling, wouldn't this be used by the yeast the same way it is when you ...
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How can I prime by taking the gravity of the priming fluid?

I have this great mulberry syrup I found. I want to prime with it, and I forget how to figure this out with an unknown sugar source. I see that John Palmer's "How to Brew" references measuring the ...
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124 views

Should I see bubbles in an opened bottle when carbonating by bottle conditioning?

I have been bottle carbonating for the last 10 days. The temperature has been fairly consistent, between 17 - 20. I can see a little sediment, which suggests fermentation, but I can't see any bubbles, ...
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44 views

How do I know what value I want for Volumes of CO2

I've bottled about 15-20 batches, but I am ready to keg for the first time. I see the table that has been rep[roduced on quite a few websites, and it has 3 examples with a range for the Volumes of CO2 ...
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What is the property of the carbonation of champagne that makes you feel light-headed?

After drinking an equivalent amount of Champagne and regular wine - I feel significantly more light-headed after drinking the Champagne. The only difference appears to be the carbonation. What is ...
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135 views

Testing Bottling Carbonation

So, I bottled 6 days ago. I'm a little impatient, and want to see how my carbonation is going. What can I expect if I pop one open today? I haven't noticed any difference in the beer in the bottle, ...
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919 views

Why does my beer have carbonation but no foam head?

I recently made a Belgium Ale, which was slow to start fermenting, but once it got going it finished fine. It cleared in a secondary and was bottled using 5oz of corn sugar for the 5 gallon batch. ...
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Yeast too stressed for bottling?

I brewed a pumpkin ale and added extra fermentables. After primary and secondary was done, I went to bottle. While bottling I tried some and noticed the alcohol level was quite high. After two ...
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Not carbonating — how to determine if cause is yeast or temperature?

I've had a beer stall during carbonation, and I'm trying to determine what's the more likely cause -- temperature being too low, or kicked yeast struggling in a high-gravity beer. The beer itself is ...
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193 views

Kegged Beer Not Staying Carbonated

This summer I kegged a pale ale for the first time. For about the first week or so the carbonation level on the beer was great but then the beer started to get flat (still tasted good, just no ...
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177 views

My Regulator will not fit my CO2 tank

I live in South Korea and had to buy a 20lbs CO2 becuase they would not service my american 5lbs tank. Unfortunately, my current CO2 regulator will not fit on the korean tank. I assume it is becuase ...
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181 views

properly carbonating my Irish stout

I have just kegged my stout. The fridge currently isn't on, should be powered tomorrow. I've put the co2 up to 25psi to start. The tank it's still connected and open. What next? What temp should I ...
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128 views

Do hops reduce the carbonation in beer

Does dry hopping reduce the amount of carbonation that a beer has compared to the same beer that isn't dry hopped? I have a larger that I have made before that seems to have less carbonation that it ...
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192 views

Lagering (Secondary to Bottling to Lagering)

So I recently bottled a pilsner recipe after a drop from 1.061 to 1.011 specific gravity (over 6% ABV potential), and my recipe instructions called for 7-10 days at room temperature (since they've ...
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310 views

What vessels to use to carbonate hard cider?

I'm currently fermening my first batch of apple wine, with the plan to make sparkling cider. My idea is to make sure that the first fermentation has stopped, rack the cider, put it into bottles and ...
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347 views

Is dry hopping a carbonated beer effective?

Would it be effective to dry hop a beer that has been kegged and carbonated? More specifically, can I open the keg and drop in some dry hops for a week even after I have carbonated the beer? If it's ...
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429 views

What is the right amount of priming sugar for a bottle with expandable head space?

When bottling in plastic (PET) bottles, it is possible to eliminate oxygen from the bottle by squeezing the bottle. Below is a 3 liter bottle with only one liter of beer in it: I have done this ...
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101 views

Used large bottle caps now have uncarbonated beer

Just noticed that i used the large bottle caps on my coffee stout and of course all the beer is not carbonated (tastes fine just not carbonated). I wanted to make the move to kegging after i went all ...
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124 views

Should you adjust residual sweetness to account for carbonation level in a beer?

I have a kegged batch of beer (Munich lager) that was quite sweet prior to fully carbonating. After carbonating there's a significant bitterness - not a hop bitterness (there is little in this batch), ...
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142 views

Fizzy with no head?

My recent brew (#2) is well carbonated, but has little head to it when poured (and what's there dissipates quickly). Is it over carbonated? Too much priming sugar? Also, I am used to seeing a strong ...
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1k views

Flat beer. Not enough priming sugar?

I'm new to this blog and brewing. Recently i put down my first Coopers Real Ale. All went well, great flavor but flat to very slight carbonation in bottles. 1.5 tsp in 1250ml and .5 tsp in 750ml ...
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no carbonation and a few bottle-bombs

I bottled about a month and a half ago. Every bottle I tried has had no carbonation. But I just opened up a bottle and it was over carbonated, and it almost exploded out of the bottle. I had this ...
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506 views

bottles not fermented after 3 weeks of conditioning. Good or bad?

It's been three weeks, and my impatience has had me crack one bottle on days 7, 14, and now 20. There's no carbonation in these bottles, and it doesn't appear to be getting any better over the weeks. ...
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I bought a small 1 liter CO2 gas tank for carbonating drinks, where could I start to find a regulator valve for this tank?

I need to modify this tank with a valve/pressure controler so I can use it to carbonate drinks. Images of the tank included. I would order online but i have no specification to get data from. What ...
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668 views

Can a beer be carbonated during primary or secondary fermentation?

Is it always necessary to carbonate your beer with sugar or tablets or is it possible to get the right amount of carbonation with the primary and secondary fermentation?
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191 views

Can one use gelatin while force carbing, or will CO2 keep gelatin suspended

New to world of finings. I figured i'd see if I could get a faster turnaround. Right now I'm kegging, then conditioning/force carbing at the same time at 40F. Can I cold crash, then on the next day ...
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What's the best/safest way to handle likely bottle bombs?

I'm using 16oz amber e-z cap bottles (swing tops). I've read that they'll self-vent before exploding, but I've heard other accounts of them actually exploding. I'm storing them like this and it's ...
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286 views

Keeping beer from entering CO2 line while Carbing Keg?

So I am getting ready to carbonate my first keg! But I am worried about beer entering the CO2 line if I use the 'rock on my lap like a baby' method :) I am worried because I tried to carbonate a ...
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899 views

How do I calculate how much sugar to add, for carbonation

I have a brew, that I will need to bottle soon. But, how do I calculate, how much sugar to add, before bottling? I'll be adding table-sugar, but I am very worried about exploding bottles. Are there ...
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115 views

Aging full kegs out of fridge - carbonate now or later?

I just bought my first two kegs, and don't yet have a fridge set up for them. Even when I do get my fridge set up I plan to have more kegs than will fit at once. When I fill them is it better to ...
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177 views

Carbonating cider

I'm carbonating my cider in 1 gallon glass carboys and my solid rubber bungs popped off a few times so I tied them down with cable ties. Can anyone tell me if this is ok and the carboy can take the ...
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208 views

Keeping pressure in secondary keg

I recently started brewing again as I was bought some new kit: 5 gallon fermenting bucket 5 gallon plastic keg with tap This is the first time I've brewed without bottling. I've just got my wort ...
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742 views

Well carbonated, but no head

I've tried looking for duplicates to this question, but can't quite find a single question that covers it, so here goes (pls let me know if I've missed one) Last night I tasted the first bottle of my ...
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180 views

Bottling a Lager

I brewed my first lager (a doppelbock) about a month ago and I'm thinking about bottling it in about a week. I followed some advice from my LHBS on the proper schedule for a lager that I now question ...
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Relation of CO2/alcohol/yeasts in Ginger Beer

The article making_ginger_beer mentions using bread yeast so you get more carbonation and less alcohol. Isn't carbonation a by-product of the process that makes alcohol? Wouldn't that mean more ...
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546 views

Recipe says don't add priming sugar, will it lead to flat beer?

I am total novice so please excuse me for possibly stupid question. I bought a "beer kit" (malt + hop) that had recipes for 20 and 12 liters. I decided to go for 12 liters, because I don't have a lot ...
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Carbonating using table sugar

I have an IPA that is ready to bottle. I don't have any carbonation drops, so I'm considering using table sugar. Apparently 250grams for the 60 bottles of beer in the tub is about right (equivalent ...
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Transfer flat bottled beer into a keg

Quick rundown. I was in a rush to bottle an IPA and I forgot to add my priming sugar. I remembered after already bottling about three beers and went ahead and got my priming solution going and added ...
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New to Kegging - Help

Just moved to a new house and finally have room for a chest freezer so I can switch from bottling to kegging. I have a johnson digital temp controller to regulate the freezer so I can keep constant ...
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Flat beer after priming in a pressure barrel

Completed my first fermentation of home-brew bitter which finished at 2.5% alcohol after 2 weeks. Transferred the beer to a pressure barrel and added a level teaspoon of sugar per pint to start ...
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Storing full kegs at room temperature

So I have a related question here, but my questions are the following: I only have one (and only have room for one) dedicated chest freezer/fridge for brewing. I have one beer (Marzen) kegged and ...
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352 views

Batch not carbonated/off flavor a week after bottling

What does a home brew taste like if it is contaminated? I just bought a home brew kit about a month ago that came with a recipe for an Irish Red Ale. My beer has been bottled now for a week and upon ...
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Why did beer get into my gas lines from my corny keg?

I think I know the answer to this, but I'd like to see an answer listing more conclusively the different reasons why this happens. Some causes I've seen listed: High pressure plus shaking can cause ...
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5answers
327 views

How to keep sugar from fermentation and carbonization?

We want to made sweet low ABV cider. How to do that? I understand that yeasts are dying somewhere between 10 and 15% ABV but we want our cider to be between 2 and 5% ABV. We can interrupt ...
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a few questions about using carbonation stones

Just got a carbonation stone because I want to carbonate a keg quickly and have a few questions. Do you need any special tubing to attach the stone to the gas-in dip tube? The stone I have has a ...
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633 views

Carbonated in carboy from primary fermentation?

I recently brewed a batch and let it set in the carboy for 2 weeks. When it was transfered to the bottling bucket we noticed that it was a little carbonated already, which seemed odd. We ignored it ...
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Why is the pressure slowly decreasing when force carbonating a corny keg?

I just set up a new kegerator with a corny and 5 lb CO2 tank. I turned the tank on and at first I had a leak I could hear/feel, but I tightened everything and sprayed with starsan and don't see any ...
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536 views

Does carbonation method impact beer flavor?

Does the method chosen to carbonate your beer impact taste? For example, forced Co2 vs bottle vs natural, etc.
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How can I seal off the liquid line on a sankey keg to allow force carbonation?

I want to carbonate several sankey kegs, but the keg couplers have the liquid line open, so if I apply CO2 to them, the beer will come out if I don't have a serving line connected, I only have 2 ...