Carbonation refers to dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) in beer, wine or soda. The container holding the liquid is held under pressure like in a keg or bottle. When the pressure is reduced, the carbon dioxide is released from the beverage as small bubbles.

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how do you add yeast during bottling stage and ensure it won't burst?

I made a delicious Oktoberfest that came out flat. The lady at AHS said to add 4 grains of champagne yeast to the bottle, since the FG was 1.042 and it tasted very sweet. She said not to let it ...
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79 views

Is my beer carbonating while in primary fermentation?

I started my first small batch 1 gal IPA. After I pitched my yeast I had some blow off (as was expected) but it only lasted about a day, then I attached my airlock. A week into into the brew it was ...
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108 views

How many volumes CO2 will push out a champagne cork?

I'm bottling a mead to pass out around Christmas time. I know mead isn't traditionally carbonated, but I want that satisfying cork pop and super effervescence. I have a floor champagne corker and an ...
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What would cause bottle-carbonation to fail?

I made a Hydromel (beer-strength mead) around 5% using champagne yeast. After fermentation I split it into a few small batches... some I added ginger, some I added orange zest, some remained ...
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60 views

Cider confusion

I recently made cider from my apple trees and hand pressed them and all and I am having trouble figuring everything out. So far I have made the hard cider two different ways my first time, to test ...
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44 views

Force-carbonation of unfiltered beer?

It seems that bottle-conditioning is very standard in home-brewing. I have found some reference to force-carbonation of beer but at a glance I assume it is really only done commercially with filtered ...
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175 views

Can you add Gelatin to a carbonated, kegged beer?

I fermented and kegged a beer but noticed that the beer was not pouring very clear. It dawned on me that no clarifying agents were used in the boil. I want to use gelatin to clear the beer, but the ...
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52 views

Carbonating in the ferment container

Apple Cider Base 6g 1 packet of Red Star Champaine yeast SG 1.073 with a final ABV of around 8.5% - 9.0% Fermenting in a FastFerment 7.9 Gallon I want to end up with an off dry cider that does not ...
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145 views

I am brewing alcoholic ginger beer. How much sugar to prime it?

I am looking for this ginger beer to be sweet, spicy and very fizzy. Something which should violate your tongue's human rights. I have never produced a fizzy brew before so know nothing about ...
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41 views

Max temperature for lager carbonation

Although I'm an experienced homebrewer, I've only ever done ales because I've never had a fridge. I recently bought a BrewJacket and was able to brew my first lager. I'm now at the bottling phase ...
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257 views

When bottling, is it better to use corn sugar or saved wort?

When preparing to bottle your beer after primary fermentation, most instructions call for adding sugar or corn sugar to kick-off the second fermentation in the bottle and carbonate the beer. I have ...
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Is there any way to make a bottle-fermented beer/cider sweeter?

If you are bottling still, or force carbonating, you can presumably kill the yeast and then add sugar/syrup/honey/fruit juice to sweeten (though I don't know how). But if you are bottle-fermenting ...
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Effects of Over Carbonation

I keg my beer and use force-carbonation to carbonate it. Does anyone know if there are any negative consequences to over-carbonating the beer, other than excessive foaming? Are there any long-term ...
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37 views

Time for Hydrolysis/Hydration of CO2

The 'quick carb' (high PSI, shake keg/CO2 stone) vs. 'low and slow' carbonation ("set it and forget it") debate seems to be hinged on the issue of CO2 hydration/hydrolysis (not sure which, will ...
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59 views

Regarding Co2 in my keg

Just kegged my American Stout last night. Gave it a little agitation at 30 psi, then left it at serving pressure around 8-9psi. First taste, it's great! the only slight thing i notice i can only ...
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87 views

Using pressure barrels for carbonated larger/cider?

I was wondering if there was a way to get alcohol in my pressure barrels (those £25, 23l types) to be carbonated similar to shop bought largers and ciders. I've completed my first brew which was a 40 ...
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108 views

Sweeting and Bottling a cider/cyser [duplicate]

I fermented 5 gallons of cider from 1.044 to 1.0. It's very tart, so I want to add 2 lbs of honey to sweeten it up. I also want to bottle it with some carbonation. How do I prevent the honey from ...
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kegging and carbonation

I am kegging my first batch ever in the next two weeks. It's a double IPA. My questions are: What pressure is ideal for serving. do i need to turn off my tank every night? Will leaving it on cause ...
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85 views

Bottle conditioning / carbonation temperature

Yesterday i bottled my first brew. I put the bottles in a box in my room. There is a thermometer inside the box, it reads 25°C. I've read before that the it should be in 18°C - 24°C range. Will 25°C ...
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How to artifically carbonate sparkling elderflower?

I'm brewing a sparkling elderflower drink that relies on the natural yeasts present on the flowers/stalks to carbonate the drink after it has been transferred to bottles (swing-top type). There is ...
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96 views

Ginger Beer Not Carbonated

I have made ginger beer from my own "ginger bug" but did not get much carbonation. I think I put it in the refrigerator too soon, so I took one bottle out, let it sit for 2 days and VIOLA, carbonation ...
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52 views

Saving Kegged Beer For Later

Kegged my beer, but need it to stay carbonated without using it for a week. I already carbonated the beer and drank some. Then, a few days later, I put about 20 lbs of pressure into the keg and shut ...
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Yeast not slowing under refrigeration

I'm using Red Star champagne yeast to brew natural sodas, but I'm stuck on one issue: After the room-temp fermentation I move the (2-liter soda) bottles to the refrigerator (38°F) but the ...
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36 views

What yeast for carbonating a lager?

We brewed a Dark Lager using Wyeast 2007. It fermented for two weeks and has been lagering for 3. When we bottle, we think we'll need to repitch to ensure the bottles carbonate. Thoughts on what ...
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Why less priming sugar in a mini keg?

I am used to bottling my beer and do bottle conditioning. However, I just bought a few 5l mini kegs for the next batch which is currently fermenting. From what I have read from different sources, you ...
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Over Carbonated

I just tried my first batch of home brew, and some of the bottles were over carbonated. What caused it and what can I do about it in the future?
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How can I get more consistent carbonation in bottles?

Some of my bottles usually turn out over carbonated, and some turn out under carbonated. Is there a good technique to get consistent carbonation? I imagine it is a function of both evenly distributed ...
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457 views

Bottling vs Kegging Questions

One thing that is very confusing to me right now is the difference between bottling and kegging, more specifically the carbonation difference between them. The first doubt of kegging arises when you ...
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209 views

How to salvage bottled beer that failed to carbonate

I brewed my first batch of kit beer that required a kind of "secondary fermentation". That is after it was done fermenting I transferred it to another carboy and added the bourbon barrel wood chips. ...
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bottle conditioning ale below room temperature

After bottling my batch of Porter, I forgot it need to be conditioned at room temperature. I left it in my garage for almost a week at 45-50°. When I realized what I had done, I moved it inside the ...
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106 views

Carbonation gone wrong?

I was trying my first all grain brew yesterday when I realized that the beer was almost flat, which is weird because they spent about a week inside the bottle. It's a belgian golden ale and I've added ...
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592 views

Overcarbed or gusher infection?

Is there an easy way to detect whether excessive foaming / gushing is the result of over carbonation or a gusher infection? Perhaps a telltale taste or other indicator?
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212 views

How to Calculate Required Priming Wort at Bottling Time?

I would like to understand how to calculate how much priming wort I need to add at the bottling stage to reach a desired carbonation. Desired Carbonation: 6 g/l Extract: 17°P Amount of fermented ...
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609 views

What might kill a ginger bug - fact and fiction?

I've been attempting to use a ginger bug to make non-alcoholic ginger beer, but I manage to kill the bug each time, either while it is cultivating or after I add it to the ginger syrup. Overview of ...
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551 views

Force carbonation through beverage out line

It seems as though there are two predominant methods of kegging: "saturation over time" and "high pressure and shaking". I have also seen only two references to another method: connecting the Gas In ...
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216 views

Spunding CO2 from 3 keg fermentors

I'm starting to ferment in kegs, and want to naturally carbonate my beers by using a spunding valve. My batches yield 3 kegs, and I'm already using a 4º keg to aerate them after no chill and after the ...
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Does bottling conditioning change the nature of the carbonation?

There's a common opinion that bottle conditioning yields carbonation that is qualitatively different from what's produced by force carbonation. Typically, it is claimed that bottle conditioning ...
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Off-flavour after carbonation

I tasted the beer when it came out of the fermenter and it was great. I cooled it to 4 degrees then I racked it into the keg and force carbonated - about 1 minute at 300kPa, a good few minutes of ...
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316 views

Is it a bad idea to agitate beer a few days after bottling?

I just bottled a porter which had been in the fermenter for almost a month. I allowed myself a taste un-carbonated, and while I don't want to count my chickens before they've hatched, I'm very excited ...
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Large bottles didn't carbonate, but little ones did

Does anyone have an idea if larger bottles (half liter) are harder to carbonate than smaller ones (1/3 liter)? I think the problem is that I had a Belgian ale (6.5%) is a secondary and when bottling, ...
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461 views

First Batch Bottle Exploded

I'm in the bottling phase with my first batch of beer. Came home last night and one of the bottles had exploded. The beer spent 7 days in the primary fermenter and hit the target gravity per the ...
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3answers
88 views

What sugar for a sparkling iced tea?

I want to produce an extreme low alcohol (<0.5%) sparkling iced tea, but carbonated with yeast / bottle conditioning. I obviously can't make the tea sweet before carbonation for fear of over ...
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48 views

Is it possible to use manifolds to transfer gas from one keg to another?

I have a standard manifold much like this one A while back I thought of equalizing the pressure in two of my kegs by opening their check valves on the manifold. To test whether this would work I ...
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80 views

Turning off co2 tank necessary when regulator psi set to 0?

I am in the habit of turning off my co2 tank even when I have closed the check valve on my regulator and set the psi for the regulator to 0. Is this necessary for safety reasons? Going even further ...
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121 views

Why don't we force carbonate at a higher PSI

A lot of the force carbonation guides that I have seen say to set the psi to 20 and leave it for 4-7 days. Why don't we just set it to 40 (or higher) and wait 2-3.5 days?
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85 views

How Long do I have to wait

I am a pumpkin spice porter; I am going straight to a keg. After I add my priming sugar will the CO2 carbonate my beer so i can drink it immediatly
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carbonating using a soda stream

Has anybody tried carbonating a couple of bottles a little early in the priming period - you know, just because guests are coming by and that batch is a little young in the bottle? I've heard it can ...
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Flat beer with table sugar?

I brewed this Ale Oktoberfest beer and I thought everything went perfectly, but the bottles are flat (have tried 4 of them) Some details: 2 weeks in the primary 1 week in secondary (5 gal carboy) ...
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Why is less bottling sugar required when naturally carbonating in a keg versus bottles?

When I look at various carbonation tools, I noticed that the amount of bottling sugar was MUCH reduced when naturally carbonating in a keg: It would seem to me that a certain amount of sugar would ...
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Keg not carbonating.

5 gal keg ball lock. In a keezer at 35 deg. 30psi for three days then set it down to 13-14 psi for two days I have an 8ft line. Beer is dispensing great taste awesome but there is little to no ...