A fermented beverage where the majority of the fermentable sugars are derived from malted grains via mashing.

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How do I decide if the beer is ready? Is my fermentation complete?

This is my first time brewing and I've followed the instructions from a kit. It says to leave the beer in the key for two weeks and its ready when it stops being cloudy. Its now been a little over ...
6
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4answers
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Can an infection be identified by sight?

I brew ten-gallon batches of beer split into two fermentors. The last batch that I kegged had one infected fermentor, while one remained uninfected. One bucket showed a white powdery substance ...
4
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1answer
161 views

Long cooling before pitching — aerate now or later?

This is a follow-up to this question: Long cooling before pitching -- read that for background. I aerate to add oxygen to my wort by pouring back and forth between buckets. If I wait before ...
8
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2answers
303 views

Fly Sparging: Can I start boiling straight away

I fly sparge directly into my boil kettle and in general I have the heat on while I'm doing this. When this was on my stove it wasn't powerful enough to get the water boiling before finishing the ...
4
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2answers
562 views

Barleywine fermentation is slow. How can I speed it up?

My barley wine has been brewing for two weeks it should have be 1108 after 4-6 days its currently still fermenting at 1025.Its been at a constant temp of 22 degrees. However when yeast was added it ...
6
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4answers
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Recover a brew that quit fermenting after I moved to secondary fermenter

I started my first batch of beer, a "Nut Brown Ale", 2 weeks ago. Its initial gravity was 1.040. As per the instructions, I siphoned the beer into the secondary fermenter (a glass carboy) after two ...
3
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2answers
105 views

Soluble yeast estimation before carbonation

Any suggestions on how to estimate the amount of yeast that remains in the brew solution after standard transfer practices without using clarification? I know that some remain because of priming ...
9
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5answers
2k views

How do you calculate a beer's nutrition facts?

How can I figure out a beer's nutrition facts when I've homebrewed? It's not a sum of the ingredients any more, is it? --EDIT-- So when I say "beer's nutrition facts" I means values like calories, ...
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3answers
1k views

I forgot to add my extract until the end!

So, I was brewing distracted, which I will never do again, did everything right...except I didn't remember to add the big jug of liquid malt extract to the wort, or hopped water in my case! You would ...
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1answer
205 views

Hydrometer reading

I am forgot to take a hydrometer reading when I put the beer into the primary fermenter. Can I take one when I transfer to the secondary and what will it tell me anyway?
4
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2answers
442 views

Transfer to secondary.

I am transfering my beer to a secondary fermenter (better bottle carboy). Do I need to shake or stir it to help the fermentation in the secondary!
4
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2answers
4k views

Can I use a Growler at bottling time and how long will the beer last in this.

I had a growler from a local brewery and filled it at bottling time. I made sure I sanatized the bottle and top. I did this to take a sample test before the three weeks of bottle time. Is this OK and ...
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5answers
595 views

How can I compare hop flavours quickly?

I want to try and acquaint myself with different hop flavours and brewing a few batches of beer can be quite time consuming (and wasteful if the results are no good). How can I quickly (in say, a ...
7
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1answer
295 views

Victory v. Biscuit malt

Are there flavor differences between these two malts? How can each be described? I have used them both but often in complicated recipes, and never side by side for comparison. How is each produced?
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4answers
1k views

What happens in the bottle?

I often drink a bottle 2 or 3 days after bottling, and then often every day or 2 after that, and it's sometimes quite amazing to see those "rough edges" getting smoothed out. Can someone explain what ...
5
votes
1answer
328 views

Ramping temperatures during fermentation

What is the appropriate way to ramp temper when say brewing a Belgian beer? Would I expect to have off flavors from the higher temps? What's the best range for ramping? Do I actively manage the temp ...
11
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3answers
4k views

Do I need to sterilize my top-off water?

I just purchased my first kit and am about to brew it (tonight!). The instructions provided indicate that after cooling the wort and tranfering it to the sanitized carboy I need to top it off with ...
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3answers
1k views

Munich and Vienna Malts - Dullness

I don't have a whole lot of experience (I've been brewing all-grain for less than a year) but I've found that every beer I've made with Munich or Vienna malt (usually 2 - 4 pounds in a 6-gallon batch) ...
5
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3answers
748 views

Does flaked rye need conversion?

I'm looking to make a rye pale ale. Do I need to provide enough base grains to convert the starches in flaked rye or is it capable of self conversion? If it needs conversion, would 6 lbs of 6-row work ...
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5answers
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Long cooling before pitching

Summer brewing means warmer tap water, which means that my immersion chiller can only cool the wort to about 75 degrees. I typically cool the wort to 68 degrees before pitching. I have a ...
9
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1answer
865 views

Is it possible to boil wort too quickly?

I recently picked up this burner and was excited to use it to bring my wort to a boil. I had it cranked up pretty high and it took about 15 minutes to bring 6 gallons of wort to a rolling boil in a ...
7
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4answers
2k views

Performing a hop boil seperate from the wort boil.

I'm curious to try some single-hop style beers and would like to do several varieties in one brew day. My ideal situation would be to make a five gallon batch of an unhopped pale ale as the base and ...
6
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2answers
128 views

Amounts of various oils in hops.

I have a beautiful chart that shows the level of various hop oils in different hops, as well as their typical alpha acid percentages. Where can I find the raw data that would go into a chart like ...
7
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1answer
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When using whole hops, do you need a larger amount than you would hop pellets to achieve the same bitterness?

I have read that whole hops impart less bitterness than pellet hops by weight. I have used pellet hops for all of my brews thus far. I have a recipe that I am happy with, and I want to switch to ...
3
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0answers
151 views

Making a gose (salt in beer?) [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Gosebier- a unique style I recently fell in love with the Gose style of sour wheat beers (similar to a Gueze), thanks to kegs of Bayerische Bahnhof invading my town. ...
8
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2answers
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How to troubleshoot flat beer?

Since I started brewing in January, every single batch (6 so far) has come out flat. I've had a couple come good after a few months in the back of the garage but for the most part, it's all flat. At ...
4
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1answer
543 views

I think I ruined my first brew

After years of finding excuses to not home brew, I finally gave in and bought a starter kit from Brewers Best and ingredients for my first batch; Muntons Connoisseurs Export Pilsner. Anyway, it's ...
12
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5answers
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What is a good definition of beer?

My wife asked me what the definition of beer was, and my best response was my understanding of Reinheitsgebot definition (which may or may not be correct). Beer contains: Malted Barley Hops Water ...
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2answers
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Bubbling suddenly stopped - is this a problem?

This is my second home brew. I chose "Coopers Mexican Cerveza" with "Muntons Beer Enhancer". It's only day 4 out of 7 weeks but on the second day, the whole bin warmed slightly and there was a lot ...
14
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2answers
277 views

What is “well attenuated maltiness”?

I am studying to become a BJCP judge. I was reading through Style 2a German Pilsner and saw something in the flavor profile that I didn't quite understand thoroughly. It says Moderate to ...
2
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4answers
940 views

What makes an addition good for a basic wheat beer?

My second batch of beer will be a basic wheat beer and I will rack half with peach puree and half without to see the difference. I am looking for suggestions of other additives for wheat beer. ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Three-finger head but tastes flat?

I recently brewed a Belgian Wit extract kit. Bottle conditioned with 5 oz of priming sugar. I'm pretty happy with the taste. With a medium speed pour into a Pilsner glass, the beer develops a ...
7
votes
2answers
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How do you malt your own barley?

My local health food store sells various types of grain, including barley, which are labelled "unprocessed". So my question is - can I malt this barley and use this in my homebrew? How does one malt ...
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3answers
839 views

Choosing a yeast for ginger beer

I'm doing some experiments with ginger beer (this is a alcoholic beer, not a soda). I'm use brown sugar as the sugar source for now, but may experiment with other sugars including malt as I go along. ...
2
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5answers
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Summer Shandy, anyone ever made it?

Anyone ever tried to make a beer like Linenkugels Summer Shandy? Its a beer brewed with lemonade... and very tasty on a hot day!! Any suggestions on how it might be made?
5
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4answers
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What is this white stuff on the surface of my beer?

I've just gone to rack & bottle a witbier that has been in primary for about 5 weeks and noticed this white gunk floating on top of the beer. It doesn't look too healthy, what is it? Is it safe? ...
7
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4answers
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Brewed beer turnaround time

As homebrewers why do we take longer to ferment our beer than what seems like the time-line at the commercial/pro level. Everytime I take a brewery tour or a listen to a podcast that interviews a pro ...
5
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2answers
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Diacetyl Rest for Wyeast 2206 Bavarian Lager

The Wyeast website seems to strongly suggest a diacetyl as fermentation completes with their Bavarian Lager strain, 2206. I prefer to chill my wort to below fermentation temps prior to pitching the ...
4
votes
3answers
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sediment at the bottom of brew

I have just bought a Coopers DIY beer kit and have started my first ever brew. Ive notticed at the bottom of the fermenter there is a lot of sediment is this normal or have I done something wrong? Any ...
6
votes
3answers
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How long should Belgian Blonde beer be aged?

I'd like to reuse my Belgian yeast (Zymoferm Z039 Belgische Klosterbiere und Ales) and I'm looking for information on how long various Belgian beers should be matured. My cellar capacity is very ...
8
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3answers
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How many times can I re-use oak cubes?

I'm about to add oak to my second beer, having thrown out the cubes from my first tasty experiment. This time I hope to pull them back out, store them in bourbon, and re-use them. How much of the ...
7
votes
4answers
680 views

Short boil and DMS

So I just had a small brewing mishap where I added too much hops. WAY too much. I somehow mistook my 2oz hop pellet bag for a 1oz bag and added 1.5ounces of chinook instead of .75 . This brought my ...
6
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2answers
392 views

What elements are common to Shiner Bock and Real Ale's Fireman's #4?

Shiner Bock and Fireman's #4 both have this weird aftertaste that I can't stand. Any idea what they both have in common so I can avoid it? EDIT: It's almost a slimy taste (I know slimy is not a ...
8
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2answers
499 views

At what point can a beer be called organic?

A lot of the homebrew I make is made with organic ingredients - organic grain and hops. However, I have never come across organic yeast (!?) or irish moss. Can I rightly call this beer organic, or ...
6
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5answers
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Why would someone use Cascade for bittering over Amarillo?

Apparently, Cascade is commonly used for bittering, and I'm not sure I understand why someone would choose that over the very similar Amarillo, which I think is less common for bittering. Cascade has ...
4
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2answers
643 views

Undershooting OG in all-grain brewing

My last few all-grain batches have been under the expected OG at least as far as the recipe is concerned. The beers still taste good and all, but I'd like to get my efficiency up. For example, my ...
4
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5answers
700 views

Is there anything special needed to try brewing a Belgian Ale?

I am a beginner looking to get started with homebrewing. Belgian Ale is my favorite style, so I was wondering if there are any specific problems with trying to do a Belgian-style Ale as my first ...
4
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2answers
631 views

What is the advantage of krausening?

Krausening seems to be a fair bit of work to the homebrewer with very little return. So, what advantages does krausening bring, other than not having to add any additional sugar to the beer for ...
4
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2answers
477 views

Is re-pitching essential after cold crashing?

If I'm cold crashing a batch to clear it up, is it essential to re-pitch when bottling or will there be sufficient residual yeast for carbonation?
3
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3answers
307 views

Undershot OG with extract brewing

Today I attempted an American IPA (Extract) full boil. I calculated the OG to be around 1085 using beersmith. The recipe included just over 11lbs of fermentables (9.15lbs LME, 1.10lb DME, 1lb corn ...