A fermented beverage where the majority of the fermentable sugars are derived from malted grains via mashing.

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What effects will the type of water have on beer?

For instance, will hard water really change the taste that much?
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How much hop bitterness dissipates with time?

I am planning to age a big Russian Imperial Stout for about a year. I understand that during this time, the bitterness imparted by the hops will dissipate. If I want to maintain a balance, I'll ...
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How do you calculate a beer's nutrition facts?

How can I figure out a beer's nutrition facts when I've homebrewed? It's not a sum of the ingredients any more, is it? --EDIT-- So when I say "beer's nutrition facts" I means values like calories, ...
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Long cooling before pitching

Summer brewing means warmer tap water, which means that my immersion chiller can only cool the wort to about 75 degrees. I typically cool the wort to 68 degrees before pitching. I have a ...
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What is the best type of beer to brew for a beginner?

What is the best type of beer to brew for a beginner?
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Consequences of infection in a beer?

Everyone learns during their first brewing experience that you have to carefully sanitize anything that touches your wort after the boil to avoid infection. What happens when wort gets infected? How ...
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Can glass carboy be used for both beer and wine making?

This last summer, my Dad showed my brother and I the process for making wine that he learned from his Dad. It was pretty simple and used a 5 or 6 gallon glass carboy. I've made a few batches of beer ...
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Is it possible to boil wort too quickly?

I recently picked up this burner and was excited to use it to bring my wort to a boil. I had it cranked up pretty high and it took about 15 minutes to bring 6 gallons of wort to a rolling boil in a ...
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What are the primary causes of Acetaldehyde?

I'm a bit confused about this. In my own experience, I'm no longer experiencing acetaldehyde flavours in my beer after improving my aeration methods and at the same time starting to use yeast ...
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Are some types of beers easier to brew than others?

I'm just getting started with home brewing. Are some types of beer easier to brew than others? Would you suggest starting with a certain type for my very first brew?
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Any People with Celiacs Tried Clarity Ferm?

There's been a lot of discussion around Clarity Ferm, and it's ability to break down gluten in beer. The manufacturers just say it makes "gluten reduced beer", but Omission and others uses it to make ...
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Hops: Buy vs. Grow

Is it worth it to grow my own hops or should I just buy them somewhere?
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Boiling with lid on or off?

In this answer it is mentioned that boiling with the lid on or off may make a difference in final gravity. Which do you recommend and why?
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What's the best way to rack beer off of fruit?

I recently brewed a 5.5 gallon batch of witbier. After primary, I bottled 3 gallons of it and racked the other 2.5 gallons into a 3 gallon carboy atop 24 ounces of raspberries. After the secondary ...
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Bottling homebrew late

My guess is that my homebrew will be done fermenting while I am out of town. Is there any harmful effects if I don't bottle it until a few days after the fermentation process stops?
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Suggestions for cheap recipes

I would like to create a recipe (or recipes) that is fairly cheap and will serve as a session beer that I can drink when I just want a beer in the evening, and I'm not particularly choosy about what ...
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How many times can I re-use oak cubes?

I'm about to add oak to my second beer, having thrown out the cubes from my first tasty experiment. This time I hope to pull them back out, store them in bourbon, and re-use them. How much of the ...
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How can I compare hop flavours quickly?

I want to try and acquaint myself with different hop flavours and brewing a few batches of beer can be quite time consuming (and wasteful if the results are no good). How can I quickly (in say, a ...
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What is the danger zone for overcarbonating and making bottle bombs?

Just curious how many volumes of CO2 most average beer bottles can hold. Is there a rough number where alarms should start going off? Update -- I'm seeing in different carbonation calculators that ...
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Fly Sparging: Can I start boiling straight away

I fly sparge directly into my boil kettle and in general I have the heat on while I'm doing this. When this was on my stove it wasn't powerful enough to get the water boiling before finishing the ...
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When brewing a chocolate stout, should the cacao nibs be added in the boil, the secondary, or both?

When using cacao nibs to brew a chocolate stout, should they be added in the boil (if so, when?), in the secondary fermenter, or both? Is there a better ingredient to add to produce the chocolate ...
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How do I decide if the beer is ready? Is my fermentation complete?

This is my first time brewing and I've followed the instructions from a kit. It says to leave the beer in the key for two weeks and its ready when it stops being cloudy. Its now been a little over ...
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At what point can a beer be called organic?

A lot of the homebrew I make is made with organic ingredients - organic grain and hops. However, I have never come across organic yeast (!?) or irish moss. Can I rightly call this beer organic, or ...
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Steeping grain time

We are steeping 5# of grain. Is the time the grains should steep based on the weight? We were just going to do 30 mins. Is this the correct amount of time or should it be more or less? This is for an ...
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How to troubleshoot flat beer?

Since I started brewing in January, every single batch (6 so far) has come out flat. I've had a couple come good after a few months in the back of the garage but for the most part, it's all flat. At ...
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Three-finger head but tastes flat?

I recently brewed a Belgian Wit extract kit. Bottle conditioned with 5 oz of priming sugar. I'm pretty happy with the taste. With a medium speed pour into a Pilsner glass, the beer develops a ...
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Cold Conditioning in carboy vs keg

I have a wheat and a golden ale, both in 5 gal carboys, that have been in secondary fermentation for 2 weeks. I was planning on letting them settle for another week and then transferring them to kegs ...
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How does malted wheat differ from malted barley?

Aside from the fact that they're two different types of grain, how do the two malted grains differ in terms of their effects in beer such as flavor, body, head, etc. when used as base malts?
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Fruit Beer: When to rack to secondary?

Right now, I'm working on a peach wheat beer. I pitched about 5 days ago now, and the airlock stopped bubbling yesterday. I'm going to do a gravity reading later on today to see if it's finished. My ...
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Is it okay to store cold beer at room temps after conditioning?

I brewed a nice batch of Black Cherry Ale, which has been bottle conditioning at 35F for about 5 weeks. I will need space in the fridge for a keg of Summer Ale in about two weeks. My basement temps ...
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Differences in various Maltster's 2-Row

How much flavor variation exists for 2-row malted barley from different malsters? For example, how different is 2-row malt from Rahr, Briess, Canada Malting, Malteurop other than price?
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When bottle conditioning, when should I re-yeast, and how much yeast should I add

I have a Chocolate Cherry Stout that is currently in secondary on fresh Cherries. It has been sitting on the cherries for 2 months now. As I prepare to bottle I want to be sure I have enough, healthy ...
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Cardboard alternatives to bottle cases for storage

A problem I hadn't really anticipated was how to store/transport bottled homebrew. I've been reusing old cardboard store-bought boxes, but they seem to be breaking down pretty quickly, especially ...
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Why is our beer not carbonating?

We've made a few batches of beer and our recent batches have not ended up as carbonated as previous. I think the beer has been stored in a cooler place but I'm wondering if that is the only reason. ...
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should hoppy beers be aged?

Do hoppy beers not need to be aged? About how long does it take a hoppy beer to get to its maturation point? Thanks, Chris
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Critical Steps to follow for any homebrew beer recipe or process

I've got my second batch of homebrew fermenting, and in just two batches I've learned a lot the hard way (messed up batch priming, possibly under-aerated the wort, etc) What steps are critical to any ...
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What effect do different types of yeast have when creating a recipe?

What happens when you use different types of yeast? Does it change the flavor? I'm not talking about mixing different types of yeast in the same recipe.
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Reusable Beer Label

So my Dad is an avid brewer, and has always re-used old beer bottles that we drank our way through to bottle his home-brew in. However, for Christmas I made a label on photoshop with our families ...
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What should be done differently for high-gravity beers?

What, if anything, should you do differently when brewing a high-gravity beer?
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Hop variety resources

Are there any good resources for finding out which hop varieties have similar aroma, flavour and bittering potential. E.g. a place to lookup a hop could be substituted for another hop for bittering ...
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Doing (very) small batches of beer

I was wondering if, for the sake of testing, it was a good idea to do very small batches of beer. I almost always see batches of 5, 6 gallons. I would like to make tests, and I don't want them to take ...
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What about an Unfiltered IPA makes it unfiltered?

I recently tried an unfiltered IPA that was fantastic! I'm a newbie homebrewer and would like to take a shot at one. What makes an IPA unfiltered? Can I take any IPA recipe and modify it to be ...
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How do you degas an empty Sanke Keg?

When folks legally acquire Sanke kegs for conversion to kettles, mash tuns or HLTs, the first step is often to relieve the pressure inside the keg before dismantling the spear and valve. How best is ...
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Ever made a “hop tea” to balance an overly malty beer?

I brewed a golden ale that was severely under hopped. I called my LBHS and the told me to make a hop tea to add to the keg: 1 gallon of water 1 tbsp malt extract 2 oz fresh hops boil for 60 minutes ...
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My beer tastes like green apples.

I brewed a blonde ale with extract a little over a month ago. I fermented in primary for three weeks and have been bottle-conditioning for two weeks. I didn't take an OG, but the final gravity ...
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Performing a hop boil seperate from the wort boil.

I'm curious to try some single-hop style beers and would like to do several varieties in one brew day. My ideal situation would be to make a five gallon batch of an unhopped pale ale as the base and ...
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Pennies in the Boil

I've heard that adding cleaned pennies to the wort can help prevent boil-overs. I guess they could provide nucleation points- I dunno. Any truth to this, or is it just an old wives' tail?
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Belgian Fruit Beer Expectations

I am about to try a Kreik beer. This is a step beyond a Lamic, and I am having trouble locating actual sour Morello cherries. Will any variety of a sour cherry get roughly equivalent results?
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What does a 0 minute boil time mean?

I have a recipe that calls for an ounce of hops at 0 mins. boil time, any idea what you would do here? Typically, after a my 60 minute partial boil is complete, I take the pot off of the stove ...
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Short boil and DMS

So I just had a small brewing mishap where I added too much hops. WAY too much. I somehow mistook my 2oz hop pellet bag for a 1oz bag and added 1.5ounces of chinook instead of .75 . This brought my ...