The technique of making beer from malted grains instead of using malt extract for the base sugars.

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23
votes
8answers
2k views

What's the point of going all-grain?

My extract beers are good, I think better than most commercial beers that I buy. Extract takes less time, less equipment and seems to produce great quality beers. Why do people do full grain?
19
votes
12answers
21k views

What can I do with my spent grain after mashing?

After brewing a batch of beer, I always end up with ~14 lbs of spent grain that I usually just toss in a pile in the corner of the yard. Are there better things to do with it (i.e. cooking, baking, ...
19
votes
4answers
13k views

How do you sparge?

One of the biggest hurdles I came across when switching to all-grain was learning how to sparge. I honestly still don't think I do it 100% correctly. There are very detailed descriptions online, but ...
18
votes
7answers
1k views

About going all-grain

I have made 7 or 8 extract brews over the past year and am interested in moving up to all-grain. What equipment is needed, and what steps are added to the process.
11
votes
12answers
7k views

How to brew all-grain indoors

I've been brewing with extracts and specialty grains for two years now, and I want to step up to all-grain brewing. From what I understand, it's important to get a full boil when brewing all-grain and ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Avoiding excessive soot on brew kettles

Are there any secret tricks to avoiding an exorbitant amount of soot on the brew kettle after the boil? We have been making all grain batches recently using a 20 gallon stock pot and a propane ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

All my all-grain batches produce a bitter/astringent, dark, almost burnt off flavor that ruins every batch, from light pilsner to dark belgians

I'm scratching my head trying to figure this one out. Here's the story: I started brewing extracts, and they all came out great. I wanted to get into all-grain so a last year I ordered myself the ...
9
votes
5answers
762 views

Shorter Brew Day

For all grain brewers, what part of the brew session lends itself best to shortening the total brew session. Time is tight for me these days and shortening up the brew session a bit will certainly ...
9
votes
6answers
922 views

Does suspended yeast contribute to high SG?

I've got a SMaSH beer (Baird Maris Otter and EKG) finishing in primary. It's been fermenting for just over a week. Starting Gravity was 1.046. I mashed at 154F for 60 minutes. Fermented with WY1335 ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the minimum amount of equipment to dabble in All-Grain?

What is the minimum amount of equipment I need to have to brew very simple all-grain recipes? Bonus points for cheap & easy-to-find equipment. I'd like to go all-grain eventually, but for the time ...
7
votes
6answers
2k views

How should bulk grain be stored?

I love brewing all-grain but I feel that I could cut down on my costs significantly by purchasing some of my grain in bulk, storing it, and using it as needed. I know a lot of people do this but I'm ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Over attenuated all grain beers

I'm having a problem with all my beers regardless of style getting over attenuated. I've been raising my mash temps up to 4° above each beers style (up to 158° or so) to compensate with no luck. I've ...
7
votes
4answers
9k views

How to best grind grain at home?

I buy most of my grain un-ground in bulk, because I don’t have a car my local HBS is way across town. Before brewing, I’ve been grinding grain using a food processor (with blades) until each kernel ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Should the grain or strike water be added to the mash tun first?

I've always added my grain to my MLT cooler first, then dumped the strike water on top (I don't have a sparge arm). I calculate my strike temps based on the grain temp and initial cooler temp, so I ...
6
votes
3answers
711 views

Can I use my Country Living Grain Mill for homebrewing?

I already own a Country Living Grain Mill for making flour and want to start crushing my own grain for my homebrew. Will this style of mill work for homebrew or should I buy a mill specially for ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

How do you calculate how much extract to add if you don't hit your target gravity pre-boil?

Planning to do my first all-grain BIAB. If miss my target gravity after mashing, how do I figure out how much extract to add before I start the boil in order to reach that OG? I would imagine ...
6
votes
3answers
374 views

Is there a noticable difference between adding extract to all grain and “pure all grain” on high gravity beers?

This may be similar to some of the questions extract brewers ask, but what I want to do is brew my normal 10 gallons, but I want to do an imperial. I use a 10 gallon mash tun, limiting me to 26 ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

What are the pros and cons of adding specialty grains to the mash?

When all-grain brewing, you typically add all your grains to the mash, right? Is there ever a time when you leave some of the specialty grains out and steep them instead? What are the pros and cons ...
6
votes
2answers
387 views

What does a good crush look like, and does it matter if grains are overcrushed if batch sparging?

I am looking for some advice on what a good crush looks like, and whether it matters on my system. The opinions and pics online are all over the place on this. Background: I am buying small-batch ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Using commercial (breakfast) cereals in a mash

This question looks similar to Using flakes in a mash, but is not actually the same. I was thinking, if someone runs out of maize flakes, and definitely wants to use some for his mash, what happens if ...
6
votes
3answers
623 views

When formulating an AG recipe, how do you determine mash thickness?

I just did my first AG brew today. It went very well! My question comes with the mash. I know normally, you determine your mash thickness with 1.25-1.5 quarts per pound of grain. If I were to use, ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

All-Grain to Extract and Steeping

I'm wondering how this can be converted to an extract recipe. Initially it was thought we could just do 14lbs (US 2 row) * .75 = 10.5lbs of extract, but then the question was asked if the rest of the ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

When to harvest wild hops?

Hi there fellow brewmasters! I have recently moved to all-grain brewing after two years of brewing with hopped extracts. The results are pretty good, and the whole process is a lot of fun, but I am ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

What's the ideal size for a mash tun?

This question has been bothering me for a while and I looked it up using google. The only related search result was this thread http://www.homebrewtalk.com/f11/how-big-your-mash-tun-needs-123585/ ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Benefits and drawbacks to different tubing types?

We're making some big upgrades to our homebrew system and one of them involves moving everything to 1/2" fittings and barbs. This means we need 1/2" tubing that will easily and reliably fit on the ...
5
votes
3answers
962 views

How do you insulate a cooler based mash tun?

I have a Coleman 70 Quart Xtreme cooler that I've modified for my mash tun. I seem to be losing a lot of heat out the top. Are there any good ways to insulate it to help prevent heat loss?
5
votes
1answer
522 views

Curiously high OG after first all-grain batch

I conquered my first all-grain batch this weekend, and after some early problems constructing my cooler mash tun, it went off without a hitch. It's a Northern Brewer all grain kit, and the recipe ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Remedy for a Stuck sparge

How do you fix a stuck sparge? Are there any tricks too getting a sparge running again when it slows to a trick or even stops completely? (This is not intended to be a "how to prevent" the stuck ...
5
votes
1answer
124 views

Can an under-target and under-volume wort be fixed by adding more wort of higher gravity?

Here's the situation: today I brewed a Kölsch style ale, and I encountered two problems: The mash wasn't very efficient: 60% instead of 70%. OG 1.038 instead of 1.045. It came in under-volume: ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Should I & how do I use a mash tun brew kettle with a false bottom?

I'd like to make the move to all-grain, but it's fairly equipment-intensive. I see combination mash tuns and brew kettles. Are these a solution? Can I use the kettle for mashing, then transfer to ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

All grain - is full wort boil absolutely necessary?

From what I've read it seems you Have to boil the full wort amount when going all grain. I just want to make sure that is the case, as I couldn't understand why you couldn't just boil the malt etc and ...
4
votes
7answers
9k views

Why is my starting gravity low?

In the fall of 2011 I made the leap from extract/partial kits to all-grain kits. I'm enjoying AG, but my SG is continuously below the expected. I have brewed 5 AG kits and 4 have had a low SG. My ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

90-minute boil for pilsner malt?

On the "Belgian Blond Ale" episode of the Jamil Show (podcast) it was said that you should do a 90-minute boil because of the pilsner malt. Can someone explain this further?
4
votes
2answers
102 views

Could someone provide info. about brewing salts?

I have been reading a lot about home brewing. I'm planning actually to build an electronic 5 gallon brewery. Could anyone provide a short explanation when (mashing, boiling ?!), why and how much to ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

When to add DME if you miss your starting OG?

My family was very nice to me this Christmas and I got a bayou classic burner and an 32qt. pot with 2 ports and a bazooka screen as well as an immersion chiller. I had built a 10 gallon mash tun over ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the effects of a watery mash?

What are the effects of having too much water in your mash? If it's too "soupy" or watery or whatnot.
4
votes
3answers
732 views

Misjudging Volumes in All-Grain

So I brewed my second all-grain batch today, and, like with my first all-grain batch, I misjudged the final volume and ended up with slightly under 4 gallons in my carboy. Does anyone have any good ...
4
votes
2answers
545 views

Undershooting OG in all-grain brewing

My last few all-grain batches have been under the expected OG at least as far as the recipe is concerned. The beers still taste good and all, but I'd like to get my efficiency up. For example, my ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

HERMS or RIMS - How to choose?

I'm confused. What are the major pros/cons between HERMS and RIMS brewing systems? I've read about both, but can't seem to come to a conclusion on why one would choose one over the other. Is it the ...
4
votes
2answers
149 views

Does a protein rest even do anything?

I have been looking at brewing several recipes that call for a multi-step mash that includes a protein rest. I saw a Mr Wizard article in BYO that sort of defends protein rests. Just like the ...
4
votes
5answers
4k views

How low can a beer's final gravity be?

Approximately how low can the finishing gravity of a beer be? I've been brewing from kits for about 10 years, and went all-grain last year. I wouldn't expect to see anything lower than 1.006 or so, ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

“White wheat” vs “wheat malt” vs “flaked wheat”?

I was looking for flaked wheat at my LHBS and they were out. My recipe called for roughly equal amounts of wheat malt and flaked wheat. The LHBS guy told me to use white wheat malt as a substitute. He ...
4
votes
3answers
970 views

Munich and Vienna Malts - Dullness

I don't have a whole lot of experience (I've been brewing all-grain for less than a year) but I've found that every beer I've made with Munich or Vienna malt (usually 2 - 4 pounds in a 6-gallon batch) ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Are Sparge Arms Necessary

Do you really need a sprinkler of some sort to sparge? Does it really improve the lautering process? How fancy does a sparge arm need to be, does it really have to rotate or can it just sprinkle all ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

How to calculate the minimum vessel sizes for all grain brewing

Background: Brewing in an kitchenette with limited storage space All Grain brewing, extracts are not available around here I'm looking at BIAB also, but want to have the traditional 3 vessels setup ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Determining the right gravity after mash in all grain brewing

Say I am brewing a beer that is supposed to have an OG of 1.050. I'm doing all-grain brewing and at the end of my mash & sparge, if I took the gravity at that point, what should I expect? I ...
3
votes
6answers
457 views

Doing my first all grain batch this weekend. What are the key issues for me to follow/watch/do?

Being brewing for years, but will be doing my first all grain batch this weekend. What is the one thing that is key for me to follow/watch/do to insure a good batch? Thanks.
3
votes
5answers
1k views

The move from kit brewing to all grain brewing

I have brewed a few batches of beer using pre-measured kits. They have turned out great, and have I have enjoyed them. However, I would like to make the move towards all grain brewing. Is this a ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Can you brew an all-grains recipe without brewing a full volume

I've been searching online and reading up on all-grains brewing and it seems like most places have indicated that all-grains receipes requires mashing at the full batch size. Ie. If I want to make a ...
3
votes
2answers
520 views

Different ways to use mushrooms in brewing

We were asked to do a mushroom themed brewing demonstration for a local festival/market. Yes, I said mushroom. At first I wondered if this really is such a good idea, but because I like crazy brews ...