The technique of making beer from malted grains instead of using malt extract for the base sugars.

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How long must water be boiled to remove temporary hardness (bicarbonates)

From Papazian's Joy of Homebrewing: In the US temporary hardness is determined by a measure of bicarbonates [2(HCO3)].The hardness that bicarbonate ions contribute is temporary because it is ...
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33 views

Overload of bittering hops, any “fixes”?

I've had a 5 gallon all-grain batch of John Palmer's Elevenses in primary for just over a week. When I was brewing, I haphazardly dumped twice the prescribed amount of bittering hops (German Northern ...
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37 views

How much Chloride in PPM is too much for All Grain?

I passed my water through those cheap water filters and sent it to Ward Industries for a water test. It came back with 61 PPM of chloride. In the 3rd edition of the Joy of Homebrewing, Charlie ...
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3answers
44 views

Looking for process improvement suggestions

I just did my 4th brew, my OG was lower than expected, and I'm looking for help with process improvements. I'm doing an all grain process. I have an 8gal kettle, a 2gal kettle, and a 0.5gal kettle. ...
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39 views

What are the effects of storing unboiled All-Grain Wort at sub-lager temperatures?

Obviously it is better to immediately boil the wort when it is freshest, giving any wild yeist or bacteria as little time as possible to grow and contaminate the product. It is also a well ...
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1answer
49 views

How low should the hole for a spigot on a kettle be drilled?

I am trying to determine how low I can drill a hole in my kettle for a spigot. I've read as few as 1.5 to as much as 3.0 inches. What's a good point that will clear the kettle trub for most if not all ...
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1answer
44 views

How much grain will fit in a 16 liter kettle?

I'm considering to buy a 16 liter kettle to hold the grain inside my 32 liter kettle, but don't seem to find any reliable calculations on how much grain the 16 liter kettle will fit while mashing. ...
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1answer
91 views

Chocolate and Coffee Additions

I am going to be brewing the Zymurgy KBS clone, but a little nervous with some of the additions listed: 2.5 oz Belg Bittersweet Choc and 1.5 oz unsweetened cocoa nibs @ 15 mins. ***I read that ...
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192 views

How large of a Kettle to brew 5 gallon and 10 gallon batches? (All Grain)

If I want to brew a 5 gallon batch, how large of a kettle do I need to do so comfortably? How about 10 gallons?
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74 views

What are the qualities to evaluate when purchasing a Burner for All-Grain brewing?

I want to purchase a burner for all grain brewing. What are the qualities that I should look into for each product to compare them against each other? I will be brewing indoors in my apartment if ...
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4answers
256 views

I forgot to put water in the airlock! What do I do now?

I did my first brew (all grain), some things were complicated to achieve and finished at 4 o'clock in the morning because I decided to start at 10 pm (big mistake). At the end of it all, after I ...
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105 views

PB2 PORTER - BETTER TASTE?

I recently made a 5 gallon All Grain Porter and added 13oz of Choc. PB2 at the last 10 minutes of the boil. Though the flavors were there it was extremely light and would like to get more of a PB ...
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54 views

Lautering: Filter first runnings using a strainer

I am following the online course to all grain brewing on "craft beer and brewing" and in the lautering sectiong they explain to collect the first runnings and to put them back on top of the grain bed. ...
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4answers
76 views

Which Stores carry the metal connectors for constructing a Mash Tun?

I've been to 3 Home Depots in my area searching for the metallic components to construct a mash tun out of a water cooler. I could not find stainless steel, only galvanized or black steel. They a ...
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1answer
81 views

Game of Thrones Recipe help

I have the Unofficial Game of Thrones Cookbook and it has some beer recipes I'm currently trying to follow. However, I'm confused as to wether it has two sets of instructions or all the brews are a ...
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1answer
39 views

Oil before hops

So I recently got a propane burner to brew outside (it's way too hot to be brewing inside), and I noticed something weird. As the wort came to a boil, it seemed like there was some oil floating on ...
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1answer
106 views

Mashing bag problem

I tried for the first time using the BIAB method and ran into a big problem with the mashing bag. I placed all the ingredients (9lbs of different grains) in the mashing bag without thinking of the ...
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2answers
89 views

Is brew with burned steeping bag safe to drink?

My pot burned a tiny portion, about an inch across, of the steeping bag for an all-grain recipe prior to the boil. Is the beer still safe to drink? What off-flavors can that produce?
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135 views

Softening Hard Water

I have city water at my house which our Regional Water Authority states has a Hardness of 112.10 mg/l. I would like to get this down by 62 points, but not sure what the best way to do this without ...
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29 views

How long do crushed grains last? [duplicate]

In a relatively short time period I will finally embark on all-grain brewing. I would rather purchase grains online as it is cheaper than the LHBS, but the LHBS won't let me use their crushing ...
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1answer
102 views

Low Pre boil gravity

I have brewed the same recipe 4 times. All 4 brews had 1.028-1.030 pre-boil gravity but today when I finished my mash I had 1.025. Any reasons that happen? And what impact will it have on my beer?
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18 views

Missed Expected OG, Sparging Issue? [duplicate]

I brewed my first all grain batch this past weekend and everything went pretty smooth except my OG was 1.050 instead of the 1.056 I was expecting. Would this be a sparging issue? I had calculated a ...
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1answer
431 views

Substituting 2-row with DME - Extract Torpedo Clone recipe

I really want to make an extract SN Torpedo Clone. During my hunt for recipes, this one in my opinion sounds great and I would really like to try it. Recipe OP here O.G. 1.076 (actual) F.G. 1.016 ...
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5answers
305 views

High FG / Low Attenuation across 3 different beers

I have brewed 3 all-grain batches now that have a high final gravity: Imperial IPA: Target OG - 1.079, Target FG - 1.011, Actual OG - 1.070, Actual FG - 1.020, Yeast - US-05. Common attenuation ...
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391 views

Do I need to continuously measure the temperature of my mash tun?

From what I understand, the all-grain brewer warms up water to a particular temperature (usually 10-15*F over the strike temperature), adds this warm water to the grains in a mash tun, in an attempt ...
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4answers
102 views

Which yeast and hops should I use to learn the distinctive taste of various grains?

(This title is purposely worded after this question.) I'm about to begin all-grain brewing soon. I'm excited about all of the options, combinations, and ratios of the different grains, but it is very ...
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1answer
131 views

Why drip water through mash while sparging (fly/continuous) instead of batch sparging?

Why, during sparging, do all-grain brewers drip water over the grains instead of simply filling it up with water again and redraining that?
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2answers
115 views

Could someone provide info. about brewing salts?

I have been reading a lot about home brewing. I'm planning actually to build an electronic 5 gallon brewery. Could anyone provide a short explanation when (mashing, boiling ?!), why and how much to ...
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607 views

Standard size of HLT for all grain?

I'm just beginning all grain and starting to put together my lists. I have a 5 gallon kettle that I used for extract batches. I plan on upgrading to a 11 gallon boil kettle. Will the 5 gallon kettle ...
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242 views

New All Grain Setup

I've been brewing extract kits for a while and I think it's time to go to all grain brewing, but I don't exactly know what to buy. I have the book How To Brew and it shows a basic setup, but I'd like ...
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2answers
302 views

Does a protein rest even do anything?

I have been looking at brewing several recipes that call for a multi-step mash that includes a protein rest. I saw a Mr Wizard article in BYO that sort of defends protein rests. Just like the ...
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165 views

Malt mill gap adjustment

The nature of my work is such that i have all the materials and tools to make a mill so i am not intrested on buying one.I want to know if there is a standard gap between the rollers for all type of ...
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142 views

Is my fermentation on the right track?

I upgraded my equipment and estimated my new efficiency a bit too low, so the imperial IPA that I brewed on 11/30 ended up having an O.G. of 1.10 (supposed to be 1.09). I made a two step starter with ...
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522 views

What does a good crush look like, and does it matter if grains are overcrushed if batch sparging?

I am looking for some advice on what a good crush looks like, and whether it matters on my system. The opinions and pics online are all over the place on this. Background: I am buying small-batch ...
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1answer
140 views

I forgot to calculate for temperature loss during mash in? How will this affect my beer?

Mash in temperature was supposed to be 152 degrees. I forgot to adjust for temperature loss add simply mixed my grains with 152 degree water. I never calculated the final temperature. I did the same ...
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3answers
133 views

What is the most popular method of brewing beer?

I am a beginner and as a beginner almost everything tells you to use malt extracts to brew your beer. So after a few batches I think I am ready to move up but I am wondering if it's worth the extra ...
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2answers
177 views

What is the effect of conversion efficiency on your brew?

I keep hearing about how we should try and keep our conversion efficiency high, but what exactly does it affect? Is a lower conversion efficiency beer bad?
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1answer
208 views

Can you brew an all-grains recipe without brewing a full volume

I've been searching online and reading up on all-grains brewing and it seems like most places have indicated that all-grains receipes requires mashing at the full batch size. Ie. If I want to make a ...
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2answers
4k views

“White wheat” vs “wheat malt” vs “flaked wheat”?

I was looking for flaked wheat at my LHBS and they were out. My recipe called for roughly equal amounts of wheat malt and flaked wheat. The LHBS guy told me to use white wheat malt as a substitute. He ...
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5answers
160 views

Measuring Cup for Batch Sparging?

What do people like in terms of heat resistant measuring cups for batch sparging? I found this one on Amazon. I was wondering if there were other options that were better. I'm using it for ...
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2answers
179 views

What about grain storage?

I recently cleaned up after brewing one day and realized that I threw away a couple of four gallon water jugs. Could these be used for storing grain for long term? Would the air in the container ...
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1answer
318 views

Missed my target gravity and volume by a mile

So, I know there were lots of things I could have done to repair the situation had I been prepared (lesson learned, I'll be having DME on hand from here on out), but I'm a little more interested in ...
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184 views

sanitation during mash and sparge

I've been brewing extract batches for a couple of months, and have never lost a batch to poor sanitation. I lost my first all grain batch of beer, and I think that I am sanitizing my brew kettle and ...
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3answers
5k views

How to calculate the minimum vessel sizes for all grain brewing

Background: Brewing in an kitchenette with limited storage space All Grain brewing, extracts are not available around here I'm looking at BIAB also, but want to have the traditional 3 vessels setup ...
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3answers
1k views

What size mash tun for a half batch (2-3 gallon) brew?

I have a 10 gallon mash tun (chest cooler) and I've been brewing with pre-made kits. I want to start making my own recipes but I want to do half-batches (2.5 gallons) until I get the hang of things so ...
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2answers
270 views

How much beer can I do with a 5L pot

A 5 Litre (1.3 US gal) pot is the biggest pan I have at present. I would like to make some all grain batches. How much beer can I brew with such a small pan?
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1answer
292 views

Calculating Infusion Temperature After Protein Rest

I'm using this infusion calculator to determine how much and what the water temperature should be when adding water to my mash tun. A recipe I'm following calls for a protein rest at 122 degrees F for ...
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1answer
190 views

Temperature Dropped - Is Beer Ruined?

We did our first all-grain last night. Despite the amount of research I did ahead of time, I missed one tip that probably would have helped --preheating the mash tun. The recipe called for a mash ...
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2answers
743 views

Different ways to use mushrooms in brewing

We were asked to do a mushroom themed brewing demonstration for a local festival/market. Yes, I said mushroom. At first I wondered if this really is such a good idea, but because I like crazy brews ...
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3answers
191 views

Stuck Mash — New LHBS

I recently found that there was a home brew store much closer to my house than the one that I had been visiting. The new store has a larger selection of grains, yeast, and hops; but I've been having a ...