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What does cause ash or ash tray off flavour? I made an all grain porter (using chocolate and carafa type I), there is a slight ash tray off flavour. The falvour was apparent at the beginning (just after bottling). Does it depend on the exessive amount of dark grains? Or maybe it is beacause of oxidation?

Carafa+chocolate percentage was about 10% of grains weight.

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Do you mean Ash Tray? –  Jared Meyering Apr 16 '13 at 13:19
    
yes indeed :) corrected –  Paolo Apr 16 '13 at 13:21
    
Which Carafa? Was it dehusked, I.e. Carafa Special? –  Tobias Patton Apr 16 '13 at 14:12
    
Dehusked Carafa is not known for contributing those flavors when used properly, and was designed to minimize those rough roast flavor. Unless you made all-Carafa beer, gag! –  Graham Apr 16 '13 at 15:01
    
Ok 10% is actually kinda high. It might be just that. –  Graham Apr 16 '13 at 18:13
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3 Answers

up vote 3 down vote accepted

I once made a porter with 4% black (patent) malt. It was nearly undrinkable due to the astringent ashy flavor. Letting it sit for a couple of months in the keg helped, but it was still overly assertive.

Carafa III is similar to black patent. In fact some sources claim that one can be substituted for the other. If your grist included more than 1 or 2% Carafa III then I would say this is the source of the ash tray flavor.

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Was this an All Grain brew, or Extract? Was the flavor apparent from the start, or did it develop over time?

Brewing All Grain pale-to-amber beers is pretty easy. If your water isn't slap full of chlorine/iron/etc (ie, tastes pretty good) then you can happily brew away without a care in the world. And a lot of all grain brewers make great beer .... up until they try their first Porter or Stout. What started out as a solid, good tasting Porter/Stout extract recipe now tastes like chalk/ashes. Why?

I'm not really a water chemistry expert, but here's how I understand it. When you mash really dark grains (Chocolate, Roast Barley, Carafa, very dark Crystal, etc), these grains really drag down your mash pH to levels that can really promote "astringent" flavors in the final beer. Actually, the longer the maltster toasts the grain, the lower the mash pH will be if you use that grain. However, with most base malts + most crystal malts less than, say, 80L, this impact is minimal. But if you've got enough roasted malt in your mash to bring down the pH past a certain threshold, then you can end up with the dreaded "ash tray" flavor.

You can get very, very fancy in your approach to solving this. The "best practice" for serious brewers is to get the highly regarded "Bru'n Water" spreadsheet and use it to calculate the proper mineral additions to keep your water chemistry in check. https://sites.google.com/site/brunwater/. You'll need to know the "profile" of your starting water.

You can also use the easier "EZ Water Calculator". I personally use this, and it seems to work fine, but honestly, I never brew much darker than a roasty Brown Ale from time to time. http://www.ezwatercalculator.com/

Finally, there's another approach, which is espoused by Gordon Strong, wherein you say "screw it!" to all these water calculations and do a few things. 1) Start with 100% reverse osmosis water. 2) Don't add dark grains to the mash, steep them separately and add to the boil. 3) Add a standard amount of calcium chloride to each brew, and a little gypsum for hoppy beers. These rules of thumb will get you good beers regularly. You might need to tweak recipes slightly with this approach, as your dark grains won't add as much color/flavor as they otherwise might have.

Whew... but what if this doesn't fix the problem? Or what if your dark beers tasted fine for a few weeks, and then slowly developed the ashy taste? (I had this happen to an Oatmeal Porter not too long ago). In that case, you've probably got an infection, ESPECIALLY if the beers are extra foamy. In dark beers, the acidity from an infection can come through as a rough/chalky/astringent flavor, whereas in lighter beers it might just taste weird/fruity/tangy. So that's a distinct possibility as well.

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Great answer but a bit too advnced and it addresses maybe something too specific –  Paolo Apr 25 '13 at 13:07
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I had a similar problem recently with a stout recipe that was very close in carafa / chocolate malt content. I don't know what caused it, but after about 3 weeks in the bottle it started to mellow. Six weeks later it is pretty darn tasty. In fact, I think I'll go drink one right now.

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