A secondary isn't required for regular strength beers, but for high gravity beers like your tripel, the conditioning time is much longer, and so a secondary is beneficial. Also, high gravity beers use about twice as much yeast as with the regular beer, so leaving on the yeast for a long time will give some yeast bite.
If you can get hold of a carboy before primary reaches 3 weeks, then that would be ideal. Second choice would be to rack to one of the buckets you already have. If you rack when gravity is still a few points above final, then fermentation will displace the air reducing the chance of oxidization from the large headspace.
I would definitely rack a beer this big, since there is more likelihood of off flavors by not racking.